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{{see also|Kabinet Kerja|Kabinet Indonesia Maju}}
{{multiple image|align=right|direction=vertical|caption_align=center|image1=Kabinet Kerja Jokowi-JK 2014.jpg|width1=180|footer=Barisan kabinet awal Jokowi pada 2014 (atas) dan 2019 (bawah)|image2=Kabinet Indonesia Maju 1.jpg|width2=180}}
Walaupun berikrar untuk tidak memberikan jawatan kerajaan semata-mata kepada sekutu politik semasa kempen pada 2014, ramai ahli parti politik menerima jawatan menteri dalam kabinet pertama Jokowi.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.merdeka.com/politik/jokowi-tidak-ada-namanya-bagi-bagi-kursi-menteri.html|title=Jokowi: Tidak ada namanya bagi-bagi kursi menteri|publisher=Merdeka|language=id|author=Faqih, Fikri|date=31 MarchMac 2014|access-date=9 OctoberOktober 2019|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140402032712/https://www.merdeka.com/politik/jokowi-tidak-ada-namanya-bagi-bagi-kursi-menteri.html|archive-date=2 April 2014}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2014/09/16/12585771/.Jokowi.Tak.Seberani.Janjinya.16.Kursi.untuk.Parpol.Jelas.Bagi-bagi.Kekuasaan|title="Jokowi Tak Seberani Janjinya, 16 Kursi untuk Parpol Jelas Bagi-bagi Kekuasaan!"|publisher=Kompas|language=id|author=Ihsanuddin|date=16 September 2014|access-date=9 OctoberOktober 2019|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140920203846/https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2014/09/16/12585771/.Jokowi.Tak.Seberani.Janjinya.16.Kursi.untuk.Parpol.Jelas.Bagi-bagi.Kekuasaan|archive-date=20 September 2014}}</ref> Tahun pertama pentadbiran Jokowi menyaksikan beliau mengawal [[kerajaan minoriti]] sehingga [[Partai Golongan Karya|Golkar]], parti kedua terbesar dalam [[Dewan Perwakilan Rakyat]] (DPR), beralih daripada pembangkang kepada kerajaan. Jokowi menafikan tuduhan campur tangan dalam hal ehwal dalaman Golkar, walaupun beliau mengakui bahawa Luhut mungkin mempengaruhi perubahan itu.<ref name="ReformWinds">{{cite web|url=https://asia.nikkei.com/Economy/Widodo-gets-second-wind-for-reforms|title=Widodo gets second wind for reforms|publisher=Nikkei Asia|author=Suzuki, Jun|date=9 JuneJun 2016|access-date=12 OctoberOktober 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20181012214523/https://asia.nikkei.com/Economy/Widodo-gets-second-wind-for-reforms|archive-date=12 OctoberOktober 2018}}</ref> Menteri Industri Airlangga Hartarto dari kabinetnya dipilih sebagai pengerusi Golkar pada tahun 2018.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://asiatimes.com/article/can-man-save-indonesias-golkar/|title=Can this man save Indonesia's Golkar?|publisher=Asia Times|author=McBeth, John|date=18 JanuaryJanuari 2018|access-date=12 OctoberOktober 2018}}</ref> [[Partai Amanat Nasional]] (PAN) juga telah bertukar-tukar pandangan terlebih dahulu tetapi kemudian kembali menjadi pembangkang pada tahun 2018.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2015/09/02/pan-joins-ruling-collation.html|title=PAN joins the ruling collation|publisher=The Jakarta Post|date=2 September 2015|access-date=12 OctoberOktober 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20181013021250/https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2015/09/02/pan-joins-ruling-collation.html|archive-date=13 OctoberOktober 2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://news.detik.com/berita/d-4160902/pan-oposisi-menteri-pan-rb-bakal-mundur|title=PAN Oposisi, Menteri PAN-RB Bakal Mundur?|publisher=detik|language=id|author=Putri, Parastiti Kharisma; Ramdhani, Jabbar|date=10 AugustOgos 2018|access-date=12 OctoberOktober 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20181013015935/https://news.detik.com/berita/d-4160902/pan-oposisi-menteri-pan-rb-bakal-mundur|archive-date=13 OctoberOktober 2018}}</ref>
 
Jokowi mengumumkan 34 nama barisan kabinetnya pada 26 Oktober 2014.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://en.tempo.co/read/617136/jokowi-announces-names-of-cabinet-members|title=Jokowi Announces Names of Cabinet Members|publisher=Tempo|author=Anam, Khairul|date=26 OctoberOktober 2014|access-date=12 OctoberOktober 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190514135257/https://en.tempo.co/read/617136/jokowi-announces-names-of-cabinet-members|archive-date=14 MayMei 2019}}</ref> Walaupun ia dipuji kerana keterangkuman wanita, dengan [[Retno Marsudi]] menjadi menteri luar wanita pertama Indonesia, ia menerima kritikan untuk beberapa kemasukan politik yang dilihat, seperti Puan Maharani (anak perempuan [[Megawati Sukarnoputri]]).<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/jokowi-praised-for-record-number-of-women-in-cabinet|title=Jokowi praised for record number of women in Cabinet|publisher=The Straits Times|author=Nazeer, Zubaidah|date=31 OctoberOktober 2014|access-date=12 OctoberOktober 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150819000804/https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/jokowi-praised-for-record-number-of-women-in-cabinet|archive-date=19 AugustOgos 2015}}</ref> Pentadbiran Jokowi juga menyaksikan pembentukan dua kementerian baharu (Kementerian Kerja Raya dan Perumahan dan Kementerian Alam Sekitar dan Perhutanan) daripada penggabungan kementerian lama, selain menamakan semula dan menyusun semula kementerian lain.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2014/10/23/10103461/Ini.Nama.Kementerian.yang.Berubah.dalam.Kabinet.Jokowi-JK|title=Ini Nama Kementerian yang Berubah dalam Kabinet Jokowi-JK|publisher=Kompas|language=id|author=Akuntono, Indra|date=23 OctoberOktober 2014|access-date=12 OctoberOktober 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20141023151505/https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2014/10/23/10103461/Ini.Nama.Kementerian.yang.Berubah.dalam.Kabinet.Jokowi-JK|archive-date=23 OctoberOktober 2014}}</ref> Beliau menjalankan tiga rombakan kabinet sehingga 2018, menyingkirkan menteri-menteri seperti Rizal Ramli dan Bambang Brodjonegoro serta memasukkan menteri-menteri baharu seperti Luhut dan pengarah [[Bank Dunia]], [[Sri Mulyani Indrawati]].<ref>{{cite web|url=https://thediplomat.com/2018/01/what-does-indonesias-new-cabinet-reshuffle-mean-for-jokowis-future/|title=What Does Indonesia's New Cabinet Reshuffle Mean for Jokowi's Future?|publisher=The Diplomat|author=Cook, Erin|date=27 JanuaryJanuari 2018|access-date=12 OctoberOktober 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180126191020/https://thediplomat.com/2018/01/what-does-indonesias-new-cabinet-reshuffle-mean-for-jokowis-future/|archive-date=26 JanuaryJanuari 2018}}</ref> Satu lagi rombakan berlaku pada Disember 2020, menggantikan enam menteri termasuk dua yang ditangkap oleh [[Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi Republik Indonesia]] (KPK).<ref>{{cite web|url=https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2020/12/23/08184071/reshuffle-kabinet-yang-akhirnya-terjadi?page=all|title=Reshuffle Kabinet yang Akhirnya Terjadi...|publisher=Kompas|language=id|author=Hakim, Rakhmat Nur|date=23 DecemberDisember 2020|access-date=15 FebruaryFebruari 2021|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20201223060045/https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2020/12/23/08184071/reshuffle-kabinet-yang-akhirnya-terjadi?page=all|archive-date=23 DecemberDisember 2020}}</ref>
 
Jokowi dikritik oleh PDI-P atas kelemahan dasar yang dilihat, dan penggubal undang-undang PDI-P, Effendi Simbolon menggesa pemecatannya.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2015/01/28/pdi-p-lawmaker-slams-jokowi-s-policies.html|title=PDI-P lawmaker slams Jokowi's policies|publisher=The Jakarta Post|author=Aritonang, Margareth S.|date=28 JanuaryJanuari 2015|access-date=6 JuneJun 2015|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150128154813/https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2015/01/28/pdi-p-lawmaker-slams-jokowi-s-policies.html|archive-date=28 JanuaryJanuari 2015}}</ref> Pada 9 April 2015, semasa Kongres PDI-P, pemimpin parti [[Megawati Sukarnoputri]] merujuk Jokowi sebagai seorang yang
berfungsi. Beliau berkata, calon presiden dicalonkan oleh parti politik, memberi bayangan bahawa Jokowi mempunyai kedudukannya dalam parti dan perlu menjalankan dasarnya.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.bbc.com/indonesia/berita_indonesia/2015/04/150409_kongres_pdip|title=Megawati tegaskan posisi PDIP atas Pemerintah Jokowi|publisher=BBC News|language=id|author=Ginanjar, Ging|date=9 April 2015|access-date=6 JulyJulai 2015|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150713035257/https://www.bbc.com/indonesia/berita_indonesia/2015/04/150409_kongres_pdip|archive-date=13 JulyJulai 2015}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.smh.com.au/opinion/indonesian-president-widodo-under-corrupt-thumb-of-megawati-20150427-1muhkk.html|title=Indonesian President Widodo under corrupt thumb of Megawati|publisher=The Sydney Morning Herald|author=Hartcher, Peter|date=28 April 2015|access-date=14 April 2017|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180809184112/https://www.smh.com.au/opinion/indonesian-president-widodo-under-corrupt-thumb-of-megawati-20150427-1muhkk.html|archive-date=9 AugustOgos 2018}}</ref> Beberapa bulan sebelumnya, Megawati dan Jokowi telah mempertikaikan pelantikan ketua polis baharu, dengan Megawati menyokong bekas pembantunya Budi Gunawan manakala Jokowi menyokong Badrodin Haiti.<ref name="ReformWinds"/><ref>{{cite web|url=https://nasional.tempo.co/read/646965/cerita-syafii-soal-kenapa-megawati-kukuh-sokong-budi-gunawan|title=Cerita Syafii Soal Kenapa Megawati Kukuh Sokong Budi Gunawan|publisher=Tempo|language=id|date=4 MarchMac 2015|access-date=12 OctoberOktober 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20181012214525/https://nasional.tempo.co/read/646965/cerita-syafii-soal-kenapa-megawati-kukuh-sokong-budi-gunawan|archive-date=12 OctoberOktober 2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://nasional.tempo.co/read/644375/budi-gunawan-batal-dilantik-ternyata-ini-reaksi-megawati|title=Budi Gunawan Batal Dilantik, Ternyata Ini Reaksi Megawati|publisher=Tempo|language=id|date=22 FebruaryFebruari 2015|access-date=12 OctoberOktober 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20181013014403/https://nasional.tempo.co/read/644375/budi-gunawan-batal-dilantik-ternyata-ini-reaksi-megawati|archive-date=13 OctoberOktober 2018}}</ref>
 
Selepas memenangi pemilihan semula, Jokowi mengumumkan kabinet keduanya pada 23 Oktober 2019. Beliau mengekalkan beberapa menteri seperti [[Sri Mulyani]] dan Luhut tetapi turut melantik muka-muka baharu seperti pengasas [[Gojek]], [[Nadiem Makarim]] dan pesaing presiden [[Prabowo Subianto]], masing-masing sebagai menteri pendidikan dan pertahanan.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-10-22/jokowi-s-cabinet-is-blend-of-politicians-tycoons-technocrats|title=Jokowi's Cabinet Is a Blend of Politicians, Tycoons, and Technocrats|publisher=Bloomberg|author=Arys Aditya and Viriya Singgih|date=23 OctoberOktober 2019|access-date=3 November 2019|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20191023022221/https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-10-22/jokowi-s-cabinet-is-blend-of-politicians-tycoons-technocrats|archive-date=23 OctoberOktober 2019}}</ref>
 
Pada tahun pertama penggal kedua Jokowi sebagai presiden, penarafan persetujuannya jatuh kepada 45.2%, dan penarafan yang tidak bersetuju adalah 52%.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2020/10/20/13525311/survei-litbang-kompas-setahun-jokowi-maruf-525-persen-tak-puas-452-persen|title=Survei Litbang Kompas Setahun Jokowi-Ma'ruf: 52,5 Persen Tak Puas, 45,2 Persen Puas|publisher=Kompas|language=id|author=Halim, Devina|date=20 OctoberOktober 2020|access-date=24 DecemberDisember 2020|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20201022112807/https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2020/10/20/13525311/survei-litbang-kompas-setahun-jokowi-maruf-525-persen-tak-puas-452-persen|archive-date=22 OctoberOktober 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://republika.co.id/berita/qiwy5k354/survei-ipo-kepuasan-publik-terhadap-pemerintah-menurun|title=Survei IPO: Kepuasan Publik Terhadap Pemerintah Menurun|publisher=Republika|language=id|author=Akbar, Nawir Arsyad|date=28 OctoberOktober 2020|access-date=24 DecemberDisember 2020|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20201031011329/https://republika.co.id/berita/qiwy5k354/survei-ipo-kepuasan-publik-terhadap-pemerintah-menurun|archive-date=31 OctoberOktober 2020}}</ref> Timbalannya, [[Ma'ruf Amin]], mempunyai penarafan 67% tidak bersetuju. Penarafan rendah ini disebabkan oleh dasar yang tidak popular.
 
=== Ekonomi ===
Sebelum memegang jawatan, Jokowi meminta Presiden [[Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono]] (SBY) yang akan meninggalkan jawatan untuk bertanggungjawab atas keputusan menaikkan lagi harga bahan api<ref name="bbc.com">{{cite web|url=https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-23015511|title=Indonesia fuel prices rocket by 44% sparking protests|publisher=BBC|date=22 JuneJun 2013|access-date=23 JulyJulai 2015|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140321025930/https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-23015511|archive-date=21 MarchMac 2014}}</ref> dengan menghapuskan lagi subsidi.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2014/08/28/jokowi-fails-persuade-sby-fuel-subsidy.html|title=Jokowi fails to persuade SBY on fuel subsidy|publisher=The Jakarta Post|author=Jong, Hans Nicholas; Erviani, Ni Komang|date=28 AugustOgos 2014|access-date=23 JulyJulai 2015|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140830160534/https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2014/08/28/jokowi-fails-persuade-sby-fuel-subsidy.html|archive-date=30 AugustOgos 2014}}</ref> Percubaan SBY sebelum ini untuk berbuat demikian telah mengakibatkan kekacauan awam.<ref name="bbc.com"/> Pada 1 Januari 2015, Jokowi mengambil langkah yang, pada zahirnya, nampaknya mengurangkan subsidi bahan api.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.imf.org/en/News/Articles/2015/09/28/04/53/socar031815a|title=IMF Survey: Indonesia—Moving in a New Direction|publisher=International Monetary Fund|date=19 MarchMac 2015|access-date=23 JulyJulai 2015|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170819021908/https://www.imf.org/en/News/Articles/2015/09/28/04/53/socar031815a|archive-date=19 AugustOgos 2017}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2014-12-31/widodo-makes-biggest-change-to-indonesias-fuel-subsidy-system|title=Widodo Makes Biggest Change to Indonesia Fuel Subsidies: Economy|publisher=Bloomberg|author=Fitri Wulandari; Eko Listiyorini; Sharon Chen|date=31 DecemberDisember 2014|access-date=18 JulyJulai 2015|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150228121047/https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2014-12-31/widodo-makes-biggest-change-to-indonesias-fuel-subsidy-system|archive-date=28 FebruaryFebruari 2015}}</ref> Dasar itu mencetuskan beberapa demonstrasi, dan Jokowi berkata ianya perlu untuk meningkatkan pembiayaan bagi sektor infrastruktur, pendidikan dan kesihatan.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://thejakartaglobe.beritasatu.com/business/jokowi-eyes-infrastructure-focus-fuel-subsidy-cut/|title=Jokowi Eyes Infrastructure Focus With Fuel Subsidy Cut|publisher=Jakarta Globe|author=Bisara, Dion; Azhari, Muhamad Al|date=18 November 2014|access-date=18 November 2014|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20141120015743/http://thejakartaglobe.beritasatu.com/business/jokowi-eyes-infrastructure-focus-fuel-subsidy-cut/|archive-date=20 November 2014}}</ref> Walau bagaimanapun, sejak Mac 2015, kerajaan telah menetapkan harga petrol berjenama Premium jauh di bawah harga pasaran, menyebabkan subsidi bahan api ditanggung oleh syarikat minyak milik kerajaan, [[Pertamina]] dan bukannya akaun langsung kerajaan.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2015/08/03/jokowi-worries-big-forces-hampering-govt-projects-policies.html|title=Jokowi worries 'big forces' hampering govt projects, policies|publisher=The Jakarta Post|author=Cahyafitri, Raras|date=3 AugustOgos 2015|access-date=3 AugustOgos 2015|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150823093004/https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2015/08/03/jokowi-worries-big-forces-hampering-govt-projects-policies.html|archive-date=23 AugustOgos 2015}}</ref> Di samping itu, kerajaan juga melaksanakan program satu harga, yang bertujuan untuk menjual bahan api melalui saluran rasmi pada harga yang sama di seluruh negara, termasuk di bahagian terpencil di [[Kalimantan]] dan [[Papua]]. Kerajaan mendakwa bahawa ini telah dicapai pada tahun 2017.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://en.antaranews.com/news/114161/government-achieves-2017-single-fuel-price-target-minister|title=Government achieves 2017 single-fuel price target: Minister|publisher=Antara News|author=Syafril, Afut|date=8 JanuaryJanuari 2018|access-date=18 JulyJulai 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180108142300/https://en.antaranews.com/news/114161/government-achieves-2017-single-fuel-price-target-minister|archive-date=8 JanuaryJanuari 2018}}</ref>
 
Pada suku pertama 2015, keluaran dalam negara kasar (KDNK) tahun ke tahun meningkat 4.92%, dan pada suku kedua, ia meningkat 4.6%, angka terendah sejak 2009.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-05-03/indonesia-s-slowing-growth-a-reality-check-for-president-jokowi|title=Indonesia's Slowing GDP a Wakeup Call for President Widodo|publisher=Bloomberg|author=Brummitt, Chris|date=4 MayMei 2015|access-date=25 JulyJulai 2015|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150510013326/https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2015-05-03/indonesia-s-slowing-growth-a-reality-check-for-president-jokowi|archive-date=10 MayMei 2015}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-08-07/indonesian-growth-continues-decline-dropping-to-2009-levels/6680132|title=Indonesian economic growth continues decline as Q2 figures show drop to 2009 levels|publisher=ABC News Australia|author=Brown, Helen|date=7 AugustOgos 2015|access-date=7 AugustOgos 2015|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150814193551/https://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-08-07/indonesian-growth-continues-decline-dropping-to-2009-levels/6680132|archive-date=14 AugustOgos 2015}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.theaustralian.com.au/commentary/opinion/indonesias-jokowi-presidency-is-becoming-a-desperate-mess/news-story/9eb6aba5ccf9d3b305bb8358bff4ed37|title=Indonesia's Jokowi presidency is becoming a desperate mess|publisher=The Australian|author=Sheridan, Greg|date=25 JuneJun 2015|access-date=25 JulyJulai 2015}}</ref> Sejak itu, pertumbuhan kekal di atas tanda 5%, yang masih di bawah apa yang dianggap sebagai tanda pertumbuhan ekonomi yang sihat sebanyak 6%.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-12-27/jokowi-heads-to-2018-with-backing-of-stronger-indonesian-economy|title=Jokowi Heads to 2018 With Backing of Stronger Indonesian Economy|publisher=Bloomberg|author=Salna, Karlis|date=28 DecemberDisember 2017|access-date=4 April 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20171228021526/https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2017-12-27/jokowi-heads-to-2018-with-backing-of-stronger-indonesian-economy|archive-date=28 DecemberDisember 2017}}</ref> [[Rupiah Indonesia]] (Rp) juga lemah sepanjang pentadbiran Jokowi, dengan kadar pertukaran setiap [[dolar Amerika Syarikat|dolar AS]] melepasi Rp 15,000 pada 2018, paras terendah sejak [[krisis kewangan Asia 1997]], dan berkurangan kepada 16,700 pada 2020.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.viva.co.id/arsip/1270455-rupiah-melemah-ke-posisi-rp16-700-per-dolar-as-ini-kata-gubernur-bi|title=Rupiah Melemah ke Posisi Rp16.700 per Dolar AS, Ini Kata Gubernur BI|publisher=VIVA|language=id|author=Halim, Fikri; Rachman, Arrijal|date=2 April 2020|access-date=20 DecemberDisember 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://seekingalpha.com/news/3388018-indonesian-rupiah-breaches-15000-per-u-s-dollar-eases-off|title=Indonesian rupiah breaches 15,000 per U.S. dollar then eases off|publisher=Seeking Alpha|author=Kiesche, Liz|date=5 September 2018|access-date=18 September 2018}}</ref> Inflasi tahun ke tahun pada Jun 2015 adalah 7.26%, lebih tinggi daripada Mei (7.15%) dan Jun tahun sebelumnya (6.7%).<ref>{{cite web|url=http://asiapacific.anu.edu.au/blogs/indonesiaproject/?p=5981|title=News Summary 27 JuneJun – 17 JulyJulai 2015|publisher=ANU Indonesia Project Blog|author=Asamosir|date=21 JulyJulai 2015|access-date=25 JulyJulai 2015|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150725120502/http://asiapacific.anu.edu.au/blogs/indonesiaproject/?p=5981|archive-date=25 JulyJulai 2015}}</ref>
 
Pentadbiran Jokowi meneruskan dasar nasionalisme sumber pendahulunya, dengan nasionalis beberapa aset yang dikawal oleh syarikat multinasional seperti Freeport McMoRan, [[Total S.A.|Total SA]] dan [[Chevron Corporation|Chevron]]. Pada tahun 2018, dalam langkah yang bertujuan untuk mengurangkan import, syarikat minyak yang beroperasi di Indonesia telah diarahkan untuk menjual minyak mentah mereka kepada [[Pertamina]].<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/economic-nationalism-is-back-in-indonesia-as-election-approaches|title=Economic nationalism is back in Indonesia as election approaches|publisher=The Straits Times|date=17 September 2018|access-date=18 September 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180918160618/https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/economic-nationalism-is-back-in-indonesia-as-election-approaches|archive-date=18 September 2018}}</ref> Larangan juga telah dikuatkuasakan ke atas eksport bijih nikel mentah, yang bertujuan untuk membantu mempromosikan pembangunan industri berkaitan nikel tempatan seperti peleburan dan kilang bateri.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-09-02/resource-nationalism-on-the-marchMac-as-indonesia-tightens-curbs|title=Indonesia's Nickel Ban Shows Resource Nationalism on the MarchMac|publisher=Bloomberg|author=Listiyorini, Eko|date=2 September 2019|access-date=15 FebruaryFebruari 2021|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200821043140/https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-09-02/resource-nationalism-on-the-marchMac-as-indonesia-tightens-curbs|archive-date=21 AugustOgos 2020}}</ref>
 
Pembangunan infrastruktur telah menjadi ciri penting pentadbiran Jokowi, yang memberi tumpuan kepada pengembangan jalan raya dan kereta api, pembangunan pelabuhan dan lapangan terbang, dan pengairan. Pada tahun 2016, belanjawan negara memperuntukkan Rp 290 trilion (AS$ 22 bilion) untuk infrastruktur, yang terbesar dalam sejarah Indonesia.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2016/03/23/jokowi-policy-attracts-infrastructure-based-mutual-funds.html|title=Jokowi policy attracts infrastructure-based mutual funds|publisher=The Jakarta Post|author=Amindoni, Ayomi|date=23 MarchMac 2016|access-date=18 April 2016|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160410154637/https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2016/03/23/jokowi-policy-attracts-infrastructure-based-mutual-funds.html|archive-date=10 April 2016}}</ref> In total, his administration planned 265 infrastructure projects starting in 2016.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-01-25/indonesia-seeks-to-plug-157-billion-gap-in-nation-building-plan?|title=Indonesia Needs $157 Billion for Infrastructure Plan|publisher=Bloomberg|author=Salna, Kalris|date=26 JanuaryJanuari 2018|access-date=18 JulyJulai 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180126012141/https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2018-01-25/indonesia-seeks-to-plug-157-billion-gap-in-nation-building-plan|archive-date=26 JanuaryJanuari 2018}}</ref> In September 2015, Indonesia awarded a $5.5 billion high-speed rail project to China,<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.reuters.com/article/indonesia-railway-idUSL3N11Z3HQ20150929|title=Indonesia to award fast train contract to China – Japanese embassy official|publisher=Reuters|author=Kapoor, Kanupriya|date=29 September 2015|access-date=1 OctoberOktober 2015|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20151002165345/https://www.reuters.com/article/2015/09/29/indonesia-railway-idUSL3N11Z3HQ20150929|archive-date=2 OctoberOktober 2015}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-09-30/indonesia-awards-major-rail-contract-to-china/6818082|title=Indonesia awards multi-billion-dollar railway project to China over Japan|publisher=ABC News Australia|date=30 September 2015|access-date=1 OctoberOktober 2015|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20151003040818/https://www.abc.net.au/news/2015-09-30/indonesia-awards-major-rail-contract-to-china/6818082|archive-date=3 OctoberOktober 2015}}</ref> to Japan's disappointment, which is also vying for the project.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.ft.com/content/eca4af84-67fa-11e5-97d0-1456a776a4f5#axzz3nL45xCH2|title=Japan cries foul after Indonesia awards rail contract to China|publisher=Financial Times|date=1 OctoberOktober 2015|access-date=1 OctoberOktober 2015}}</ref> Indonesia's transportation ministry laid out a litany of shortcomings in plans for the project, casting doubt on the project and spotlighting Jokowi's limits in turning mega-projects into reality as he tries to draw foreign investors.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.wsj.com/articles/indonesia-ministry-cites-high-speed-railway-shortcomings-1454507248|title=Indonesia's High-Speed Rail Plan Goes Off the Tracks|publisher=The Wall Street Journal|author=Otto, Ben; Anita Rachman|date=3 FebruaryFebruari 2016|access-date=13 JuneJun 2016|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160204093251/https://www.wsj.com/articles/indonesia-ministry-cites-high-speed-railway-shortcomings-1454507248|archive-date=4 FebruaryFebruari 2016}}</ref> Other significant projects include the completion of the 4,325-kilometer [[Trans Papua]] road and the [[Trans-Java Toll Road]],<ref>{{cite web|url=https://asiatimes.com/article/rough-road-ahead-powder-keg-papua/|title=Rough road ahead for powder keg Papua|publisher=Asia Times|author=McBeth, John|date=2 OctoberOktober 2017|access-date=18 JulyJulai 2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://en.antaranews.com/news/116269/jokowi-optimistic-trans-java-toll-road-fully-completed-in-2019|title=Jokowi optimistic Trans Java toll road fully completed in 2019|publisher=Antara|date=23 JuneJun 2018|access-date=18 JulyJulai 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180623112737/https://en.antaranews.com/news/116269/jokowi-optimistic-trans-java-toll-road-fully-completed-in-2019|archive-date=23 JuneJun 2018}}</ref> initial construction of the [[Trans-Sulawesi Railway]]<ref>{{cite web|url=https://economy.okezone.com/read/2017/03/07/320/1636065/kereta-api-trans-sulawesi-beroperasi-april-2018|title=Kereta Api Trans Sulawesi Beroperasi April 2018|publisher=Okezone|language=id|date=7 MarchMac 2017|access-date=18 JulyJulai 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170307055357/https://economy.okezone.com/read/2017/03/07/320/1636065/kereta-api-trans-sulawesi-beroperasi-april-2018|archive-date=7 MarchMac 2017}}</ref> and the [[Trans-Sumatra Toll Road]],<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.indonesia-investments.com/id/news/todays-headlines/infrastructure-indonesia-groundbreaking-trans-sumatra-toll-road/item5515|title=Groundbreaking Trans-Sumatra Toll Road; Infrastructure Projects Indonesia|publisher=Indonesia Investments|date=30 April 2015|access-date=27 September 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150721093350/https://www.indonesia-investments.com/id/news/todays-headlines/infrastructure-indonesia-groundbreaking-trans-sumatra-toll-road/item5515|archive-date=21 JulyJulai 2015}}</ref> a US$50 billion plan to develop the maritime sector including 24 "strategic ports",<ref>{{cite web|url=https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/Asia-Insight/Indonesia-sneaks-up-on-Singapore-with-flurry-of-port-projects|title=Indonesia sneaks up on Singapore with flurry of port projects|publisher=Nikkei Asia|author=Maulia, Erwida|date=14 JuneJun 2018|access-date=18 JulyJulai 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180614011937/https://asia.nikkei.com/Spotlight/Asia-Insight/Indonesia-sneaks-up-on-Singapore-with-flurry-of-port-projects|archive-date=14 JuneJun 2018}}</ref> and expansion of airport capacity in remote areas.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-11-10/jokowi-seeks-investors-for-indonesia-s-airports-to-curb-deficit|title=Jokowi Seeks Investors for Indonesia's Airports to Curb Deficit|publisher=Bloomberg|author=Dahrul, Fathiya; Rahadiana, Rieka|date=10 November 2016|access-date=18 JulyJulai 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20161114054808/https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2016-11-10/jokowi-seeks-investors-for-indonesia-s-airports-to-curb-deficit|archive-date=14 November 2016}}</ref> The ports' development and modernisation program, dubbed the "Sea Toll Road" program, was aimed to reduce price inequality between the better developed western parts of the country and the less populated eastern parts.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://jakartaglobe.id/news/new-chief-maritime-minister-speed-sea-toll-road-program/|title=New Chief Maritime Minister to Speed up Sea Toll Road Program|publisher=Jakarta Globe|author=Almanar, Alin|date=28 JulyJulai 2016|access-date=3 JanuaryJanuari 2019|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170618024628/https://jakartaglobe.id/news/new-chief-maritime-minister-speed-sea-toll-road-program/|archive-date=18 JuneJun 2017}}</ref>
 
In addition to the major projects, the Jokowi administration also implemented a village fund program in which villages across the country received funding to allocate on basic infrastructures such as roads and water supply, tourism development and village enterprises to improve rural economies.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.asiasentinel.com/p/indonesia-rural-development|title=Indonesia Tries Rural Development|publisher=Asia Sentinel|author=Rakhmat, Muhammad Zulfikar; Tarahita, Dikanaya|date=21 MarchMac 2018|access-date=18 JulyJulai 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200924043513/https://www.asiasentinel.com/p/indonesia-rural-development|archive-date=24 September 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2017/12/15/new-village-scheme-risks-quality.html|title=New village scheme risks quality|publisher=The Jakarta Post|author=Aisyah, Rachmadea|date=15 DecemberDisember 2017|access-date=18 JulyJulai 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180718084206/https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2017/12/15/new-village-scheme-risks-quality.html|archive-date=18 JulyJulai 2018}}</ref> The initial campaign promise was that IDR 1.4 billion (around US$100,000) would be allocated for every village annually,<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.solopos.com/pilpres-2014-9-program-nyata-jokowi-janji-naikkan-kesejahteraan-pns-516971|title=PILPRES 2014 : 9 Program Nyata, Jokowi Janji Naikkan Kesejahteraan PNS|publisher=Solo Pos|language=id|author=Anwar, Akhirul|date=3 JulyJulai 2014|access-date=9 OctoberOktober 2019|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20191218105042/https://www.solopos.com/pilpres-2014-9-program-nyata-jokowi-janji-naikkan-kesejahteraan-pns-516971|archive-date=18 DecemberDisember 2019}}</ref> though as of 2019, less than a billion was allocated.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://tirto.id/dana-desa-meningkat-tiap-desa-rata-rata-dapat-rp960-juta-tahun-ini-esQu|title=Dana Desa Meningkat, Tiap Desa Rata-Rata Dapat Rp960 Juta Tahun Ini|publisher=Titro.id|language=id|author=Miftahul Jannah, Selfie|date=15 JanuaryJanuari 2020|access-date=18 MayMei 2020|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200802200428/https://tirto.id/dana-desa-meningkat-tiap-desa-rata-rata-dapat-rp960-juta-tahun-ini-esQu|archive-date=2 AugustOgos 2020}}</ref> Between 2015 and 2018, IDR 187 trillion (US$14 billion) had been reallocated through the program.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://finance.detik.com/berita-ekonomi-bisnis/d-4019650/jokowi-kucurkan-rp-187-triliun-untuk-program-dana-desa|title=Jokowi Kucurkan Rp 187 Triliun untuk Program Dana Desa|publisher=detik|language=id|author=Kusuma, Hendra|date=14 MayMei 2018|access-date=18 JulyJulai 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180718084105/https://finance.detik.com/berita-ekonomi-bisnis/d-4019650/jokowi-kucurkan-rp-187-triliun-untuk-program-dana-desa|archive-date=18 JulyJulai 2018}}</ref> The administration has targeted to streamline land certification across the country, aiming to distribute certificates of land ownership across the country completely. It involved increasing the issuing rate of certificates from around 500,000 to several million annually.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.rnz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/354886/indonesian-president-hands-over-land-certificates-in-papua|title=Indonesian president hands over land certificates in Papua|publisher=Radio New Zealand|date=12 April 2018|access-date=31 JulyJulai 2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://en.antaranews.com/news/114034/government-to-complete-land-certificate-distribution-by-2025-jokowi|title=Government to complete land certificate distribution by 2025: Jokowi|publisher=Antara News|date=29 DecemberDisember 2017|access-date=31 JulyJulai 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20171228231342/https://en.antaranews.com/news/114034/government-to-complete-land-certificate-distribution-by-2025-jokowi|archive-date=28 DecemberDisember 2017}}</ref> In 2016, the administration signed into law a [[tax amnesty]] bill following a lengthy public debate and push back, giving wealthy Indonesians a chance to declare their unreported assets before the government would strengthen rules and oversight around imports and exports. It became the most successful program of its kind in history, with over IDR 4,865 trillion (approximately US$366 billion) of previously unreported assets declared to the tax office.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.reuters.com/article/us-indonesia-economy-tax/late-rush-to-join-indonesia-tax-amnesty-after-360-billion-declared-idUSKBN1720VJ|title=Late rush to join Indonesia tax amnesty after $360 billion declared|publisher=Reuters|author=Setiaji, Hidayat|date=31 MarchMac 2017|access-date=9 OctoberOktober 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20181009133718/https://www.reuters.com/article/us-indonesia-economy-tax/late-rush-to-join-indonesia-tax-amnesty-after-360-billion-declared-idUSKBN1720VJ|archive-date=9 OctoberOktober 2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.indonesia-investments.com/finance/financial-columns/tax-amnesty-program-indonesia-ended-what-are-the-results/item7719?|title=Tax Amnesty Program Indonesia Ended, What Are the Results?|publisher=Indonesia Investments|date=3 April 2017|access-date=22 April 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170403070746/https://www.indonesia-investments.com/finance/financial-columns/tax-amnesty-program-indonesia-ended-what-are-the-results/item7719|archive-date=3 April 2017}}</ref>
 
The opposition criticised the aggressive spending on infrastructure as it increased Indonesia's national debt by 48% between 2014 and MarchMac 2018 to US$181 billion. They also pointed out that most of the debt was allocated for remunerations rather than infrastructure development.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://kumparan.com/kumparanbisnis/faisal-basri-ri-utang-banyak-bukan-untuk-infrastruktur|title=Faisal Basri: RI Utang Banyak Bukan untuk Infrastruktur|publisher=Kumparan|language=id|date=3 April 2018|access-date=20 DecemberDisember 2020|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20210303175344/https://kumparan.com/kumparanbisnis/faisal-basri-ri-utang-banyak-bukan-untuk-infrastruktur|archive-date=3 MarchMac 2021}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://politik.rmol.id/read/2019/02/07/377755/gerindra-ternyata-utang-lebih-banyak-untuk-gaji-pegawai-bukan-infrastruktur|title=Gerindra: Ternyata Utang Lebih Banyak Untuk Gaji Pegawai, Bukan Infrastruktur|publisher=RMOL.ID|language=id|date=7 FebruaryFebruari 2019|access-date=14 OctoberOktober 2020|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20210303180445/https://politik.rmol.id/read/2019/02/07/377755/gerindra-ternyata-utang-lebih-banyak-untuk-gaji-pegawai-bukan-infrastruktur|archive-date=3 MarchMac 2021}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://theconversation.com/indonesias-government-debt-ahead-of-2019-presidential-election-a-real-economic-concern-97708|title=Indonesia's government debt ahead of 2019 presidential election: a real economic concern?|publisher=The Conversation|author=Soesmanto, Tommy; Tjoe, Yenny|date=28 JuneJun 2018|access-date=3 JanuaryJanuari 2019|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180628105940/https://theconversation.com/indonesias-government-debt-ahead-of-2019-presidential-election-a-real-economic-concern-97708|archive-date=28 JuneJun 2018}}</ref> In April 2018, Jokowi also issued a new policy that allows foreign workers in Indonesia without Indonesian language skills requirement,<ref>{{cite web|url=https://news.detik.com/berita/d-2997619/jokowi-minta-syarat-bisa-bahasa-indonesia-untuk-pekerja-asing-dihapus|title=Jokowi Minta Syarat Bisa Bahasa Indonesia untuk Pekerja Asing Dihapus|publisher=detik|language=id|author=Ratya, Mega Putra|date=21 AugustOgos 2015|access-date=9 OctoberOktober 2019|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20210303180759/https://news.detik.com/berita/d-2997619/jokowi-minta-syarat-bisa-bahasa-indonesia-untuk-pekerja-asing-dihapus|archive-date=3 MarchMac 2021}}</ref> reasoning that it would increase investments.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2018/04/25/new-regulation-on-foreign-workers-part-of-administrative-reform-jokowi.html|title=New regulation on foreign workers part of administrative reform: Jokowi|publisher=The Jakarta Post|author=Hermansyah, Anton|date=25 April 2018|access-date=9 OctoberOktober 2019|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180427123922/https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2018/04/25/new-regulation-on-foreign-workers-part-of-administrative-reform-jokowi.html|archive-date=27 April 2018}}</ref> The policy faced significant opposition from local labour unions, who claimed that the policy would increase unemployment rates.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2018/04/20/opposition-questions-jokowis-policy-on-foreign-workers.html|title=Opposition questions Jokowi's policy on foreign workers|publisher=The Jakarta Post|author=Ompusunggu, Moses|date=20 April 2018|access-date=9 OctoberOktober 2019|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180420162158/https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2018/04/20/opposition-questions-jokowis-policy-on-foreign-workers.html|archive-date=20 April 2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://ekonomi.bisnis.com/read/20190912/12/1147606/aturan-pekerja-asing-dilonggarkan-jumlah-tka-tahun-ini-ditaksir-naik-20|title=Aturan Pekerja Asing Dilonggarkan, Jumlah TKA Tahun Ini Ditaksir Naik 20%|publisher=Bisnis|author=Petriella, Yanita|date=12 September 2019|access-date=18 MayMei 2020|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190913050245/https://ekonomi.bisnis.com/read/20190912/12/1147606/aturan-pekerja-asing-dilonggarkan-jumlah-tka-tahun-ini-ditaksir-naik-20|archive-date=13 September 2019}}</ref>
 
In 2020, the DPR passed the [[Omnibus Law on Job Creation]]. Though intended to boost investment and reduce [[red tape]], it is also perceived as weakening labour and environmental protections, causing a [[Indonesia omnibus law protests|series of protests]] in major cities. Jokowi defended the law by saying that it would be needed to create jobs and called for protesters to lodge a challenge instead to the [[Constitutional Court of Indonesia]].<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.reuters.com/article/us-indonesia-economy-protests-idUSKBN26X0WZ|title=Indonesia protests against new jobs law enter second week|publisher=Reuters|author=Beo Da Costa, Agustinus|date=12 OctoberOktober 2020|access-date=14 OctoberOktober 2020|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20201012205911/https://www.reuters.com/article/us-indonesia-economy-protests-idUSKBN26X0WZ|archive-date=12 OctoberOktober 2020}}</ref> The law, which revised over 70 previous laws and contained some 1,200 clauses, had been put forward by Jokowi following his 2019 re-election. Several groups had criticised the opaqueness of the government during the deliberation of the law.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/indonesias-new-omnibus-law-could-make-or-break-jokowis-legacy|title=Indonesia's new omnibus law could make or break Jokowi's legacy|publisher=The Straits Times|author=Arshad, Arlina|date=8 OctoberOktober 2020|access-date=14 OctoberOktober 2020|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20201008202112/https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/indonesias-new-omnibus-law-could-make-or-break-jokowis-legacy|archive-date=8 OctoberOktober 2020}}</ref> In the same year, Indonesia hit the lowest inflation level in history<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.cnbcindonesia.com/news/20201201120832-4-205967/inflasi-inti-terendah-dalam-sejarah-tanda-daya-beli-hancur|title=Inflasi Inti Terendah dalam Sejarah, Tanda Daya Beli Hancur!|publisher=CNBC Indonesia|language=id|author=Setiaji, Hidayat|date=1 DecemberDisember 2020|access-date=24 DecemberDisember 2020|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20201201060626/https://www.cnbcindonesia.com/news/20201201120832-4-205967/inflasi-inti-terendah-dalam-sejarah-tanda-daya-beli-hancur|archive-date=1 DecemberDisember 2020}}</ref> and faced the first economic recession since the 1997 Asian Financial crisis.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.reuters.com/article/us-indonesia-economy-gdp-idUSKBN27J0FN|title=Pandemic likely tipped Indonesia into first recession since 1998: Reuters poll|publisher=Reuters|date=3 November 2020|access-date=24 DecemberDisember 2020|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20201103082402/https://www.reuters.com/article/us-indonesia-economy-gdp-idUSKBN27J0FN|archive-date=3 November 2020}}</ref>
 
Secara keseluruhan, pentadbirannya merancang 265 projek infrastruktur bermula pada tahun 2016. [37] Pada September 2015, Indonesia menganugerahkan projek kereta api berkelajuan tinggi bernilai $ 5.5 bilion ke China,[38][39] kepada kekecewaan Jepun, yang juga berjuang untuk projek itu. [40] Kementerian pengangkutan Indonesia meletakkan kekurangan dalam rancangan untuk projek itu, menimbulkan keraguan terhadap projek itu dan menonjolkan had Jokowi dalam menjadikan projek-projek mega menjadi kenyataan kerana beliau cuba menarik pelabur asing. [41] Projek penting lain termasuk penyiapan jalan Trans Papua sepanjang 4,325 kilometer dan Jalan Tol Trans-Java,[42][43] pembinaan awal Kereta Api Trans-Sulawesi[44] dan Jalan Tol Trans-Sumatra,[45] pelan US$50 bilion untuk membangunkan sektor maritim termasuk 24 "pelabuhan strategik",[46] dan pengembangan kapasiti lapangan terbang di kawasan terpencil. [47] Program pembangunan dan pemodenan pelabuhan, yang digelar program "Jalan Tol Laut", bertujuan untuk mengurangkan ketidaksamaan harga antara bahagian barat negara yang lebih baik dan bahagian timur yang kurang penduduk
 
===Politics===
Early in his first term, the opposition coalition within the DPR attempted to revoke a regulation (''Perppu'', Government Regulation in Lieu of Acts) issued by Jokowi's predecessor, which had guaranteed the holding of direct regional elections in Indonesia (and overrode a legislator-issued bill which arranged for indirect elections).<ref>{{cite web|url=https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2014/10/02/21435921/Batalkan.Pilkada.Tak.Langsung.Presiden.SBY.Terbitkan.2.Perppu.|title=Batalkan Pilkada Tak Langsung, Presiden SBY Terbitkan 2 Perppu!|publisher=Kompas|language=id|author=Asril, Sabrina|date=2 OctoberOktober 2014|access-date=3 November 2019|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20141003002700/https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2014/10/02/21435921/Batalkan.Pilkada.Tak.Langsung.Presiden.SBY.Terbitkan.2.Perppu.|archive-date=3 OctoberOktober 2014}}</ref> Jokowi supported the direct regional elections and opposed attempts to revoke the regulation, stating that "direct regional elections was, in principle, non-negotiable".<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.beritasatu.com/nasional/230732/jokowi-pilkada-langsung-tidak-bisa-ditawar|title=Jokowi: Pilkada Langsung Tidak Bisa Ditawar|publisher=Berita Satu|language=id|author=Lumanauw, Novy|date=5 DecemberDisember 2014|access-date=3 November 2019|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20191103104828/https://www.beritasatu.com/nasional/230732/jokowi-pilkada-langsung-tidak-bisa-ditawar|archive-date=3 November 2019}}</ref> Within the first three years of his administration, Jokowi issued four such ''Perppu''.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://akurat.co/id-49685-read-tiga-tahun-jadi-presiden-ini-empat-perppu-yang-diteken-jokowi|title=Tiga Tahun Jadi Presiden, Ini Empat Perppu yang Diteken Jokowi|publisher=Akurat|language=id|author=Ainurrahman|date=15 JulyJulai 2017|access-date=3 November 2019|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200802201107/https://akurat.co/id-49685-read-tiga-tahun-jadi-presiden-ini-empat-perppu-yang-diteken-jokowi|archive-date=2 AugustOgos 2020}}</ref>
 
===Law and human rights===
{{See also|Bali Nine|Capital punishment in Indonesia}}
 
Judicial executions in Indonesia are carried out under a Presidential Decree following a death sentence imposed by a trial court.<ref>{{cite journal|title=Penetapan Presiden Nomor 2 Tahun 1964|journal=Pidana|date=17 April 1964|url=http://www.hukumonline.com/pusatdata/detail/lt4c7b8db0f2ffb/node/629|access-date=23 JulyJulai 2015}}</ref> Jokowi in 2015 said he would not grant [[clemency]] for drug offenders sentenced to death, arguing Indonesia was in a [[state of emergency]] over [[drug-related crime]]s, citing statistics the ''[[Jakarta Globe]]'' reported to be faulty.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2015/01/21/jokowi-refuses-budge-clemency-issue.html|title=Jokowi refuses to budge on clemency issue|publisher=The Jakarta Post|author=Ina Parlina; Margareth S. Aritonang; Severianus Endi|date=21 JanuaryJanuari 2015|access-date=6 JulyJulai 2015|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150123054353/https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2015/01/21/jokowi-refuses-budge-clemency-issue.html|archive-date=23 JanuaryJanuari 2015}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://thejakartaglobe.beritasatu.com/opinion/executions-based-on-faulty-stats/|title=Commentary: Indonesia's Executions of Drug Convicts Based on Faulty Stats|publisher=Jakarta Globe|author=Stoicescu, Claudia|date=6 FebruaryFebruari 2015|access-date=16 JulyJulai 2015|url-status=deadlive|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150804192807/http://thejakartaglobe.beritasatu.com/opinion/executions-based-on-faulty-stats/|archive-date=4 AugustOgos 2015}}</ref> His stance drew criticism as it could harm relations with the native countries of the condemned convicts,<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.theaustralian.com.au/news/inquirer/diplomacy-doomed-to-fail-andrew-chan-and-myuran-sukumaran/story-e6frg6z6-1227248329875|title=Diplomacy doomed to fail Andrew Chan and Myuran Sukumaran|publisher=The Australian|author=Peter Alford; Brendan Nicholson|date=5 MarchMac 2015|access-date=23 JulyJulai 2015}}</ref> and also imperil Indonesians facing the death penalty abroad.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2015/03/05/capital-punishment-jokowi-s-twin-policy-positions.html|title=Capital punishment 'Jokowi's twin policy positions|publisher=The Jakarta Post|author=Gill, Sarah|date=5 MarchMac 2015|access-date=8 AugustOgos 2015|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150309012239/https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2015/03/05/capital-punishment-jokowi-s-twin-policy-positions.html|archive-date=9 MarchMac 2015}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://thediplomat.com/2015/03/indonesias-death-penalty-hypocrisy/|title=Indonesia's Death Penalty Hypocrisy|publisher=The Diplomat|author=Coca, Nithin|date=3 MarchMac 2015|access-date=2 April 2016|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150318122024/https://thediplomat.com/2015/03/indonesias-death-penalty-hypocrisy/|archive-date=18 MarchMac 2015}}</ref> Australia, Brazil and the Netherlands recalled their ambassadors from Indonesia following multiple executions in 2015.<ref name="balinine">{{cite web|url=https://www.smh.com.au/world/bali-nine-executions-indonesia-responds-to-australia-withdrawing-ambassador-20150429-1mvzlp.html|title=Bali nine executions: Indonesia responds to Australia withdrawing ambassador|publisher=The Sydney Morning Herald|author=Topsfield, Jewel|date=29 April 2015|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150430043856/https://www.smh.com.au/world/bali-nine-executions-indonesia-responds-to-australia-withdrawing-ambassador-20150429-1mvzlp.html|archive-date=30 April 2015}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.smh.com.au/world/brazil-and-the-netherlands-recall-ambassadors-after-indonesian-executions-20150119-12sy5s.html|title=Brazil and the Netherlands recall ambassadors after Indonesian executions|publisher=The Sydney Morning Herald|author=Arshad, Arlina|date=19 JanuaryJanuari 2015|access-date=6 JuneJun 2015|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180831175059/https://www.smh.com.au/world/brazil-and-the-netherlands-recall-ambassadors-after-indonesian-executions-20150119-12sy5s.html|archive-date=31 AugustOgos 2018}}</ref> Australia reduced its foreign aid to Indonesia by nearly half,<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.smh.com.au/national/federal-budget-2015-foreign-aid-to-indonesia-cut-by-nearly-half-africa-aid-down-70-per-cent-20150512-1mzhal.html|title=Federal budget 2015: Foreign aid to Indonesia cut by nearly half, Africa aid down 70 per cent|publisher=The Sydney Morning Herald|author=Whyte, Sarah|date=13 MayMei 2015|access-date=23 JulyJulai 2015|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180831174648/https://www.smh.com.au/national/federal-budget-2015-foreign-aid-to-indonesia-cut-by-nearly-half-africa-aid-down-70-per-cent-20150512-1mzhal.html|archive-date=31 AugustOgos 2018}}</ref> and [[Amnesty International]] issued a condemnation saying they showed a "complete disregard for due process and human rights safeguards".<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2015/4/29/indonesia-executes-drug-smugglers-by-firing-squad|title=Indonesia executes drug smugglers by firing squad|publisher=Al Jazeera|date=29 April 2015|access-date=16 JulyJulai 2015|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20201124015215/https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2015/4/29/indonesia-executes-drug-smugglers-by-firing-squad|archive-date=24 November 2020}}</ref> Former [[Constitutional Court of Indonesia|Indonesian Constitutional Court]] chief justice [[Jimly Asshiddiqie]], who was a key player in the anti-death penalty lobby in Jakarta, said the push for the execution of Australians [[Myuran Sukumaran]] and [[Andrew Chan]] had come from Jokowi personally.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.smh.com.au/national/schapelle-corby-made-it-harder-to-save-andrew-chan-and-myuran-sukumaran-20150812-gix88f.html|title=Schapelle Corby made it harder to save Andrew Chan and Myuran Sukumaran|publisher=The Sydney Morning Herald|author=Bachelar, Michael|date=12 AugustOgos 2015|access-date=12 AugustOgos 2015|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150812212837/https://www.smh.com.au/national/schapelle-corby-made-it-harder-to-save-andrew-chan-and-myuran-sukumaran-20150812-gix88f.html|archive-date=12 AugustOgos 2015}}</ref> ''[[The Sydney Morning Herald]]'' reported that Jokowi did not have or read related documents when he refused their clemency requests.<ref name="documents">{{cite web|url=https://www.smh.com.au/world/bali-nine-executions-indonesias-president-did-not-have-all-the-documents-when-he-refused-clemency-20150218-13ii16.html|title=Bali nine executions: Indonesia's President did not have all the documents when he refused clemency|publisher=The Sydney Morning Herald|author=Allard, Tom; Topsfield, Jewel|date=19 FebruaryFebruari 2015|access-date=16 JulyJulai 2015|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150220135429/https://www.smh.com.au/world/bali-nine-executions-indonesias-president-did-not-have-all-the-documents-when-he-refused-clemency-20150218-13ii16.html|archive-date=20 FebruaryFebruari 2015}}</ref> In the same year, Jokowi granted Frenchman Serge Atlaoui and [[Filipinos|Filipino]] [[Mary Jane Veloso]] temporary reprieves due to pending legal appeals.<ref name="documents"/> As of 2017, around 260 people remain on death row in Indonesia.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://deathpenaltyworldwide.org/database/?country=Indonesia|title=Republic of Indonesia (Indonesia)|publisher=Cornell Law School|author=|date=1 OctoberOktober 2013|access-date=12 OctoberOktober 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20210225183617/https://deathpenaltyworldwide.org/database/?country=Indonesia|archive-date=25 FebruaryFebruari 2021}}</ref>
 
Regarding terrorism, Jokowi's administration in early 2016 proposed replacing the 2003 anti-terrorism law. Following the 2018 [[Surabaya bombings]], the worst terrorist attack on Indonesian soil since the [[2002 Bali bombings]], the controversial bill passed, allowing the [[Indonesian National Armed Forces]] to participate in [[counter-terrorism]] activities upon police request and presidential approval.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.reuters.com/article/us-indonesia-security-bill/indonesias-parliament-approves-tougher-anti-terror-laws-idUSKCN1IQ0DQ|title=Indonesia toughens up anti-terror laws days after worst attack in years|publisher=Reuters|author=Diela, Tabita|date=25 MayMei 2018|access-date=31 JulyJulai 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180525044106/https://www.reuters.com/article/us-indonesia-security-bill/indonesias-parliament-approves-tougher-anti-terror-laws-idUSKCN1IQ0DQ|archive-date=25 MayMei 2018}}</ref> It also allowed extended detention of terror suspects and permitted wiretapping without initial court approval.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/indonesias-anti-terror-bill-to-extend-detention|title=Indonesia's anti-terror Bill to extend detention|publisher=The Straits Times|author=Soeriaatmadja, Wahyudi|date=25 MayMei 2018|access-date=12 OctoberOktober 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180527064549/https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/indonesias-anti-terror-bill-to-extend-detention|archive-date=27 MayMei 2018}}</ref> Jokowi had threatened to issue a presidential regulation in lieu of law (''perppu'') if the bill did not pass the parliament by JuneJun that year.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2018/05/14/10574411/jika-pada-juni-ruu-antiterorisme-belum-selesai-jokowi-terbitkan-perppu|title=Jika pada Juni RUU Antiterorisme Belum Selesai, Jokowi Terbitkan Perppu|publisher=Kompas|language=id|author=Ihsanuddin|date=14 MayMei 2018|access-date=31 JulyJulai 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180731094453/https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2018/05/14/10574411/jika-pada-juni-ruu-antiterorisme-belum-selesai-jokowi-terbitkan-perppu|archive-date=31 JulyJulai 2018}}</ref>
 
During Jokowi's administration, there have been numerous instances where people were arrested or reported to police for activities deemed insulting to the president.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.liputan6.com/news/read/3065726/9-kasus-penghinaan-presiden-jokowi-berujung-bui|title=9 Kasus Penghinaan Presiden Jokowi Berujung Bui|publisher=Liputan6|language=id|author=Aridha, Apriana Nurul|date=21 AugustOgos 2017|access-date=9 OctoberOktober 2019|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180330210325/https://www.liputan6.com/news/read/3065726/9-kasus-penghinaan-presiden-jokowi-berujung-bui|archive-date=30 MarchMac 2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.kompasiana.com/ilyani/5c96c1e895760e473150d2e3/10-orang-ini-ditahan-karena-hina-jokowi?page=all|title=11 Orang ini Ditahan karena Hina/Fitnah Jokowi?|publisher=Kompasiana|language=id|date=24 MarchMac 2019|access-date=9 OctoberOktober 2019|url-status=deadlive|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20191105041131/https://www.kompasiana.com/ilyani/5c96c1e895760e473150d2e3/10-orang-ini-ditahan-karena-hina-jokowi?page=all|archive-date=5 November 2019}}</ref> Rights activists deem such arrests as a violation of the [[Constitution of Indonesia|Constitution]]'s guarantee of freedom of speech.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2019/08/28/21013541/pasal-penghinaan-presiden-pada-rkuhp-dianggap-bersifat-kolonial-dan-tak|title=Pasal Penghinaan Presiden pada RKUHP Dianggap Bersifat Kolonial dan Tak Demokratis|publisher=Kompas|language=id|author=Erdianto, Kristian|date=28 AugustOgos 2019|access-date=9 OctoberOktober 2019|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190828160826/https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2019/08/28/21013541/pasal-penghinaan-presiden-pada-rkuhp-dianggap-bersifat-kolonial-dan-tak|archive-date=28 AugustOgos 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://news.detik.com/berita/d-2986188/pasal-penghinaan-presiden-warisan-kolonial-dibatalkan-mk-dan-langgar-uud|title=Pasal Penghinaan Presiden Warisan Kolonial, Dibatalkan MK dan Langgar UUD|publisher=detik|language=id|author=Kami, Indah Mutiara|date=7 AugustOgos 2015|access-date=9 OctoberOktober 2019|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200803031926/https://news.detik.com/berita/d-2986188/pasal-penghinaan-presiden-warisan-kolonial-dibatalkan-mk-dan-langgar-uud|archive-date=3 AugustOgos 2020}}</ref> A group claiming to be Jokowi's supporters reported [[Tempo (Indonesian magazine)|''Tempo'']] magazine to police over a caricature of Jokowi as [[Pinocchio]],<ref>{{cite web|url=https://tirto.id/kontroversi-cover-tempo-saat-kritik-lewat-karya-dinilai-menghina-eifq|title=Kontroversi Cover Tempo: Saat Kritik Lewat Karya Dinilai Menghina|publisher=Tirto.id|language=id|author=Prabowo, Haris|date=18 September 2019|access-date=9 OctoberOktober 2019|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20191225034750/https://tirto.id/kontroversi-cover-tempo-saat-kritik-lewat-karya-dinilai-menghina-eifq|archive-date=25 DecemberDisember 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://tirto.id/pdip-tak-terima-sampul-majalah-tempo-sandingkan-jokowi-dan-pinokio-eibe|title=PDIP Tak Terima Sampul Majalah Tempo Sandingkan Jokowi dan Pinokio|publisher=Tirto.id|language=id|author=Septianto, Bayu|date=16 September 2019|access-date=9 OctoberOktober 2019|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200802203504/https://tirto.id/pdip-tak-terima-sampul-majalah-tempo-sandingkan-jokowi-dan-pinokio-eibe|archive-date=2 AugustOgos 2020}}</ref> after which the Presidential Palace issued a statement saying "the President respected freedom of press and speech".<ref>{{cite web|url=https://nasional.tempo.co/read/1252836/cover-majalah-tempo-istana-presiden-hormati-kebebasan-pers|title=Cover Majalah Tempo, Istana: Presiden Hormati Kebebasan Pers|publisher=Tempo|language=id|author=Sani, Ahmad Faiz Ibnu|date=26 September 2019|access-date=18 MayMei 2020|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190927022954/https://nasional.tempo.co/read/1252836/cover-majalah-tempo-istana-presiden-hormati-kebebasan-pers|archive-date=27 September 2019}}</ref> A book about Jokowi titled ''Jokowi Undercover'' was banned upon release and its author sentenced to three years in prison<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2017/05/29/jokowi-undercover-author-sentenced-to-three-years-in-prison.html|title='Jokowi Undercover' author sentenced to three years in prison|publisher=The Jakarta Post|author=Suherdjoko|date=29 MayMei 2017|access-date=9 OctoberOktober 2019|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170529164230/https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2017/05/29/jokowi-undercover-author-sentenced-to-three-years-in-prison.html|archive-date=29 MayMei 2017}}</ref> and buyers of the book being advised to surrender their copies to the authorities.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2017/01/06/buyers-urged-to-hand-over-copies-of-jokowi-undercover-to-authorities.html|title=Buyers urged to hand over copies of 'Jokowi Undercover' to authorities|publisher=The Jakarta Post|author=Aritonang, Margareth S.|date=6 JanuaryJanuari 2017|access-date=9 OctoberOktober 2019|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170107102334/https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2017/01/06/buyers-urged-to-hand-over-copies-of-jokowi-undercover-to-authorities.html|archive-date=7 JanuaryJanuari 2017}}</ref> ''Tempo'' magazine described the 436-page book as "trashy and tasteless, a compilation of hoax reports on President Joko Widodo, scattered across the internet and cyber chatrooms".<ref>{{cite web|url=https://en.tempo.co/read/835724/much-ado-over-a-nothing-book|title=Much Ado over a Nothing Book|publisher=Tempo|date=13 JanuaryJanuari 2017|access-date=3 MarchMac 2021}}</ref> The government's plans to resurrect a Dutch colonial law that would permit imprisonment for insulting the president [[2019 Indonesian protests and riots|resulted in widespread protests]].<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/sep/24/thousands-protest-against-new-criminal-code-across-indonesia|title=Thousands protest against new criminal code in Indonesia|work=The Guardian|author=Lamb, Kate|date=24 September 2019|access-date=17 OctoberOktober 2019|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190924185403/https://www.theguardian.com/world/2019/sep/24/thousands-protest-against-new-criminal-code-across-indonesia|archive-date=24 September 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://aceh.tribunnews.com/2019/05/15/perjalanan-kasus-remaja-yang-ancam-tembak-jokowi-tak-ditahan-dan-dikembalikan-ke-orangtuanya|title=Perjalanan Kasus Remaja yang Ancam Tembak Jokowi, Tak Ditahan dan Dikembalikan ke Orangtuanya|publisher=Tribunnews|language=id|date=15 MayMei 2019|access-date=9 OctoberOktober 2019}}</ref> A Law Firm and Public Interest Law Office (AMAR) institution later reported following the protests that they received many complaints of students regarding threats and sanctions of expulsion or suspension from their schools and universities.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://tirto.id/pembungkaman-ala-forum-rektor-dan-jokowi-larang-mahasiswa-demo-ejeG|title=Pembungkaman ala Forum Rektor dan Jokowi: Larang Mahasiswa Demo|publisher=Tirto.id|language=id|author=Briantika, Adi|date=5 OctoberOktober 2019|access-date=18 MayMei 2020|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200802190258/https://tirto.id/pembungkaman-ala-forum-rektor-dan-jokowi-larang-mahasiswa-demo-ejeG|archive-date=2 AugustOgos 2020}}</ref> In addition, a remission granted to a journalist's murderer was revoked following media criticism.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2019/01/22/aji-denpasar-lambasts-jokowi-for-granting-remission-to-journalists-murderer.html|title=AJI Denpasar lambasts Jokowi for granting remission to journalist's murderer|publisher=The Jakarta Post|author=Erviani, Ni Komang|date=22 JanuaryJanuari 2019|access-date=9 OctoberOktober 2019|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200220150804/https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2019/01/22/aji-denpasar-lambasts-jokowi-for-granting-remission-to-journalists-murderer.html|archive-date=20 FebruaryFebruari 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2019/02/09/14461851/presiden-jokowi-batalkan-remisi-untuk-pembunuh-wartawan|title=Presiden Jokowi Batalkan Remisi untuk Pembunuh Wartawan|publisher=Kompas|language=id|author=Kuwado, Fabian Januarius|date=9 FebruaryFebruari 2019|access-date=9 OctoberOktober 2019|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190209143833/https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2019/02/09/14461851/presiden-jokowi-batalkan-remisi-untuk-pembunuh-wartawan|archive-date=9 FebruaryFebruari 2019}}</ref>
 
[[File:Tolak Omnibus Law.jpg|thumb|Since 2019, [[Indonesia omnibus law protests#See also|a series of mass protests and civil unrests]] were held across the country against some controversial policies.]]
In response to major protests, Jokowi's administration has generated some controversies. On 22 MayMei 2019, amid post-election riots by supporters of losing presidential candidate Prabowo Subianto, the government limited the speed at which photos and videos could be shared on social media to stop people from being incited by fake news and calls for violence.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/life/2019/05/22/jakarta-riot-government-temporarily-limits-access-to-social-media-messaging-apps.html|title=Jakarta riot: Government temporarily limits access to social media, messaging apps|publisher=The Jakarta Post|author=Tehusijarana, Karina M.; Valentina, Jessicha|date=22 MayMei 2019|access-date=3 MarchMac 2021|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190524081309/https://www.thejakartapost.com/life/2019/05/22/jakarta-riot-government-temporarily-limits-access-to-social-media-messaging-apps.html|archive-date=24 MayMei 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.reuters.com/article/uk-indonesia-election-socialmedia-idUKKCN1SS1MM|title=Indonesia curbs social media, blaming hoaxes for inflaming unrest|publisher=Reuters|author=Potkin, Fanny|date=22 MayMei 2019|access-date=3 MarchMac 2021}}</ref> In the aftermath, [[Amnesty International]]'s Indonesian office denounced repressive measures against the demonstrators, condemned them as a grave human rights abuse and demanded the government investigate the extrajudicial executions in the clashes.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.amnesty.org/en/documents/asa21/0577/2019/en/|title=Indonesia: Open letter on torture or other ill-treatment by the police in the mass protest following the election result announcement of 21–23 MayMei 2019 |publisher=Amnesty International|date=25 JuneJun 2019|access-date=9 OctoberOktober 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://thediplomat.com/2019/09/is-indonesia-losing-its-war-on-corruption-under-jokowi/|title=Is Indonesia Losing Its War on Corruption Under Jokowi?|publisher=The Diplomat|author=Cook, Erin|date=20 September 2019|access-date=20 DecemberDisember 2020|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190920233211/https://thediplomat.com/2019/09/is-indonesia-losing-its-war-on-corruption-under-jokowi/|archive-date=20 September 2019}}</ref> In AugustOgos and September 2019, the government blocked internet access in Papua and West Papua provinces amid [[2019 Papua protests|violent protests]] against racism. Jakarta State Administrative Court in 2020 ruled the internet blocks in Papua illegal.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2020/06/03/internet-ban-during-antiracism-unrest-in-papua-deemed-illegal.html|title=Internet ban during Papua antiracist unrest ruled unlawful|publisher=The Jakarta Post|author=Fiqih Prawira Adjie, Moch.|date=3 JuneJun 2020|access-date=3 MarchMac 2021|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200603164348/https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2020/06/03/internet-ban-during-antiracism-unrest-in-papua-deemed-illegal.html|archive-date=3 JuneJun 2020}}</ref>
 
In 2017, Jokowi supported a controversial bill on mass organisations, which upon passing resulted in the disbandment of the Indonesian branch of [[Hizb ut-Tahrir]]. He argued the law was necessary to defend the national ideology, [[Pancasila (politics)|Pancasila]].<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.cnnindonesia.com/nasional/20171026105856-20-251210/jokowi-tegaskan-uu-ormas-untuk-lindungi-pancasila|title=Jokowi Tegaskan UU Ormas untuk Lindungi Pancasila|publisher=CNN Indonesia|language=id|author=Stefanie, Christie|date=26 OctoberOktober 2017|access-date=27 September 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20171026092328/https://www.cnnindonesia.com/nasional/20171026105856-20-251210/jokowi-tegaskan-uu-ormas-untuk-lindungi-pancasila|archive-date=26 OctoberOktober 2017}}</ref> The 2020 banning of the [[Islamic Defenders Front]] (FPI) was also based on that law.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://nasional.tempo.co/read/1418861/fpi-dilarang-pakar-hukum-kritik-uu-ormas-yang-khas-orde-baru|title=FPI Dilarang, Pakar Hukum Kritik UU Ormas yang Khas Orde Baru|publisher=Tempo|language=id|author=Nurita, Dewi|date=30 DecemberDisember 2020|access-date=5 MarchMac 2021|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20201231103535/https://nasional.tempo.co/read/1418861/fpi-dilarang-pakar-hukum-kritik-uu-ormas-yang-khas-orde-baru|archive-date=31 DecemberDisember 2020}}</ref> Twenty-three days' earlier, police had shot deadlive six FPI members during a confrontation.<ref name="6supporter">{{cite web|url=https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/12/7/indonesia-police-kill-six-suspected-supporters-of-hardline-cleric|title=Indonesia police kill six suspected supporters of hardline leader|publisher=Al Jazeera|date=7 DecemberDisember 2020|access-date=10 JanuaryJanuari 2021|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20201207080309/https://www.aljazeera.com/news/2020/12/7/indonesia-police-kill-six-suspected-supporters-of-hardline-cleric|archive-date=7 DecemberDisember 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.abc.net.au/indonesian/2020-12-08/tewasnya-enam-orang-fpi-harus-diusut-tanpa-timbulkan-konflik/12960698?nw=0|title=Tewasnya Enam Orang Pendukung FPI Diminta Diusut Tanpa Menimbulkan Lebih Banyak Konflik|publisher=ABC News Australia|language=id|author=Renaldi, Erwin|date=10 DecemberDisember 2020|access-date=24 DecemberDisember 2020|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20210304111225/https://www.abc.net.au/indonesian/2020-12-08/tewasnya-enam-orang-fpi-harus-diusut-tanpa-timbulkan-konflik/12960698?nw=0|archive-date=4 MarchMac 2021}}</ref> The president's subsequent [[Qualified immunity|defence of the police]] during their duty and his statement that no citizens should break the law or harm the country<ref>{{cite web|url=https://tirto.id/jokowi-buka-suara-soal-tewasnya-laskar-fpi-hukum-harus-ditegakkan-f768|title=Jokowi Buka Suara soal Tewasnya Laskar FPI: Hukum Harus Ditegakkan|publisher=Tirto.id|language=id|author=Syambudi, Irwan|date=13 DecemberDisember 2020|access-date=24 DecemberDisember 2020|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20201213081512/https://tirto.id/jokowi-buka-suara-soal-tewasnya-laskar-fpi-hukum-harus-ditegakkan-f768|archive-date=13 DecemberDisember 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://republika.co.id/berita/ql9mcv428/soal-tewasnya-6-laskar-fpi-ini-tanggapan-jokowi|title=Soal Tewasnya 6 Laskar FPI, Ini Tanggapan Jokowi|publisher=Republika|language=id|author=Candra, Sapto Andika|date=13 DecemberDisember 2020|access-date=24 DecemberDisember 2020|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20201215135645/https://republika.co.id/berita/ql9mcv428/soal-tewasnya-6-laskar-fpi-ini-tanggapan-jokowi|archive-date=15 DecemberDisember 2020}}</ref> was criticised by FPI Secretary-General Munarman as a justification of human rights abuse and [[structural violence]].<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.suaramerdeka.com/news/nasional/249746-fpi-kecam-pernyataan-jokowi-soal-tewasnya-6-pengawal-habib-rizieq|title=FPI Kecam Pernyataan Jokowi Soal Tewasnya 6 Pengawal Habib Rizieq|publisher=Suara Merdeka|language=id|date=15 DecemberDisember 2020|access-date=24 DecemberDisember 2020}}</ref> A police chief involved in the car chase and subsequent murder claimed that the members were armed.<ref name="6supporter"/> After the passing of several controversial bills and repressive crackdowns from security officers on major protests since 2019,<ref>{{cite web|url=https://en.tempo.co/read/1249686/expert-deems-law-revisions-as-a-return-of-the-new-order|title=Expert Deems Law Revisions as a Return of the New Order|publisher=Tempo|author=Putri, Budiarti Utami|date=19 September 2019|access-date=24 DecemberDisember 2020|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190920221042/https://en.tempo.co/read/1249686/expert-deems-law-revisions-as-a-return-of-the-new-order|archive-date=20 September 2019}}</ref> his presidency has been criticised for "Neo-Authoritarianism".<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.eastasiaforum.org/2017/11/07/jokowi-in-indonesias-neo-new-order/|title=Jokowi in Indonesia's 'Neo-New Order'|publisher=East Asia Forum|author=Lindsey, Tim|date=7 November 2017|access-date=24 DecemberDisember 2020|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20171107035600/https://www.eastasiaforum.org/2017/11/07/jokowi-in-indonesias-neo-new-order/|archive-date=7 November 2017}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.demokrasi.co.id/2020/12/akademisi-unair-era-jokowi-menunjukan.html|title=Akademisi Unair: Era Jokowi Menunjukan Neo Otoritarianisme|publisher=Demokrasi.co.id|language=id|date=10 DecemberDisember 2020|access-date=24 DecemberDisember 2020|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20201210110401/https://www.demokrasi.co.id/2020/12/akademisi-unair-era-jokowi-menunjukan.html|archive-date=10 DecemberDisember 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.cnnindonesia.com/nasional/20200614142106-20-513183/lp3es-sebut-indonesia-penuhi-empat-kriteria-negara-otoriter|title=LP3ES Sebut Indonesia Penuhi Empat Kriteria Negara Otoriter|publisher=CNN Indonesia|language=id|date=14 JuneJun 2020|access-date=24 DecemberDisember 2020|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200709225316/https://www.cnnindonesia.com/nasional/20200614142106-20-513183/lp3es-sebut-indonesia-penuhi-empat-kriteria-negara-otoriter|archive-date=9 JulyJulai 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite news|url=https://www.economist.com/asia/2020/10/15/how-not-to-reform-indonesia|title=How not to reform Indonesia|newspaper=The Economist|author=Banyan|date=15 OctoberOktober 2020|access-date=20 DecemberDisember 2020|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20201018115733/https://www.economist.com/asia/2020/10/15/how-not-to-reform-indonesia|archive-date=18 OctoberOktober 2020}}</ref> ''South China Morning Post'' even named him a 'Little [[Suharto]]'<ref name="little">{{cite web|url=https://www.scmp.com/week-asia/politics/article/3109116/little-suharto-indonesian-leader-widodos-move-place-twitter|title='Little Suharto'? Indonesian leader Widodo's places Twitter personalities, allies in key posts, sparking backlash |publisher=South China Morning Post|author=Yuniar, Resty Woro|date=10 November 2020|access-date=10 November 2020|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20201110020320/https://www.scmp.com/week-asia/politics/article/3109116/little-suharto-indonesian-leader-widodos-move-place-twitter|archive-date=10 November 2020}}</ref>
 
A premium price hike of public health care [[BPJS Kesehatan]] through Executive Order (''Perpres'') 64/2020 was criticised as a flagrant breach of permanent [[Supreme Court of Indonesia|Supreme Court]] (''Mahkamah Agung'') decision<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.merdeka.com/peristiwa/putusan-ma-batalkan-kenaikan-iuran-bpjs-tidak-bisa-diganggu-gugat.html|title=Putusan MA Batalkan Kenaikan Iuran BPJS Tidak Bisa Diganggu Gugat|publisher=Merdeka|language=id|date=9 MarchMac 2020|access-date=24 DecemberDisember 2020|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200310163044/https://www.merdeka.com/peristiwa/putusan-ma-batalkan-kenaikan-iuran-bpjs-tidak-bisa-diganggu-gugat.html|archive-date=10 MarchMac 2020}}</ref> that nullified the Perpres 82/2018 about the price hike. The ''Perpres'' 64/2020 itself was signed amid the COVID-19 pandemic that had caused hardship among the population.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.merdeka.com/foto/peristiwa/1177419/20200515120813-bpjs-kesehatan-naik-di-tengah-pandemi-001-nirmatullah-efendi.html|title=BPJS Kesehatan Naik di Tengah Pandemi|publisher=Merdeka|language=id|date=15 MayMei 2020|access-date=24 DecemberDisember 2020|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200515062530/https://www.merdeka.com/foto/peristiwa/1177419/20200515120813-bpjs-kesehatan-naik-di-tengah-pandemi-001-nirmatullah-efendi.html|archive-date=15 MayMei 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.merdeka.com/politik/iuran-bpjs-kesehatan-naik-demokrat-sebut-jokowi-permainkan-putusan-ma.html|title=Iuran BPJS Kesehatan Naik, Demokrat Sebut Jokowi Permainkan Putusan MA|publisher=Merdeka|language=id|date=14 MayMei 2020|access-date=24 DecemberDisember 2020|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200519083706/https://www.merdeka.com/politik/iuran-bpjs-kesehatan-naik-demokrat-sebut-jokowi-permainkan-putusan-ma.html|archive-date=19 MayMei 2020}}</ref> His former Deputy MayorMeior of Surakarta, [[F. X. Hadi Rudyatmo]], also voiced similar concerns.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.cnnindonesia.com/nasional/20200514192321-32-503520/bpjs-naik-walkot-solo-anggap-jokowi-sengsarakan-rakyat|title=BPJS Naik, Walkot Solo Anggap Jokowi Sengsarakan Rakyat|publisher=CNN Indonesia|language=id|date=14 MayMei 2020|access-date=24 DecemberDisember 2020|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200515081922/https://www.cnnindonesia.com/nasional/20200514192321-32-503520/bpjs-naik-walkot-solo-anggap-jokowi-sengsarakan-rakyat|archive-date=15 MayMei 2020}}</ref>
 
Jokowi's presidency coincided with the 50th anniversary of the [[Indonesian mass killings of 1965–66]] in 2015. A government-supported symposium to resolve human rights violations surrounding the event was held in 2016, but Jokowi said his government would not apologise to the victims of the mass purge.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://jakartaglobe.id/news/jokowi-rules-apology-defunct-communist-party-1965/|title=Jokowi Rules Out Apology to Defunct Communist Party for 1965 |publisher=Jakarta Globe|author=Wardi, Robertus; Prasetyo, Eko|date=28 JuneJun 2016|access-date=3 JanuaryJanuari 2019|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190103110555/https://jakartaglobe.id/news/jokowi-rules-apology-defunct-communist-party-1965/|archive-date=3 JanuaryJanuari 2019}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://time.com/4298769/indonesia-national-symposium-1965-killings/|title=There Were No Apologies at Indonesia's First Hearing Into the Savage Killings of 1965|publisher=Time|author=Kwok, Yenny|date=19 April 2016|access-date=3 JanuaryJanuari 2019|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160420090610/https://time.com/4298769/indonesia-national-symposium-1965-killings/|archive-date=20 April 2016}}</ref> On [[LGBT rights]], Jokowi stated that "there should be no discrimination against anyone", but added that "in terms of our beliefs, [the LGBT lifestyle] isn't allowed, Islam does not allow it."<ref>{{cite web|url=https://time.com/4537925/indonesias-president-finally-speaks-out-against-worsening-anti-lgbt-discrimination/|title=Indonesia's President Finally Speaks Out Against Worsening Anti-LGBT Discrimination|publisher=Time|author=Parmar, Tekendra|date=20 OctoberOktober 2016|access-date=3 JanuaryJanuari 2019|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20161112163015/https://time.com/4537925/indonesias-president-finally-speaks-out-against-worsening-anti-lgbt-discrimination/|archive-date=12 November 2016}}</ref> Under his presidency, the controversial [[transmigration program]] was cut once more, when in 2015, it was decided to end the migration program to the Papuan provinces.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2015/06/04/18471741/Jokowi.Hentikan.Transmigrasi.ke.Papua|title=Jokowi Hentikan Transmigrasi ke Papua|publisher=Kompas|language=id|author=Asril, Sabrina|date=4 JuneJun 2015|access-date=20 AugustOgos 2019|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150607061922/https://nasional.kompas.com/read/2015/06/04/18471741/Jokowi.Hentikan.Transmigrasi.ke.Papua|archive-date=7 JuneJun 2015}}</ref>
 
===Foreign policy===
{{See also|List of international presidential trips made by Joko Widodo}}
[[File:С Президентом Республики Индонезии Джоко Видодо.jpg|thumb|Joko Widodo and Russian President [[Vladimir Putin]], 20 MayMei 2016]]
[[File:Jokowi Salman 2017 crop.jpg|thumb|Joko Widodo and [[Salman of Saudi Arabia]], 1 MarchMac 2017]]
[[File:Joko Widodo and Muhyiddin Yassin.jpg|thumb|Joko Widodo and [[Prime Minister of Malaysia]] [[Muhyiddin Yassin]] in [[Istana Merdeka]], 5 FebruaryFebruari 2021]]
Before Jokowi's election, Indonesia's foreign policy under former President SBY was moulded by the mission statement, "A thousand friends and zero enemies".<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.idsa.in/issuebrief/IndonesiasNewForeignPolicy|title=Indonesia's New Foreign Policy – 'Thousand friends- zero enemy'|publisher=Institute for Defence Studies and Analysis|author=Puspitasari, Irfa|date=23 AugustOgos 2010|access-date=25 JulyJulai 2015|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20100826062652/https://www.idsa.in/issuebrief/IndonesiasNewForeignPolicy|archive-date=26 AugustOgos 2010}}</ref> Jokowi has mandated a three-pronged policy of maintaining Indonesia's sovereignty, enhancing the protection of Indonesian citizens, and intensifying economic diplomacy.<ref name="sovereignty">{{cite web|url=https://thediplomat.com/2015/01/the-trouble-with-indonesias-foreign-policy-priorities-under-jokowi/|title=The Trouble With Indonesia's Foreign Policy Priorities Under Jokowi|publisher=The Diplomat|author=Parameswaran, Prashanth|date=9 JanuaryJanuari 2015|access-date=25 JulyJulai 2015|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150214171505/https://thediplomat.com/2015/01/the-trouble-with-indonesias-foreign-policy-priorities-under-jokowi/|archive-date=14 FebruaryFebruari 2015}}</ref>
 
Jokowi aspires Indonesia to become a global maritime power ({{lang-id|poros maritim dunia}} or global maritime axis). He sees the sea as having an increasingly important role in Indonesia's future and that as a maritime country, Indonesia must assert itself as a force between the two oceans: the [[Indian Ocean]] and the [[Pacific Ocean]]. The five pillars of this maritime-axis doctrine are rebuilding Indonesia's maritime culture, maintaining and managing marine resources, developing maritime infrastructure and connectivity as well as developing the shipping industry and maritime tourism, inviting other nations to cooperate in the marine field and eliminate the source of conflicts at sea, and developing maritime defence forces.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2014/11/13/jokowi-launches-maritime-doctrine-world.html|title=Jokowi launches maritime doctrine to the world|publisher=The Jakarta Post|author=Witular, Rendi A.|date=13 November 2014|access-date=14 April 2016|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20141117041906/https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2014/11/13/jokowi-launches-maritime-doctrine-world.html|archive-date=17 November 2014}}</ref> As part of this vision, Jokowi has adopted a tougher stance on illegal fishing.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/indonesia-blows-up-and-sinks-another-81-fishing-boats-for-poaching|title=Indonesia blows up and sinks another 81 fishing boats for poaching|publisher=The Straits Times|author=Chan, Francis|date=2 April 2017|access-date=10 OctoberOktober 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170402081833/https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/indonesia-blows-up-and-sinks-another-81-fishing-boats-for-poaching|archive-date=2 April 2017}}</ref> He stated that Jakarta could no longer tolerate a situation where over 5,000 ships are operating illegally in its waters every day, making a mockery out of Indonesian sovereignty and resulting in annual losses of over $20 billion.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://thediplomat.com/2015/01/explaining-indonesias-sink-the-vessels-policy-under-jokowi/|title=Explaining Indonesia's 'Sink The Vessels' Policy Under Jokowi|publisher=The Diplomat|author=Parameswaran, Prashanth|date=13 JanuaryJanuari 2015|access-date=18 JulyJulai 2015|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150125034604/https://thediplomat.com/2015/01/explaining-indonesias-sink-the-vessels-policy-under-jokowi/|archive-date=25 JanuaryJanuari 2015}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://economy.okezone.com/read/2014/12/10/320/1077248/terapi-kejut-jokowi-bagi-pencuri-ikan-asing|title=Terapi Kejut Jokowi Bagi Pencuri Ikan Asing|publisher=Okezone|language=id|date=10 DecemberDisember 2014|access-date=15 April 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150713052233/https://economy.okezone.com/read/2014/12/10/320/1077248/terapi-kejut-jokowi-bagi-pencuri-ikan-asing|archive-date=13 JulyJulai 2015}}</ref>
 
On the [[territorial disputes in the South China Sea]], particularly in the [[Natuna Islands]] where China's [[nine-dash line]] intercepts Indonesian [[Exclusive economic zone|EEZ]] claims, Jokowi stated that "there will be no compromise on sovereignty",<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/no-compromise-on-sovereignty-over-natuna-islands-despite-china-claims-indonesias-joko|title=No compromise on sovereignty over Natuna Islands despite China claims: Indonesia's Jokowi|publisher=The Straits Times|date=5 November 2016|access-date=21 AugustOgos 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20161106163438/https://www.straitstimes.com/asia/se-asia/no-compromise-on-sovereignty-over-natuna-islands-despite-china-claims-indonesias-joko|archive-date=6 November 2016}}</ref> and renamed Indonesia's section of the waters in the [[South China Sea]] as "North Natuna Sea".<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.reuters.com/article/uk-indonesia-politics-map-idUKKBN19Z0YU?edition-redirect=uk|title=Asserting sovereignty, Indonesia renames part of South China Sea|publisher=Reuters|author=Allard, Tom; Munthe, Bernadette Christina|date=14 JulyJulai 2017|access-date=21 AugustOgos 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20210116191055/https://www.reuters.com/article/uk-indonesia-politics-map-idUKKBN19Z0YU?edition-redirect=uk|archive-date=16 JanuaryJanuari 2021}}</ref> In JuneJun 2016, he held a cabinet meeting off the islands aboard the [[Indonesian Navy]] corvette [[KRI Imam Bonjol (383)|KRI ''Imam Bonjol'']], calling to step up maritime patrols in the area.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.reuters.com/article/idUSKCN0Z909D|title=Indonesia president visits islands on warship, makes point to China|publisher=Reuters|author=Kapoor, Kanupriya; Jensen, Fergus|date=23 JuneJun 2016|access-date=21 AugustOgos 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180821223139/https://www.reuters.com/article/idUSKCN0Z909D|archive-date=21 AugustOgos 2018}}</ref> Under his administration, Indonesia has released an "Indo-Pacific Vision" for [[Association of Southeast Asian Nations|ASEAN]] countries, which calls for regional architecture and considers the [[Indian Ocean|Indian]] and [[Pacific Ocean]]s as a single interconnected geostrategic area.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.scmp.com/week-asia/geopolitics/article/2173934/indonesias-indo-pacific-vision-call-asean-stick-together|title=Indonesia's Indo-Pacific vision is a call for Asean to stick together instead of picking sides|publisher=South China Morning Post|author=Laksamana, Evan A.|date=20 November 2018|access-date=3 JanuaryJanuari 2019|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20181120041216/https://www.scmp.com/week-asia/geopolitics/article/2173934/indonesias-indo-pacific-vision-call-asean-stick-together|archive-date=20 November 2018}}</ref> Indonesia also entered a trilateral cooperation agreement with Malaysia and the Philippines, allowing coordinated patrols in the pirate-infested [[Sulu Sea]].<ref>{{cite journal |last1=Weatherbee |first1=Donald E. |title=Indonesia's Foreign Policy in 2016: Garuda Hovering |journal=Southeast Asian Affairs |date=2017|pages=172 |issn=0377-5437|jstor=26492600 }}</ref>
 
In the Muslim world, Jokowi released a statement calling for the [[Muslim world|Muslim]] leaders at the [[Organisation of Islamic Cooperation]] summit meeting in [[Jakarta]] to unite in reconciliation and push for [[State of Palestine|Palestinian]] independence.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2016/03/07/jokowi-calls-unity-reconciliation-palestine.html|title=Jokowi calls for unity for reconciliation in Palestine|publisher=The Jakarta Post|author=Yosephine, Liza|date=7 MarchMac 2016|access-date=7 MarchMac 2016|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160308095123/https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2016/03/07/jokowi-calls-unity-reconciliation-palestine.html|archive-date=8 MarchMac 2016}}</ref> Under Jokowi, Indonesia's Foreign Minister has visited Palestine but refused entreaties to establish bilateral diplomatic relations with Israel.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2016/03/31/indonesia-rejects-israels-latest-call-for-bilateral-relations.html|title=Indonesia rejects Israel's latest call for bilateral relations|publisher=The Jakarta Post|date=31 MarchMac 2016|access-date=18 April 2016|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160402032815/https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2016/03/31/indonesia-rejects-israels-latest-call-for-bilateral-relations.html|archive-date=2 April 2016}}</ref> An [[honorary consul]] was established in [[Ramallah]] in the [[West Bank]] though it had to be inaugurated in [[Amman]], [[Jordan]].{{sfn|Weatherbee|2017|p=173}} Jokowi also condemned the [[Rohingya persecution in Myanmar (2016–present)|persecution of Rohingya Muslims]] in [[Myanmar]] and oversaw the departure of four [[Indonesian Air Force]] transport planes with 34 tons of relief supplies for [[Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh]].<ref>{{cite web|url=https://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory/latest-irans-supreme-leader-condemns-myanmar-violence-49785622|title=The Latest: Indonesia sends 34 tons of aid for Rohingya|publisher=ABC News|date=12 September 2017|access-date=14 September 2017|url-status=deadlive|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170922080708/https://abcnews.go.com/International/wireStory/latest-irans-supreme-leader-condemns-myanmar-violence-49785622|archive-date=22 September 2017}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asiapacific/indonesian-president-jokowi-deplores-violence-against-rohingya-9182930|title=Indonesian President Jokowi deplores violence against Rohingya|publisher=Channel News Asia|date=4 September 2017|access-date=14 September 2017|url-status=deadlive|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170904063025/http://www.channelnewsasia.com/news/asiapacific/indonesian-president-jokowi-deplores-violence-against-rohingya-9182930|archive-date=4 September 2017}}</ref>
 
===Capital relocation===
By April 2019, it was made public that Jokowi had decided in a meeting with cabinet ministers to move the [[capital of Indonesia]] away from Jakarta to a location outside [[Java]].<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2019/04/29/jokowi-wants-to-move-capital-out-of-java.html|title=Jokowi wants to move capital out of Java|publisher=The Jakarta Post|author= Marguerite Afra, Sapiie|date=29 April 2019|access-date=25 September 2019|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190430032723/https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2019/04/29/jokowi-wants-to-move-capital-out-of-java.html|archive-date=30 April 2019}}</ref> On 25 AugustOgos 2019, it was further announced that the new capital would be located in [[Kalimantan]], between the regencies of [[North Penajam Paser]] and [[Kutai Kartanegara]].<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-08-26/jokowi-picks-borneo-for-new-capital-as-jakarta-nears-gridlock|title=Indonesia Picks Borneo for New Capital Amid Jakarta Gridlock|publisher=Bloomberg|author=Aditya, Arys; Sipahutar, Tassia; Rahadiana, Rieka|date=26 AugustOgos 2019|access-date=25 September 2019|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190827022714/https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2019-08-26/jokowi-picks-borneo-for-new-capital-as-jakarta-nears-gridlock|archive-date=27 AugustOgos 2019}}</ref>
 
==Multilateral meetings==
3,795

suntingan