Perbezaan antara semakan "Aryabhata"

5 bait dibuang ,  5 bulan lalu
=== Gerhana ===
 
Aryabhata statesmenyatakan that thebahawa [[MoonBulan]] anddan planet bersinar planetsoleh shinecahaya bymatahari reflectedyang sunlightdipantulkan. InsteadDaripada ofkosmogoni theyang prevailingberlaku cosmogonydi inmana whichgerhana eclipsesdisebabkan wereoleh causednode byplanet-planet pseudo-planetary nodes [[Rahu]] anddan [[Ketu]], hedia explainsmenjelaskan eclipsesgerhana indari termssegi ofbayang-bayang shadowsyang castdilemparkan bydan andjatuh fallingdi on EarthBumi. ThusOleh itu, the lunar eclipse occurs whengerhana thebulan moonberlaku entersketika intobulan thememasuki Earth'sbayangan shadowBumi (verseayat gola.37). HeDia discussesmembincangkan atpanjang lengthlebar thetentang sizeukuran anddan extentluas ofbayangan the Earth's shadowBumi (versesayat gola.38–48) anddan thenkemudian providesmemberikan thepengiraan computationdan andukuran thebahagian sizeyang ofgerhana thesemasa eclipsed part during an eclipsegerhana. LaterKemudian Indianahli astronomersastronomi improvedIndia onmeningkatkan the calculationsperhitungan, buttetapi kaedah Aryabhata's methods provided thememberikan coreintinya. HisParadigma computationalkomputasinya paradigmbegitu wastepat sosehingga accuratesaintis thatabad 18th century scientistke-18 [[Guillaume Le Gentil]], duringsemasa alawatan visit toke Pondicherry, India, foundmenemui thepengiraan IndianIndia computationsmengenai of the duration of thetempoh [[lunargerhana eclipsebulan]] of [[1765-08-30] ] tomenjadi be short bypendek 41 secondssaat, whereassedangkan his chartscarta (byoleh Tobias Mayer, 1752) were long bypanjang 68 secondssaat.<ref name=Ansari/>
 
Pengiraan Aryabhata's computation of the Earth'sterhadap [[circumferencelilitan]] asBumi sejauh 39,.968.0582 kilometres waskilometer onlyhanya 0.2% smallerlebih thankecil thedaripada actualnilai value ofsebenar 40,.075.0167 kilometreskilometer. ThisPendekatan approximationini wasmerupakan apeningkatan significantyang improvementketara overberbanding thepengiraan computation byoleh [[GreekMatematik mathematicsYunani|Greekahli matematik mathematicianYunani]] [[Eratosthenes]] (c.sekitar 200 BCESM), whoseyang exactmana computationpengiraannya istidak notdiketahui knowndalam inunit modernmoden unitstetapi butanggarannya hismempunyai estimatekesalahan hadsekitar an5– error of around 5–1010%.<ref>[http://www.nasa.gov/lb/audience/forstudents/5-8/features/F_JSC_NES_School_Measures_Up.html "JSC NES School Measures Up"], ''NASA'', 11th April, 2006, retrieved 24th January, 2008.</ref><ref>[http://www-istp.gsfc.nasa.gov/stargaze/Scolumb.htm "The Round Earth"], ''NASA'', 12th12 DecemberDisember, 2004, retrieveddiperolehi 24th24 JanuaryJanuari, 2008.</ref>
 
=== Tempoh sidereal ===
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