Perbezaan antara semakan "Muhammad"

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'''Muhammad bin Abdullah'''<ref group="n">Baginda disebut dengan banyak sebutan, termasuk '''Pesuruh Allah''', '''Nabi Muhammad''', '''Rasul Allah, dan lain-lain; terdapat juga banyak versi ejaan Muhammad, seperti '''Mohamet''', '''Mohammed''', '''Mahamad''', '''Muhamad''', dan banyak lagi.</ref> ({{lang-ar|مُحَمَّد بنِ عَبْد ٱللَّٰه|Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd Allāh}} {{small|Sebutan bahasa Arab klasik:}} {{IPA-ar|muˈħammad|}}; c.&nbsp;570 M – 8 Jun 632 M)<ref name=Goldman>Elizabeth Goldman (1995), p. 63, gives 8 June 632 CE, the dominant Islamic tradition. Banyak tradisi terdahulu (terutama non-Islam) menyebutnya masih hidup pada masa [[Penaklukan Levant oleh Muslim#Penaklukan Palestin|penaklukan Palestin]]. See Stephen J. Shoemaker,''The Death of a Prophet: The End of Muhammad's Life and the Beginnings of Islam,'' page 248, University of Pennsylvania Press, 2011.</ref> ialah pemimpin agama, sosial, dan politik [[Arab]] serta pengasas [[agama Islam]].<ref name="OEIW">{{cite encyclopedia |author1=Alford T. Welch |author2=Ahmad S. Moussalli |author3=Gordon D. Newby |title=Muḥammad |encyclopedia=The Oxford Encyclopedia of the Islamic World |editor=John L. Esposito |publisher=Oxford University Press |location=Oxford |year=2009 |url=http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t236/e0550 |quote=The Prophet of Islam was a religious, political, and social reformer who gave rise to one of the great civilizations of the world. From a modern, historical perspective, Muḥammad was the founder of Islam. From the perspective of the Islamic faith, he was God's Messenger (''rasūl Allāh''), called to be a "warner," first to the Arabs and then to all humankind. |url-status=live |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170211050118/http://www.oxfordislamicstudies.com/article/opr/t236/e0550 |archive-date=11 February 2017 }}</ref> Muhammad dianggap oleh umat Islam sebagai pemulih keimanan [[monoteisme|monoteistik]] ajaran nabi-nabi terdahulu yang dibawa oleh [[Nabi Adam]], [[Nabi Nuh|Nuh]], [[Nabi Ibrahim|Ibrahim]], [[Nabi Musa|Musa]], [[Nabi Isa|Isa]] dan nabi-nabi yang lain.<ref name=OEIW/><ref>Esposito (2002b), pp. 4–5.</ref><ref>{{cite book|last=Peters |first=F.E. |title=Islam: A Guide for Jews and Christians |year=2003 |publisher=Princeton University Press |isbn=978-0-691-11553-5 |page=[https://archive.org/details/islamguideforjew00fepe/page/9 9] |url=https://archive.org/details/islamguideforjew00fepe/page/9 }}</ref><ref>{{cite book |last=Esposito |first=John |title=Islam: The Straight Path (3rd ed.) |year=1998 |publisher=Oxford University Press |isbn=978-0-19-511234-4 |pages=9, 12}}</ref> Baginda diyakini sebagai [[Penutup segala Nabi|Nabi terakhir]] [[Tuhan dalam Islam|Tuhan]]<ref>{{Cite quran|33|40|style=ns}}</ref> bagi semua [[Cabang dan mazhab Islam|cabang utama Islam]], walaupun beberapa denominasi moden menyimpang dari kepercayaan ini.<ref group="n">[[Ahmadiyyah|Komuniti Muslim Ahmadiyah]] menganggap Muhammad sebagai "Penutup segala Nabi" (Khātam an-Nabiyyīn) dan Nabi terakhir yang taat hukum, tetapi bukan RasulNabi terakhir. Lihat:
 
* {{cite book|author=Simon Ross Valentine|url=https://books.google.com/books?id=MdRth02Q6nAC&pg=PA134|title=Islam and the Ahmadiyya Jama'at: History, Belief, Practice|publisher=Columbia University Press|year=2008|isbn=978-1-85065-916-7|page=134}}