Perbezaan antara semakan "Ghana"

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{{Infobox country
{| border=1 align=right cellpadding=1 cellspacing=0 width=300 style="margin: 0.5em 0 1em 1em; background: #ffffff; border: 1px #aaaaaa solid; border-collapse: collapse; font-size: 95%;"
|+<big><big>''' conventional_long_name = Republik Ghana'''</span>
| native_name =''Republic of Ghana''
|-
| common_name = Ghana
| style="background:#ffffff;" align=center colspan=2 |
| image_flag = Flag of Ghana.svg
{| border=0 cellpadding=2 cellspacing=0
| image_coat = Coat of arms of Ghana.svg
|-
| national_motto = "Freedom and Justice" ([[Bahasa Inggeris|Inggeris]])<br /><small>(Kebebasan dan Keadilan)</small>
| align=center width=148 | [[Fail:Flag of Ghana.svg|frames|160px]]
| national_anthem = "[[God Bless Our Homeland Ghana]]"<br />[[File:National Anthem of Ghana.ogg|center]]
| align=center width=148 |
| image_map = Ghana (orthographic projection).svg
|-
| capital = [[Accra]]
| align=center width=148 | [[Bendera Ghana|Bendera]]
| largest_city = Ibu negara
| align=center width=148 | [[Jata Ghana|Jata]]
| coordinates = {{Coord|5|33|N|0|12|W|type:city}}
|-
| official_languages = [[Bahasa Inggeris|Inggeris]]<ref name="The Ghanaian Government states that [[English]] is the official language">{{cite web|quote=English is the official language of Ghana and is universally used in schools in addition to nine other local languages. The most widely spoken local languages are, Ga, Dagomba, Akan and Ewe.|url=http://www.ghanaembassy.org/index.php?page=language-and-religion|title=Language and Religion|publisher=Ghana Embassy|accessdate=8 January 2017|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170301155437/https://www.ghanaembassy.org/index.php?page=language-and-religion|archive-date=1 March 2017|url-status=live|df=dmy-all}}</ref><ref name="Ghana – 2010 Population and Housing Census">{{cite web|url=http://www.statsghana.gov.gh/docfiles/2010phc/Census2010_Summary_report_of_final_results.pdf|title=Ghana – 2010 Population and Housing Census|work=Government of Ghana|year=2010|accessdate=1 June 2013|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20130925192147/http://www.statsghana.gov.gh/docfiles/2010phc/Census2010_Summary_report_of_final_results.pdf|archive-date=25 September 2013|url-status=dead|df=dmy-all}}</ref>
| align=center colspan=2 | [[Cogan kata]]: "Kebebasan dan Keadilan"
| national_languages = {{plainlist|item_style=padding-left:0.5em|
|-
*Asante
| align=center colspan=2 | [[Lagu kebangsaan]]: "[[God Bless Our Homeland Ghana]]"<ref>http://www.emefa.myserver.org/Ghana.mp3</ref>
*Akuapem Twi
|}
*Bono
|-
*Dagaare
| align=center colspan=2 | [[Fail:LocationGhana.svg|frames|300px]]
*[[Bahasa Dagomba|Dagbani]]
|-
*[[Bahasa Adangme|Dangme]]
| '''[[Ibu negara]]<br />([[Demografi Ghana|dan bandar terbesar]])
*[[Bahasa Ewe|Ewe]]
| [[Accra]]
*[[Bahasa Ga|Ga]]
|-
| '''*[[Bahasa rasmiGonja|Gonja]]'''
| *[[Bahasa InggerisKasem|InggerisKasem]]
*[[Bahasa Mampruli|Mampruli]]
|-
*[[Dialek Fante|Fante]]
| '''[[Kerajaan]]'''<br />&nbsp;–[[Presiden Ghana|Presiden]]<br />&nbsp;–[[Naib Presiden Ghana|Naib-Presiden]]<br />
*[[Bahasa Nzema|Nzema]]
| [[Republik berpelembagaan]]<br />&nbsp;[[John Atta Mills]]<br />&nbsp;[[John Dramani Mahama]]
*[[Bahasa Wasa|Wasa]]
|-
*[[Bahasa Talensi|Talensi]]
| '''[[Kemerdekaan]]'''<br />&nbsp;– Diisytiharkan<br />&nbsp;– Perlembagaan
*[[Bahasa Frafra|Frafra]]
| dari [[United Kingdom|UK]]<br />[[6 Mac]] [[1957]]<br />[[1 Julai]] [[1960]]
*[[Kusaal]]
|-
*[[Bahasa Hausa|Hausa]]
| '''[[Kawasan]]'''<br />&nbsp;– Jumlah<br /><br />&nbsp;– Air (%)
*[[Bahasa Isyarat Ghana]]}}
| <br />&nbsp;[[1 E12 m²|238,534 km²]] (ke-81)<br />92,098 bt psg <br />&nbsp;3.5
| ethnic_groups = {{unbulleted list
|-
|47.5% Akan
| '''[[Populasi]]'''<br />&nbsp;– anggaran 2005<br />&nbsp;– [[Kepadatan]]<br />&nbsp;
|16.6% Mole-Dagbon
| <br />&nbsp;22,113,0001 (ke-49)<br />93/km² (ke-103)<br />&nbsp;215/bt psg
|13.9% Ewe
|-
|7.4% Ga-Adangbe
| '''[[Keluaran Dalam Negara Kasar|KDNK]] ([[Pariti Kuasa Beli|PPP]])'''<br />&nbsp;– Jumlah<br />&nbsp;– Per kapita
|5.7% [[Konkomba]]
| anggaran 2005<br />$55.2 bilion (ke-72)<br />$2,643 (ke-127)
|3.7% Guan
|-
|2.5% [[Gurunsi]]
| '''[[Indeks Perkembangan Manusia|HDI]]''' '''(2003)'''
|2.2% [[Kusasi]]
| 0.532 (sederhana) (ke-136)
|1.1% Bissa
|-
|1.4% Lain-lain}}
| '''[[Mata wang]]'''
| ethnic_groups_year = 2010<ref name="Ghana – 2010 Population and Housing Census"/><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/People/Ethnic-groups|title=People > Ethnic groups: Countries Compared|publisher=NationMaster|accessdate=22 July 2014|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140714100154/http://www.nationmaster.com/country-info/stats/People/Ethnic-groups|archive-date=14 July 2014|url-status=live|df=dmy-all}}</ref>
| [[Cedi]] ([[ISO 4217|GHC]])
| government_type = [[Republik|Repulik berperlembagaan]] berpresiden unitari
|-
| leader_title1 = [[Presiden Ghana|Presiden]]
| '''[[Zon waktu]]'''
| leader_name1 = [[Nana Akufo-Addo]]
| [[Waktu Min Greenwich|GMT]] ([[Waktu Semesta Berkoordinat|UTC]])
| leader_title2 = [[Naib Presiden Ghana|Naib Presiden]]
|-
| leader_name2 = [[Mahamudu Bawumia]]
| '''[[Senarai dail terus antarabangsa|Kod panggilan]]'''<br />'''[[Domain peringkat tinggi|TLD Internet]]'''<br />
| legislature = [[Parlimen Ghana|Parlimen]]
| +233<br />[[.gh]]
| sovereignty_type = Kemerdekaan {{nobold|daripada [[United Kingdom]]}}
|}
| established_event1 = [[Dominion Ghana|Dominion]]
| established_date1 = 6 Mac 1957
| established_event2 = [[Republik]]
| established_date2 = 1 Julai 1960
| established_event3 = [[Perlembagaan Ghana|Perlembagaan&nbsp;terkini]]
| established_date3 = 28 April 1992
| area_km2 = 239,567
| area_rank = ke-80
| area_sq_mi = 92,099 <!--Do not remove per [[WP:MOSNUM]]-->
| percent_water = 4.61 (11,000&nbsp;km; 4,247&nbsp;batu{{smallsup|2}})
| population_estimate = 28,308,301<ref name=popest>{{cite web |title=2010 Population Projection by Sex, 2010–2016 |publisher=Ghana Statistical Service |url=http://www.statsghana.gov.gh/pop_stats.html |accessdate=2 May 2018 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180424110616/http://www.statsghana.gov.gh/pop_stats.html |archive-date=24 April 2018 |url-status=dead |df=dmy-all }}</ref>
| population_census = 24,200,000<ref name=unpop>{{cite journal|url=http://www.ghana.gov.gh/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=4712:2010-provisional-census-results-out&catid=88:daily-news-summary&Itemid=236 |archiveurl=https://web.archive.org/web/20110615141322/http://www.ghana.gov.gh/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=4712%3A2010-provisional-census-results-out&catid=88%3Adaily-news-summary&Itemid=236 |archivedate=15 Jun 2011 |title=2010 Provisional Census Results Out |version=4 February 2011 |publisher=Population Division, Ghana Government |year=2010 |accessdate=7 Februari 2011 |author=Antoinette I. Mintah |url-status=dead }}</ref>
| population_estimate_year = 2016
| population_estimate_rank = ke-45
| population_census_year = 2010
| population_density_km2 = 101.5
| population_density_sq_mi = 258.8 <!--Do not remove per [[WP:MOSNUM]]-->
| population_density_rank = ke-103
| GDP_PPP = $211.127&nbsp;bilion<ref name=IMF>{{cite web |title=Report for Selected Countries and Subjects |url=https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2019/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=59&pr.y=8&sy=2017&ey=2021&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=652&s=NGDPD%2CPPPGDP%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPPC&grp=0&a= |website=www.imf.org |accessdate=25 Mei 2019 |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190525232543/https://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2019/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=59&pr.y=8&sy=2017&ey=2021&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=652&s=NGDPD%2CPPPGDP%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPPC&grp=0&a= |archive-date=25 Mei 2019 |url-status=live }}</ref>
| GDP_PPP_year = 2019
| GDP_PPP_per_capita = $6,998<ref name=IMF/>
| GDP_nominal = $68&nbsp;bilion<ref name=IMF/>
| GDP_nominal_year = 2018
| GDP_nominal_per_capita = $2,262<ref name=IMF/>
| Gini = 42.4
| Gini_year = 2012
| Gini_change = <!--increase/decrease/steady-->
| Gini_ref = <ref name="worldbank">{{cite web|url=https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SI.POV.GINI?locations=GH|title=GINI index (World Bank estimate)|publisher=[[World Bank]]|website=data.worldbank.org|accessdate=24 January 2019|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190125020447/https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SI.POV.GINI?locations=GH|archive-date=25 Januari 2019|url-status=live|df=dmy-all}}</ref>
| Gini_rank =
| HDI = 0.596
| HDI_year = 2018
| HDI_change = menaik
| HDI_ref = <ref name="UNHDR">{{cite web|url=http://hdr.undp.org/en/content/2019-human-development-index-ranking|title=Human Development Report 2019|language=en|publisher=[[United Nations Development Programme]]|date=10 December 2019|accessdate=10 December 2019|format=PDF}}</ref>
| HDI_rank = ke-142
| currency = [[Cedi Ghana]]
| currency_code = GHS
| utc_offset = {{sp}}
| time_zone = [[GMT]]
| drives_on = Kanan
| calling_code = +233
| iso3166code = GH
| cctld = [[.gh]]
}}
 
'''Ghana''', secara rasminya dipanggil '''Republik Ghana''', adalah sebuah negara di [[Afrika Barat]]. Ia bersempadan dengan [[Côte d'Ivoire]] di barat, [[Burkina Faso]] di utara, [[Togo]] di timur, dan [[Lautan Atlantik]] di selatan. [[Accra]] merupakan ibu negara dan bandar rayanya yang terbesar. Jumlah penduduknya pada 2005 ialah 21,029,853.
[[Image:Ghana regions named.png|thumb|right|100px|Regions of Ghana]]
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== Rujukan ==
{{Reflist}}
<references/>
 
 
== Pautan luar ==
{{Wikivoyage}}
http://www.ghanaweb.com/GhanaHomePage/
* [http://www.ghanaweb.com/GhanaHomePage/ Laman rasmi Ghana]
 
{{Kesatuan Afrika}}
{{Afrika}}
{{Negara-negara Komanwel}}
{{Kawalan kewibawaan}}
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