===Unsur gaya Islam===
Islamic architecture may be identified with the following design elements, which were inherited from the first mosque built by [[Muhammad]] in [[Medina]], as well as from other pre-Islamic features adapted from churches and synagogues.
Large courtyards often merged with a central prayer hall (originally a feature of the [[Masjid al-Nabawi]]).
*[[Minaret]]s or towers (which were originally used as torch-lit watchtowers for example in the [[Great Mosque of Damascus]]; hence the derivation of the word from the Arabic ''nur'', meaning "light").
a [[mihrab]] or niche on an inside wall indicating the direction to [[Mecca]]. This may have been derived from previous uses of niches for the setting of the [[torah]] scrolls in [[Jewish]] synagogues or the [[haikal]] of [[Coptic Christianity|Coptic]] churches.
*Domes (the earliest Islamic use of which was in the eighth century mosque of Medina).
*Use of [[iwan]]s to intermediate between different sections.
Use of geometric shapes and repetitive art ([[ arabesque]]).
*Use of decorative [[Arabic calligraphy]].
*Use of symmetry.
*use of bright color.
*focus on the interior space of a building rather than the exterior.