Perbezaan antara semakan "Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi"

Kemaskini infobox
(Masih dalam penstrukturan dan perapian)
Teg: Suntingan sumber 2017
(Kemaskini infobox)
Teg: Suntingan sumber 2017
{{Recent death|2019-10-28}}
{{Infobox officeholder
| name = Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi<br>
| native_name = {{lang|ar|أبو بكر البغداديالبغدادي‎}}
| image = Mugshot of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, 2004.jpg
| birth_date = 1971<ref name="personal">{{cite web|url= http://www.webcitation.org/62d4QbpRM |title= Security council al-qaida sanctions committee adds ibrahim awwad ibrahim ali al-badri al-samarrai to its sanctions list |publisher= UN Security Council Department of Public Information | date=5 October 2011 |accessdate= 8 October 2011 }}</ref>
| caption = Gambar Baghdadi ditahan di [[Kem Bucca]], Iraq, 2004
| birth_place = [[Samarra]], [[Iraq]]<ref name="personal" />
| title =
| death_date = {{death date and age|2019|10|26|1971|df=yes}}
| order2 =Ketua [[Negara Islam Iraq dan Syam]]<br /> (mengisytiharkan diri sendiri [[Khalifah|Khalifah]])
| death_place = [[Barisha]], [[Wilayah Idlib]], [[Syria]]
| predecessor2 = Jawatan ditubuhkan
| successor2 = [[Abdullah Qardash]]<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.rsis.edu.sg/rsis-publication/icpvtr/abdullah-qardash-is-successor-to-al-baghdadi/#.XbXfJ_dRg5k|title=Abdullah Qardash: IS Successor to Al-Baghdadi? {{!}} RSIS|website=www.rsis.edu.sg|access-date=27 October 2019}}</ref>
| birth_name = Ibrahim Awad Ibrahim al-Badri al-Samarrai ({{lang|ar|إبراهيم عواد إبراهيم علي محمد البدري السامرائي}})
| birth_date = {{birth date|1971|7|28|df=yes}}<ref name="dob">{{cite news|last=Warrick|first=Joby|url=https://www.washingtonpost.com/local/obituaries/abu-bakr-al-baghdadi-islamic-states-terrorist-in-chief-dies-at-48/2019/10/27/0d004abc-663d-11e7-8eb5-cbccc2e7bfbf_story.html|title=Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, extremist leader of Islamic State, dies at 48|work=[[The Washington Post]]|date=27 October 2019|accessdate=27 October 2019}}</ref>
| birth_place = [[Pentadbiran Salah ad Din]], [[Iraq]]<ref>{{cite press release |title=Security Council Al-Qaida Sanctions Committee adds Ibrahim Awwad Ibrahim Ali al-Badri al-Samarrai to its Sanctions List |url=https://www.un.org/press/en/2011/sc10405.doc.htm |date=5 October 2011 |publisher=United Nations Security Council, SC/10405 |accessdate=20 July 2014}}</ref>
| death_date = {{death date and age|2019|10|26|1971|7|28|df=yes}}
| death_place = [[Barisha|Barisha]], [[Wilayah Idlib]], [[Syria]]
| death_cause = [[Serangan berani mati]]
| nationality = Iraqi
| religion = [[Sunni Islam]]
| nickname = {{Unbulleted list|Abu Bakr|Caliph Ibrahim|Abu Du'a<ref name="rewardsforjustice1"/>|"The Invisible Sheikh"<ref name="alarab-rise" />|"The Ghost"<ref>{{cite web |url=https://nz.news.yahoo.com/baghdadi-apos-ghost-apos-world-094029691.html |title=Baghdadi 'The Ghost': world jihad's low-profile boss |publisher=Yahoo! News |accessdate=16 June 2017}}</ref><ref name="The Believer" />}}
| office1 = [[Emir]] [[Negara Islam Iraq dan Syam]]
| term_start2 = 7 April 2013
| term_start1 = 16 May 2010<br><small>(Kemudian dikenali sebagai Negara Islam Iraq)</small><ref name="ISI"/>
| term_end1term_end2 = 26 Oktober = 2019
| office1 order3 = [[Emir]] ke-2 [[Negara Islam Iraq dan Syam]]
| predecessor1 = [[Abu Omar al-Baghdadi]]
| successor1term_start3 = 18 =April 2010
| term_end3 = 7 April 2013
| Infobox Military Person
| predecessor1predecessor3 = [[Abu Omar al-Baghdadi]]
| allegiance = [[al-Qaeda]] (dahulunya)<ref name=AlQaedaTiesEnd/>
| successor3 = Jawatan dihapuskan
| Active =
| blank1 = Agama
| commands = [[Negara Islam Iraq dan Syam]]
| data1 = [[Sunni Islam]]<ref>{{cite web |title=Profile: Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi |url=https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-27801676/ |website=BBC |date=15 May 2015 |accessdate=16 August 2015}}</ref><ref>{{cite web |title=The many names of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi |url=http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2015/03/isis-baghdadi-islamic-state-caliph-many-names-al-qaeda.html |website=Al Monitor |date=23 March 2015 |accessdate=11 April 2015 |url-status=dead |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20150428195205/http://www.al-monitor.com/pulse/originals/2015/03/isis-baghdadi-islamic-state-caliph-many-names-al-qaeda.html |archivedate=28 April 2015}}</ref>
| battles = [[Perang Iraq|Pemberontakan Iraq]]<br>[[Perang Saudara Syria]]
| module = {{Infobox military person
| image = Mugshot of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi.jpg
| embed = yes
| allegiance = Jamaat Jaysh Ahl al-Sunnah wa-l-Jamaah <br /> (2003–2006) <br /> {{flagicon image|Flag of Jihad.svg|center|250px}} [[Al-Qaeda]] <br /> (2006–2013)
| commands =* [[Negara Islam Iraq dan Syam]] (Oktober 2006 – April 2013)
{{flag|Negara Islam Iraq dan Syam}} <br /> (April 2013 – Oktober 2019)
| branch =
| serviceyears = 2003–2019
| rank = Ketua ISIL
| battles =
}}
}}
'''Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi''' ({{lang-ar|أبو بكر البغدادي}} dengan nama '''Ibrahim Awwad Ibrahim Ali al-Badri'''<ref name="Abraham">{{cite news |last=Rubin |first=Alissa J. |authorlink=Alissa J. Rubin |title=Militant Leader in Rare Appearance in Iraq |url=https://www.nytimes.com/2014/07/06/world/asia/iraq-abu-bakr-al-baghdadi-sermon-video.html |newspaper=The New York Times |date=5 July 2014 |accessdate=20 July 2014}}</ref><ref name="Ibrahim" /> {{lang|ar|إبراهيم عواد إبراهيم علي محمد البدري السامرائي}}&lrm;; 28 Julai 1971 – 26 Oktober 2019)<ref name=FoxOct27>{{cite web |url=https://www.foxnews.com/politics/isis-leader-baghdadi-confirmed-dead-after-apparent-suicide-during-u-s-operation-sources?fbclid=IwAR0xZjy2FYpMr5-9Qtbm3a1-Pz2D1ATlZ-KxMkhh8vzifAnkQN9g_kwpJ2Q |title=ISIS leader al-Baghdadi confirmed dead after apparent suicide during U.S. operation: sources |last=Blitzer |first=Ron |date=27 October 2019 |website=[[Fox News]] |publisher= |access-date=27 October 2019 |quote=}}</ref>, merupakan pemimpin kumpulan militan Islam [[Negara Islam di Iraq dan Levant|Negara Islam di Iraq dan Syam]] (I[[SIL]]), kadangkala diterjemahkan sebagai Negara Islam di Iraq dan Syria (ISIS). Kumpulan tersebut dirujuk sebagai kumpulan militan oleh [[Persatuan Bangsa-bangsa Bersatu|PBB]], juga [[Kesatuan Eropad]] dan kebanyakan negara sementara Abu Bakr dianggap [[Pengganas Global Tentuan Khas]] oleh Amerika Syarikat sehingga kematiannya pada Oktober 2019.<ref name="rewardsforjustice1">[[Rewards for Justice]] – [https://www.rewardsforjustice.net/english/abu_dua.html Information that brings to justice... Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi Up to $25 Million Reward] Retrieved 25 January 2017</ref> Pada Jun 2014, dia dipilih melalui [[majlis Syura]], mewakili ahl al-hall wal-aqd<ref>The ''ahl al-hall wal-aqd'' are qualified individuals empowered to either elect or remove from position a caliph on behalf of an Islamic community
 
'''Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi''' ({{lang-ar|أبو بكر البغدادي}} dengan nama '''Ibrahim Awwad Ibrahim Ali al-Badri'''<ref name="Abraham">{{cite news |last=Rubin |first=Alissa J. |authorlink=Alissa J. Rubin |title=Militant Leader in Rare Appearance in Iraq |url=https://www.nytimes.com/2014/07/06/world/asia/iraq-abu-bakr-al-baghdadi-sermon-video.html |newspaper=The New York Times |date=5 July 2014 |accessdate=20 July 2014}}</ref><ref name="Ibrahim" /> {{lang|ar|إبراهيم عواد إبراهيم علي محمد البدري السامرائي}}&lrm;; 28 Julai 1971 – 26 Oktober 2019)<ref name=FoxOct27>{{cite web |url=https://www.foxnews.com/politics/isis-leader-baghdadi-confirmed-dead-after-apparent-suicide-during-u-s-operation-sources?fbclid=IwAR0xZjy2FYpMr5-9Qtbm3a1-Pz2D1ATlZ-KxMkhh8vzifAnkQN9g_kwpJ2Q |title=ISIS leader al-Baghdadi confirmed dead after apparent suicide during U.S. operation: sources |last=Blitzer |first=Ron |date=27 October 2019 |website=[[Fox News]] |publisher= |access-date=27 October 2019 |quote=}}</ref>, merupakan pemimpin kumpulan militan Islam [[Negara Islam di Iraq dan Levant|Negara Islam di Iraq dan Syam]] (I[[SIL]]), kadangkala diterjemahkan sebagai Negara Islam di Iraq dan Syria (ISIS). Kumpulan tersebut dirujuk sebagai kumpulan militan oleh [[Persatuan Bangsa-bangsa Bersatu|PBB]], juga [[Kesatuan EropadEropah]] dan kebanyakan negara sementara Abu Bakr dianggap [[Pengganas Global Tentuan Khas]] oleh Amerika Syarikat sehingga kematiannya pada Oktober 2019.<ref name="rewardsforjustice1">[[Rewards for Justice]] – [https://www.rewardsforjustice.net/english/abu_dua.html Information that brings to justice... Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi Up to $25 Million Reward] Retrieved 25 January 2017</ref> Pada Jun 2014, dia dipilih melalui [[majlis Syura]], mewakili ahl al-hall wal-aqd<ref>The ''ahl al-hall wal-aqd'' are qualified individuals empowered to either elect or remove from position a caliph on behalf of an Islamic community
– [http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/print/opr/t125/e73 Definition of "ahl al-hall wal-aqd"] [[Oxford University|Oxford Islamic Studies Online]]. Accessed 15 May 2017.</ref> sebagai ketua kepada Negara Islam Iraq (ISI).<ref name="dos-names">{{cite press release |url=https://2009-2017.state.gov/r/pa/prs/ps/2014/05/226067.htm |title=Terrorist Designations of Groups Operating in Syria |publisher=[[United States Department of State]] |date=14 May 2014 |accessdate=13 June 2014 }}</ref>
 
Baghdadi terlibat secara langsung dalam kekejaman dan pelanggaran hak asasi manusia yang dijalankan oleh ISIL. Ini termasuk [[Pembunuhan beramai-ramai Yazidis|pembunuhan beramai-ramai di Yazidis]], Iraq, perhaambaanperhambaan seks yang meluas, rogol beramai-ramai, pembunuhan, dan hukuman mati secara sistematik. Dia mengarahkan aktiviti pengganas dan pembunuhan beramai-ramai. Baginya kekejaman sebagai sebahagian daripada usaha propaganda organisasi, menghasilkan video yang memperlihatkan penyaliban, perhambaan seks dan hukuman mati melalui penggodaman, pembakaran, dan pembakaran.<ref>{{Cite news|url=https://www.bbc.com/news/world-middle-east-50200392|title=Who was Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi?|website=[[BBC]]|date=27 October 2019|access-date=27 October 2019|language=en-GB}}</ref><ref>{{Cite news|url=https://www.nytimes.com/2019/10/27/world/middleeast/al-baghdadi-dead.html|title=Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi, ISIS Leader Known for His Brutality, Is Dead at 48|last=Callimachi|first=Rukmini|date=27 October 2019|work=[[The New York Times]]|publisher=[[New York Times Company]]|location=New York City|access-date=27 October 2019|last2=Hassan|first2=Falih|language=en-US|issn=0362-4331}}</ref>
 
Dari tahun 2011, ganjaran AS$ 10 juta ditawarkan untuk Baghdadi oleh Jabatan Negara AS, meningkat kepada AS$25 juta pada tahun 2017<ref name="bbc_reward">{{cite news |title=Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi: IS leader 'dead after US raid' in Syria |url=https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-50200339 |accessdate=27 October 2019 |website=[[BBC]] |date=27 October 2017}}</ref>, untuk maklumat atau kepakaran mengenai keberadaannya untuk membolehkan penangkapan, mati atau hidup.<ref name="aljazeera1">{{cite news |title=Who was ISIL's self-proclaimed leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi? |url=https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2019/10/isil-proclaimed-leader-abu-bakr-al-baghdadi-191027173054546.html |accessdate=27 October 2019 |agency=[[Al-Jazeera]] |date=27 October 2019}}</ref><ref name="telegraph_25mill">{{cite news |last1=Ensor |first1=Josie |title=Isil leader Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi 'died like a dog and coward' in US special forces raid, says Donald Trump |url=https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/2019/10/27/chief-abu-bakr-al-baghdadi-reportedly-killed-us-forces/ |accessdate=27 October 2019 |newspaper=[[The Daily Telegraph|The Telegraph]] |publisher=[[Telegraph Media Group]]|location=London, England|date=27 October 2019}}</ref> Pada 26 Oktober 2019, al-Baghdadi membunuh dirinya dan tiga orang anak dengan meletupkan diri memakai [[jaket bunuh diri]] semasa [[serbuan Barisha]] yang dijalankan oleh [[Komando Operasi Khas Bersama]] (JSOC) Pasukan Angkatan Khas Pertama Pemisah-Delta (SFOD-D), yang dikenali sebagai Delta Force, di wilayah barat daya Idlib, Syria.<ref name=FoxOct27 /><ref name="White House PR on death">{{Cite press release |title=Statement from the President on the Death of Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi |date=27 October 2019|publisher=The White House |url=https://www.whitehouse.gov/briefings-statements/statement-president-death-abu-bakr-al-baghdadi/}}</ref>