Perbezaan antara semakan "Aryabhata"

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Teg: Suntingan sumber 2017
 
== Legasi ==
Karya Aryabhata's worksangat wasberpengaruh ofdalam greattradisi influenceastronomi inIndia thedan Indianmempengaruhi astronomicalbeberapa traditionbudaya andtetangga influencedmelalui several neighbouring cultures through translationsterjemahan. TheTerjemahan [[Arabicbahasa language|ArabicArab]] translation during thesemasa [[IslamicZaman GoldenKeemasan AgeIslam]] (ca.sekitar 820 CEM), was particularlysangat influentialberpengaruh. SomeSebilangan ofhasilnya hisdikutip results are cited byoleh [[Al-Khwarizmi]], anddan hedia isdisebut mentionedoleh bysarjana theArab 10thabad century Arabic scholarke-10 [[Al-Biruni]], whoyang statesmenyatakan thatbahawa pengikut Aryabhata's followerspercaya believedbahawa thatBumi theberputar Earthpada rotated on its axispaksinya.
 
HisDefinisi definitionsbeliau ofmengenai [[sinesinus]] (''jya''), cosinekosinus (''kojya''), versine (''ukramajya''),
anddan inversesinus sineterbalik ('' otkram jya '') influencedmempengaruhi the birth ofkelahiran [[trigonometrytrigonometri]]. HeDia wasjuga alsoyang thepertama firstmenentukan tojadual specifysinus sine anddan [[versine]] (1 - cosx) tables, indalam selang 3.75° intervals fromdaritohingga 90°, tohingga an accuracy ofketepatan 4 decimaltempat placesperpuluhan.
 
In factSebenarnya, modernnama namesmoden "sinesinus" anddan "cosine" areadalah mistranscriptionssalah oftafsiran thedari wordskata-kata ''jya'' anddan ''kojya'' asseperti introducedyang bydiperkenalkan oleh Aryabhata. AsSeperti mentioneddisebutkan, they weremereka translatedditerjemahkan assebagai ''jiba'' anddan ''kojiba'' indalam [[Arabicbahasa language|ArabicArab]] anddan thenkemudian misunderstooddisalahfahami byoleh [[Gerard of Cremona]] whilesemasa translatingmenerjemahkan anteks Arabicgeometri geometryArab text toke [[Latin]]. HeDia assumedmenganggap thatbahawa '' jiba '' wasadalah thekata Arabic wordArab ''jaib'', whichyang meansberarti "foldlipat indalam a garmentpakaian", L. ''sinus'' (c.sekitar tahun 1150).<ref>{{cite web
|title = Online Etymology Dictionary
|url = http://www.etymonline.com/
}}</ref>
 
Kaedah pengiraan astronomi Aryabhata juga sangat berpengaruh.
Aryabhata's astronomical calculation methods were also very influential.
AlongBersama withdengan thejadual trigonometric tablestrigonometri, theyia camedigunakan tosecara bemeluas widelydi useddunia inIslam thedan Islamicdigunakan worlduntuk andmenghitung usedbanyakjadual to compute manyastronomi [[Arabicbahasa Arab|Arab]] astronomical tables ([[zij]]es). In particularKhususnya, thejadual astronomicalastronomi tablesdalam inkarya the work of thesaintis [[Al-Andalus|ArabicSepanyol SpainArab]] scientist [[Al-Zarqali]] (11thabad centuryke-11) werediterjemahkan translatedke intodalam Latinbahasa asLatin thesebagai [[TablesJadual of Toledo]] (12thabad c.ke-12) and remained thedan mostkekal accuratesebagai [[ephemeris]] usedyang inpaling Europetepat fordigunakan centuries.di Eropah selama berabad-abad.
 
CalendricPengiraan calculationskalendar devisedyang bydibuat oleh Aryabhata anddan hispengikutnya followerstelah havedigunakan beensecara inberterusan continuous use indi India foruntuk thetujuan practicalpraktikal purposes of fixing thememperbaiki [[Panchangam]] (the [[kalendar Hindu calendar]]). InDi thedunia Islamic worldIslam, theymereka formedmembentuk the basis of thedasar [[kalender Jalali calendar]] introducedyang indiperkenalkan 1073pada CEtahun 1073 byM aoleh groupsekumpulan ofahli astronomersastronomi includingtermasuk [[Omar Khayyam]]<ref>
{{cite encyclopedia
|title = Omar Khayyam
|url = http://www.bartleby.com/65/om/OmarKhay.html
|accessdate =2007-06-10
}}</ref>, versionsversi of whichyang (modifieddiubah pada intahun 1925) areadalah thekalendar nationalkebangsaan calendarsyang indigunakan use indi [[Iran]] anddan [[Afghanistan]] todayhari ini. The dates ofTarikh thekalendar Jalali calendardidasarkan arepada basedtransit onmatahari actualyang solar transitsebenarnya, asseperti indi Aryabhata anddan earlierkalender [[Siddhanta]] calendarssebelumnya. Kalendar Thisjenis typeini of calendar requires anmemerlukan [[ephemeris]] foruntuk calculatingmengira datestarikh. AlthoughWalaupun datestarikh weresukar difficult to computedihitung, seasonal errorskesalahan weremusim lesstidak inbanyak thedi [[kalender Jalali calendar]] thandaripada in thedi [[kalendar Gregorian calendar]].
 
India'sSatelit firstpertama satellitedi India [[Aryabhata (satellitesatelit)|Aryabhata]] and thedan [[lunarkawah craterbulan]] [[Aryabhata (craterkawah)|Aryabhata]] aredinamakan namedsebagai in his honourpenghormatannya. AnInstitut Instituteuntuk formenjalankan conductingpenyelidikan researchdalam inbidang astronomyastronomi, astrophysicsastrofizik anddan atmosphericsains sciencesatmosfera isadalah theInstitut Penyelidikan Aryabhatta Researchsains Institute of observational sciencespemerhatian (ARIES) nearberhampiran Nainital, India. TheAntara inter-schoolsekolah [[AryabhataPersaingan MathsMatematik CompetitionAryabhata]] is alsojuga nameddinamakan aftersempena himdia,<ref>{{cite news |title= Maths can be fun |url=http://www.hindu.com/yw/2006/02/03/stories/2006020304520600.htm |publisher=[[The Hindu]] |date = 2006-02-03|accessdate=2007-07-06 }}</ref> as isseperti ''Bacillus aryabhata'', aspesies speciesbakteria ofyang bacteriaditemui discovered byoleh [[ISRO]] scientistssaintis pada intahun 2009.<ref>[http://www.isro.org/pressrelease/Mar16_2009.htm Discovery of New Microorganisms in the Stratosphere]. Mar. 16, 2009. ISRO.</ref>
 
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