Perbezaan antara semakan "Genre muzik"

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'''Genre muzik''' ialah [[Binaan (falsafah sains)|binaan]] [[kategori]] dan [[tipologi]] yang mengenal pasti bunyi muzik sebagai tergolong dalam sesuatu kategori dan jenis muzik yang dapat dibezakan daripada jenis muzik yang lain.:
* tergolong dalam sesuatu kategori serta jenis muzik; dan
* dapat dibezakan daripada jenis muzik yang lain.
 
Terdapat sebilangan pendekatan terhadap [[genre]]. Dalam bukunya, ''Form in Tonal Music'' (Bentuk dalam Muzik Tonal", Douglass M. Green menyenaraikan:
* [[madrigal (muzik)|madrigal]];
* [[motet]];
* [[kanzona]];
* [[ricercar]]; dan
* [[tarian]];
sebagai contoh genre daripada [[Zaman Pembaharuan Eropah]]. Menurutnya, "''Op. 61'' [[Beethoven]] dan ''Op. 64'' Mendelssohn tergolong dalam genre yang sama &mdash; kedua-duanya merupakan konserto &mdash; tetapi memiliki [[Bentuk muzik|bentuk]] yang berbeza. ''Rondo for Piano, K. 511'' Mozart, dan ''Agnus Dei'' daripada ''Mass, K. 317'' agak berbeza genrenya tetapi mempunyai bentuk yang serupa."<ref>{{cite book |title=Form in Tonal Music |last=Green |first=Douglass M. |authorlink= |coauthors= |year= 1965 |publisher= Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, Inc|location= |isbn= 0030202868 |pages=1 }}</ref>
 
Sesetengah orang menganggap istilah "genre" dan "gaya" sebagai sama sahaja dan menyatakan bahawa genre harus ditakrifkan sebagai buah [[muzik]] yang berkongsi sesuatu [[gaya" atau "bahasa muzik asas".<ref name="Pete">{{cite book |title=Origins of the Popular Style: The Antanddececedents of Twentieth-Century Popular Music |last=van der Merwe |first= Peter |authorlink=Peter van der Merwe |coauthors= |year= 1989 |publisher=Clarendon Press |location= Oxford |isbn=0-19-316121-4 |pages=3 }}</ref> Sebaliknya, ada yang menyatakan bahawa "genre" dan "gaya" adalah dua istilah yang berasingan, dan ciri sekunder seperti perkara juga boleh membezakan genre.<ref name="Moore">Moore, Allan F. [http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0027-4224(200108)82%3A3%3C432%3ACCIMDS%3E2.0.CO%3B2-D "Categorical Conventions in Music Discourse: Style and Genre" Music & Letters], Vol. 82, No. 3 (Aug., 2001), pp. 432-442</ref> Sesuatu genre (atau subgenre) muzik dapat ditakrifkan oleh [[Teknik muzik|teknik]], gaya, kontek, dan tema (kandungan, semangat). Asal geografi kekadang juga boleh digunakan untuk menentukan genre muzik, walaupun satu kategori geografi tunggal biasanya merangkumi berbagai-bagai subgenre.
 
There are several approaches to [[genre]]. In his book ''Form in Tonal Music,'' Douglass M. Green lists the [[madrigal (music)|madrigal]], the [[motet]], the [[canzona]], the [[ricercar]], and the dance as examples of genres (from the Renaissance period). According to Green, "Beethoven's ''Op. 61'' and Mendelssohn's ''Op. 64'' are identical in genre - both are violin concertos - but different in [[Musical form|form]]. Mozart's ''Rondo for Piano, K. 511'', and the ''Agnus Dei'' from his ''Mass, K. 317'' are quite different in genre but happen to be similar in form."<ref>{{cite book |title=Form in Tonal Music |last=Green |first=Douglass M. |authorlink= |coauthors= |year= 1965 |publisher= Holt, Rinehart, and Winston, Inc|location= |isbn= 0030202868 |pages=1 }}</ref> Some treat the terms genre and style as the same, and state that genre should be defined as pieces of [[music]] that share a certain [[style]] or "basic musical language".<ref name="Pete">{{cite book |title=Origins of the Popular Style: The Antanddececedents of Twentieth-Century Popular Music |last=van der Merwe |first= Peter |authorlink=Peter van der Merwe |coauthors= |year= 1989 |publisher=Clarendon Press |location= Oxford |isbn=0-19-316121-4 |pages=3 }}</ref> Others state that genre and style are two separate terms, and that secondary characteristics such as subject matter can also differentiate between genres.<ref name="Moore">Moore, Allan F. [http://links.jstor.org/sici?sici=0027-4224(200108)82%3A3%3C432%3ACCIMDS%3E2.0.CO%3B2-D "Categorical Conventions in Music Discourse: Style and Genre" Music & Letters], Vol. 82, No. 3 (Aug., 2001), pp. 432-442</ref> A music genre (or sub-genre) could be defined by the [[Musical technique|techniques]], the styles, the context and the themes (content, spirit). Also, [[geographical]] [[origin]] sometimes is used to define the music genre, though a single geographical category will normally include a wide variety of sub-genres.
 
Kembrew McLeod, in an essay entitled "Genres, Subgenres, Sub-Subgenres and More",<ref>{{cite journal |last=McLeod |first=Kembrew |year=2001 |title=Genres, Sub-Genres, Sub-Sub-Genres, etc.: Sub-Genre Naming In Electronic/Dance Music|journal=JOURNAL OF POPULAR MUSIC STUDIES |issue=13 |pages=59–75 |accessdate=2008-08-08 }}</ref> suggested that in electronic music, "the naming of new subgenres can be linked to a variety of influences, such as the rapidly evolving nature of the music, accelerated consumer culture, and the synergy created by record company marketing strategies and music magazine hype. The appropriation of the musics of minorities by straight, middle and upper-middle-class Whites in the United States and Great Britain plays a part, and the rapid and ongoing naming process within electronic/dance music subcultures acts as a gate-keeping mechanism, as well."