Perbezaan antara semakan "Patrick Pearse"

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'''Patrick''' [juga '''Pádraig''' atau '''Pádraic'''] '''Henry Pearse'''; {{lang-ga|Pádraig Anraí Mac Piarais}}; '''An Piarsach'''; 10 November 1879 – 3 Mei 1916) ialah seorang guru, peguam, penulis, penyajak dan aktivis politik Ireland yang merupakan salah satu ketua [[Pemberontakan Easter]] pada tahun 1916. Beliau menjadi antara wajah utama pemberontakan tersebut - yang mendorong kepada kemerdekaan Ireland - selepas hukuman bunuh ke atasnya bersama beberapa orang pemberontak yang lain.
 
==Awal hidup dan pendidikan==
Padraig lahir di rumah beralamat 27 [[Pearse Street|Great Brunswick Street]], Dublin.<ref>{{Cite journal | last = Thornley | first = David | title = Patrick Pearse and the Pearse Family | journal = Studies: An Irish Quarterly Review | volume = 60 | issue = 239/240 | pages = 332–346 | publisher = Irish Province of the Society of Jesus | location = Dublin | date = Autumn–Winter 1971 | jstor = 30088734 | issn = 0039-3495 }}</ref><ref>{{Cite book | last = Miller | first = Liam | title = The noble drama of W.B. Yeats | publisher = Dolmen Press | year = 1977 | location = Dublin | page = 33 | url = https://books.google.com/books?id=KapbAAAAMAAJ&q=%22pearse+street%22+patrick+willie | isbn = 978-0-391-00633-1}}</ref> Ayahnya, James Pearse - kelahiran [[Birmingham]], England dan bermazhab [[Unitarianisme|Unitarian]]<ref>[http://www.ricorso.net/rx/az-data/authors/p/Pearse_P/life.htm Patrick Pearse: Life.] ''Ricorso'', Bruce Stewart. Retrieved 7 January 2011.</ref> - merupakan seorang tukang batu yang terkenal;<ref>{{Cite book | last = Casey | first = Christine | title = Dublin: the city within the Grand and Royal Canals and the Circular Road with the Phoenix Park | publisher = [[Yale University Press]] | year = 2005 | location = New Haven and London | page = 62 | url = https://books.google.com/books?id=AQzYxvX_U8MC&lpg=PP1&pg=PA62#v=onepage&q&f=false | isbn = 978-0-300-10923-8}}</ref> ibunya, Margaret Brady, kelahiran Dublin di mana keluarganya berasal dari [[Kaunti Meath]] serta merupakan penutur jati [[bahasa Ireland]]. Beliau dan adik beradiknya hidup dalam keadaan yang sederhana mewah ([[kelas menengah]], dalam erti kata lain) hasil pendapatan pertukangan ayah mereka.<ref>{{Cite book | last = Stevenson | first = Garth | title = Parallel paths: the development of nationalism in Ireland and Quebec | publisher = McGill-Queen's Press | year = 2006 | location = Montreal & Kingston | page = 189 | url = https://books.google.com/books?id=Sao_h6T4cB0C&lpg=PP1&pg=PA189#v=onepage&q&f=false | isbn = 978-0-7735-3029-4}}</ref>
 
==Penglibatan dalam politik==
Pada Disember 1913, beliau memamsuki [[Persaudaraan Republikan Ireland]],<ref>In a statement to the Bureau of Military History, dated 26 January 1948, Hobson claimed: "After the formation of the Irish Volunteers in October, 1913, [sic, the Volunteers were formed in November] Pádraig Pearse was sworn in by me as a member of the IRB in December of that year ... I swore him in before his departure for the States." (See: [[National Library of Ireland]], [http://www.nli.ie/1916/pdf/3.2.1.pdf 3.2.1 Bulmer Hobson and Denis McCullough], in ''The 1916 Rising: Personalities and Perspectives'', p. 18. Retrieved 1 January 2008. Hobson, in his ''Foundation of Growth of the Irish Volunteers, 1913–1914'', also states that Pearse was not a member of the IRB when the Irish Volunteers were founded in November.</ref> sebuah pertubuhan yang mengkhusus kepada penggulingan pemerintahan British di Ireland serta menggantikan tempuk kekuasaan tersebut dengan sebuah republik.
 
 
==Dalam Kebangkitan Easter==
Pada 23 April 1916 yakni [[Ahad Easter]], Pearse mengarahkan semua unit relawan bergerak serata Ireland sebagai suatu isyarat memulakan serangan bersenjata. When [[Eoin MacNeill]], the Chief of Staff of the Volunteers, learned what was being planned without the promised arms from Germany, he countermanded the orders via newspaper, causing the IRB to issue a last-minute order to go through with the plan the following day, greatly limiting the numbers who turned out for the rising.
 
[[Pemberontakan Easter]] tercetus pada Isnin tanggal 24 April 1916 di mana Pearse membaca [[Pengisytiharan Republik Ireland]] di luar Pejabat Pos Am Dublin yang menjadi markas mereka. Beliau turut dilantik pihak pemberontak sebagai Presiden sebuah Republik Ireland.<ref>{{cite web|title=Patrick Pearse|url=http://www.rte.ie/centuryireland/index.php/articles/patrick-pearse|website=Century Ireland|publisher=[[RTÉ]]/[[Boston College]]|accessdate=1 March 2017}}</ref> Walau bagaimanapun, Padraig terpaksa membuat pernyataan menyerahkan diri berikutan banyak terkoban mangsa awam serta kerosakan harta benda setelah enam hari kemudian.
 
Pearse serta 14 orang ketua yang terlibat dalam konflik ini dibicarakan serta dihukum tembak pada pagi 3 Mei 1916; ketika beliau berusia 36 tahun.
 
==Pautan luar==