Perbezaan antara semakan "Petrol"

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(Laman baru: thumb|250px|Petrol yang dijual di stesen minyak di [[Amerika Syarikat dengan lima pilihan nilai oktana.]] '''Petrol''' atau '''gasolin''' adalah campura...)
 
* [[Minyak diesel]] konvensional
* [[Etanol]] atau [[butanol]]
 
==Kestabilan==
Apabila petrol dibiarkan selama jangka masa tertentu, mendakan gam dan varnis akan terbentuk dan menggumpal di dalam petrol, menyebabkan "bahan api basi". Ini seterusnya akan menyebabkan mendakan gam di dalam silinder dan juga saluran bahan api, menjadikan enjin sukar dihidupkan. Gam dan varnis mesti ditanggalkan oleh mekanik profesional untuk memanjangkan jangka hayat enjin. Dalam keadaan biasa, minyak petrol boleh disimpan selama 60 hari di dalam bekas yang dibenarkan. Untuk tempoh penyimpanan yang lebih lama, penstabil bahan api boleh digunakan, memanjangkan jangka hayat simpanan untuk 1 atau 2 tahun lagi.
 
== Lihat juga ==
<div style="-moz-column-count:3; column-count:3;">
* [[Perbandingan teknologi bahan api kenderaan]]
* [[Etanol]]
* [[Minyak diesel]]
* [[Stesen minyak]]
* [[Senarai jenama bahan api kenderaan]]
* [[Enjin pembakaran dalaman]]
* [[Enjin petrol]]
* [[Enjin diesel]]
* [[Kenaikan harga minyak semenjak 2003]]
* [[Bahan api penerbangan]]
* [[Nilai oktana]]
</div>
 
== Nota ==
{{reflist}}
 
== Rujukan ==
* [http://zfacts.com/p/35.html Graph of inflation-corrected historic prices, 1970-2005. Highest in 2005]
* [http://www.ftc.gov/bcp/conline/pubs/autos/octane.htm FTC: The Low-Down on High Octane Gasoline]
* [http://www.epa.gov/otaq/regs/fuels/additive/mmt_cmts.htm MMT-US EPA]
* An [http://www.gasresources.net/Introduction.htm introduction to the modern petroleum science], and to the Russian-Ukrainian theory of deep, [[abiotic petroleum]] origins.
* [http://www.straightdope.com/columns/041008.html What's the difference between premium and regular gas?] (from [[The Straight Dope]])
* [http://i-r-squared.blogspot.com/2006/09/here-comes-winter-gasoline.html "Here Comes Winter Gasoline" R-Squared Energy Blog] September 14, 2006
* [http://www.gtz.de/en/themen/umwelt-infrastruktur/transport/10285.htm International Fuel Prices 2005] with diesel and gasoline prices of 172 countries
* [http://tonto.eia.doe.gov/oog/info/gdu/gasdiesel.asp EIA - Gasoline and Diesel Fuel Update]
*[http://soc.hfac.uh.edu/artman/publish/article_375.shtml World Internet News: "Big Oil Looking for Another Government Handout," April 2006.]
* [http://www.stanford.edu/~bmoses/knock.html All About Engine Knock (and Other Mysteries of Internal Combustion)]
* [http://journeytoforever.org/biofuel_library/ethanol_motherearth/me2.html#table Durability of various plastics: Alcohols vs. Gasoline]
* [http://www.gasresources.net/DisposalBioClaims.htm Dismissal of the Claims of a Biological Connection for Natural Petroleum.]
* [http://www.epa.gov/OMSWWW/rfgecon.htm Fuel Economy Impact Analysis of RFG] i.e. reformulated gasoline. Has lower heating value data, actual energy content is higher see [[higher heating value]]
* {{cite journal
| last = Pino
| first = Paulina
| authorlink = Paulina Pino
| coauthors = et al.
| title = Rapid drop in infant blood lead levels during the transition to unleaded gasoline use in Santiago, Chile
| journal = Archives of Environmental Health
| volume =
| issue = April, 2004
| pages =
| publisher =
| date =
| url = http://www.findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_m0907/is_4_59/ai_n15727540
| doi =
| id =
| accessdate = 2007-09-05}}
* {{cite journal
| last = Schnaas
| first = Lourdes
| authorlink = Lourdes Schnaas
| coauthors = et al.
| title = Blood Lead Secular Trend in a Cohort of Children in Mexico City (1987–2002)
| journal = Environmental Health Perspective
| volume = 112
| issue = 10
| pages = 1110–1115
| publisher =
| date = July, 2004
| url = http://www.pubmedcentral.nih.gov/articlerender.fcgi?artid=1247386
| doi =
| id =
| accessdate = 2007-09-05}}
 
== Pautan luar ==
* [http://www.faqs.org/faqs/autos/gasoline-faq Gasoline FAQ]
* [http://www.sefsc.noaa.gov/HTMLdocs/Gasoline.htm Gasoline MSDS (material safety data sheet)] includes composition, [[flash point]], handling precautions, etc.
* [http://money.cnn.com/pf/features/lists/global_gasprices/ CNN/Money: Global gas prices]
* [http://cta.ornl.gov/data/index.shtml Transportation Energy Data Book]
* [http://www.energysupplylogistics.com/terminals Energy Supply Logistics Searchable Directory of US Terminals]
* [http://www.whygaspricesaresohigh.info Commentary and history on High Gas Prices]
 
'''Gambar'''
 
{{commons|Gasoline}}
*"''[http://www.archive.org/movies/details-db.php?collection=prelinger&collectionid=19334&from=collectionSpotlight Down the Gasoline Trail]''" Handy Jam Organization, 1935 (Cartoon)
 
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