Perbezaan antara semakan "Caucasus"

844 bait dibuang ,  10 tahun lalu
terjemah
(terjemah)
{{Terjemah|en|Caucasus}}
 
'''Caucasus''' The '''Caucasus''' atau '''Caucas''' (juga dirujuk dengansebagai '''Caucasia''',<ref>http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/caucasia Merriam-Webster</ref>{{lang-ady| Къэфкъас}}; {{lang-ru|Кавка́з}}) adalahialah sebuah daerahwilayah di [[Eropah Timur]] dan [[Asia Barat Daya|Asia Barat]] di antara [[Laut Hitam]] dan [[Laut Kaspia]] yang termasuk [[Pergunungan Caucasus]] dan daerah-daerah rendah lainnya. Caucasus kadang-kala dianggap sebagai sebahagian dari [[Asia Tengah]]. Caucasus adalah salah satu daerah yang mempunyai keanekaragaman [[linguistik]] dan [[budaya]] yang paling luas di dunia.
 
Puncak tertinggi di Caucasus adalah [[Gunung Elbrus]] (5.642m), yang juga dianggap sebagai gunung tertinggi di [[Eropah]].
 
[[Fail:Caucasus countries.png|thumb|200px|Negara-negara Caucasus]]
[[Negara|Negara-negara]] merdeka yang membentuk Caucasus kini adalah [[Rusia]] (Distrik [[Caucasus Utara]]), [[Georgia]], [[Armenia]] dan [[Azerbaijan]]. Wilayah besar tidak merdeka di Caucasus meliputi [[Ossetia]], [[Chechnya]], [[Ingushetia]] dan [[Dagestan]] di antaranya. Caucasus adalah salah satu daerah yang mempunyai keanekaragaman [[linguistik]] dan [[budaya]] yang paling luas di dunia.
[[Fail:Caucasus region 1994.jpg|thumb|200px|Peta 1994 kawasan Caucasus, menunjukkan lokasi sumber berharga]]
'''Caucasus Utara''' (juga digelar ''Ciscaucasia'') terdiri dari:
* [[Russia]] ([[Chechnya]], [[Ingushetia]], [[Dagestan]], [[Adyghea]], [[Kabardino-Balkaria]], [[Karachai-Cherkessia]], [[North Ossetia Utara]], [[Krasnodar Krai]], [[Stavropol Krai]])
 
'''Caucasus Selatan''' (juga digelar ''Transcaucasia'') terdiri dari:
Bahagian selatan Caucasus dikenali juga sebagai [[Transcaucasus]].
* [[Georgia (negara)|Georgia]] (termasuk [[Abkhazia]] dan [[Ossetia Selatan]] yang dipertikai)
 
Kejadian-kejadian bersejarah:
* Perang [[Bangsa Arab|Arab]]-[[Khazar]]
* Penjajahan Caucasus oleh [[Rusia]]
* [[1991]]: Dikenalnya kembali status merdeka negara [[Armenia]], [[Georgia]], dan [[Azerbaijan]]
 
Dalam [[mitologi Yunani]], '''Caucasus''' atau '''Caucasos''' adalah salah satu pilar pendokong dunia. [[Prometheus]] dikatakan telah dirantai di sana oleh [[Zeus]].
 
== Lihat pula ==
*[[Orang Ibero-Caucasia]]
*[[Bahasa Ibero-Caucasia]]
*[[Jalur Pipa BTC]]
 
[[Kategori:Caucasus| ]]
[[Kategori:Eropah Timur]]
 
{{dablink|This article is about the geographic region in Eurasia. For other uses, see [[Caucasus (disambiguation)]] and [[Caucasia (disambiguation)]]}}
 
 
'''Caucasus Utara''' terdiri dari:
 
* [[Russia]] ([[Chechnya]], [[Ingushetia]], [[Dagestan]], [[Adyghea]], [[Kabardino-Balkaria]], [[Karachai-Cherkessia]], [[North Ossetia]], [[Krasnodar Krai]], [[Stavropol Krai]])
 
'''Caucasus Selatan''' terdiri dari:
 
* [[Georgia (negara)|Georgia]] (including disputed, [[International recognition of Abkhazia and South Ossetia|partially recognized]] [[Abkhazia]] and [[South Ossetia]])
* [[Armenia]]
* [[Azerbaijan]] (including disputedtermasuk [[Republik Nagorno-Karabakh]])
* [[Iran]]
 
== Etimologi ==
*The word Caucasus derives from [[Caucas]], the ancestor of the North Caucasians.<ref>G.Qoranashvili (1995), ''Questions of Ethnic Identity According to Leonti Mroveli's Historical Chronicles'', Studies, Vol. 1, Tbilisi.</ref> He was a son of [[Togarmah]], grandson of Biblical [[Noah]]'s third son [[Japheth]]. According to [[Leonti Mroveli]] after the fall of the [[Tower of Babel]] and the division of humanity into different languages, [[Togarmah]] settled with his sons: [[Kartlos]], [[Haik]] ([[Georgian language|Georgian]]:''ჰაოს'', ''Haos''), [[Movakos]], [[Lekos]] ([[Lak people]]), [[Heros]] ([[Hereti|Kindgom of Hereti]], [[Kavkas]], and [[Egros]] ([[Egrisi|Kingdom of Egrisi]]) between two inaccessible mountains, presumably [[Mount Ararat]] and [[Mount Elbrus]].
 
*The word Caucasus derives from [[Caucas]], the ancestor of the North Caucasians.<ref>G.Qoranashvili (1995), ''Questions of Ethnic Identity According to Leonti Mroveli's Historical Chronicles'', Studies, Vol. 1, Tbilisi.</ref> He was a son of [[Togarmah]], grandson of Biblical [[Noah]]'s third son [[Japheth]]. According to [[Leonti Mroveli]] after the fall of the [[Tower of Babel]] and the division of humanity into different languages, [[Togarmah]] settled with his sons: [[Kartlos]], [[Haik]] ([[Georgian language|Georgian]]:''ჰაოს'', ''Haos''), [[Movakos]], [[Lekos]] ([[Lak people]]), [[Heros]] ([[Hereti|Kindgom of Hereti]], [[Kavkas]], and [[Egros]] ([[Egrisi|Kingdom of Egrisi]]) between two inaccessible mountains, presumably [[Mount Ararat]] and [[Mount Elbrus]].
 
== Geografi ==
 
The [[Caucasus Mountains]] are generally perceived to be a dividing line between Asia and Europe, and territories in Caucasia are alternately considered to be in one or both [[continent]]s. The highest peak in the Caucasus is [[Mount Elbrus]] (5,642 m) which, in the western Ciscaucasus in Russia, is generally considered the highest point in Europe.
 
 
The ''Transcaucasus'' is bordered on the north by [[Russia]], on the west by the [[Black Sea]] and [[Turkey]], on the east by the [[Caspian Sea]], and on the south by [[Iran]]. It includes the [[Caucasus Mountains]] and surrounding lowlands. All of Armenia, Azerbaijan (excluding the northern parts) and Georgia (excluding the northern parts) are in South Caucasus.
<!--
 
== Sejarah ==
{{see|History of theSejarah Caucasus}}
 
Located on the peripheries of [[Turkey]] and [[Russia]], the region has been an arena for political, military, religious, and cultural rivalries and expansionism for centuries. Throughout its history, the Caucasus was usually incorporated into the [[Greater Iran|Iranian world]]. At the beginning of the 19th century, the [[Russian Empire]] conquered the territory from the [[Qajars]].<ref>[http://www.iranica.com/newsite/articles/v5f1/v5f1a032.html Thorez, Pierre. "Caucasus." ''Encyclopaedia Iranica'' - 2 June 2007]</ref>
 
== Demografi ==
{{mainutama|Peoples of theMasyarakat Caucasus}}
{{see|CaucasianBahasa languagesdi Caucasus}}
 
 
Setiap wilayah di Caucasus mempunyai perbezaan dalam pertuturan dan bahasanya serta ia juga mempunyai pelbagai keluarga bahasa. Terdapat juga lebih daripada 50 kumpulan etnik yang hidup di setiap wilayah di Caucasus.<ref>[http://www.britannica.com/eb/article-9021862/Caucasian-peoples Caucasian peoples], ''[[Encyclopædia Britannica]]''</ref> No less than three language families are unique for the area, but also Indo-European languages such [[Armenian language|Armenian]] and [[Ossetic language|Ossetic]], and the Altaic language [[Azerbaijani language|Azerbeijani]] are local to the area.
 
== Dalam mitologi ==
 
In Greek mythology the Caucasus, or Kaukasos, was one of the pillars supporting the world. After presenting man with the gift of fire, [[Prometheus]] was chained there by [[Zeus]], to have his liver eaten daily by an eagle.
 
The Roman poet [[Ovid]] placed Caucasus in [[Scythia]] and depicted it as a cold and stony mountain which was the abode of personified hunger. The Greek hero Jason sailed to the west coast of the Caucasus in pursuit of the [[Golden Fleece]], and there met the famed [[Medea]].
-->
 
== Sumber asli (tenaga dan mineral) ==
 
Caucasus mempunyai kepentingan ekonomi terhadap [[mineral]] dan sumber [[tenaga]], seperti: [[alunite]], [[emas]], [[chromium]], [[kuprum]], [[timah besi]], [[raksa (elemen)|raksa]], [[mangan]], [[molybdenum]], [[plumbum]], [[tungsten]], [[uranium]], [[zink]], [[petroleum]], [[gas asli]], and [[arang batu]] (kedua-dua [[arang batu keras|keras]] dan [[arang batu perang|perang]]).
 
== Lihat juga ==
 
*[[Masyarakat Caucasus]]
*[[Sejarah Caucasus]]
*[[Negara rentas benua]]
*[[Transcontinental nation]]s
*[[Caucasus Selatan]]/[[Caucasus Utara|Utara]]
*[[Bahasa di Caucasus]]
*[[Islam di Russia]]
*[[BudayaKebudayaan Georgia]]
*[[BudayaKebudayaan Armenia]]
*[[BudayaKebudayaan Azerbaijan]]
*[[Perang Russian-CircassianRusia–Circasia]]
*[[Prometheism]]
*[[Pergunungan Ural]]
 
== Referensi dan Rujukan ==
<div class="references-small">
*Caucasus: A Journey to the Land Between Christianity and Islam By Nicholas Griffin
*Small Nations and Great Powers: A Study of Ethnopolitical Conflict in the Caucasus By Svante E. Cornell
*The Caucasus By Ivan Golovin
*
*
</div>
 
[[Kategori:Caucasus| ]]
[[Kategori:BiodiversityKawasan hotspotskhas biodiversiti]]
 
[[ar:القوقاز]]
65,390

suntingan