Perbezaan antara semakan "Muhammad Ali dari Mesir"

tiada ringkasan suntingan
 
|religion=[[Bektashi Order|Islam Bektashi]], [[Alevi|Islam Alevi]]}}
 
'''Muhammad{{Efn|The spelling of Muhammad Ali's first name in both Arabic, and [[Ottoman Turkish language|Ottoman Turkish]] was consistent: محمد (Muhammad). This is the name by which he was known to his Egyptian subjects, and the name used uniformly in Egyptian, and Arab historical scholarship. However, given his original status as a commander in the [[Military of the Ottoman Empire|Ottoman military]], his first name is often rendered as Mehmed, which is the standard rendition of that name in [[Ottoman Turkish language|Ottoman Turkish]], or Mehmet in [[Albanian language|Albanian]] and [[Turkish language|Modern Turkish]]. Current English-language historical scholarship is divided as to which is preferable, with the majority opinion favoring the former. Typically, historians accentuating the Egyptian character of his rule opt for 'Muhammad', whilst those accentuating the Ottoman character opt for 'Mehmed' or 'Mehmet'. This distinction is an issue for those writing in the Latin alphabet, but not in Arabic.<ref name= Fahmy >{{Cite book | title = All the Pasha's Men: Mehmed Ali, his Army and the Making of Modern Egypt | author = Khalid Fahmy | publisher = Cambridge University Press | year = 1998 }}</ref>}} Ali Pasha al-Mas'yd ibn Agha''' ({{Lang-ota|محمد علی پاشا المسعود بن آغا}}; {{Ar|محمد علي باشا}} / [[Perumian ALA-LC|ALA-LC]]: ''Muḥammad 'Alī Bāshā''; [[Bahasa Albania|albania]]: '''Mehmet Ali Pasha'''; [[Bahasa Turki|turki]]: '''Kavalalı Mehmet Ali Paşa''';<ref>[https://books.google.com/books?id=EHsAAAAAYAAJ&pg=PA65&dq=mohamed+ali+ ''Blackwood's Edinburgh Magazine'' January–June 1841] (indexed by [//en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Google_Books Google Books])</ref> 4 Mac 1769 – 2 Ogos 1849) adalah seorang [[komander]] [[Ketenteraan di Turki Uthmaniyyah|tentera Uthmaniyah]] berbangsa Albania yang dinaikkan pangkat menjadi [[Pasha]], kemudiannya menjadi Wāli, dan seterusnya mengisytiharkan dirinya sebagai Khadiwah Mesir dan Sudan. Beliau dianggap sebagai bapa Mesir moden atas langkah-langkah pembaharuan yang dilakukan ke atas negara tersebut dari segi ketenteraan, ekonomi dan budaya. [[Wangsa Muhammad Ali|Dinasti yang diasaskan oleh beliau]] memerintah kawasan [[Mesir Hulu|hulu]] dan [[Mesir Hilir|hilir]] Mesir serta Sudan sehinggalah [[Revolusi Mesir 1952|kerajaan tersebut digulingkan pada 1952]].
 
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