A list of genres of music (including sub genres) can be found at [[List of music genres]]. However, there are a number of criteria with which one may classify musical genres, including:
* The Art/Popular/Traditional distinction
* Regional and national distinctions
* Fusional origins
Art music is the musical expression of [[high culture]].
Art music primarily refers to classical music, including [[European classical music]], or others listed at [[List of classical music styles]] (including non-European classical music), [[contemporary classical music]] (including [[Electronic art music]], [[Experimental music]] and [[Minimalist music]]). Art music may also include certain forms of [[Jazz]] (even though jazz is primarily a form of popular music).
Popular music is the musical expression of [[popular culture]]
The usual stereotype of "popular music" is [[music]] belonging to any of a number of musical styles that are accessible to the [[mainstream|general public]] and are disseminated by one or more of the [[mass media]]. For a critical introduction, see the work of Richard Middleton (e.g. ''Studying Popular Music'' 1998) and Starr/Waterman ''American Popular Music'' (2004)
* '''[[Culture|Cultural basis]]''': The music derives from and is part of the traditions of a particular region or culture.
Regional and national music===
It is possible to categorize music geographically. For example, the term "Australian music" could include Australian rock music, Australian traditional music in the European style (eg. Waltzing Matilda), Aboriginal Australian music, Australian classical music, and Australian Jazz.
In the West, nearly all music except [[Traditional music]] has a fusional origin.