Perbezaan antara semakan "Capaian terbuka"

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(Dicipta dengan menterjemah laman "Open access")
 
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[[Fail:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_transparent.svg|thumb|222x222px| Logo capaian terbuka, yang asalnya direka oleh [[Perpustakaan Awam Sains ]].]]
 
'''Capaian terbuka''' ('''OA''') adalah satu set prinsip dan pelbagai amalan di mana output [[penyelidikan]] diedarkan dalam talian, bebas daripada kos atau halangan akses lain.<ref name="suber overview2">{{cite web|last=Suber|first=Peter|title=Open Access Overview|url=http://legacy.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/overview.htm|access-date=29 November 2014|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070519103647/http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/overview.htm|archive-date=2017-05-19|url-status=live}}</ref> Dengan akses terbuka ketat ditakrifkan (mengikut definisi 2001), atau percuma akses terbuka, halangan untuk menyalin atau penggunaan semula juga dikurangkan atau dihapuskan dengan menggunakan satu lesen terbuka untuk hak cipta.<ref name="Piwowar2018">{{Cite journal|last=Piwowar|first=Heather|last2=Priem|first2=Jason|last3=Larivière|first3=Vincent|last4=Alperin|first4=Juan Pablo|last5=Matthias|first5=Lisa|last6=Norlander|first6=Bree|last7=Farley|first7=Ashley|last8=West|first8=Jevin|last9=Haustein|first9=Stefanie|date=2018-02-13|title=The state of OA: a large-scale analysis of the prevalence and impact of Open Access articles|journal=PeerJ|volume=6|pages=e4375|doi=10.7717/peerj.4375|pmid=29456894|pmc=5815332|issn=2167-8359}}</ref>
[[Fail:Open_Access_logo_PLoS_transparent.svg|thumb|222x222px| Logo capaian terbuka, yang asalnya direka oleh Perpustakaan Awam Sains ]]
'''Capaian terbuka''' ('''OA''') adalah satu set prinsip dan pelbagai amalan di mana output [[penyelidikan]] diedarkan dalam talian, bebas daripada kos atau halangan akses lain.<ref name="suber overview2">{{cite web|last=Suber|first=Peter|title=Open Access Overview|url=http://legacy.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/overview.htm|access-date=29 November 2014|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20070519103647/http://www.earlham.edu/~peters/fos/overview.htm|archive-date=2017-05-19|url-status=live}}</ref> Dengan akses terbuka ketat ditakrifkan (mengikut definisi 2001), atau percuma akses terbuka, halangan untuk menyalin atau penggunaan semula juga dikurangkan atau dihapuskan dengan menggunakan satu lesen terbuka untuk hak cipta.
 
Tumpuan utama pergerakan akses terbuka ialah "kesusasteraan penyelidikan yang [[Ulasan sejawat|disemak semula]]."<ref name=":02">{{Cite web|url=https://unesdoc.unesco.org/ark:/48223/pf0000215863|title=Policy guidelines for the development and promotion of open access|last=Swan|first=Alma|date=2012|website=UNESCO|access-date=2019-04-14}}</ref> Dari segi sejarah, ini lebih tertumpu pada [[jurnal akademik]] berasaskan cetak. Jurnal konvensional (tanpa akses) merangkumi kos penerbitan menerusi tol akses seperti langganan, lesen tapak atau caj bayar per tayangan. Akses terbuka boleh digunakan untuk semua bentuk hasil penyelidikan yang diterbitkan, termasuk artikel [[jurnal akademik]] dikaji [[Ulasan sejawat|semula]] dan tidak dikupas oleh peer, kertas persidangan, [[tesis]],<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Schöpfel|first=Joachim|last2=Prost|first2=Hélène|year=2013|title=Degrees of secrecy in an open environment. The case of electronic theses and dissertations|url=http://www.essachess.com/index.php/jcs/article/view/214|journal=ESSACHESS – Journal for Communication Studies|volume=6|issue=2(12)|pages=65–86|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140101042356/http://www.essachess.com/index.php/jcs/article/view/214|archive-date=2014-01-01}}</ref> bab buku, dan monograf.<ref>{{Cite journal|last=Schwartz|first=Meredith|year=2012|title=Directory of Open Access Books Goes Live|url=http://lj.libraryjournal.com/2012/04/academic-libraries/directory-of-open-access-books-goes-live/|journal=Library Journal|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20131004231707/http://lj.libraryjournal.com/2012/04/academic-libraries/directory-of-open-access-books-goes-live/|archive-date=October 4, 2013}}</ref>
 
==Rujukan==
{{reflist}}
 
==Bacaan lanjut==
* {{cite book |ref=harv |last=Suber |first=Peter |title=Open access |url=http://cyber.law.harvard.edu/hoap/Open_Access_%28the_book%29 |year=2012 |publisher=[[MIT Press]] |location=Cambridge, Mass. |isbn=978-0-262-51763-8 |edition=The MIT Press Essential Knowledge Series |authorlink=|accessdate=2015-10-20}} <!-- This book is CC-BY. The link given is to a page which directs users to various versions of the book and to further notes. -->
* Kirsop, Barbara, and Leslie Chan. (2005) [https://tspace.library.utoronto.ca/handle/1807/4416 Transforming access to research literature for developing countries.] Serials Reviews, 31(4): 246–255.
* {{cite journal |last1=Laakso |first1=Mikael |last2=Welling |first2=Patrik |last3=Bukvova |first3=Helena |last4=Nyman |first4=Linus |last5=Björk |first5=Bo-Christer |last6=Hedlund |first6=Turid |year=2011 |title=The Development of Open Access Journal Publishing from 1993 to 2009 |journal=PLOS ONE |volume=6 |issue=6 |page=e20961 |doi=10.1371/journal.pone.0020961 |pmid=21695139 |pmc=3113847|bibcode=2011PLoSO...620961L }}
* {{cite journal |last1=Hajjem |first1=C. |authorlink2=|last2=Harnad |first2=S |last3=Gingras |first3=Y. |year=2005 |title=Ten-Year Cross-Disciplinary Comparison of the Growth of Open Access and How It Increases Research Citation Impact |url=http://eprints.ecs.soton.ac.uk/11688/ |journal=IEEE Data Engineering Bulletin |volume=28 |issue=4 |pages=39–47|bibcode=2006cs........6079H |arxiv=cs/0606079 }}
* {{cite journal |last1=Tötösy |last2=de Zepetnek |first2=S. |last3=Joshua |first3=Jia |year=2014 |title=Electronic Journals, Prestige, and the Economics of Academic Journal Publishing |url= |journal=CLCWeb: Comparative Literature and Culture |volume=16 |issue=1 |page=2014 |doi=10.7771/1481-4374.2426}}
* [http://poynder.blogspot.com/ "Open and Shut?"] [[Blog]] on open access by Richard Poynder, a freelance journalist, who has done a [http://richardpoynder.co.uk/the-state-of-open-access.html series of interviews] with a few of the leaders of the open access movement.
* {{cite web |url=https://blog.wikimedia.org/2014/01/15/wikimedia-and-open-access/ |title=Wikimedia and Open Access — a rich history of interactions |last1=Mietchen |first1=Daniel |date=15 January 2014 |website=Wikimedia Blog |publisher=Wikimedia Foundation |accessdate=10 January 2015}}
* {{cite book | isbn=978-0-918006-26-4 | url=https://books.google.com/books?id=InDgAAAAMAAJ | author1=Okerson, Ann | author2=O'Donnell, James (Eds.) | title=Scholarly Journals at the Crossroads: A Subversive Proposal for Electronic Publishing | place=Washington, DC | publisher=Association of Research Libraries |date=June 1995 }}.
* {{cite book | isbn=9780262512664 | author=Willinsky, John | title=The Access Principle: The Case for Open Access to Research and Scholarship | publisher=[[MIT Press]] | place=Cambridge, MA | year=2006 | url=http://mitpress.mit.edu/sites/default/files/titles/content/9780262512664_Download_the_full_text.pdf | archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20131105133741/http://mitpress.mit.edu/sites/default/files/titles/content/9780262512664_Download_the_full_text.pdf | archive-date=2013-11-05 }}
* {{cite web | title=Accessibility, sustainability, excellence: how to expand access to research publications | url=http://www.researchinfonet.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/Finch-Group-report-FINAL-VERSION.pdf |accessdate=15 July 2012 |year=2012 |publisher=Working Group on Expanding Access to Published Research Findings |location=United Kingdom | archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120619050440/http://www.researchinfonet.org/wp-content/uploads/2012/06/Finch-Group-report-FINAL-VERSION.pdf | archive-date=2012-06-19 }}
* [http://www.arl.org/resources/pubs/mmproceedings/138guedon.shtml In Oldenburg's Long Shadow: Librarians, Research Scientists, Publishers, and the Control of Scientific Publishing]
*{{cite web|author1=Glyn Moody|title=Open access: All human knowledge is there—so why can't everybody access it?|url=https://arstechnica.com/science/2016/06/what-is-open-access-free-sharing-of-all-human-knowledge/|website=Ars Technica|accessdate=June 20, 2016|date=June 17, 2016}}
 
==Pautan luar==
* [http://oad.simmons.edu/ OAD]: Open Access Directory, an "open-access, wiki-based, community-updated encyclopedia of OA factual lists" (started by [[Peter Suber]] and Robin Peek). {{OCLC|757073363}}. Published by Simmons School of Library and Information Science in US.
* [https://cyber.harvard.edu/hoap/Open_Access_Tracking_Project OATP]: Open Access Tracking Project, a crowd-sourced tagging project providing real-time alerts about new OA developments and organizing knowledge of the field (started by Peter Suber). {{OCLC|1040261573}}
* [http://www.unesco.org/new/en/communication-and-information/portals-and-platforms/goap/ GOAP]: [[UNESCO]]'s Global Open Access Portal, providing "status of open access to scientific information around the world"
 
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