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Panama City
City
Panamá
Bendera Panama City
Flag
Jata Panama City
Jata
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CountryPanamá
ProvincePanamá
DistrictPanamá
FoundationAugust 15, 1519
DiasaskanPedro Arias de Ávila
Kerajaan
 • MayorRoxana Méndez
Keluasan
 • City275 km2 (106 batu persegi)
 • Metro
2,560.8 km2 (988.7 batu persegi)
Ketinggian
2 m (7 ft)
Penduduk
(2010)
 • City880,691
 • Kepadatan2,750/km2 (7,656/batu persegi)
 • Metro
1,272,672
HDI (2007)0.780 – high[1]
Laman webwww.municipio.gob.pa
Astronaut View of Panama


GeografiSunting

 
View of Panama city From Cerro Ancón

Suhu persekitaranSunting

Under the Köppen climate classification, Panama City has a tropical wet and dry climate. Panama City sees 1900 mm of precipitation annually. The wet season spans from May through December, and the dry season spans from January through April. Temperatures remain constant throughout the year, averaging around 27.3 °C (81.1 °F).

Data iklim untuk Panama City (1971-2000)
Bulan Jan Feb Mac Apr Mei Jun Jul Ogo Sep Okt Nov Dis Tahun
Purata tinggi °C (°F) 33.4
(92.1)
34.2
(93.6)
34.8
(94.6)
35.4
(95.7)
34.5
(94.1)
33.8
(92.8)
33.9
(93)
33.9
(93)
32.9
(91.2)
32.6
(90.7)
32.9
(91.2)
33.3
(91.9)
33.8
(92.84)
Min harian °C (°F) 26.0
(78.8)
26.3
(79.3)
26.6
(79.9)
27.5
(81.5)
27.8
(82)
27.6
(81.7)
27.5
(81.5)
27.4
(81.3)
27.0
(80.6)
26.7
(80.1)
26.6
(79.9)
26.3
(79.3)
26.94
(80.5)
Purata rendah °C (°F) 24.0
(75.2)
24.4
(75.9)
25.4
(77.7)
26.5
(79.7)
25.1
(77.2)
25.3
(77.5)
25.0
(77)
25.9
(78.6)
25.0
(77)
25.8
(78.4)
25.3
(77.5)
25.2
(77.4)
25.24
(77.44)
Kerpasan mm (inci) 29.3
(1.154)
10.1
(0.398)
13.1
(0.516)
64.7
(2.547)
225.1
(8.862)
235.0
(9.252)
168.5
(6.634)
219.9
(8.657)
253.9
(9.996)
330.7
(13.02)
252.3
(9.933)
104.6
(4.118)
1,907.2
(75.087)
Purata hari kerpasan (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.9 1.3 1.4 4.9 15.0 16.0 14.0 15.0 17.0 20.0 16.0 7.5 131
Sumber: World Meteorological Organization[2]

CityscapeSunting

Seni binaSunting

 
Downtown Panama from the yacht club

Panama's old quarter features many architectural styles, from Spanish colonial buildings to French and Antillean townhouses built during the construction of the Panama Canal.[3] The more modern areas of the city have many high-rise buildings, which together form a very dense skyline. There are currently more than 110 high-rise projects being constructed, with 127 high-rise buildings already built.[4] The city holds the 40th place in the world by high-rise buildings count.[5]

The Centennial Bridge that crosses the Panama Canal earned the American Segmental Bridge Institute prize of excellence, along with seven other bridges in the Americas.[6]

JiranSunting

The skyline of Panama City from Ancon Hill.
Punta Paitilla view from Cinta Costera(2012)

EkonomiSunting

 
RORO carriers, such as this one at Miraflores locks, are among the largest ships to use the Panama Canal.

Being the economic and financial center of the country, Panama City's economy is service-based, heavily weighted toward banking, commerce, and tourism.[7] The economy depends significantly on trade and shipping activities associated with the Panama Canal and port facilities located in Balboa. The city has benefited from significant economic growth in recent years, mainly due to the ongoing expansion of the Panama Canal, an increase in real estate investment, and a relatively stable banking sector.[8] There are around eighty banks in the city, at least fifteen of which are national.

 
Construction boom in Panama City.

DemografiSunting

BudayaSunting

Tapak Warisan DuniaSunting

Archaeological Site of Panamá Viejo and Historic District of Panamá
  Tapak Warisan Dunia UNESCO
 
Maklumat am
Nama asliPanamá
LokasiPanamá District, Panama  
Koordinat9°00′N 79°30′W / 9°N 79.5°W / 9; -79.5
Kawasan275 km2 (2.96×109 ka2)
KriteriaII, IV, VI
Rujukan790
Inskripsi1997 (sesi 21st)
Lanjutan2003
Laman sesawangmupa.gob.pa


KesusasteraanSunting

According to Professor Rodrigo Miró, the first story about Panama was written by Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo y Valdés and published as part of the Historia General y Natural de Las Indias in 1535. Some poets and novelists born in Panamá city are Manuel María Ayala (1785–1824), Amelia Denis de Icaza (1836–1911), Darío Herrera (1870–1914), Ricardo Miró (1883–1940), Gaspar Octavio Hernández (1893–1918), Demetrio Korsi (1899–1957), Ricardo Bermúdez (1914–2000), Joaquín Beleño (1922–88), Ernesto Endara (1932–), Diana Morán (1932–87), José Córdova (1937–), Pedro Rivera (1939–), Moravia Ochoa López (1941–), Roberto Fernández Iglesias (1941–), Jarl Ricardo Babot (1946–), Giovanna Benedetti (1949–), Manuel Orestes Nieto (1951–), Moisés Pascual (1955–), Héctor Miguel Collado (1960–), David Robinson Orobio (1960–), Katia Chiari (1969–), Carlos Oriel Wynter Melo (1971–), José Luis Rodríguez Pittí (1971–), and Sofía Santim (1982–).[9]

PelanconganSunting

SukanSunting

Fail:Plaza Amador.jpg
The Plaza Amador crest.

PendidikanSunting

KesihatanSunting

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Nota kakiSunting

  1. ^ "Informe de Desarrollo Humano en Panamá" (dalam bahasa Spanish). 2007. Dicapai 7 September 2010. 
  2. ^ "World Weather Information Service - Panama City". World Meteorological Organization. Dicapai 2012-08-04. 
  3. ^ "In Panama City's Old Quarter, a Rebirth Takes Place". Boston Globe. 2007-01-22. Dicapai 2011-02-11. 
  4. ^ "Skyscraper page Panama City". Skyscraperpage.com. Dicapai 2010-06-26. 
  5. ^ "Skyscraper page Cities List". Skyscraperpage.com. Dicapai 2010-06-26. 
  6. ^ "La Prensa Newspaper". Mensual.prensa.com. Dicapai 2010-06-26. 
  7. ^ "Panama Useful Facts". Dicapai 2011-02-17. 
  8. ^ "Panama economy grew 2.4 percent in 2009". Reuters. 2010-03-02. Dicapai 2011-02-17. 
  9. ^ Panamanian literature

BibliografiSunting

  • Mellander, Gustavo A.; Nelly Maldonado Mellander (1999). Charles Edward Magoon: The Panama Years. Río Piedras, Puerto Rico: Editorial Plaza Mayor. ISBN 1-56328-155-4. OCLC 42970390.
  • Mellander, Gustavo A. (1971). The United States in Panamanian Politics: The Intriguing Formative Years. Danville, Ill.: Interstate Publishers. OCLC 138568.

Pautan luarSunting