Pengguna:Anne4321/Kotak pasir: Perbezaan antara semakan

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===Economy===
BeforeSebelum takingmemegang officejawatan, Jokowi soughtmeminta for outgoingPresiden [[Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono|President SBY]] to(SBY) takeyang responsibilityakan formeninggalkan thejawatan decisionuntuk tobertanggungjawab furtheratas increasekeputusan fuelmenaikkan priceslagi harga bahan api<ref name="bbc.com">{{cite web|url=https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-23015511|title=Indonesia fuel prices rocket by 44% sparking protests|publisher=BBC|date=22 June 2013|access-date=23 July 2015|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140321025930/https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-23015511|archive-date=21 March 2014}}</ref> bydengan furthermenghapuskan removinglagi subsidiessubsidi.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2014/08/28/jokowi-fails-persuade-sby-fuel-subsidy.html|title=Jokowi fails to persuade SBY on fuel subsidy|publisher=The Jakarta Post|author=Jong, Hans Nicholas; Erviani, Ni Komang|date=28 August 2014|access-date=23 July 2015|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140830160534/https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2014/08/28/jokowi-fails-persuade-sby-fuel-subsidy.html|archive-date=30 August 2014}}</ref> PreviousPercubaan attemptsSBY bysebelum SBYini tountuk doberbuat sodemikian hadtelah resultedmengakibatkan in civilkekacauan unrestawam.<ref name="bbc.com"/> OnPada 1 JanuaryJanuari 2015, Jokowi tookmengambil measureslangkah thatyang, onpada the surfacezahirnya, appearednampaknya tomengurangkan reducesubsidi fuelbahan subsidiesapi.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.imf.org/en/News/Articles/2015/09/28/04/53/socar031815a|title=IMF Survey: Indonesia—Moving in a New Direction|publisher=International Monetary Fund|date=19 March 2015|access-date=23 July 2015|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170819021908/https://www.imf.org/en/News/Articles/2015/09/28/04/53/socar031815a|archive-date=19 August 2017}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2014-12-31/widodo-makes-biggest-change-to-indonesias-fuel-subsidy-system|title=Widodo Makes Biggest Change to Indonesia Fuel Subsidies: Economy|publisher=Bloomberg|author=Fitri Wulandari; Eko Listiyorini; Sharon Chen|date=31 December 2014|access-date=18 July 2015|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150228121047/https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2014-12-31/widodo-makes-biggest-change-to-indonesias-fuel-subsidy-system|archive-date=28 February 2015}}</ref> TheDasar policyitu stirredmencetuskan upbeberapa some demonstrationsdemonstrasi, withdan Jokowi citingberkata itianya asperlu necessaryuntuk tomeningkatkan increasepembiayaan fundingbagi forsektor the infrastructureinfrastruktur, educationpendidikan anddan health sectorskesihatan.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://thejakartaglobe.beritasatu.com/business/jokowi-eyes-infrastructure-focus-fuel-subsidy-cut/|title=Jokowi Eyes Infrastructure Focus With Fuel Subsidy Cut|publisher=Jakarta Globe|author=Bisara, Dion; Azhari, Muhamad Al|date=18 November 2014|access-date=18 November 2014|url-status=dead|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20141120015743/http://thejakartaglobe.beritasatu.com/business/jokowi-eyes-infrastructure-focus-fuel-subsidy-cut/|archive-date=20 November 2014}}</ref> HoweverWalau bagaimanapun, sincesejak MarchMac 2015, thekerajaan governmenttelah hasmenetapkan setharga thepetrol price ofberjenama Premium-branded gasolinejauh fardi belowbawah theharga market pricepasaran, causingmenyebabkan thesubsidi fuelbahan subsidyapi toditanggung beoleh incurredsyarikat byminyak state-ownedmilik oil companykerajaan, [[Pertamina]] instead ofdan thebukannya directakaun governmentlangsung accountkerajaan.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2015/08/03/jokowi-worries-big-forces-hampering-govt-projects-policies.html|title=Jokowi worries 'big forces' hampering govt projects, policies|publisher=The Jakarta Post|author=Cahyafitri, Raras|date=3 August 2015|access-date=3 August 2015|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150823093004/https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2015/08/03/jokowi-worries-big-forces-hampering-govt-projects-policies.html|archive-date=23 August 2015}}</ref> AdditionallyDi samping itu, thekerajaan governmentjuga alsomelaksanakan implementedprogram asatu single-price programharga, aimingyang tobertujuan selluntuk fuelmenjual throughbahan officialapi channelsmelalui atsaluran therasmi samepada priceharga nationallyyang sama di seluruh negara, includingtermasuk indi isolatedbahagian partsterpencil ofdi [[Kalimantan]] anddan [[Indonesian Papua|Papua]]. TheKerajaan governmentmendakwa claimedbahawa thatini thistelah wasdicapai achievedpada intahun 2017.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://en.antaranews.com/news/114161/government-achieves-2017-single-fuel-price-target-minister|title=Government achieves 2017 single-fuel price target: Minister|publisher=Antara News|author=Syafril, Afut|date=8 January 2018|access-date=18 July 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180108142300/https://en.antaranews.com/news/114161/government-achieves-2017-single-fuel-price-target-minister|archive-date=8 January 2018}}</ref>
 
In the first quarter of 2015, year-on-year GDP grew 4.92%, and in the second quarter, it grew 4.6%, the lowest figure since 2009.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-05-03/indonesia-s-slowing-growth-a-reality-check-for-president-jokowi|title=Indonesia's Slowing GDP a Wakeup Call for President Widodo|publisher=Bloomberg|author=Brummitt, Chris|date=4 May 2015|access-date=25 July 2015|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150510013326/https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-05-03/indonesia-s-slowing-growth-a-reality-check-for-president-jokowi|archive-date=10 May 2015}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-08-07/indonesian-growth-continues-decline-dropping-to-2009-levels/6680132|title=Indonesian economic growth continues decline as Q2 figures show drop to 2009 levels|publisher=ABC News Australia|author=Brown, Helen|date=7 August 2015|access-date=7 August 2015|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150814193551/https://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-08-07/indonesian-growth-continues-decline-dropping-to-2009-levels/6680132|archive-date=14 August 2015}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.theaustralian.com.au/commentary/opinion/indonesias-jokowi-presidency-is-becoming-a-desperate-mess/news-story/9eb6aba5ccf9d3b305bb8358bff4ed37|title=Indonesia's Jokowi presidency is becoming a desperate mess|publisher=The Australian|author=Sheridan, Greg|date=25 June 2015|access-date=25 July 2015}}</ref> Since then, growth has remained above the 5% mark, which is still below what is considered a healthy economic growth mark of 6%.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-12-27/jokowi-heads-to-2018-with-backing-of-stronger-indonesian-economy|title=Jokowi Heads to 2018 With Backing of Stronger Indonesian Economy|publisher=Bloomberg|author=Salna, Karlis|date=28 December 2017|access-date=4 April 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20171228021526/https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-12-27/jokowi-heads-to-2018-with-backing-of-stronger-indonesian-economy|archive-date=28 December 2017}}</ref> The [[Indonesian rupiah]] (IDR) has also weakened throughout Jokowi's administration, with its exchange rate per [[United States dollar|US dollar]] briefly passing IDR 15,000 in 2018, the lowest level since the [[1997 Asian financial crisis]], and sank lower to 16,700 in 2020.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.viva.co.id/arsip/1270455-rupiah-melemah-ke-posisi-rp16-700-per-dolar-as-ini-kata-gubernur-bi|title=Rupiah Melemah ke Posisi Rp16.700 per Dolar AS, Ini Kata Gubernur BI|publisher=VIVA|language=id|author=Halim, Fikri; Rachman, Arrijal|date=2 April 2020|access-date=20 December 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://seekingalpha.com/news/3388018-indonesian-rupiah-breaches-15000-per-u-s-dollar-eases-off|title=Indonesian rupiah breaches 15,000 per U.S. dollar then eases off|publisher=Seeking Alpha|author=Kiesche, Liz|date=5 September 2018|access-date=18 September 2018}}</ref> The year-on-year inflation in June 2015 was 7.26%, higher than in May (7.15%) and June the year before (6.7%).<ref>{{cite web|url=http://asiapacific.anu.edu.au/blogs/indonesiaproject/?p=5981|title=News Summary 27 June – 17 July 2015|publisher=ANU Indonesia Project Blog|author=Asamosir|date=21 July 2015|access-date=25 July 2015|url-status=dead|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150725120502/http://asiapacific.anu.edu.au/blogs/indonesiaproject/?p=5981|archive-date=25 July 2015}}</ref>
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