Robert Robinson: Perbezaan antara semakan

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Kemaskini.
(Dicipta dengan menterjemah laman "Robert Robinson (chemist)")
 
(Kemaskini.)
{{Infobox officeholder
|name = Sir Robert Robinson
|honorific-suffix = {{postnominals|country=GBR|size=100%|OM|PRS|FRSE}}
|image = Robert Robinson organic chemist.jpg
|office = Presiden [[Royal Society]]
|term_start = 1945
|term_end = 1950
|predecessor = Sir [[Henry Harrett Dale]]
|successor = [[Edgar Adrian, Baron Adrian Pertama|Edgar Adrian]]
|birth_date = {{Birth date|df=yes|1886|9|13}}
|birth_place = [[Derbyshire]], England
|death_date = {{Death date and age|df=yes|1975|2|8|1886|9|13}}
|death_place = [[Great Missenden]], Buckinghamshire, England
|citizenship = United Kingdom
|nationality = Inggeris
|module = {{infobox scientist | embed = yes
|field = [[Kimia organik]]<ref name="organic">{{Cite journal|last1 = Saltzman|first1 = M. D.|doi = 10.1039/NP9870400053|title = The development of Sir Robert Robinson's contributions to theoretical organic chemistry|journal = Natural Product Reports|volume = 4|page = 53|year = 1987}}</ref>
|work_institutions = [[Universiti Sydney]]<br/>[[Universiti Liverpool]]<br/>[[British Dyestuffs Corporation]]<br/>Universiti Manchester<br/>[[Kolej Universiti London]]<br/>[[Universiti Oxford]]
|alma_mater = Universiti Manchester
|spouse = Gertrude Maud Robinson
|doctoral_advisor = [[William Henry Perkin, Jr.]]
|doctoral_students = [[Sir Edward Abraham]]<ref>{{cite web|url=http://solo.bodleian.ox.ac.uk/OXVU1:LSCOP_OX:oxfaleph020338511|title=Some substituted peptides and Experiments with lysozyme|publisher=University of Oxford|accessdate=3 June 2017}}</ref><br/>[[Arthur John Birch]]<br/>[[William Sage Rapson]]<br/>[[John Cornforth]]<br/>[[Rita Harradence]]<br/>[[K. Venkataraman]]<ref name="Krishnaswami Venkataraman (1901–1981)">{{Cite web |url=http://www.insaindia.res.in/BM/BM20_9514.pdf |title=Krishnaswami Venkataraman (1901–1981) |last=Anand |first=Nitya |date=2018-05-22 |website=Indian National Science Academy |access-date=2018-05-22}}</ref>
|known_for = Pembangunan sintesis organik<ref name="organic"/>
|prizes = {{no wrap|[[Davy Medal]] {{small|(1930)}}<br/>[[Royal Medal]] {{small|(1932)}}<br/>[[Copley Medal]] {{small|(1942)}}<br/>[[Nobel Prize for Chemistry]] {{small|(1947)}}<br/>[[Franklin Medal]] {{small|(1947)}}<br/>[[Albert Medal (Royal Society of Arts)|Albert Medal]] {{small|(1947)}}<br/>[[Faraday Lectureship Prize]] {{small|(1947)}}}}
}}
}}
'''Sir Robert Robinson''' OM &#x20; PRS &#x20; FRSE <ref name="frs">{{Cite journal|last=Todd|first=L.|last2=Cornforth|first2=J. W.|author-link2=John Cornforth|year=1976|title=Robert Robinson. 13 September 1886 – 8 February 1975|journal=[[Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society]]|volume=22|pages=414–527|doi=10.1098/rsbm.1976.0018|jstor=769748}}</ref> (13 September 1886 - 8 Februari 1975) adalah seorang [[Kimia organik|ahli kimia organik]] British dan [[Senarai pemenang Hadiah Nobel|pemenang Nobel]] diiktiraf pada tahun 1947 untuk kajian beliau pada zat warna tumbuhan ([[antosianin]]) dan [[alkaloid]]. Pada tahun 1947, beliau juga menerima Medal of Freedom bersama Silver Palm.
 
=== Penyelidikan ===
Sintesisnya terhadap tropinon, pendahulu [[Kokaina|kokain]], pada tahun 1917 bukan sahaja merupakan langkah utama dalam kimia [[alkaloid]] tetapi juga menunjukkan bahawa tindak balas tandem dalam sintesis satu pot dapat membentuk molekul bisiklik. <ref>{{Cite journal|last=Robinson|first=R.|year=1917|title=LXIII. A Synthesis of Tropinone|journal=Journal of the Chemical Society, Transactions|volume=111|pages=762–768|doi=10.1039/CT9171100762}}</ref><ref>{{Cite journal|last=Birch|first=A. J.|year=1993|title=Investigating a Scientific Legend: The Tropinone Synthesis of Sir Robert Robinson, F.R.S|journal=Notes and Records of the Royal Society of London|volume=47|issue=2|pages=277–296|doi=10.1098/rsnr.1993.0034|jstor=531792}}</ref>
[[Fail:Robinson_tropinone_synthesis.png|tengah|500x500px| Tropinone sintesis ]]
 
== Penerbitan ==
*''The Structural Relationship of Natural Products'' (1955)
 
* ''Hubungan Struktur Produk Semulajadi'' (1955)
 
== Keluarga ==
 
== Pautan luar ==
* [http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1947/robinson-biolecture.html BiografiNobel Lecture] Biografi''Some Polycyclic dariNatural lamanProducts'' webfrom Nobelprize.org website
* [http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1947/robinson-lecturebio.html Kuliah NobelBiography] ''Beberapa Produk Asli'' Polycyclic dari lamanBiography webfrom Nobelprize.org website
* [https://web.archive.org/web/20110615142901/http://www2b.abc.net.au/science/k2/stn/archives/archive32/newposts/182/topic182208.shtm ForumABC DalamOnline Talian ABCForum]
*[http://chemistry.st-and.ac.uk/pdfs/IconicCurlyArrow.pdf]
 
* [http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1947/robinson-lecture.html Kuliah Nobel] ''Beberapa Produk Asli'' Polycyclic dari laman web Nobelprize.org
* [http://nobelprize.org/nobel_prizes/chemistry/laureates/1947/robinson-bio.html Biografi] Biografi dari laman web Nobelprize.org
* [https://web.archive.org/web/20110615142901/http://www2b.abc.net.au/science/k2/stn/archives/archive32/newposts/182/topic182208.shtm Forum Dalam Talian ABC]
[[Kategori:Kelahiran 1886]]
[[Kategori:Kematian 1975]]