Perbezaan antara semakan "Kerajaan Aru"

2,276 bait ditambah ,  5 bulan lalu
k
 
== Pensejarahan ==
Rekod sejarah terawal yang menyebutkan Kerajaan Aru ialah ''Yuan Shi'', sebuah kronikel China dari masa [[Dinasti Yuan]] (akhir abad ke-13). Rekod China yang lain dari masa berikutnya ialah ''Yingya Shenglan'' dari masa [[Dinasti Ming]] (1416). Kerajaan Aru juga disebut dalam dua rekod Jawa, ''[[Kakawin Nagarakretagama|Nagarakretagama]]'' (1365) dan ''[[Pararaton]]'' (abad ke-15).<ref name="Riana">{{Cite book |title = Kakawin dēśa warṇnana, uthawi, Nāgara kṛtāgama: masa keemasan Majapahit |first1 = I Ketut |last1 = Riana |publisher = Penerbit Buku Kompas |year = 2009 |url = https://books.google.com/books?id=A5p9tEO1_gUC |pages = 96–102 |isbn = 978-9797094331 |language = Indonesian |accessdate = {{date| 5 feb 2015}} |ref = harv |archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20140925161754/http://books.google.com/books?id=A5p9tEO1_gUC |archive-date = 25 September 2014 |url-status = live }}</ref> ''[[Sulalatus Salatin]]'' menyebut Aru sebagai salah satu kerajaan yang berpengaruh di Sumatera, bersaing dengan [[Kesultanan Samudera Pasai|Kesultanan Pasai]] dan [[Kesultanan Melayu Melaka|Kesultanan Melaka]].<ref name="Perpusnas">{{cite journal | title = Penafsiran Kuasa Raja Dalam Beberapa Teks Sastera Melayu Lama | date = 2 October 2012 | work = Perpustakaan Nasional Republik Indonesia | url = http://www.perpusnas.go.id/magazine/penafsiran-kuasa-raja-dalam-beberapa-teks-sastera-melayu-lama/ | language = Indonesian | access-date = 2017-05-11 | archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20170502183557/http://perpusnas.go.id/magazine/penafsiran-kuasa-raja-dalam-beberapa-teks-sastera-melayu-lama/ | archive-date = 2017-05-02 | url-status = live }}</ref> Rekod Portugis ''[[Suma Oriental]]'' yang ditulis pada awal abad ke-16 menyebut pula Aru sebagai kerajaan yang makmur.<ref name="Suma-Aru">{{cite book | title = The Suma oriental of Tome Pires, books 1–5, Volume 1 of The Suma Oriental of Tome Pires and the Book of Francisco Rodrigues, Francisco Rodrigues, Volume 1 of The Suma Oriental of Tome Pires: An Account of the East, from the Red Sea to Japan, Written in Malacca and India in 1512–1515, and The Book of Francisco Rodrigues, Rutter of a Voyage in the Red Sea, Nautical Rules, Almanack and Maps, Written and Drawn in the East Before 1515, Francisco Rodrigues | author = Tomé Pires | editor = Armando Cortesão | publisher = Asian Educational Services | year = 1990 | isbn = 9788120605350 | url = https://books.google.com/books?id=h82D-Y0E3TwC&pg=PA148&dq=Aru+Kingdom&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj756Lp6t_TAhUERY8KHYHcCdQQ6AEILDAC#v=onepage&q=Aru%20Kingdom&f=false | access-date = 2017-05-08 | archive-url = https://web.archive.org/web/20181011191316/https://books.google.com/books?id=h82D-Y0E3TwC&pg=PA148&dq=Aru+Kingdom&hl=en&sa=X&ved=0ahUKEwj756Lp6t_TAhUERY8KHYHcCdQQ6AEILDAC#v=onepage&q=Aru%20Kingdom&f=false | archive-date = 2018-10-11 | url-status = live }}</ref>
 
== Rujukan ==
2,244

suntingan