Luftflotte 3[1] (Armada Udara 3) adalah salah satu bahagian utama Luftwaffe Jerman dalam Perang Dunia II. Ia telah dibentuk pada 1 Februari 1939 daripada Luftwaffengruppenkommando 3 di Munich dan di bentuk semula sebagai Luftwaffenkommando West (Markas Udara Barat) pada 26 September 1944. Detasmen Luftwaffe ini berpangkalan di wilayah taklukan Jerman di Utara Perancis, Belanda, Belgium, dan Perancis Vichy, untuk membantu bala tentera Paksi di kawasan itu. Markas pemerintahannya di Paris, Perancis (pada 26 Jun 1944).

Luftflotte 3
Chef einer Luftflotte Version 1.svg
Bendera Panglima Luftflotte
Aktif1 Februari 1939
Dibubarkan26 September 1944
Negara Jerman Nazi
CawanganLuftwaffe
JenisPemerintahan medan

Rekonaisans StrategikSunting

II.Fliegerkorps (Kor Udara II) ChartresSunting

Fliegerführer West (Pengarah Udara Barat/Serangan Udara Darat)Sunting

Rekonaisans TaktikalSunting

Serangan Udara DaratSunting

IX. Fliegerkorps (Kor Udara IX) Beauvais-LilleSunting

Rekonaisans StrategikSunting

Pengebom(Sederhana)Sunting

JABO (Pengebom-Pejuang/Grup serangan mengejut)Sunting

X.Fliegerkorps (Kor Udara X) AngersSunting

Tugas-tugas khas/operasi jarak jauhSunting

Rekonaisans Strategik/Maritim (Jarak Jauh Ultra)Sunting

Pengebom (Berat) Kapal Selam Sokongan/Serangan Dagang (Jarak Jauh)Sunting

2.Fliegerdivision (Divisyen 2 Udara) MontfrinSunting

Rekonaisans Strategik/Taktikal/Maritim (Jarak Sederhana-Dekat)Sunting

Pengebom (Sederhana)Sunting

II.Jagdkorps (Kor Pejuang II) ChantillySunting

4.Jagddivision (Divisyen 4 Pejuang) MetzSunting

Jagdabschnittführer 4 (Pengarah Pejuang 4) St Pol-BriasSunting

PejuangSunting

Pejuang MalamSunting

5.Jagddivision (Divisyen 5 Pejuang) Jouy-en-JosasSunting

Jagdabschnittführer 5 (Pengarah Pejuang 5) BernaySunting

PejuangSunting

Pejuang MalamSunting

Jagdabschnittführer Bretagne (Pengarah Pejuang ke Britain) BrestSunting

PejuangSunting

Jagdabschnittführer Südfrankreich (Pengarah Pejuang Selatan Perancis) AixSunting

PejuangSunting

Jagdlehrer-Gr Bordeaux (Instruction Wing in Bordeaux sector)Sunting

Jagdabschnittführer Bordeaux (Pengarah Pejuang di Bordeaux) Bordeaux-MerignacSunting

Zerstörer (Pejuang Berat)Sunting

Unit Serangan Khas LuftwaffeSunting

This was the Luftwaffe section charged with managing the advanced equipment:

  • Fieseler Fi 103 (V-1)
  • Messerschmitt Me 262 A
  • Arado Ar 234 B;

they also used the Special Attack aircraft Junkers "Mistel 1".

Mentioned section poses your bases in France and Dutch areas.

Jet Pengebom/Jet Pengebom-PejuangSunting

Mistel Special SectionSunting

Pengebom dengan Pelancar V-1Sunting

Luftwaffe V-1 fixed/mobile ramps unitsSunting

These units operated near Calais (France), and in Belgium and the Netherlands.

  • Untergruppenbezeichnung FZG (Flakzielgerät) 76 (also known as 5.Flak Division (W), later as Armeekorps zur Vergeltung)
  • I./155 Artillerie Abt (W)
  • II./155 Artillerie-Abt (W)
  • III./155 Artillerie-Abt (W)

Luftwaffe special transport units(1944-45)Sunting

These units were based in Muhldorf, Bavaria, and composed of Helicopters:

  • Focke-Achgelis Fa 223 Drachen
  • Flettner Fl 265
  • Flettner 282B Kolibri

for operations in western and eastern front areas, with airfields in France (West) and East Prussia (East) for realizing some special liaisons, personal transport, rescue of wounded personnel, watching/air patrol, and other similar missions in the last days of the war.

  • Transportstaffeln 40 (West area)

Heer/Luftwaffe V-2 mobile ramps sectionsSunting

Division zur Vergeltung(Div.z.V.)Sunting

This special unit was led by Heer and SS Commanders, working along with Luftwaffe personnel and facilities. They operated in France, Belgium and the Netherlands.

"Div.z.V." NordgruppeSunting

  • 444° Artillerie-Abt
  • 485° Artillerie- Abt (also known as Artillerie Regiment z. V. 902)
  • 2°./485° Artillerie-Abt

"Div.z.V." SüdgruppeSunting

  • 500° Waffen SS Artillerie-Abt (also known as 500° SS Werfer Abt.)
  • 836° Artillerie-Abt (also known as Artillerie Regiment zur Vergeltung 901)

Heer V-4 "Rheinbote" Mobile ramps unitsSunting

  • I./709 Artillerie Abt

Heer V-3 Artillery groupSunting

  • 705° Artillerie Abt.

SingkatanSunting

PanglimaSunting

  • Generalfeldmarschall Hugo Sperrle, 1 Februari 1939 – 23 Ogos 1944
  • Generaloberst Otto Deßloch, 23 Ogos 1944 – 22 September 1944
  • Generalleutnant Alexander Holle, 22 September 1944 – 26 September 1944
dibentuk semula sebagai Luftwaffenkommando West
  • Generalleutnant Alexander Holle, 28 September 1944 – 15 November 1944
  • Generalleutnant Josef Schmid, 16 November 1944 – 27 April 1945
  • Generalleutnant Martin Harlinghausen, 28 April 1945 – 8 Mei 1945


Ketua StafSunting

dibentuk semula sebagai Luftwaffenkommando West
  • Oberst Hans Wolters, September 1944 – Mac 1945
  • Oberst Heinrich Wittmer, Mac 1945 – Mei 1945

Unit-unit bawahanSunting

Jagdfliegerführer 3Jagdfliegerführer 2Fliegerführer AtlantikII. Jagdkorps10th Air Corps (Germany)8th Air Corps (Germany)5th Air Corps (Germany)2nd Air Corps (Germany)1st Air Corps (Germany)

RujukanSunting

Nota
  1. ^ For an explanation of the meaning of Luftwaffe unit designation see Luftwaffe Organisation
Rujukan