Sel (biologi): Perbezaan antara semakan

10 bait ditambah ,  3 bulan lalu
tiada ringkasan suntingan
Tiada ringkasan suntingan
Tiada ringkasan suntingan
 
==Etimologi==
Perkataan "cell" (sel) datang dari [[bahasa Latin]] "cellula" bermaksud sebuah bilik kecil.<ref name="npr12">{{Multiref|{{Cite web |date=September 17, 2010 |title=The Origins Of The Word 'Cell' |url=https://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=129934828&t=1628175572746 |url-status=live |archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20210805150111/https://www.npr.org/templates/story/story.php?storyId=129934828&t=1628175572746 |archive-date=5 Ogos 2021 |access-date=5 Ogos 2021-08-05 |website=[[National Public Radio]] }}|{{cite encyclopedia|title= cellŭla|encyclopedia= [[A Latin Dictionary]]|year= 1879|publisher= Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short|url= http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus:text:1999.04.0059:entry=cellula|access-date= 5 Ogos 2021|isbn= 978-1-99-985578-9|archive-date= 7 August 2021|archive-url= https://web.archive.org/web/20210807122358/http://www.perseus.tufts.edu/hopper/text?doc=Perseus%3Atext%3A1999.04.0059%3Aentry%3Dcellula|url-status= live}}}}</ref> Nama deskriptif untuk hidup paling kecil struktur biologi telah dipilih oleh [[Robert Hooke]] dalam sebuah buku ditulisnya pada tahun 1665, ia datang daripada pemerhatian sehiris kepingan [[gabus]] nipis di bawah suatu mikroskop ringkas, Hooke melihat dalamnya menyerupai bilik-bilik kecil dalam [[biara]] didiami [[rahib|rahib-rahib]] yang hidup mengasingkan diri.<ref name="Karp20092">{{cite book |last=Karp |first=Gerald |title=Cell and Molecular Biology: Concepts and Experiments |date=19 October 2009 |publisher=John Wiley & Sons |isbn=9780470483374 |page=2 |quote=Hooke called the pores cells because they reminded him of the cells inhabited by monks living in a monastery. |name-list-style=vanc}}</ref><ref>{{cite book |last=Tero |first=Alan Chong |title=Achiever's Biology |date=1990 |publisher=Allied Publishers |isbn=9788184243697 |page=36 |quote=In 1665, an Englishman, Robert Hooke observed a thin slice of" cork under a simple microscope. (A simple microscope is a microscope with only one biconvex lens, rather like a magnifying glass). He saw many small box like structures. These reminded him of small rooms called "cells" in which Christian monks lived and meditated. |name-list-style=vanc}}</ref>
 
[[Fail:Epithelial-cells.jpg|right|thumb|300px|Sel-sel dalam kultur, di [[Pewarnaan (biologi)|warnai]] untuk [[keratin]] (merah) dan [[DNA]] (hijau).]]
 
==Sel sebagai hidupan==
[[Fail:Epithelial-cells.jpg|right|thumb|300px|Sel-sel dalam kultur, diyang [[Pewarnaan (biologi)|warnaidiwarnakan]] untukmembezakan [[keratin]] (merah) dandari [[DNA]] (hijau).]]
'''Sel''' merupakan unit asas semua hidupan hidup. Secara amnya setiap sel terdiri daripada :-
* [[membran sel]]