Perbezaan antara semakan "Francis Crick"

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{{Infobox scientist
|birth_name=Francis Harry Compton Crick
| honorific_suffix = {{post-nominals|country=GBR|OM|FRS}}
| name = Francis Crick
| image = Francis Crick crop.jpg
| image_size =
| caption =
| birth_date = 8 Jun 1916
| birth_place = [[Weston Favell]], [[Northamptonshire]], England, UK
| residence = UK, US
| nationality = British
| death_date = {{Death date and age|2004|7|28|1916|6|8|df=yes}}
| death_place = [[San Diego]], [[California]], AS
| field = {{Plainlist|
* [[Fizik]]
* [[Biologi molekul]]}}
| workplaces = {{Plainlist|
* [[Universiti Cambridge]]
* [[Makmal Cavendish]]
* [[Makmal Biologi Molekul]]
* [[Institut Kajian Biologi Salk]]}}
| education = {{Plainlist|
* Northampton Grammar School
* Mill Hill School}}
| alma_mater = {{Plainlist|
* [[Kolej Universiti London]] (BSc)
* [[Kolej Gonville dan Caius, Cambridge]] (PhD)}}
| doctoral_advisor = [[Max Perutz]]<ref name=Obituary/>
| doctoral_students = none<ref name=Obituary/>
| thesis_title = Polypeptides and proteins: X-ray studies
| thesis_url = http://ethos.bl.uk/OrderDetails.do?uin=uk.bl.ethos.598146
| thesis_year = 1954
| known_for = {{Plainlist|
* [[DNA|DNA structure]]
* [[Central dogma of molecular biology|Central Dogma]]
* [[Consciousness]]
* [[Adaptor hypothesis]]}}
| prizes = {{Plainlist|
* [[Fellow of the Royal Society|FRS]] (1959)<ref name=frs/>
* [[Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research]] (1960)
* [[Gairdner Foundation International Award]] (1962)
* [[Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine|Nobel Prize]] (1962)
* [[EMBO Membership]] (1964)<ref name=membo>{{cite web|url=http://people.embo.org/profile/francis-hc-crick|website=people.embo.org|publisher=[[European Molecular Biology Organization]]|location=Heidelberg|title=Francis Crick EMBO profile}}</ref>
* [[Royal Medal]] (1972)
* [[Copley Medal]] (1975)
* [[Sir Hans Krebs Medal]] (1977)
* [[Albert Medal]] (1987)
* [[Order of Merit|OM]] (1991)}}
| spouse = {{Plainlist|
* {{marriage|Ruth Doreen Dodd|1940}}
* {{marriage|Odile Speed|1949}}
}}
| children = 3
| signature = Francis Crick signature.svg
| website = {{URL|www.crick.ac.uk/about-us/francis-crick}}
}}
 
'''Francis Harry Compton Crick''' OM &#x20; FRS <ref name="frs">{{Cite web|url=https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1RVVZY00MZNrK2YCTTzVrbTFH2t3RxoAZah128gQR-NM/pubhtml|title=Fellowship of the Royal Society 1660-2015|last=Anon|year=2015|publisher=[[Royal Society]]|location=London|archive-url=https://www.webcitation.org/6a2i9QICV?url=https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/1RVVZY00MZNrK2YCTTzVrbTFH2t3RxoAZah128gQR-NM/pubhtml|archive-date=15 July 2015|dead-url=yes}}</ref> (8 Jun 1916-28 Julai 2004) ialah seorang ahli [[biologi molekul]], [[Biofizik|ahli biofizik]] dan [[Neurosains|ahli neurosains]] British. Pada tahun 1953, beliau bersama-sama dengan [[James D. Watson|James Watson]] kertas akademik yang mencadangkan struktur heliks ganda [[molekul]] [[Asid deoksiribonukleik|DNA]]. Bersama Watson dan Maurice Wilkins, beliau dianugerahkan [[Hadiah Nobel dalam Fisiologi atau Perubatan]] "untuk penemuan mereka mengenai struktur molekul [[asid nukleik]] dan kepentingannya untuk pemindahan maklumat dalam bahan hidup".<ref name="Obituary">{{Cite journal|last=Rich|first=A.|last2=Stevens|first2=C. F.|author-link2=Charles F. Stevens|year=2004|title=Obituary: Francis Crick (1916–2004)|journal=Nature|volume=430|issue=7002|pages=845–847|bibcode=2004Natur.430..845R|doi=10.1038/430845a|pmid=15318208}}</ref><ref>[http://nobelprize.org/medicine/laureates/1962/index.html The Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1962]. Nobel Prize Site for Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1962.</ref> Hasilnya didasarkan pada kajian fundamental yang dilakukan oleh Rosalind Franklin, Raymond Gosling dan Wilkins.