Perbezaan antara semakan "Parlimen Victoria"

tiada ringkasan suntingan
Teg: Suntingan sumber 2017
{{Terjemahan kasar|date=April 2019}}
{{BM|date=April 2019}}
}}
}}<br />{{Kotak info badan perundangan|name=Parliament of Victoria|legislature=Parlimen ke-59|coa_pic=[[File:Parliament of Victoria emblem.jpg|130px]]|house_type=Bicameral|houses={{nowrap|[[Dewan Undangan Negeri Victoria|Dewan Undangan]]}}<br> [[Victorian Legislative Council|Legislative Council]]|foundation=21 November 1856|leader1_type=[[Queen of Australia]]|leader1=[[Elizabeth II]]|election1=6 Februari 1952|leader2_type=[[Gabenor Victoria]]|leader2=[[Linda Dessau]]|election2=1 Julai 2015|leader3_type=[[Speaker of the Victorian Legislative Assembly|Speaker of the Legislative Assembly]]|leader3=[[Colin Brooks (politician)|Colin Brooks]]|party3=[[Australian Labor Party (Victorian Branch)|Labor]]|election3=7 Mac 2017|leader4_type=[[President of the Victorian Legislative Council|President of the Legislative Council]]|leader4=[[Shaun Leane]]|party4=[[Australian Labor Party (Victorian Branch)|Labor]]|election4=19 Disember 2018|members='''128'''<br>[[Members of the Victorian Legislative Assembly, 2018-2022|88 MLAs]]<br>[[Members of the Victorian Legislative Council, 2018-2022|40 MLCs]]|house1=[[Dewan Undangan Victoria|Dewan Undangan]]|house2=[[Victorian Legislative Council|Legislative Council]]|structure1=VIC_Legislative_Assembly_diagram.svg|structure1_res=250px|political_groups1='''Government (55)'''<br>{{Color box|{{Australian Labor Party/meta/color}}|border=darkgray}} [[Parti Buruh Australia (Cawangan Victoria)|Buruh]] (55)<br>'''Opposition (27)'''<br>{{Color box|{{Liberal Party of Australia/meta/color}}|border=darkgray}} [[Parti Liberal Australia (Bahagian Victoria)|Liberal]] (21)<br>{{Color box|green|border=darkgray}} [[National Party of Australia – Victoria|National]] (6)<br>'''Crossbench (6)'''<br>{{Color box|#10c25b|border=darkgray}} [[Australian Greens Victoria|Greens]] (3)<br>{{Color box|#b3b3b3|border=darkgray}} [[Independent (politics)|Independent]] (3){{efn|Current [[Independent politician|independent]] MLAs: [[Ali Cupper]] ([[Daerah Pemilihan Mildura|Mildura]]), [[Russell Northe]] ([[Daerah Pemilihan Morwell|Morwell]]) dan [[Suzanna Sheed]] ([[Daerah Pemilihan Shepparton|Shepparton]])}}
{{Kotak info badan perundangan
&nbsp;|structure2=VIC Legislative Council diagram.svg|structure2_res=200px|political_groups2='''Government (18)'''<br> {{Color box|{{Australian Labor Party/meta/color}}|border=darkgray}} [[Australian Labor Party (Victorian Branch)|Labor]] (18) <br> '''Opposition (11)'''<br> {{Color box|{{Liberal Party of Australia/meta/color}}|border=darkgray}} [[Liberal Party of Australia (Victorian Division)|Liberal]] (10) <br> {{Color box|green|border=darkgray}} [[National Party of Australia – Victoria|National]] (1) <br> '''Crossbench (11)''' <br> {{Color box|{{Derryn Hinch's Justice Party/meta/color}}|border=darkgray}} [[Derryn Hinch's Justice Party|Justice]] (2) <br> {{Color box|{{Liberal Democratic Party (Australia)/meta/color}}|border=darkgray}} [[Liberal Democratic Party (Australia)|Liberal Democrats]] (2) <br> {{Color box|{{Animal Justice Party/meta/color}}|border=darkgray}} [[Animal Justice Party|Animal Justice]] (1) <br> {{Color box|#10c25b|border=darkgray}} [[Australian Greens Victoria|Greens]] (1) <br> {{Color box|#4BB8B3|border=darkgray}} [[Reason Party (Australia)|Reason]] (1) <br> {{nowrap|{{Color box|#e52b50|border=darkgray}} [[Shooters and Fishers Party|Shooters]] (1)}} <br> {{Color box|#008751|border=darkgray}} [[Sustainable Australia|Sustainable]] (1) <br> {{Color box|#14468C|border=darkgray}} [[Transport Matters Party|Transport Matters]] (1) <br>{{Color box|#b3b3b3|border=darkgray}} [[Independent (politics)|Independent]] (1){{efn|Current [[Independent politician|independent]] MLC: [[Catherine Cumming]] ([[Western Metropolitan Region|Western Metropolitan]])}}|voting_system1=[[Instant-runoff voting]]|voting_system2=[[Single transferable vote]] with [[group voting ticket]]s|last_election3=[[2018 Victorian state election|24 November 2018]]|next_election3=[[2022 Victorian state election|26 November 2022]]|session_room=Victoria Parliament House Melbourne.jpg|meeting_place=[[Parliament House, Melbourne|Parliament House]],<br>[[East Melbourne]], [[Victoria (Australia)|Victoria]],<br>[[Australia]]|website={{Official website}}}} '''Parlimen Victoria''' adalah [[Dwidewan|badan]] [[Badan perundangan|legislatif]] [[Dwidewan|bicameral]] negara [[Australia]] [[Victoria, Australia|Victoria]] . Ia mengikuti sistem [[Parlimen|parlimen yang]] [[Sistem Westminster|berasal dari Westminster]] dan terdiri daripada The Queen , diwakili oleh Gabenor Victoria ; Dewan Undangan ; dan Majlis Perundangan . Ia mempunyai eksekutif yang disatu dari anggota kedua-dua dewan. <ref name="vicconstitution">{{Cite web|url=http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/vic/consol_act/ca1975188|title=The Constitution Act 1975|year=1975|website=An Act to re-enact the Law relating to the Constitution of the State of Victoria and for other purposes|publisher=Victorian Parliament|location=Victoria Australia|access-date=26 February 2011}}</ref> Parlimen bermesyuarat di Dewan Parlimen di ibukota negeri [[Melbourne]] .
| name = Parlimen Victoria
| legislature = Parlimen ke-59
| coa_pic = [[File:Parliament of Victoria emblem.jpg|130px]]
| house_type = Dwidewan
| houses = {{nowrap|[[Dewan Undangan Negeri Victoria|Dewan Undangan]]}}<br>[[Majlis Undangan Negeri Victoria|Majlis Undangan]]
| foundation = 21 November 1856
| leader1_type = [[Ratu Australia]]
| leader1 = [[Elizabeth II]]
| election1 = 6 Februari 1952
| leader2_type = [[Gabenor Victoria]]
| leader2 = [[Linda Dessau]]
| election2 = 1 Julai 2015
| leader3_type = [[Speaker Dewan Undangan Negeri Victoria|Speaker Dewan Undangan]]
| leader3 = [[Colin Brooks (politician)|Colin Brooks]]
| party3 = [[Parti Buruh Australia (Cawangan Victoria)|Buruh]]
| election3 = 7 Mac 2017
| leader4_type = [[Presiden Majlis Undangan Negeri Victoria|Presiden Majlis Undangan]]
| leader4 = [[Shaun Leane]]
| party4 = [[Parti Buruh Australia (Cawangan Victoria)|Buruh]]
| election4 = 19 Disember 2018
| members = '''128'''<br>[[Ahli Dewan Undangan Negeri Victoria, 2018-2022|88 MP]]<br>[[Ahli Majlis Undangan Negeri Victoria, 2018-2022|40 MLC]]
| house1 = [[Dewan Undangan Negeri Victoria|Dewan Undangan]]
| house2 = [[Majlis Undangan Negeri Victoria|Majlis Undangan]]
| structure1 = VIC_Legislative_Assembly_diagram.svg
| structure1_res = 250px
| political_groups1 = '''Kerajaan (55)'''<br>{{Color box|{{Australian Labor Party/meta/color}}|border=darkgray}} [[Parti Buruh Australia (Cawangan Victoria)|Buruh]] (55)<br>'''Pembangkang (27)'''<br>{{Color box|{{Liberal Party of Australia/meta/color}}|border=darkgray}} [[Parti Liberal Australia (Bahagian Victoria)|Liberal]] (21)<br>{{Color box|green|border=darkgray}} [[Parti Kebangsaan Australia – Victoria|Kebangsaan]] (6)<br>'''Bangku seberang (6)'''<br>{{Color box|#10c25b|border=darkgray}} [[Parti Hijau Australia Victoria|Hijau]] (3)<br>{{Color box|#b3b3b3|border=darkgray}} [[Ahli politik bebas|Bebas]] (3){{efn|Ahli-ahli Dewan [[Ahli politik bebas|bebas]] semasa: [[Ali Cupper]] ([[Daerah Pemilihan Mildura|Mildura]]), [[Russell Northe]] ([[Daerah Pemilihan Morwell|Morwell]]) dan [[Suzanna Sheed]] ([[Daerah Pemilihan Shepparton|Shepparton]])}}
&nbsp;
| structure2 = VIC Legislative Council diagram.svg
| structure2_res = 200px
| political_groups2 = '''Kerajaan (18)'''<br> {{Color box|{{Australian Labor Party/meta/color}}|border=darkgray}} [[Parti Buruh Australia (Cawangan Victoria)|Buruh]] (18) <br> '''Pembangkang (11)'''<br> {{Color box|{{Liberal Party of Australia/meta/color}}|border=darkgray}} [[Parti Liberal Australia (Bahagian Victoria)|Liberal]] (10) <br> {{Color box|green|border=darkgray}} [[Parti Kebangsaan Australia – Victoria|Kebangsaan]] (1) <br> '''Bangku seberang (11)''' <br> {{Color box|{{Derryn Hinch's Justice Party/meta/color}}|border=darkgray}} [[Parti Keadilan Derryn Hinch|Keadilan]] (2) <br> {{Color box|{{Liberal Democratic Party (Australia)/meta/color}}|border=darkgray}} [[Parti Demokrat Liberal (Australia)|Demokrat Liberal]] (2) <br> {{Color box|{{Animal Justice Party/meta/color}}|border=darkgray}} [[Parti Keadilan Binatang|Keadilan Binatang]] (1) <br> {{Color box|#10c25b|border=darkgray}} [[Parti Hijau Australia Victoria|Hijau]] (1) <br> {{Color box|#4BB8B3|border=darkgray}} [[Parti Akal (Australia)|Akal]] (1) <br> {{nowrap|{{Color box|#e52b50|border=darkgray}} [[Parti Penembak, Nelayan dan Petani|Penembak]] (1)}} <br> {{Color box|#008751|border=darkgray}} [[Kelestarian Australia|Kelestarian]] (1) <br> {{Color box|#14468C|border=darkgray}} [[Parti Pengangkutan Terpenting|Pengangkutan Terpenting]] (1) <br>{{Color box|#b3b3b3|border=darkgray}} [[Ahli politik bebas|Bebas]] (1){{efn|Ahli Majlis [[Ahli politik bebas|bebas]] semasa: [[Catherine Cumming]] ([[Kawasan Metropolitan Barat|Metropolitan Barat]])}}
| voting_system1 = [[Undian larian segera]]
| voting_system2 = [[Undian memindah milik tunggal]] dengan [[tiket undian berkumpul]]
| last_election3 = [[Pilihan raya negeri Victoria 2018|24 November 2018]]
| next_election3 = [[Pilihan raya negeri Victoria 2022|26 November 2022]]
| session_room = Victoria Parliament House Melbourne.jpg
| meeting_place = [[Bangunan Parlimen, Melbourne|Bangunan Parlimen]]<br>[[Melbourne Timur]], [[Victoria (Australia)|Victoria]]<br>[[Australia]]
| website = {{Official website}}
}}
'''Parlimen Victoria''' adalah [[badan perundangan]] [[dwidewan]] negeri [[Victoria (Australia)|Victoria]]. Ia mengikuti sistem [[parlimen]] yang berdasarkan [[sistem Westminster|Westminster]]. Parlimen terdiri daripada [[Raja Australia|Ratu]], diwakili oleh [[Gabenor Victoria]], [[Dewan Undangan Negeri Victoria|Dewan Undangan]] dan [[Majlis Undangan Negeri Victoria|Majlis Undangan]]. Ia mempunyai [[Gabungan kuasa|eksekutif tergabung]] yang diambil dari ahli-ahli kedua-dua dewan. <ref name="vicconstitution">{{Cite web|url=http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/vic/consol_act/ca1975188|title=The Constitution Act 1975|year=1975|website=An Act to re-enact the Law relating to the Constitution of the State of Victoria and for other purposes|publisher=Victorian Parliament|location=Victoria Australia|access-date=26 February 2011}}</ref> Parlimen berhimpun di [[Bangunan Parlimen, Melbourne|Bangunan Parlimen]] di ibu kota negeri, [[Melbourne]].
 
Kedua-dua dewan Parlimen ini mempunyai 128 ahli, 88 di rumahDewan bawahUndangan tanah(dewan rendah) dan 40 di rumahMajlis Undangan (dewan atas). Victoria mempunyai [[pengundian wajib]] dan menggunakan undi[[Undian larian segera|undian keutamaan]] dalam kerusikawasan-kawasan ahlipengundian tunggalseorang ahli untuk Dewan Undangan, dan satu[[undian undimemindah yangmilik boleh dipindahmiliktunggal]] dalam kerusikawasan-kawasan pelbagaipengundian berbilang ahli untuk Majlis Perundangan yang dilantik secaramelalui [[Perwakilanperwakilan berkadar|proporsional]] .untuk Majlis KerajaanUndangan. dibentukMajlis olehUndangan partiditerangkan atausebagai pihak yang memberi [[keyakinan dan pembekalan]] dalam Dewan. Majlis adalah rumahdewan kajian. Majoriti dalam Majlis Perundangan jarang berlaku, jadi kerajaan hari itu harusperlu berunding dengan pihakparti-parti lain untuk meluluskan banyak agenda perundangannya. Semua ahli berkhidmat untuk penggal-penggal selama empat tahun. Fungsi dan proses parlimen telah berkembang seiring dengan berjalannya waktu, mengalami perubahan signifikan ketika Victoria berubah dari koloni bebas ke negaranegari dalam [[Persekutuanpersekutuan Australia|Australia yang bersekutu]] . <ref name="povfactsheet">{{Cite web|url=https://www.parliament.vic.gov.au/assembly/publications-a-research/fact-sheets/2462-fact-sheet-i1#victoria%20becomes%20self%20%20%20governing|title=Fact Sheet: Victoria's Parliamentary History|date=25 February 2015|website=Parliament of Victoria|publisher=Parliament of Victoria|access-date=21 March 2019}}</ref>
 
Parlimen boleh membuat undang-undang untuk apa-apa perkara di dalam Victoria, tertakluk kepada Perlembagaan Victoria . Kekuasaannya dibataskan lagi oleh keupayaan kerajaan persekutuan untuk menindasnya dalam beberapa keadaan, tertakluk kepada [[Perlembagaan Australia]] . Begitu juga, Mahkamah Agung Victoria memberikan pengawasan kehakiman kepada Parlimen dan diberi kuasa yang sama. <ref name="vicconstitution">{{Cite web|url=http://www.austlii.edu.au/au/legis/vic/consol_act/ca1975188|title=The Constitution Act 1975|year=1975|website=An Act to re-enact the Law relating to the Constitution of the State of Victoria and for other purposes|publisher=Victorian Parliament|location=Victoria Australia|access-date=26 February 2011}}</ref>
 
== Parlimen semasa ==
=== Pilihan raya 2018 ===
 
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align:right; margin-bottom:0"
=== Pilihan Raya 2018 ===
|+Legislative Assembly ([[Instant-runoff voting|IRV]]) – Turnout 90.16% ([[Compulsory voting|CV]]) – [[Spoiled vote|Informal]] 5.83%<ref name=FinalResultsVEC>{{cite web|url=https://www.vec.vic.gov.au/Results/State2018/summary.html|title=State Election 2018 results|work=Victorian Electoral Commission|accessdate=14 December 2018}}</ref>
{| class="wikitable " id="481" style="line-height: 1.25em; font-size: 90%; float:right;clear:right;margin-left:1em;"
! style="width:10px" colspan=3 | Party
! colspan="7" id="484" style="background-color:#C9D9E9;text-align:center;font-size: 1.15em; line-height: 1em;" |
! style="width:70px;"| Votes
Victorian state election, 24 November 2018<ref name="VEC-Results"><cite class="citation web">[https://www.vec.vic.gov.au/Results/State2018/Summary.html "State Election 2018 results"]. ''[[Victorian Electoral Commission]]''<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">11 December</span> 2018</span>.</cite><templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles></ref><ref name="abc"><cite class="citation web">[https://www.abc.net.au/news/elections/vic-election-2018/results/ "Results: Victoria Votes 2018"]. [[ABC News (Australia)|ABC News]]<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">11 December</span> 2018</span>.</cite><templatestyles src="Module:Citation/CS1/styles.css"></templatestyles></ref>[[Victorian Legislative Assembly|Legislative Assembly]]
! style="width:40px;"| %
<small>[[2014 Victorian state election|<< 2014]]–[[2022 Victorian state election|2022 >>]]</small>
! style="width:40px;"| Swing
! style="width:40px;"| Seats
! style="width:40px;"| Change
|-
| {{Australian party style|Labor|width:1px}} | &nbsp;
| colspan="2" style="background-color:#E9E9E9" |Enrolled voters
| style="text-align:rightleft;" colspan="2"| '''[[Australian Labor Party (Victorian Branch)|4,139,326Labor]]'''
| style="background-colorwidth:#E9E9E970px;"| width="45" |'''1,506,460'''
| style="width:40px;"| '''42.86'''
| colspan="3" style="background-color:#E9E9E9" width="191" |
| style="width:45px;"| '''+4.77'''
| style="width:40px;"| '''55'''
| style="width:55px;"| '''{{increase}} 8'''
|-
| rowspan="4" | &nbsp;
| colspan="2" style="background-color:#E9E9E9" |Votes cast
|! colspan="7" style="text-align:rightleft;"| [[Coalition (Australia)|3,732,066Coalition]]
| style="background-color:#E9E9E9" width="45" |
| style="background-color:#E9E9E9" width="60" |[[Voter turnout|Turnout]]
| style="text-align:right;" |90.16
| style="text-align:right;" |−2.86
|-
| {{Australian party style|Liberal|width:1px}} | &nbsp;
| colspan="2" style="background-color:#E9E9E9" |Informal votes
| align=left | [[Liberal Party of Australia (Victorian Division)|Liberal]]
| style="text-align:right;" |217,592
| 1,069,287
| style="background-color:#E9E9E9" width="45" |
| 30.43
| style="background-color:#E9E9E9;" |Informal
| −6.04
| style="text-align:right;" |5.83
| 21
| style="text-align:right;" | +0.61
| {{decrease}} 9
|-
| {{Australian party style|Nationals|width:1px}} | &nbsp;
| colspan="7" style="background-color:#C9D9E9;text-align:center;font-size: 1.15em; line-height: 2em;" |Summary of votes by party
| align=left | [[National Party of Australia – Victoria|National]]
| 167,625
| 4.77
| −0.76
| 6
| {{decrease}} 2
|-
|! colspan="2" style="backgroundtext-coloralign:#E9E9E9left;"| [[Coalition (Australia)|PartyCoalition total]]
| !style="backgroundtext-coloralign:#E9E9E9right;" |Primary votes1,236,912
| !style="background-color:#E9E9E9;text-align:right;"| |%35.19
| !style="backgroundtext-coloralign:#E9E9E9right;"| |Swing−6.80
| !style="background-color:#E9E9E9;text-align:right;" |Seats27
| !style="background-color:#E9E9E9;text-align:right;"| |Change{{decrease}} 11
|-
| {{Australian party style|Greens}} | &nbsp;
|-
| style="text-align:left;" colspan="2"| [[Australian Greens Victoria|Greens]]
| style="background-color:#F00011;width:3px" | 
| 376,470
|'''[[Australian Labor Party (Victorian Branch)|Labor]]'''
| 10.71
| style="text-align:right;" |1,506,460
| −0.77
| style="text-align:right;" |42.86
| 3
| style="text-align:right;" | +4.77
| {{increase}} 1
| style="text-align:right;" |'''55'''
| style="text-align:right;" | +8
|-
| {{Australian party style|Animal Justice}} | &nbsp;
|-
| style="text-align:left;" colspan="2"| [[Animal Justice Party|Animal Justice]]
| style="background-color:#080CAB;width:3px" | 
| 63,970
|[[Liberal Party of Australia (Victorian Division)|Liberal]]
| 1.82
| style="text-align:right;" |1,069,287
| +1.59
| style="text-align:right;" |30.43
| 0
| style="text-align:right;" |−6.04
| {{steady}}
| style="text-align:right;" |21
| style="text-align:right;" |−9
|-
| {{Australian party style|Shooters}} | &nbsp;
|-
| style="text-align:left;" colspan="2"| [[Shooters, Fishers and Farmers Party|Shooters, Fishers and Farmers]]
| style="background-color:#10C25B;width:3px" | 
| 24,257
|[[Australian Greens Victoria|Greens]]
| 0.69
| style="text-align:right;" |376,470
| +0.61
| style="text-align:right;" |10.71
| 0
| style="text-align:right;" |−0.77
| {{steady}}
| style="text-align:right;" |3
| style="text-align:right;" | +1
|-
| {{Australian party style|DLP}} | &nbsp;
|-
| style="text-align:left;" colspan="2"| [[Democratic Labour Party (Australia)|Democratic Labour]]
| style="background-color:#008000;width:3px" | 
| 24,097
|[[National Party of Australia – Victoria|National]]
| 0.69
| style="text-align:right;" |167,625
| +0.60
| style="text-align:right;" |4.77
| 0
| style="text-align:right;" |−0.76
|{{steady}}
| style="text-align:right;" |6
| style="text-align:right;" |−2
|-
| {{Australian party style|Victorian Socialists}} | &nbsp;
|-
| style="text-align:left;" colspan="2"| [[Victorian Socialists|Victorian Socialists]]
| style="background-color:#A52A2A;width:3px" | 
| 15,442
|[[Animal Justice Party|Animal Justice]]
| 0.44
| style="text-align:right;" |63,970
| +0.44
| style="text-align:right;" |1.82
| 0
| style="text-align:right;" | +1.59
| {{steady}}
| style="text-align:right;" |0
| style="text-align:right;" |±0
|-
| {{Australian party style|Reason}} | &nbsp;
|-
| style="text-align:left;" colspan="2"| [[Reason Party (Australia)|Reason]]
| style="background-color:#CD5C5C;width:3px" | 
| 12,695
|[[Shooters, Fishers and Farmers Party|Shooters, Fishers and Farmers]]
| 0.36
| style="text-align:right;" |24,257
| +0.10
| style="text-align:right;" |0.69
| 0
| style="text-align:right;" | +0.61
| {{steady}}
| style="text-align:right;" |0
| style="text-align:right;" |±0
|-
| {{Australian party style|Transport Matters}} | &nbsp;
|-
| style="text-align:left;" colspan="2"| [[Transport Matters Party|Transport Matters]]
| style="background-color:#EEAF30;width:3px" | 
| 10,313
|[[Democratic Labour Party (Australia)|Democratic Labour]]
| 0.29
| style="text-align:right;" |24,097
| +0.29
| style="text-align:right;" |0.69
| 0
| style="text-align:right;" | +0.60
| {{steady}}
| style="text-align:right;" |0
| style="text-align:right;" |±0
|-
| {{Australian party style|Justice Party}} | &nbsp;
|-
| style="text-align:left;" colspan="2"| [[Derryn Hinch's Justice Party|Justice]]
| style="background-color:#000000;width:3px" | 
| 9,277
|[[Victorian Socialists|Socialists]]
| 0.26
| style="text-align:right;" |15,442
| +0.26
| style="text-align:right;" |0.44
| 0
| style="text-align:right;" | +0.44
| {{steady}}
| style="text-align:right;" |0
| style="text-align:right;" |±0
|-
| {{Australian party style|Sustainable Australia}} | &nbsp;
|-
| style="text-align:left;" colspan="2"| [[Sustainable Australia]]
| style="background-color:#4BB8B3;width:3px" | 
| 8,183
|[[Reason Party (Australia)|Reason]]
| 0.23
| style="text-align:right;" |12,695
| +0.23
| style="text-align:right;" |0.36
| 0
| style="text-align:right;" | +0.10
| {{steady}}
| style="text-align:right;" |0
| style="text-align:right;" |±0
|-
| {{Australian party style|Australian Country}} |&nbsp;
|-
| style="text-align:left;" colspan="2"| [[Australian Country Party (2004)|Country]]
| style="background-color:#111E3E;width:3px" | 
|6,566
|[[Transport Matters Party|Transport Matters]]
|0.19
| style="text-align:right;" |10,313
|−1.10
| style="text-align:right;" |0.29
|0
| style="text-align:right;" | +0.29
|{{steady}}
| style="text-align:right;" |0
| style="text-align:right;" |±0
|-
| {{Australian party style|Liberal Democratic Party}} | &nbsp;
|-
| style="text-align:left;" colspan="2"| [[Liberal Democratic Party (Australia)|Liberal Democratic]]
| style="background-color:#002F5D;width:3px" | 
| 4,030
|[[Derryn Hinch's Justice Party|Justice]]
| 0.12
| style="text-align:right;" |9,277
| +0.12
| style="text-align:right;" |0.26
| 0
| style="text-align:right;" | +0.26
| {{steady}}
| style="text-align:right;" |0
| style="text-align:right;" |±0
|-
| {{Australian party style|Aussie Battler}}| &nbsp;
|-
| style="text-align:left;" colspan="2"| [[Aussie Battler Party|Aussie Battler]]
| style="background-color:#047E49;width:3px" | 
| 1,281
|[[Sustainable Australia]]
| 0.04
| style="text-align:right;" |8,183
| +0.04
| style="text-align:right;" |0.23
| 0
| style="text-align:right;" | +0.23
| {{steady}}
| style="text-align:right;" |0
| style="text-align:right;" |±0
|-
| {{Australian party style|Liberty Alliance}}| &nbsp;
|-
| style="text-align:left;" colspan="2"| [[Australian Liberty Alliance|Liberty Alliance]]
| style="background-color:#556B2F;width:3px" | 
| 1,232
|[[Australian Country Party (2004)|Country]]
| 0.04
| style="text-align:right;" |6,566
| +0.04
| style="text-align:right;" |0.19
| 0
| style="text-align:right;" |−1.10
| {{steady}}
| style="text-align:right;" |0
| style="text-align:right;" |±0
|-
| {{Australian party style|Independent}}| &nbsp;
|-
| style="text-align:left;" colspan="2"| [[Independent (politician)|Independents]]
| style="background-color:#F9E518;width:3px" | 
| 213,289
|[[Liberal Democratic Party (Australia)|Liberal Democrats]]
| 6.07
| style="text-align:right;" |4,030
| +3.47
| style="text-align:right;" |0.12
| 3
| style="text-align:right;" | +0.12
| {{increase}} 2
| style="text-align:right;" |0
| style="text-align:right;" |±0
|-
! colspan="3" rowspan="1" | &nbsp;'''Total'''
|-
| 3,514,474
| style="background-color:#388AD0;width:3px" | 
|
|[[Aussie Battler Party|Aussie Battler]]
|
| style="text-align:right;" |1,281
| 88
| style="text-align:right;" |0.04
|
| style="text-align:right;" | +0.04
| style="text-align:right;" |0
| style="text-align:right;" |±0
|-
! colspan="8" | [[Two-party-preferred vote]]
|-
| style="background-color:#0F137E;width:3px" | 
|[[Australian Liberty Alliance|Liberty Alliance]]
| style="text-align:right;" |1,232
| style="text-align:right;" |0.04
| style="text-align:right;" | +0.04
| style="text-align:right;" |0
| style="text-align:right;" |±0
|-
| {{Australian party style|Labor}} | &nbsp;
|-
| style="text-align:left;" colspan="2"| '''[[Australian Labor Party (Victorian Branch)|Labor]]'''
| style="background-color:#888888;width:3px" | 
| '''1,988,434'''
|[[Independent politician|Independent]]
| '''57.30'''
| style="text-align:right;" |213,289
| '''+5.31'''
| style="text-align:right;" |6.07
| '''55'''
| style="text-align:right;" | +3.47
| '''{{increase}} 8'''
| style="text-align:right;" |3
| style="text-align:right;" | +2
|-
|- style="background-color:#E9E9E9;"
| colspan="2" |Total
| style="text-align:right;" |3,514,474
| style="text-align:right;" |88
|-
|-
| colspan="7" style="background-color:#C9D9E9;text-align:center;font-size: 1.15em; line-height: 2em;" |'''[[Two-party-preferred vote|Two-party-preferred]]'''
|-
| style="background-color:#F00011;" | 
| style="font-weight: bold;" |[[Australian Labor Party (Victorian Branch)|Labor]]
| style="text-align:right;" |1,988,534
| style="text-align:right;" |57.30
| style="text-align:right;" | +5.31
| style="background-color:#E9E9E9;" |
| style="background-color:#E9E9E9;" |
|-
| style="background-color:#080CAB;" | 
|[[Liberal Party of Australia (Victorian Division)|Liberal]]/[[National Party of Australia – Victoria|National]]
| style="text-align:right;" |1,481,975
| style="text-align:right;" |42.70
| style="text-align:right;" |−5.31
| style="background-color:#E9E9E9;" |
| style="background-color:#E9E9E9;" |
|-
| {{Australian party style|Liberal}} | &nbsp;
| style="text-align:left;" colspan="2"| [[Coalition (Australia)|Coalition]]
| 1,481,975
| 42.70
| −5.31
| 27
| {{decrease}} 11
|}
 
{| class="wikitable " id="854" style="line-height: 1.25em; font-size: 90%; float:right;clear:right;margin-left:1em;"
!{| colspanclass="7" id="857wikitable" style="background-color:#C9D9E9;text-align:centerright;font-size: 1.15em; linemargin-heightbottom: 1em;0" |
|+Legislative Council ([[Single transferable vote|STV]]/[[Group voting ticket|GVT]]) – Turnout 90.13% ([[Compulsory voting|CV]]) – [[Spoiled vote|Informal]] 3.89%<ref name=FinalResultsVEC/><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.abc.net.au/news/elections/vic-election-2018/results/legislative-council/|title=Legislative Council Results|work=ABC Elections|accessdate=14 December 2018}}</ref>
Victorian state election, 24 November 2018[[Victorian Legislative Council|Legislative Council]]
! style="width:10px" colspan=3 | Party
<small>[[2014 Victorian state election|<< 2014]]–[[2022 Victorian state election|2022 >>]]</small>
! style="width:70px;"| Votes
! style="width:40px;"| %
! style="width:40px;"| Swing
! style="width:40px;"| Seats
! style="width:40px;"| Change
|-
| {{Australian party style|Labor|width:1px}} | &nbsp;
| colspan="2" style="background-color:#E9E9E9" |Enrolled voters
| style="text-align:rightleft;" colspan="2"| [[Australian Labor Party (Victorian Branch)|4,139,326Labor]]
| style="background-colorwidth:#E9E9E970px;"| width="45" |1,406,122
| style="width:40px;"| 39.22
| colspan="3" style="background-color:#E9E9E9" width="191" |
| style="width:45px;"| +5.76
| style="width:40px;"| 18
| style="width:55px;"| {{increase}} 4
|-
| rowspan="6" | &nbsp;
| colspan="2" style="background-color:#E9E9E9" |Votes cast
|! colspan="7" style="text-align:rightleft;"| [[Coalition (Australia)|3,730,615Coalition]]
| style="background-color:#E9E9E9" width="45" |
| style="background-color:#E9E9E9" width="60" |[[Voter turnout|Turnout]]
| style="text-align:right;" |90.13
| style="text-align:right;" |−2.80
|-
| {{Australian party style|Liberal|width:1px}} |&nbsp;
| colspan="2" style="background-color:#E9E9E9" |Informal votes
| align=left | [[Liberal Party of Australia (Victorian Division)|Liberal]] <small>(metropolitan)</small>
| style="text-align:right;" |145,030
|615,050
| style="background-color:#E9E9E9" width="45" |
|17.15
| style="background-color:#E9E9E9;" |Informal
|−3.67
| style="text-align:right;" |3.89
|7
| style="text-align:right;" | +0.51
|{{decrease}} 3
|-
| {{Australian party style|Liberal National|width:1px}} | &nbsp;
| colspan="7" style="background-color:#C9D9E9;text-align:center;font-size: 1.15em; line-height: 2em;" |Summary of votes by party
| align=left | [[Coalition (Australia)|Liberal/National joint ticket]]
| 439,930
| 12.27
| −3.04
|
|
|-
| {{Australian party style|Liberal|width:1px}} | &nbsp;
| colspan="2" style="background-color:#E9E9E9" |Party
| align=left | ''[[Liberal Party of Australia (Victorian Division)|Liberal]] <small>(regional)</small>''
| style="background-color:#E9E9E9;" |Primary votes
|
| style="background-color:#E9E9E9;text-align:right;" |%
|
| style="background-color:#E9E9E9;" |Swing
|
| style="background-color:#E9E9E9;text-align:right;" |Seats
| 3
| style="background-color:#E9E9E9;text-align:right;" |Change
| {{decrease}} 1
|-
| {{Australian party style|Nationals|width:1px}} | &nbsp;
|-
| align=left | ''[[National Party of Australia – Victoria|National]]''
| style="background-color:#F00011;width:3px" | 
|
|[[Australian Labor Party (Victorian Branch)|Labor]]
|
| style="text-align:right;" |1,406,122
|
| style="text-align:right;" |39.22
| 1
| style="text-align:right;" | +5.76
| {{decrease}} 2
| style="text-align:right;" |18
| style="text-align:right;" | +4
|-
! colspan="2" style="text-align:left;"| [[Coalition (Australia)|Coalition total]]
|-
| !style="backgroundtext-coloralign:#080CABright;width:3px"| 1,054,980
!style="text-align:right;"| 29.42
|[[Liberal Party of Australia (Victorian Division)|Liberal]] (metropolitan)
| !style="text-align:right;"| |615,050−6.71
| !style="text-align:right;"| |17.1511
| !style="text-align:right;"| |−3.67{{decrease}} 5
| style="text-align:right;" |7
| style="text-align:right;" |−3
|-
| {{Australian party style|Greens}} | &nbsp;
|-
| style="text-align:left;" colspan="2"| [[Australian Greens Victoria|Greens]]
| style="background-color:#1456F1;width:3px" | 
| 331,479
|[[Liberal Party of Australia (Victorian Division)|Liberal]]/[[National Party of Australia – Victoria|National]]
| 9.25
| style="text-align:right;" |439,930
| −1.50
| style="text-align:right;" |12.27
| 1
| style="text-align:right;" |−3.04
| {{decrease}} 4
| style="text-align:right;" |4
| style="text-align:right;" |−2
|-
| {{Australian party style|Justice Party}} | &nbsp;
|-
| style="text-align:left;" colspan="2"| [[Derryn Hinch's Justice Party|Justice]]
| style="background-color:#10C25B;width:3px" | 
| 134,266
|[[Australian Greens Victoria|Greens]]
| 3.75
| style="text-align:right;" |331,751
| +3.75
| style="text-align:right;" |9.25
| 3
| style="text-align:right;" |−1.50
| {{increase}} 3
| style="text-align:right;" |1
| style="text-align:right;" |−4
|-
| {{Australian party style|Shooters}} | &nbsp;
|-
| style="text-align:left;" colspan="2"| [[Shooters, Fishers and Farmers Party|Shooters, Fishers and Farmers]]
| style="background-color:#002F5D;width:3px" | 
| 108,280
|[[Derryn Hinch's Justice Party|Justice]]
| 3.02
| style="text-align:right;" |134,413
| +1.37
| style="text-align:right;" |3.75
| 1
| style="text-align:right;" | +3.75
| {{decrease}} 1
| style="text-align:right;" |3
| style="text-align:right;" | +3
|-
| {{Australian party style|Liberal Democratic Party}} | &nbsp;
|-
| style="text-align:left;" colspan="2"| [[Liberal Democratic Party (Australia)|Liberal Democratic]]
| style="background-color:#CD5C5C;width:3px" | 
| 89,428
|[[Shooters, Fishers and Farmers Party|Shooters, Fishers and Farmers]]
| 2.50
| style="text-align:right;" |108,312
| −0.56
| style="text-align:right;" |3.02
| 2
| style="text-align:right;" | +1.37
| {{increase}} 2
| style="text-align:right;" |1
| style="text-align:right;" |−1
|-
| {{Australian party style|Animal Justice}} | &nbsp;
|-
| style="text-align:left;" colspan="2"| [[Animal Justice Party|Animal Justice]]
| style="background-color:#F9E518;width:3px" | 
| 88,520
|[[Liberal Democratic Party (Australia)|Liberal Democrats]]
| 2.47
| style="text-align:right;" |89,441
| +0.77
| style="text-align:right;" |2.49
| 1
| style="text-align:right;" |−0.57
| {{increase}} 1
| style="text-align:right;" |2
| style="text-align:right;" | +2
|-
| {{Australian party style|DLP}} | &nbsp;
|-
| style="text-align:left;" colspan="2"| [[Democratic Labour Party (Australia)|Democratic Labour]]
| style="background-color:#A52A2A;width:3px" | 
| 75,221
|[[Animal Justice Party|Animal Justice]]
| 2.10
| style="text-align:right;" |88,530
| −0.22
| style="text-align:right;" |2.47
| 0
| style="text-align:right;" | +0.77
| {{decrease}} 1
| style="text-align:right;" |1
| style="text-align:right;" | +1
|-
| {{Australian party style|Reason}} | &nbsp;
|-
| style="text-align:left;" colspan="2"| [[Reason Party (Australia)|Reason]]
| style="background-color:#EEAF30;width:3px" | 
| 49,013
|[[Democratic Labour Party (Australia)|Democratic Labour]]
| 1.37
| style="text-align:right;" |75,294
| −1.26
| style="text-align:right;" |2.10
| 1
| style="text-align:right;" |−0.22
| {{steady}}
| style="text-align:right;" |0
| style="text-align:right;" |−1
|-
| {{Australian party style|Voluntary Euthanasia}}| &nbsp;
|-
| style="text-align:left;" colspan="2"| [[Voluntary Euthanasia Party|Voluntary Euthanasia]]
| style="background-color:#4BB8B3;width:3px" | 
| 42,611
|[[Reason Party (Australia)|Reason]]
| 1.19
| style="text-align:right;" |49,008
| +0.70
| style="text-align:right;" |1.37
| 0
| style="text-align:right;" |−1.26
| {{steady}}
| style="text-align:right;" |1
| style="text-align:right;" |±0
|-
| {{Australian party style|Aussie Battler}}| &nbsp;
|-
| style="text-align:left;" colspan="2"| [[Aussie Battler Party|Aussie Battler]]
| style="background-color:#201B5B;width:3px" | 
| 33,172
|[[Voluntary Euthanasia Party|Voluntary Euthanasia]]
| 0.93
| style="text-align:right;" |42,730
| +0.93
| style="text-align:right;" |1.19
| 0
| style="text-align:right;" | +0.70
| {{steady}}
| style="text-align:right;" |0
| style="text-align:right;" |±0
|-
| {{Australian party style|Victorian Socialists}} | &nbsp;
|-
| style="text-align:left;" colspan="2"| [[Victorian Socialists|Victorian Socialists]]
| style="background-color:#388AD0;width:3px" | 
| 32,603
|[[Aussie Battler Party|Aussie Battler]]
| 0.91
| style="text-align:right;" |33,234
| +0.91
| style="text-align:right;" |0.93
| 0
| style="text-align:right;" | +0.93
| {{steady}}
| style="text-align:right;" |0
| style="text-align:right;" |±0
|-
| {{Australian party style|Sustainable Australia}} | &nbsp;
|-
| style="text-align:left;" colspan="2"| [[Sustainable Australia]]
| style="background-color:#000000;width:3px" | 
| 29,831
|[[Victorian Socialists|Socialists]]
| 0.83
| style="text-align:right;" |32,614
| +0.83
| style="text-align:right;" |0.91
| 1
| style="text-align:right;" | +0.91
| {{increase}} 1
| style="text-align:right;" |0
| style="text-align:right;" |±0
|-
| {{Australian party style|Health Australia}}| &nbsp;
|-
| style="text-align:left;" colspan="2"| [[Health Australia Party|Health Australia]]
| style="background-color:#047E49;width:3px" | 
| 28,132
|[[Sustainable Australia]]
| 0.79
| style="text-align:right;" |29,866
| +0.79
| style="text-align:right;" |0.83
| 0
| style="text-align:right;" | +0.83
|{{steady}}
| style="text-align:right;" |1
| style="text-align:right;" | +1
|-
| {{Australian party style|Australian Country}}| &nbsp;
|-
| style="text-align:left;" colspan="2"| [[Australian Country Party (2004)|Country]]
| style="background-color:#357D26;width:3px" | 
| 24,295
|[[Health Australia Party|Health Australia]]
| 0.68
| style="text-align:right;" |28,190
| +0.00
| style="text-align:right;" |0.79
| 0
| style="text-align:right;" | +0.79
|{{steady}}
| style="text-align:right;" |0
| style="text-align:right;" |±0
|-
| {{Australian party style|Transport Matters}} | &nbsp;
|-
| style="text-align:left;" colspan="2"| [[Transport Matters Party|Transport Matters]]
| style="background-color:#556B2F;width:3px" | 
| 22,051
|[[Australian Country Party (2004)|Country]]
| 0.62
| style="text-align:right;" |24,374
| +0.62
| style="text-align:right;" |0.68
| 1
| style="text-align:right;" | +0.00
| {{increase}} 1
| style="text-align:right;" |0
| style="text-align:right;" |±0
|-
| {{Australian party style|Liberty Alliance}}| &nbsp;
|-
| style="text-align:left;" colspan="2"| [[Australian Liberty Alliance|Liberty Alliance]]
| style="background-color:#111E3E;width:3px" | 
| 20,065
|[[Transport Matters Party|Transport Matters]]
| 0.56
| style="text-align:right;" |22,228
| +0.56
| style="text-align:right;" |0.62
| 0
| style="text-align:right;" | +0.62
| {{steady}}
| style="text-align:right;" |1
| style="text-align:right;" | +1
|-
| {{Australian party style|Hudson for Northern Victoria}}| &nbsp;
|-
| style="text-align:left;" colspan="2"| [[Hudson for Northern Victoria]]
| style="background-color:#0F137E;width:3px" | 
| 6,363
|[[Australian Liberty Alliance|Liberty Alliance]]
| 0.18
| style="text-align:right;" |20,131
| +0.18
| style="text-align:right;" |0.56
| 0
| style="text-align:right;" | +0.56
| {{steady}}
| style="text-align:right;" |0
| style="text-align:right;" |±0
|-
| {{Australian party style|Vote 1 Local Jobs}}| &nbsp;
|-
| style="text-align:left;" colspan="2"| [[Vote 1 Local Jobs]]
| style="background-color:#FFA500;width:3px" | 
| 5,338
|[[Hudson for Northern Victoria]]
| 0.15
| style="text-align:right;" |6,438
| −0.06
| style="text-align:right;" |0.18
| 0
| style="text-align:right;" | +0.18
| {{decrease}} 1
| style="text-align:right;" |0
| style="text-align:right;" |±0
|-
| {{Australian party style|Independent}}| &nbsp;
|-
| style="text-align:left;" colspan="2"| [[Independent (politician)|Independents and ungrouped]]
| style="background-color:#0000CD;width:3px" | 
| 2,556
|[[Vote 1 Local Jobs]]
| 0.07
| style="text-align:right;" |5,351
| −0.06
| style="text-align:right;" |0.15
| 0
| style="text-align:right;" |−0.06
| {{steady}}
| style="text-align:right;" |0
| style="text-align:right;" |−1
|-
! colspan="3" rowspan="1" | &nbsp;'''Total'''
|-
| 3,583,478
| style="background-color:#888888;width:3px" | 
|
|[[Independent politician|Independent]]
|
| style="text-align:right;" |2,578
| 40
| style="text-align:right;" |0.07
|
| style="text-align:right;" |−0.06
| style="text-align:right;" |0
| style="text-align:right;" |±0
|-
|}
|- style="background-color:#E9E9E9;"
| colspan="2" |Total
| style="text-align:right;" |3,585,585
| style="text-align:right;" |40
|-
|}
 
Parlimen semasa adalah Parlimen Victoria ke-59, yang telah dipilih pada Pilihan Raya Negeri 2018 Victoria. Ia secara rasmi dibuka oleh Gabenor Linda Dessau pada hari persinggahan pertama pada 19 Disember 2019. <ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.parliament.vic.gov.au/about/news/4114-program-for-opening-of-59th-parliament|title=Program for Opening the 59th Parliament|date=13 December 2018|website=Parliament of Victoria|access-date=28 March 2019}}</ref> Kerajaan Tenaga Buruh, yang diketuai oleh Perdana Menteri Daniel Andrews , dipilih semula dengan majoriti yang meningkat dalam Dewan Undangan. Kerajaan memegang 55 kerusi, pembangkang 27, dan bangku simpanan terdiri daripada tiga ahli Greens dan tiga orang bebas. <ref>{{Cite news|url=https://www.abc.net.au/news/elections/vic-election-2018/results/|title=Results|date=11 December 2018|access-date=28 March 2019|work=ABC News}}</ref>
 
<nowiki></br></nowiki> Parlimen semasa adalah Parlimen Victoria ke-59, yang telah dipilih pada Pilihan Raya Negeri 2018 Victoria. Ia secara rasmi dibuka oleh Gabenor Linda Dessau pada hari persinggahan pertama pada 19 Disember 2019. <ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.parliament.vic.gov.au/about/news/4114-program-for-opening-of-59th-parliament|title=Program for Opening the 59th Parliament|date=13 December 2018|website=Parliament of Victoria|access-date=28 March 2019}}</ref> Kerajaan Tenaga Buruh, yang diketuai oleh Perdana Menteri Daniel Andrews , dipilih semula dengan majoriti yang meningkat dalam Dewan Undangan. Kerajaan memegang 55 kerusi, pembangkang 27, dan bangku simpanan terdiri daripada tiga ahli Greens dan tiga orang bebas. <ref>{{Cite news|url=https://www.abc.net.au/news/elections/vic-election-2018/results/|title=Results|date=11 December 2018|access-date=28 March 2019|work=ABC News}}</ref>
 
Kerajaan mempunyai 18 kerusi dalam Dewan Undangan, dan pembangkang Liberal / Nasional Koalisi mempunyai 11. Baki 11 dipegang oleh pelbagai pihak bangkrut. <ref name="resultlc">{{Cite news|url=https://www.abc.net.au/news/elections/vic-election-2018/results/legislative-council/|title=Summary of Legislative Council results|date=11 December 2018|access-date=28 March 2019|work=ABC News}}</ref> Pemilihan sebuah bangku simpanan yang luas telah menarik sedikit kontroversi kerana manipulasi kumpulan undi-undian oleh beberapa pihak. Ini menyebabkan berlakunya peristiwa seperti Greens menerima 13.5% undi utama di Wilayah Metropolitan Selatan tetapi kalah kepada parti yang mampan Australia, yang memperoleh hanya 1.3%. <ref>{{Cite news|url=https://www.theguardian.com/australia-news/2018/dec/11/victorian-election-labor-faces-upper-house-crossbench-of-micro-parties|title=Labor faces cluster of micro-party crossbenchers in upper house|last=Luke Enrique-Gomes|date=11 December 2018|access-date=28 March 2019|work=The Guardian}}</ref> Begitu juga, Parti Keadilan Derryn Hinch memperoleh 3 kerusi dengan 3.7% seluruh negara undi utama, manakala undian utama 9.3% dari Greens 'mengundi mereka hanya satu kerusi. <ref name="resultlc"></ref>
 
== Lihat juga ==
 
* Pilihan raya negeri Victoria, 2018
* Kerajaan Victoria
2,552

suntingan