Perbezaan antara semakan "Chiang Kai-shek"

tiada ringkasan suntingan
(Mencipta laman baru dengan kandungan '{{chinese name|Chiang (蔣)}} {{Infobox President | name = Chiang Kai-shek<br><small>蔣中正 / 蔣介石</small> | honorific-suffix = | image = Chiang Kai-sh...')
 
| religion = [[Methodist]]<ref>[http://www.chinataiwan.org/wh/tp/200801/t20080131_581330_1.htm 蒋介石宋美龄结婚照入《上海大辞典》]</ref>
}}
'''Chiang Kai-shek''' ({{zh|t=蔣中正 / 蔣介石|s=蒋中正 / 蒋介石|p=Jiǎng Jièshí|first=t}}; but see [[Chiang31 Kai-shek#Names|namesOktober]] below) (31 October [[1887]][[5 April]] [[1975]]) wasialah apemimpin political[[politik]] anddan military[[tentera]] leader of 20th centurydi [[China]]. He[[abad waske-20]]. anBeliau influentialanggota member of theberpengaruh [[Kuomintang]] (KMT) anddan sekutu rapat [[Sun Yat-sen]]'s close ally. HeChiang becamekemudian themenjadi commandant of Kuomintang's[[komandan]] [[WhampoaAkademi MilitaryTentera AcademyWhampoa]] andKuomintang lalu mengambil tookalih jawatan Sun's placedi indalam the[[Parti partypolitik|parti]] whenapabila theSun lattermeninggal dieddunia inpada [[1925]]. InPada [[1928]], Chiang led themengetuai [[NorthernEkspedisi ExpeditionUtara (1926–1927)|NorthernEkspedisi ExpeditionUtara]] tountuk unifymenyatukan thenegara country,dan becomingmenjadi China'sketua overallseluruh leaderChina.<ref name=a>{{cite book|last=Zarrow|first=Peter Gue|year=2005|title=China in War and Revolution, 1895-1949|pages=230–231}}</ref> HeBeliau servedmenjadi as chairman of thepengerusi [[NationalMajlis MilitaryTentera CouncilNegara]] ofkepada thePemerintahan Nationalist Government of theNasionalis [[Republic ofRepublik China]] (ROC) fromdari 1928 tosehingga [[1948]]. Chiang ledmengetuai China in thedalam [[SecondPerang SinoChina-JapaneseJepun WarKedua]], duringdan whichdalam thetempoh Nationalistitu, Government'skuasa powerPemerintahan severelyNasionalis weakenedmerosot dengan amat ketara, buttetapi hiskemasyhurannya prominencesemakin grewmeningkat.
 
Chiang's Nationalists were engaged in a long standing [[Chinese Civil War|civil war]] with the [[Communist Party of China|Chinese Communist Party]] (CCP). After the Japanese surrender in 1945, he attempted to eradicate the CCP. Ultimately, bolstered by support from Soviet Russia the CCP defeated Chiang, forcing the Nationalist government to [[Chinese Civil War#CPC establish People's Republic of China / KMT retreat to Taiwan|retreat]] to [[Taiwan]], where martial law continued whilst still trying to take back mainland China. He ruled the island with an iron fist as the [[President of the Republic of China]] and Director-General of the Kuomintang until his death in 1975.