Gereja Ortodoks Oriental: Perbezaan antara semakan

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(Dicipta dengan menterjemah laman "Oriental Orthodox Churches")
 
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'''Gereja Ortodoks Oriental''' ialah sekumpulan gereja-gereja [[Kristian Timur|Kristian Timur yang]] [[Kristologi|mengikuti Kristologi]] [[Miafisitisme|Miafisit]],<ref name=":0">{{Cite web|url=https://pluralism.org/orthodox-christian-churches|title=Orthodox Christian Churches|website=pluralism.org|language=en|access-date=2020-11-25}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=http://westernprelacy.org/en/oriental-orthodox-churches/|title=Oriental Orthodoxy « Western Prelacy|website=westernprelacy.org|access-date=2020-11-25}}</ref> dengan jumlah keseluruhan sekitar 60&nbsp;juta ahli di seluruh dunia<ref>{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=B6xVDwAAQBAJ&q=oriental+orthodox+50+million&pg=PA601|title=Encyclopedia of Christianity in the Global South|last=Lamport|first=Mark A.|date=2018|publisher=Rowman & Littlefield|isbn=978-1-4422-7157-9|page=601|language=en|quote=Today these churches are also referred to as the Oriental Orthodox Churches and are made up of 50 million Christians.}}</ref><ref>{{Cite journal|date=8 November 2017|title=Orthodox Christianity in the 21st Century|url=https://www.pewforum.org/2017/11/08/orthodox-christianity-in-the-21st-century/|journal=Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project|quote=Oriental Orthodoxy has separate self-governing jurisdictions in Ethiopia, Egypt, Eritrea, India, Armenia and Syria, and it accounts for roughly 20% of the worldwide Orthodox population.}}</ref> Gereja Ortodoks Oriental pada umumnya ialah sebahagian daripada tradisi [[Tritunggal|trinitarian]] [[Pengakuan Iman Nicea|Nicene Christian]] dikongsi oleh gereja-gereja arus perdana hari ini, dan merupakan salah satu daripada cawangan yang tertua. <ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.oikoumene.org/en/church-families/orthodox-churches-oriental|title=Orthodox churches (Oriental) — World Council of Churches|website=www.oikoumene.org|language=en}}</ref>
 
Sebagai beberapa institusi agama tertua di dunia, Gereja-gereja Ortodoks Oriental telah memainkan peranan penting dalam sejarah dan budaya [[Armenia]], [[Mesir]], [[Eritrea]], [[Habsyah|Ethiopia]], [[Nubia|Sudan]] dan sebahagian [[Asia Barat]] dan [[India]]. Sebuah badan KristenKristian Timur dari [[Mazhab Kristian|gereja-gereja]] autocephalousautosepalus, para [[Uskup|uskupnya]] setara berdasarkan penahbisan episkopal, dan doktrin-doktrinnya dapat diringkaskan di mana gereja-gereja tersebut mengakui kesahihan hanya tiga [[Persidangan Kristian|dewan ekumenis]].{{Sfn|Hindson|Mitchell|2013}}<ref name=":0">{{Cite web|url=https://pluralism.org/orthodox-christian-churches|title=Orthodox Christian Churches|website=pluralism.org|language=en|access-date=2020-11-25}}<cite class="citation web cs1" data-ve-ignore="true">[https://pluralism.org/orthodox-christian-churches "Orthodox Christian Churches"]. ''pluralism.org''<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2020-11-25</span></span>.</cite></ref>
'''Gereja Ortodoks Oriental''' ialah sekumpulan gereja-gereja [[Kristian Timur|Kristian Timur yang]] [[Kristologi|mengikuti Kristologi]] [[Miafisitisme|Miafisit]],<ref name=":0">{{Cite web|url=https://pluralism.org/orthodox-christian-churches|title=Orthodox Christian Churches|website=pluralism.org|language=en|access-date=2020-11-25}}</ref><ref>{{Cite web|url=http://westernprelacy.org/en/oriental-orthodox-churches/|title=Oriental Orthodoxy « Western Prelacy|website=westernprelacy.org|access-date=2020-11-25}}</ref> dengan jumlah keseluruhan sekitar 60&nbsp;juta ahli di seluruh dunia<ref>{{Cite book|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=B6xVDwAAQBAJ&q=oriental+orthodox+50+million&pg=PA601|title=Encyclopedia of Christianity in the Global South|last=Lamport|first=Mark A.|date=2018|publisher=Rowman & Littlefield|isbn=978-1-4422-7157-9|page=601|language=en|quote=Today these churches are also referred to as the Oriental Orthodox Churches and are made up of 50 million Christians.}}</ref><ref>{{Cite journal|date=8 November 2017|title=Orthodox Christianity in the 21st Century|url=https://www.pewforum.org/2017/11/08/orthodox-christianity-in-the-21st-century/|journal=Pew Research Center's Religion & Public Life Project|quote=Oriental Orthodoxy has separate self-governing jurisdictions in Ethiopia, Egypt, Eritrea, India, Armenia and Syria, and it accounts for roughly 20% of the worldwide Orthodox population.}}</ref> Gereja Ortodoks Oriental pada umumnya ialah sebahagian daripada tradisi [[Tritunggal|trinitarian]] [[Pengakuan Iman Nicea|Nicene Christian]] dikongsi oleh gereja-gereja arus perdana hari ini, dan merupakan salah satu daripada cawangan yang tertua. <ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.oikoumene.org/en/church-families/orthodox-churches-oriental|title=Orthodox churches (Oriental) — World Council of Churches|website=www.oikoumene.org|language=en}}</ref>
 
Sebagai beberapa institusi agama tertua di dunia, Gereja-gereja Ortodoks Oriental telah memainkan peranan penting dalam sejarah dan budaya [[Armenia]], [[Mesir]], [[Eritrea]], [[Habsyah|Ethiopia]], [[Nubia|Sudan]] dan sebahagian [[Asia Barat]] dan [[India]]. Sebuah badan Kristen Timur dari [[Mazhab Kristian|gereja-gereja]] autocephalous, para [[Uskup|uskupnya]] setara berdasarkan penahbisan episkopal, dan doktrin-doktrinnya dapat diringkaskan di mana gereja-gereja tersebut mengakui kesahihan hanya tiga [[Persidangan Kristian|dewan ekumenis]].{{Sfn|Hindson|Mitchell|2013}}<ref name=":0">{{Cite web|url=https://pluralism.org/orthodox-christian-churches|title=Orthodox Christian Churches|website=pluralism.org|language=en|access-date=2020-11-25}}<cite class="citation web cs1" data-ve-ignore="true">[https://pluralism.org/orthodox-christian-churches "Orthodox Christian Churches"]. ''pluralism.org''<span class="reference-accessdate">. Retrieved <span class="nowrap">2020-11-25</span></span>.</cite></ref>
 
== Rujukan ==
{{Reflist}}
 
== Sumber ==
* Betts, Robert B., [http://www.anagnosis.gr/index.php?pageID=295&la=eng&page=2 ''Christians in the Arab East''], Lycabbetus Press (Athena, 1978)
* Charles, R. H. ''[http://www.evolpub.com/CRE/CREseries.html#CRE4 The Chronicle of John, Bishop of Nikiu: Translated from [[Hermann Zotenberg|Zotenberg]]'s Ethiopic Text]'', 1916. Cetak Ulang 2007. Evolution Publishing, {{ISBN|978-1-889758-87-9}}
* {{cite book|ref=harv|last=Krikorian|first=Mesrob K.|year=2010|title=Christology of the Oriental Orthodox Churches: Christology in the Tradition of the Armenian Apostolic Church|publisher=Peter Lang|url=https://books.google.rs/books?hl=sr&id=iFEqAQAAMAAJ}}
 
== Pautan luar ==
{{Commons category}}
*[http://orthodoxjointcommission.wordpress.com/ Orthodox Joint Commission]
*[http://www.scooch.org/ The Standing Conference of Oriental Orthodox Churches in America]
*[http://www.ewtn.com/library/ENCYC/B14ALLAT.HTM Encyclical, Pope Benedict XIV, ''Allatae Sunt'' (''On the observance of Oriental Rites''), 1755]
*[https://web.archive.org/web/20110719013554/http://www.prounione.urbe.it/dia-int/oo-rc_syrindia/doc/i_oo-rc_syrindia_1984.html Common Declaration of Pope John Paul II and HH Mar Ignatius Zakka I Iwas]
*[http://sor.cua.edu/Ecumenism/RC.html Joint Declarations Between the Syriac Orthodox and Roman Catholic Churches]
*[http://www.anglicancommunion.org/ministry/ecumenical/dialogues/oriental/index.cfm Dialogue with the Oriental Orthodox Churches on the Anglican Communion Website]
*[https://www.vatican.va/roman_curia/pontifical_councils/chrstuni/sub-index/index_ancient-oriental-ch.htm Dialogue with the Oriental Orthodox Churches on the Vatican Website]
*[https://independent.academia.edu/EIRINIARTEMINationalandCapodistrianUniversityofAthens/Papers/1721697/The_rejection_of_the_term_Theotokos_by_Nestorius_Constantinople The Rejection of the Term Theotokos by Nestorius Constantinople]
 
[[Kategori:Ortodoks Oriental]]