Perbezaan antara semakan "Evolusi serigala"

12,329 bait ditambah ,  6 bulan lalu
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<ref name="abe1999">{{PetikKutip buku|last=Abe|first=H.|year=1999|chapter=Diversity and conservation of mammals of Japan|editor-last=Yokohata|editor-first=Y.|editor2-last=Nakamura|editor2-first=S.|title=Recent Advances in the Biology of Japanese Insectivore|publisher=Persatuan Sejarah Semula Jadi Hiba|location=[[Shōbara, Hiroshima|Shōbara]], Hiroshima, [[Jepun]]|pages=89–104|language=en}}</ref>
 
<ref name=aggarwal2007>{{Petik jurnal|last1=Aggarwal|first1=R. K.|last2=Kivisild|first2=T.|last3=Ramadevi|first3=J.|last4=Singh|first4=L.|title=Mitochondrial DNA coding region sequences support the phylogenetic distinction of two Indian wolf species|doi=10.1111/j.1439-0469.2006.00400.x|journal=Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research|volume=45|issue=2|pages=163–172|year=2007}}</ref>
<ref name="aggarwal2007">{{Kutip jurnal|last1=Aggarwal|first1=R. K.|last2=Kivisild|first2=T.|last3=Ramadevi|first3=J.|last4=Singh|first4=L.|title=Mitochondrial DNA coding region sequences support the phylogenetic distinction of two Indian wolf species|doi=10.1111/j.1439-0469.2006.00400.x|journal=Journal of Zoological Systematics and Evolutionary Research|volume=45|issue=2|pages=163–172|year=2007|language=en}}</ref>
<ref name=albright2000>{{Petik buku|last=Albright, III|first=L. B.|year=2000|title=Biostratigraphy and Vertebrate Paleontology of the San Timoteo Badlands, Southern California|series=University of California Publications in Geological Sciences|publisher=Akhbar Universiti California|volume=144|pages=1–121|ISBN=978-0-520-91598-5|url={{Google books|plainurl=yes|id=rCzDRraFFAEC|page=1}}}}</ref>
 
<ref name=anderson1996>{{Petik buku|last=Anderson|first=E.|year=1996|chapter=A preliminary report on the Carnivora of Porcupine Cave, Park County, Colorado|title=Palaeoecology and palaeoenvironments of late Cenozoic mammals|editor-first=C. S. R.|editor-last=Churcher|editor2-first=K. M.|editor2-last=Stewart|editor3-first=K. L.|editor3-last=Seymour|location=Toronto, Kanada|publisher=Akhbar Universiti Toronto|pages=259–282|ISBN=978-0-8020-0728-5}}</ref>
<ref name="albright2000">{{Kutip buku|last=Albright, III|first=L. B.|year=2000|title=Biostratigraphy and Vertebrate Paleontology of the San Timoteo Badlands, Southern California|series=University of California Publications in Geological Sciences|publisher=University of California Press|volume=144|pages=1–121|isbn=978-0-520-91598-5|url={{Buku Google|plainurl=yes|id=rCzDRraFFAEC|page=1}}|language=en}}</ref>
<ref name=ardalan2012>{{Petik jurnal|doi=10.1007/s10709-012-9658-5|pmid=22618967|pmc=3386486|title=Narrow genetic basis for the Australian dingo confirmed through analysis of paternal ancestry|journal=Genetica|volume=140|issue=1–3|pages=65–73|year=2012|last1=Ardalan|first1=Arman|last2=Oskarsson|first2=Mattias|last3=Natanaelsson|first3=Christian|last4=Wilton|first4=Alan N.|last5=Ahmadian|first5=Afshin|last6=Savolainen|first6=Peter}}</ref>
 
<ref name=arora2015>{{Petik jurnal|doi=10.6026/97320630011272|pmid=26229286|title=Hgs ''Db'': Haplogroups Database to understand migration and molecular risk assessment|journal=Bioinformation|volume=11|issue=6|pages=272–275|year=2015|last1=Arora|first1=Devender|last2=Singh|first2=Ajeet|last3=Sharma|first3=Vikrant|last4=Bhaduria|first4=Harvendra Singh|last5=Patel|first5=Ram Bahadur|pmc=4512000}}</ref>{{Unreliable source?|reason=Bioinformation is on Beall's list of questionable journals; it may provide only token peer-review|date=September 2016}}
<ref name="anderson1996">{{Kutip buku|last=Anderson|first=E.|year=1996|chapter=A preliminary report on the Carnivora of Porcupine Cave, Park County, Colorado|title=Palaeoecology and palaeoenvironments of late Cenozoic mammals|editor-first=C. S. R.|editor-last=Churcher|editor2-first=K. M.|editor2-last=Stewart|editor3-first=K. L.|editor3-last=Seymour|location=Toronto, Kanada|publisher=University of Toronto Press|pages=259–282|isbn=978-0-8020-0728-5|language=en}}</ref>
<ref name=avice1994>{{Petik buku|last=Avise|first=J. C.|year=1994|title=Molecular Markers, Natural History, and Evolution|publisher=Chapman & Hall|location=New York, New York, Amerika Syarikat|ISBN=978-0-412-03781-8}}</ref>
 
<ref name=avice2000>{{Petik buku|last=Avise|first=J. C.|year=2000|title=Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species|publisher=Akhbar Universiti Harvard|location=Cambridge, Massachusetts, Amerika Syarikat|ISBN=978-0-674-66638-2}}</ref>
<ref name=bardeleben2005"anzidei2012">{{PetikKutip jurnal|doi=10.1016/j.ympevquaint.20052011.0706.019|pmid=16213754005|title=AOngoing molecularresearch phylogenyat the late Middle Pleistocene site of theLa CanidaePolledrara baseddi onCecanibbio six(central nuclearItaly), lociwith emphasis on human–elephant relationships|journal=MolecularQuaternary Phylogenetics and EvolutionInternational|volume=37|issue=3255|pages=815–831171–187|year=20052012|last1=BardelebenAnzidei|first1=CarolyneAnna Paola|last2=MooreBulgarelli|first2=RachaelGrazia L.Maria|last3=WayneCatalano|first3=RobertPaola|last4=Cerilli|first4=Eugenio|last5=Gallotti|first5=Rosalia|last6=Lemorini|first6=Cristina|last7=Milli|first7=Salvatore|last8=Palombo|first8=Maria K.Rita|last9=Pantano|first9=Walter|last10=Santucci|first10=Ernesto|language=en}}</ref>
 
<ref name=baryshnikov2009>{{Petik jurnal|last=Baryshnikov|first=Gennady F.|last2=Mol|first2=Dick|last3=Tikhonov|first3=Alexei N|date=2009|title=Finding of the Late Pleistocene carnivores in Taimyr Peninsula (Russia, Siberia) with paleoecological context|url=http://zmmu.msu.ru/rjt/articles/ther8_2%20107_113%20Baryshnikov%20et%20al.pdf|journal=Russian Journal of Theriology|volume=8|issue=2|pages=107–113|publisher=Jurnal Teriologi Rusia|accessdate=23 Disember 2014}}</ref>
<ref name="ardalan2012">{{Kutip jurnal|doi=10.1007/s10709-012-9658-5|pmid=22618967|pmc=3386486|title=Narrow genetic basis for the Australian dingo confirmed through analysis of paternal ancestry|journal=Genetica|volume=140|issue=1–3|pages=65–73|year=2012|last1=Ardalan|first1=Arman|last2=Oskarsson|first2=Mattias|last3=Natanaelsson|first3=Christian|last4=Wilton|first4=Alan N.|last5=Ahmadian|first5=Afshin|last6=Savolainen|first6=Peter|language=en}}</ref>
<ref name=berta1995>{{Petik buku|last=Berta|first=A.|year=1995|chapter=Fossil carnivores from the Leisey Shell Pits, Hillsborough County, Florida|editor-first=R. C.|editor-last=Hulbert, Jr.|editor2-first=G. S.|editor2-last=Morgan|editor3-first=S. D.|editor3-last=Webb|title=Paleontology and geology of the Leisey Shell Pits, early Pleistocene of Florida|publisher=Buletin Muzium Sejarah Semula Jadi Florida|volume=37|pages=463–499}}</ref>
 
<ref name=berta1988>{{Petik buku|last=Berta|first=A.|year=1988|title=Quaternary evolution and biogeography of the large South American Canidae (Mammalia: Carnivora)|publisher=Penerbitan Universiti California dalam Sains Geologi|volume=132|pages=1–49|url={{Google books|plainurl=yes|id=LD5BVM_jG7gC|page=1}}|ISBN=978-0-520-09960-9}}</ref>
<ref name="argant1991">Argant A., 1991 – Carnivores quaternaires de Bourgogne. Documents du Laboratoire de Géologie de Lyon, n° 115, 301 p.</ref>
<ref name=birky2001>{{Petik jurnal|doi=10.1146/annurev.genet.35.102401.090231|pmid=11700280|title=The Inheritance of Genes in Mitochondria and Chloroplasts: Laws, Mechanisms, and Models|journal=Annual Review of Genetics|volume=35|pages=125–148|year=2001|last1=Birky|first1=C. William}}</ref>
 
<ref name=bocherens2011>{{Petik jurnal|doi=10.1016/j.quaint.2011.02.023|title=Isotopic evidence for dietary ecology of cave lion (Panthera spelaea) in North-Western Europe: Prey choice, competition and implications for extinction|journal=Quaternary International|volume=245|issue=2|pages=249–261|year=2011|last1=Bocherens|first1=Hervé|last2=Drucker|first2=Dorothée G.|last3=Bonjean|first3=Dominique|last4=Bridault|first4=Anne|last5=Conard|first5=Nicholas J.|last6=Cupillard|first6=Christophe|last7=Germonpré|first7=Mietje|last8=Höneisen|first8=Markus|last9=Münzel|first9=Susanne C.|last10=Napierala|first10=Hannes|last11=Patou-Mathis|first11=Marylène|last12=Stephan|first12=Elisabeth|last13=Uerpmann|first13=Hans-Peter|last14=Ziegler|first14=Reinhard|bibcode=2011QuInt.245..249B}}</ref>
<ref name=bocherens2015"arora2015">{{PetikKutip jurnal|doi=10.10166026/j.quascirev.2015.03.01897320630011272|pmid=26229286|title=IsotopicHgs tracking''Db'': ofHaplogroups largeDatabase carnivoreto palaeoecologyunderstand inmigration theand mammothmolecular stepperisk assessment|journal=Quaternary Science ReviewsBioinformation|volume=11711|issue=6|pages=42–71272–275|year=2015|last1=BocherensArora|first1=HervéDevender|last2=Singh|first2=Ajeet|last3=Sharma|first3=Vikrant|last4=Bhaduria|first4=Harvendra Singh|last5=Patel|first5=Ram Bahadur|pmc=4512000|language=en}}</ref>
 
<ref name=boitani2003>Boitani,L.(2003). “Wolf conservation and recovery” in Wolves:Behavior Ecology and Conservation, eds L.D. Mech dan L. Boitani (Chicago, Illinois, Amerika Syarikat: Akhbar Universiti Chicago), 317–340. doi:10.7208/chicago/9780226516981.001.0001</ref>
</ref>{{Unreliable source?|reason=Biomaklumat dalam senarai Beall bagi jurnal-jurnal yang boleh dipersoalkan; ia mungkin menyediakan tinjauan setara token sahaja|date=September 2016}}
<ref name=boudadi2010>{{Petik jurnal|last=Boudadi-Maligne|first=M.|year=2010|url=https://tel.archives-ouvertes.fr/tel-00908031/file/BoudadiMaligneThese_2010.pdf|title=Les Canis pleistocenes du sud de la France: approche biosystematique, evolutive et biochronologique. Ph.D. dissertation|journal=Arch´eologie et Pr´ehistoire|publisher=Universiti Bordeaux|number=4126}}</ref>
 
<ref name=boyko2009>{{Petik jurnal|author=Boyko, A.|year=2009|title=Complex population structure in African village dogs and its implications for inferring dog domestication history|journal=Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences|volume=106|issue=33|pages=13903–13908|doi=10.1073/pnas.0902129106|pmid=19666600|pmc=2728993}}</ref>
<ref name="avice1994">{{Kutip buku|last=Avise|first=J. C.|year=1994|title=Molecular Markers, Natural History, and Evolution|publisher=Chapman & Hall|location=New York, Amerika Syarikat|isbn=978-0-412-03781-8|url-access=registration|url=https://archive.org/details/molecularmarkers0000avis|language=en}}</ref>
<ref name=brugal2011>{{Petik jurnal|last=Brugal|first=J. P.|last2=Boudadi-Maligne|first2=M.|year=2011|title=Quaternary small to large canids in Europe: taxonomic status and biochronological contribution|journal=Quaternary International|volume=243|pages=171–182|doi=10.1016/j.quaint.2011.01.046|url=https://www.researchgate.net/publication/251636377_Brugal_J-P_Boudadi-Maligne_M_-_Quaternary_small_to_large_canids_in_Europe_Taxonomic_status_and_biochronological_contribution_Quaternary_International}}</ref>
 
<ref name=cagan2016>{{Petik jurnal|doi=10.1186/s12862-015-0579-7|title=Identification of genomic variants putatively targeted by selection during dog domestication|journal=BMC Evolutionary Biology|volume=16|year=2016|last1=Cagan|first1=Alex|last2=Blass|first2=Torsten|pmid=26754411|pmc=4710014}}</ref>
<ref name="avice2000">{{Kutip buku|last=Avise|first=J. C.|year=2000|title=Phylogeography: The History and Formation of Species|publisher=Harvard University Press|location=Cambridge, Massachusetts, Amerika Syarikat|isbn=978-0-674-66638-2|language=en}}</ref>
<ref name=carmichael2001>{{Petik jurnal|doi=10.1046/j.0962-1083.2001.01408.x|pmid=11903892|title=Prey specialization may influence patterns of gene flow in wolves of the Canadian Northwest|journal=Molecular Ecology|volume=10|issue=12|pages=2787–2798|year=2001|last1=Carmichael|first1=L. E.|last2=Nagy|first2=J. A.|last3=Larter|first3=N. C.|last4=Strobeck|first4=C.}}</ref>
 
<ref name=carmichael2006>{{Petik buku|last=Carmichael|first=L. E.|year=2006|url=http://www.carnivoreconservation.org/files/thesis/carmichael_2006_phd.pdf|title=Ecological Genetics of Northern Wolves and Arctic Foxes. Ph.D. Dissertation|publisher=Universiti Alberta}}</ref>
<ref name=carmichael2007"bardeleben2005">{{PetikKutip jurnal|doi=10.11111016/j.1365-294Xympev.20072005.0338107.x019|pmid=1768854616213754|title=Historical andA ecologicalmolecular determinantsphylogeny of geneticthe structureCanidae inbased arcticon canidssix nuclear loci|journal=Molecular EcologyPhylogenetics and Evolution|volume=1637|issue=163|pages=3466–3483815–831|year=20072005|last1=CarmichaelBardeleben|first1=L. E.Carolyne|last2=KrizanMoore|first2=JRachael L.|last3=NagyWayne|first3=J.Robert AK.|last4language=Fuglei|first4=E.|last5=Dumond|first5=M.|last6=Johnson|first6=D.|last7=Veitch|first7=A.|last8=Berteaux|first8=D.|last9=Strobeck|first9=C.en}}</ref>
 
<ref name=cherin2013>{{Petik jurnal|first=M.|last=Cherin|first2=D. F.|last2=Berté|first3=R.|last3=Sardella|first4=L.|last4=Rook|year=2013|title=''Canis etruscus'' (Canidae, Mammalia) and its role in the faunal assemblage from Pantalla (Perugia, central Italy): comparison with the Late Villafranchian large carnivore guild of Italy|journal=Bollettino della Società Paleontologica Italiana|volume=52|issue=1|pages=11–18|doi=10.4435/BSPI.2013.05|url=https://www.researchgate.net/publication/256431568_Canis_etruscus_Canidae_Mammalia_and_its_role_in_the_faunal_assemblage_from_Pantalla_Perugia_central_Italy_Comparison_with_the_Late_Villafranchian_large_carnivore_guild_of_Italy}}</ref>
<ref name="baryshnikov2009">{{Kutip jurnal|last=Baryshnikov|first=Gennady F.|last2=Mol|first2=Dick|last3=Tikhonov|first3=Alexei N|date=2009|title=Finding of the Late Pleistocene carnivores in Taimyr Peninsula (Russia, Siberia) with paleoecological context|url=http://zmmu.msu.ru/rjt/articles/ther8_2%20107_113%20Baryshnikov%20et%20al.pdf|journal=Russian Journal of Theriology|volume=8|issue=2|pages=107–113|accessdate=23 Disember 2014|doi=10.15298/rusjtheriol.08.2.04|language=en}}</ref>
<ref name=cherin2014>{{Petik jurnal|title=Re-Defining ''Canis etruscus'' (Canidae, Mammalia): A New Look into the Evolutionary History of Early Pleistocene Dogs Resulting from the Outstanding Fossil Record from Pantalla (Italy)|last=Cherin|first=Marco|last2=Berté|first2=Davide|last3=Rook|first3=Lorenzo|last4=Sardella|first4=Raffaele|journal=Journal of Mammalian Evolution|year=2014|volume=21|issue=1|pages=95–110|doi=10.1007/s10914-013-9227-4}}</ref>
 
<ref name=cox2016>{{Petik buku|first=C. B.|last=Cox|first2=Peter D.|last2=Moore|first3=Richard|last3=Ladle|publisher=Wiley-Blackwell|year=2016|ISBN=978-1-118-96858-1|page=106|url={{Google books|plainurl=yes|id=b6fQCwAAQBAJ|page=106}}|title=Biogeography: An Ecological and Evolutionary Approach}}</ref>
<ref name="berta1995">{{Kutip buku|last=Berta|first=A.|year=1995|chapter=Fossil carnivores from the Leisey Shell Pits, Hillsborough County, Florida|editor-first=R. C.|editor-last=Hulbert, Jr.|editor2-first=G. S.|editor2-last=Morgan|editor3-first=S. D.|editor3-last=Webb|title=Paleontology and geology of the Leisey Shell Pits, early Pleistocene of Florida|publisher=Bulletin of the Florida Museum of Natural History|volume=37|pages=463–499|language=en}}</ref>
<ref name=crockford2012>{{Petik jurnal|first=Mietje|last=Germonpréa|first2=Mikhail V.|last2=Sablinb|first3=Rhiannon E.|last3=Stevensc|first4=Robert E. M.|last4=Hedgesd|first5=Michael|last5=Hofreitere|first6=Mathias|last6=Stillere|first7=Viviane R.|last7=Desprése|year=2008|journal=Journal of Archaeological Science|volume=36|title=Fossil dogs and wolves from Palaeolithic sites in Belgium, the Ukraine and Russia: osteometry, ancient DNA and stable isotopes|issue=2|doi=10.1016/j.jas.2008.09.033|pages=473–490}}</ref>
 
<ref name=cronin2014>{{Petik jurnal|doi=10.1093/jhered/esu075|pmid=25429025|title=Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP) Variation of Wolves (Canis lupus) in Southeast Alaska and Comparison with Wolves, Dogs, and Coyotes in North America|journal=Journal of Heredity|volume=106|issue=1|pages=26–36|year=2014|last1=Cronin|first1=M. A.|last2=Canovas|first2=A.|last3=Bannasch|first3=D. L.|last4=Oberbauer|first4=A. M.|last5=Medrano|first5=J. F.}}</ref>
<ref name="berta1988">{{Kutip buku|last=Berta|first=A.|year=1988|title=Quaternary evolution and biogeography of the large South American Canidae (Mammalia: Carnivora)|publisher=University of California Publications in Geological Sciences|volume=132|pages=1–49|url={{Buku Google|plainurl=yes|id=LD5BVM_jG7gC|page=1}}|isbn=978-0-520-09960-9|language=en}}</ref>
<ref name=currant1984>{{Petik buku|last=Currant|first=A. P.|year=1984|chapter=The mammalian remains|editor-last=Green|editor-first=H. S.|title=Pontnewydd Cave: A Lower Palaeolithic Hominid Site in Wales: the First Report|publisher=Muzium Negara Wales|journal=Journal of Archaeological Science|doi=10.1016/0305-4403(85)90038-X|volume=12|issue=4|pages=177–181|ISBN=978-0-7200-0282-9}}</ref>
 
<ref name=dimitrijevic2015>{{Petik jurnal|doi=10.1002/oa.2260|title=Was the Dog Locally Domesticated in the Danube Gorges? Morphometric Study of Dog Cranial Remains from Four Mesolithic-Early Neolithic Archaeological Sites by Comparison with Contemporary Wolves|journal=International Journal of Osteoarchaeology|volume=25|pages=1–30|year=2015|last1=Dimitrijević|first1=V.|last2=Vuković|first2=S.}}</ref>
<ref name=dinnis2016"birky2001">{{PetikKutip jurnal|doi=10.10161146/jannurev.pgeolagenet.201635.05102401.002090231|pmid=11700280|title=Mid-to-lateThe MarineInheritance Isotopeof StageGenes 3in mammalMitochondria faunasand ofChloroplasts: Britain:Laws, AMechanisms, newand lookModels|journal=ProceedingsAnnual Review of the Geologists' AssociationGenetics|volume=127|issue=435|pages=435–444125–148|year=20162001|last1=DinnisBirky|first1=RC. William|last2language=Pate|first2=A.|last3=Reynolds|first3=N.en}}</ref>
 
<ref name=drake2010>{{Petik jurnal|doi=10.1086/650372|pmid=20095825|title=Large‐Scale Diversification of Skull Shape in Domestic Dogs: Disparity and Modularity|journal=The American Naturalist|volume=175|issue=3|pages=289–301|year=2010|last1=Drake|first1=Abby Grace|last2=Klingenberg|first2=Christian Peter}}</ref>
<ref name="bocherens2011">{{Kutip jurnal|doi=10.1016/j.quaint.2011.02.023|title=Isotopic evidence for dietary ecology of cave lion (Panthera spelaea) in North-Western Europe: Prey choice, competition and implications for extinction|journal=Quaternary International|volume=245|issue=2|pages=249–261|year=2011|last1=Bocherens|first1=Hervé|last2=Drucker|first2=Dorothée G.|last3=Bonjean|first3=Dominique|last4=Bridault|first4=Anne|last5=Conard|first5=Nicholas J.|last6=Cupillard|first6=Christophe|last7=Germonpré|first7=Mietje|last8=Höneisen|first8=Markus|last9=Münzel|first9=Susanne C.|last10=Napierala|first10=Hannes|last11=Patou-Mathis|first11=Marylène|last12=Stephan|first12=Elisabeth|last13=Uerpmann|first13=Hans-Peter|last14=Ziegler|first14=Reinhard|bibcode=2011QuInt.245..249B|url=https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-00669463|language=en}}</ref>
<ref name=drake2004>Drake, Abby Grace, "Evolution and development of the skull morphology of canids: An investigation of morphological integration and heterochrony" (January 1, 2004). Disertasi Kedoktoran Tersedia daripada Proquest. Kertas AAI3136721. [http://scholarworks.umass.edu/dissertations/AAI3136721 pautan]</ref>
 
<ref name=drake2011>{{Petik jurnal|doi=10.1111/j.1525-142X.2011.00470.x|title=Dispelling dog dogma: An investigation of heterochrony in dogs using 3D geometric morphometric analysis of skull shape|journal=Evolution & Development|volume=13|issue=2|pages=204–213|year=2011|last1=Drake|first1=Abby Grace}}</ref>
<ref name="bocherens2015">{{Kutip jurnal|doi=10.1016/j.quascirev.2015.03.018|title=Isotopic tracking of large carnivore palaeoecology in the mammoth steppe|journal=Quaternary Science Reviews|volume=117|pages=42–71|year=2015|last1=Bocherens|first1=Hervé|language=en}}</ref>
<ref name=editorial2012>{{Petik buku|author=Editorial Board|publisher=V&S Publishers|year=2012|ISBN=978-93-81588-64-2|page=137|url={{Google books|plainurl=yes|id=62SfTzdUS1cCz|page=137}}|title=Concise Dictionary of Science|location=New Delhi, India}}</ref>
 
<ref name=ersmark2016>{{Petik jurnal|doi=10.3389/fevo.2016.00134|title=From the Past to the Present: Wolf Phylogeography and Demographic History Based on the Mitochondrial Control Region|journal=Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution|volume=4|year=2016|last1=Ersmark|first1=Erik|last2=Klütsch|first2=Cornelya F. C.|last3=Chan|first3=Yvonne L.|last4=Sinding|first4=Mikkel-Holger S.|last5=Fain|first5=Steven R.|last6=Illarionova|first6=Natalia A.|last7=Oskarsson|first7=Mattias|last8=Uhlén|first8=Mathias|last9=Zhang|first9=Ya-Ping|last10=Dalén|first10=Love|last11=Savolainen|first11=Peter}}</ref>
<ref name="boitani2003">Boitani,L. (2003). "Wolf conservation and recovery" in Wolves:Behavior Ecology and Conservation, eds L.D. Mech and L. Boitani (Chicago, IL:Chicago University Press), 317–340. {{DOI|10.7208/chicago/9780226516981.001.0001|language=en}}</ref>
<ref name=ersmark2016b>{{Petik web|author=Ersmark, E|title=Large carnivore population turnover and ecological change during the Late Quaternary|year=2016|publisher=Universiti Stockholm|url=http://www.diva-portal.org/smash/record.jsf?pid=diva2%3A911571&dswid=3317}}Tesis PhD di bawah J. Leonard dan L. Dalen</ref>
 
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