Perbezaan antara semakan "Tipu Sultan"

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Konflik Tipu dengan jiran-jiran beliau termasuk [[Perang Maratha–Mysore]] yang mana berakhir dengan [[Perjanjian Gajendragarh]].<ref name="mohibbul">{{citation|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=hkbJ6xA1_jEC&pg=PA105|title=History of Tipu Sultan|author=Mohibbul Hasan|pages=105–107|isbn=9788187879572|year=2005}}</ref> Perjanjian ini memerlukan Tipu Sultan untuk membayar 4.8 juta rupees sebagai pampasan sekali bayar untuk kos perang kepada Marathas, dan sumbangan tahunan sebanyak 1.2 juta rupees selain tambahan memulangkan kesemua wilayah yang ditawan oleh Hyder Ali.<ref>{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=bxsa3jtHoCEC&pg=PA175&dq=tipu+48+lacs+maratha|title=Battles of the Honourable East India Company: Making of the Raj|last=Naravane|first=M. S.|date=2006|publisher=APH Publishing|isbn=9788131300343|language=en}}</ref><ref>{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=Y-kanqrtVhYC&lpg=PA59&dq=gajendragad+1787&pg=PA54#v=onepage|title=Anglo-Maratha Relations, 1785-96|last=Sen|first=Sailendra Nath|date=1995|publisher=Popular Prakashan|isbn=9788171547890|language=en}}</ref>
 
Tipu remainedmenjadi anseorang implacablemusuh enemyyang ofsukar theditewaskan Britisholeh [[EastSyarikat IndiaHindia Company]]Timur British, sparkingmencetus conflictsebuah withkonflik hisdengan [[Battle of thePertempuran Nedumkotta|attackserangan beliau]] onke atas sekutu British-allied, Travancore inpada tahun 1789. In theDalam [[ThirdPerang Anglo-Mysore WarKetiga]], hebeliau wastelah forceddipaksa into themenandatangani [[Treaty ofPerjanjian Seringapatam]], losingdengan akehilangan numbersejumlah ofwilayah previouslyyang conquereddahulunya territoriesditawan, includingtermasuk Malabar anddan [[Mangalore]]. HeBeliau senttelah emissariesmenghantar toduta-duta foreignke states,negara-negara includingluar thetermasuk [[Ottomanempayar EmpireUthmaniyah]], [[Durraniempayar EmpireDurrani|Afghanistan]], anddan [[FrenchRepublik FirstPerancis RepublicPertama|FrancePerancis]], indalam ansatu attemptcubaan tountuk rallymengumpul oppositionsekutu tountuk themenentang British.
 
Semasa [[Perang Anglo-Mysore Keempat]], tentera imperial daripada Syarikat Hindia Timur British telah dibantu oleh [[Maratha]]. Mereka berjaya mengalahkan Tipu, dan beliau telah terbunuh pada 4 Mei 1799 semasa [[Pengepungan Seringapatam (1799)|mempertahankan kubu beliau di Seringapatam]].
 
InSemasa post-colonialzaman [[Indianpenjajahan subcontinent]]di benua kecil India, hebeliau istelah applaudeddisanjung assebagai aseorang secularpemerintah<ref name="Tipu Sultan pp. 3572">Hasan 1971, ''History of Tipu Sultan'', pp. 357–8</ref><ref name="chetty2">A. Subbaraya Chetty "Tipu's endowments to Hindus and Hindu institutions" in Habib (Ed.) ''Confronting Colonialism''</ref><ref name="mehta"/><ref name="padiga3"/><ref name="Youngindia12">{{cite journal |title=A Monument of Hindu Muslim Unity |journal=Young India |date=23 January 1930 |volume=12 |issue=4 |page=31 |url=https://archive.org/details/HindSwaraj.YoungIndia.Portal.vol12/page/n30 |accessdate=28 March 2020}}</ref> ruleryang who fought againstmenentang [[penjajahan British colonialism]],<ref>{{cite news |last1=The Financial Express |title=Tipu Sultan died a heroic death fighting the British: President Ram Nath Kovind |url=https://www.financialexpress.com/india-news/tipu-sultan-died-a-heroic-death-fighting-the-british-president-ram-nath-kovind/906220/ |accessdate=8 July 2019 |date=25 October 2017}}</ref><ref>{{cite book|title=Civil Society in the Muslim World: Contemporary Perspectives|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=Vn2uneOVaKoC|first=Amyn|last=Sajoo|publisher=I.B.Tauris|year=2004|isbn=9781850435907}}</ref>. ButTetapi hebeliau hasjuga beendikritik criticizedkerana formenundukkan his repression ofpenentangan [[HindusHindu]] ofdi [[Malabardaerah DistrictMalabar|Malabar]] anddan [[ChristiansKristian]] ofdi [[Mangalore]] fordi bothsebabkan religiousalasan andagama politicaldan reasonspolitik.<ref name="SocialScientist110">{{cite journal |last1=Panikkar |first1=K.N |title=Men of Valour and Vision |journal=Social Scientist |date=1991 |volume=19 |issue=8 |page=110 |doi=10.2307/3517708 |jstor=3517708 }}</ref><ref name="EDIX">{{cite book |title=Encyclopaedia Dictionary Islam Muslim World-10 |publisher=Brill |page=532 |url=https://archive.org/stream/EncyclopaediaDictionaryIslamMuslimWorldEtcGibbKramerScholars.13/10.EncycIslam.NewEdPrepNumLeadOrient.EdEdComCon.BearBianBosDonHein.etc.UndPatIUA.v10.T-U.Leid.EJBrill.2000.#page/n562/mode/1up/ |accessdate=8 September 2019}}</ref><ref name="alexander">{{cite book|title=India: History, Religion, Vision and Contribution to the World, Volume 1|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=y7GKwhuea9kC&pg=PA404&dq=tipu|first=Alexander|last=Varghese|publisher=Atlantic Publishers|year=2008|isbn=9788126909032}}</ref><ref>{{Cite journal|last=1 Dr. Gurusiddaiah C, 2 Dr. BP Mahesh Chandra Guru, 3 Abhilash MS, 4 Dr. Sreekantaiah|date=January 2018|title=Religious philosophy of Tipu Sultan |url=http://www.educationjournal.in/download/264/3-1-11-268.pdf |website=www.educationjournal.in |publisher=International Journal of Multidisciplinary Education and Research |volume=3 |pages=11–16 |issn=2455-4588}}</ref><ref>{{cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=oNekDAAAQBAJ|page=188|first=Sanjeev|last=Sanyal|title=The Ocean of Churn: How the Indian Ocean Shaped Human History|year=2016|isbn=9789386057617}}</ref><ref>{{cite book|last=Hassan|first=Mohibbul|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=hkbJ6xA1_jEC&pg=PA417&dq=%22Captivity+of+Coorgs+at+Seringapatam%22#v=onepage|title=History of Tipu Sultan|date=1 December 2005|isbn=9788187879572|page=79|accessdate=12 February 2014}}</ref>
 
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