Keseimbangan termodinamik: Perbezaan antara semakan

Kemaskini.
(Dicipta dengan menterjemah laman "Thermodynamic equilibrium")
 
(Kemaskini.)
 
'''Keseimbangan termodinamik''' ialah konsep [[Aksiom|aksiomatik]] [[termodinamik]]. Ia merupakan keadaan dalaman untuk satu sistem termodinamik, atau hubungan antara beberapa sistem termodinamik dihubungkan oleh lebih kurang telap atau telap dinding. Dalam keseimbangan termodinamik tidak ada aliran makroskopik [[Jirim|bersih jirim]] atau [[tenaga]], sama ada dalam sistem atau antara sistem.
 
== Bibliografi dipetik ==
 
* Adkins, C.J. (1968/1983). ''Equilibrium Thermodynamics'', third edition, McGraw-Hill, London, {{ISBN|0-521-25445-0}}.
* Bailyn, M. (1994). ''A Survey of Thermodynamics'', American Institute of Physics Press, New York, {{ISBN|0-88318-797-3}}.
* Waldram, J.R. (1985). ''The Theory of Thermodynamics'', Cambridge University Press, Cambridge UK, {{ISBN|0-521-24575-3}}.
* Zemansky, M. (1937/1968). ''Heat and Thermodynamics. An Intermediate Textbook'', fifth edition 1967, McGraw–Hill Book Company, New York.
 
==Pautan luar==
*[http://ads.harvard.edu/books/1989fsa..book/AbookC15.pdf Breakdown of Local Thermodynamic Equilibrium] George W. Collins, The Fundamentals of Stellar Astrophysics, Chapter 15
*[http://spiff.rit.edu/classes/phys440/lectures/lte/lte.html Thermodynamic Equilibrium, Local and otherwise] lecture by Michael Richmond
*[http://journals.ametsoc.org/doi/abs/10.1175/1520-0469%281970%29027%3C0711:NLTEIC%3E2.0.CO%3B2 Non-Local Thermodynamic Equilibrium in Cloudy Planetary Atmospheres] Paper by R. E. Samueison quantifying the effects due to non-LTE in an atmosphere
*[http://scienceworld.wolfram.com/physics/LocalThermodynamicEquilibrium.html Local Thermodynamic Equilibrium]
 
[[Kategori:Termodinamik]]