Perbezaan antara semakan "Cogan kata"

405 bait dibuang ,  11 tahun lalu
 
== Ilmu jata ==
Dalam bidang [[ilmu jata]], cogan kata sering digambarkan pada [[skrol]] jata, biasanya di bawah [[perisai]] tetapi kekadang juga di atas [[gencana]], sebagaimana dengan ilmu jata [[Scotland]]. Dalam kedua-dua ilmu jata [[England]] dan Scotland, cogan kata tidak dikurniakan kedudukan jata dan justera, boleh digunakan dan ditukar dengan sewenang-wenangnya.<ref>{{cite book
Dalam bidang [[ilmu jata]], a motto is often depicted on a [[scroll]] in an achievement of arms, typically below the shield or else above the crest as in Scots heraldry.
 
In English and Scottish heraldry mottoes are not granted with armorial bearings, and may be adopted and changed at will.<ref>{{cite book
|title=An Outline of Heraldry in England and Scotland
|first=Robert
|publisher=Pilgrim Press
|pages=14
|quote=Mottoes are not necessarily heriditaryhereditary and can be adopted and changed at will.
|year=1990
|isbn=0-900594-82-9
}}</ref>
}}</ref> Although very unusual and perhaps outside regular heraldic practice, there are some examples of the particular appearance of the motto scroll and letters thereon being blazoned.<ref>{{cite web|title=USS WINSTON S. CHURCHILL|url=http://www.tioh.hqda.pentagon.mil/Navy/USSWinstonChurchill.htm|accessdate=2007-10-23}}</ref>
 
A canting motto is one that contains [[word play]]. For example, the motto of the [[Earl of Onslow]] is ''Festina lente'', punningly interpreting ''on-slow'' (literally "make haste slowly").
 
The motto of the [[Counties of England|County]] of [[Somerset]] is in [[Old English language|Anglo-Saxon]]; that of [[South Cambridgeshire]] in the English [[The Fens|Fens]] is in [[Dutch language|Dutch]].
 
Cogan kata [[Kaunti di England|Kaunti]] [[Somerset]] ditulis dalam [[bahasa Inggeris Lama]] (bahasa Anglo-Saxon), manakala cogan kata [[Cambridgeshire Selatan]] di [[Fenland]] ditulis dalam [[bahasa Belanda]]. [[Kapal]] dan [[kapal selam]] [[Tentera Laut Diraja]] masing-masing mempunyai [[Lencana (ilmu jata)|lencana]] dan cogan kata, sebagaimana dengan [[Tentera Udara Diraja]].
Ships and submarines in the [[Royal Navy]] each have a [[Badge (heraldry)|badge]] and motto, as do units of the [[Royal Air Force]].
 
==Kesusasteraan==