Orang Somali

Orang Somali (Bahasa Somali: Soomaalida 𐒈𐒝𐒑𐒛𐒐𐒘𐒆𐒖, Bahasa Arab: صوماليون, translit. Aṣ-Ṣomāliyūn) ialah suatu kelompok etnik menduduki rantau Tanduk Afrika;[43] mereka merupakan kelompok paling besar menduduki sesebuah kawasan di benua tersebut. Mereka menuturkan bahasa Somali dari cabang Kusy rumpun Afroasia serta banyak menganut agama Islam Sunnah.[44]

Orang Somali
Soomaalida
𐒈𐒝𐒑𐒛𐒐𐒘𐒆𐒖
Somali map.jpg
Kawasan litupan dihuni etnik Somali paling luasnya
Jumlah populasi
Somali people around the world.svg
Kawasan ramai penduduk
Tanduk Afrika
 Somalia[a]8,808,715 org (2014)[1]
 Somaliland5,700,000 org (2021)[2]
 Habsyah4,581,793 org (2007)[3]
 Kenya2,780,502 org (2019)[4]
 Djibouti534,000 org (2017)[5]
 Yaman500,000 org (2014)[6]
 Amerika Syarikat170,192 org (2018)[7]
 United Kingdom98,000–250,000 org[8][9]
 Emiriah Arab Bersatu90,900 org[10]
 Oman80,000 orang[11]
 Sweden66,369 org[12][13]
 Kanada62,550 org[14]
 Tanzania60,000 org[15]
 Norway43,196 org[16]
 Uganda41,515 org[17]
 Afrika Selatan27,000-40,000 org[18]
 Belanda39,737 org[19]
 Jerman38,675 org[20]
 Arab Saudi34,000–67,500 org[21][22]
 Mesir22,709 org[23]
 Denmark21,210 org[24]
 Finland20,944 org[25]
 Australia16,169 org[26]
 Itali8,228 org[27]
 Austria7,101 org[28]
 Switzerland7,025 org[29]
 Turki5,518 org[30]
Negara-negara lain
 Zambia3,000–4,000 org[31][32]
 Belgium2,627 org[33]
 Eritrea2,604 org[34]
 Perancis2,568[35]
 Pakistan2,500 org[36]
 Libya2,500 org[37]
 ASEAN1,857[38][39]
 New Zealand1,617 org[40]
 Ireland1,495 org[41]
Bahasa
bahasa Somali
Agama
Islam (Ahli Sunnah)
Kumpulan etnik yang berkaitan
orang Habsyah, orang Eritrea, orang Djibouti[42]

Etnik ini pada dasarnya tertumpu di kawasan-kawasan Somalia (sekitar 8.8 juta orang), Somaliland (5.7 juta orang), [45] Ethiopia (4.6 juta orang), Kenya (2.8 juta orang) dan Djibouti (534,000 orang);[46] mereka juga turut tersebar di bahagian-bahagian selatan dan pesisiran Tasik-Tasik Besar Afrika malah sejauh Timur Tengah, Amerika Utara, Eropah Barat dan Oceania.

RujukanSunting

  1. ^ kecuali Somaliland
  1. ^ "Population Estimation Survey 2014: For the 18 pre-war regions of Somalia" (PDF). UNFPA. Oktober 2014. m/s. 22. Dicapai pada 21 April 2020.
  2. ^ "Republic of Somaliland - Country Profile 2021" (PDF). March 2021.
  3. ^ "Table 2.2 Percentage distribution of major ethnic groups: 2007" (PDF). Summary and Statistical Report of the 2007 Population and Housing Census Results. Population Census Commission. m/s. 16. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal (PDF) pada 25 Mac 2009. Dicapai pada 21 April 2020.
  4. ^ "2019 Kenya Population and Housing Census Volume IV: Distribution of Population by Socio-Economic Characteristics". Kenya National Bureau of Statistics. Disember 2019. m/s. 423. Dicapai pada 24 Mac 2020.
  5. ^ [1] – Joshuaproject.net
  6. ^ Gramer, Robbie (17 Mac 2017). "Apache Helicopter Guns Down Boat Full of Somali Refugees Fleeing Yemen". Foreign Policy. Dicapai pada 24 April 2020.
  7. ^ "People Reporting Single Ancestry". U.S. Census Bureau. Dicapai pada 24 April 2020.
  8. ^ Ralat petik: Tag <ref> tidak sah; teks bagi rujukan 2016 UK estimates tidak disediakan
  9. ^ Hemmings, J. (2010). Understanding East London’s Somali Communities. Options UK.
  10. ^ "Ethnologue United Arab Emirates". Ethnologue. Dicapai pada 21 Februari 2018.
  11. ^ "Ethnologue Oman". Ethnologue. Dicapai pada 20 Ogos 2018.
  12. ^ "Statistics Sweden - Foreign-born and born in Sweden".
  13. ^ Kleist, N. (2018). Somali Diaspora Groups in Sweden. Delmi.
  14. ^ "Census Profile, 2016 Census - Canada [Country] and Canada [Country]". 8 February 2017.
  15. ^ PeopleGroups.org. "PeopleGroups.org - Somali of Tanzania". peoplegroups.org. Dicapai pada 18 December 2018.
  16. ^ "Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents".
  17. ^ "Iazzolino, G. (2014). A safe haven for Somalis in Uganda?. Rift Valley Institute briefing paper, Nairobi" (PDF).
  18. ^ Jinnah, Zaheera. "Making Home in a Hostile Land: Understanding Somali Identity, Integration, Livelihood and Risks in Johannesburg" (PDF). J Sociology Soc Anth, 1 (1-2): 91-99 (2010). KRE Publishers. Dicapai pada 6 Mac 2014.
  19. ^ "Population; sex, age, origin and generation, 1 January". CBS StatLine. Centraal Bureau voor de Statistiek.
  20. ^ "Anzahl der Ausländer in Deutschland nach Herkunftsland". Statista.
  21. ^ "Ethnologue Saudi Arabia". Ethnologue. Dicapai pada 12 Julai 2017.
  22. ^ PeopleGroups.org. "PeopleGroups.org - Somali of Saudi Arabia". peoplegroups.org. Dicapai pada 18 December 2018.
  23. ^ "United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs (2015). Trends in International Migrant Stock: Migrants by Destination and Origin".
  24. ^ "StatBank Denmark". statbank.dk.
  25. ^ "Population". Statistics Finland. 4 April 2018. Dicapai pada 6 June 2018.
  26. ^ "Table 5. Ancestry by State and Territory of Usual Residence, Count of persons - 2016(a)(b)". Australian Bureau of Statistics. 20 July 2017. Dicapai pada 4 Ogos 2017.
  27. ^ "Statistiche demografiche ISTAT". istat.it.
  28. ^ "Bevölkerung zu Jahresbeginn 2002-2021 nach detaillierter Staatsangehörigke". Statistik Austria. Dicapai pada 2 March 2021.
  29. ^ "Federal Statistical Office". Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 17 April 2017.
  30. ^ UNHCR (1 August 2018). "Turkey Fact Sheet". unhcr.org.
  31. ^ "Somalis in Zambia seek better leadership". www.hiiraan.com (dalam bahasa Inggeris). Dicapai pada 18 Oktober 2018.
  32. ^ "Zambia : Somali Community in Zambia donate 35 trucks for garbage collection". LusakaTimes.com (dalam bahasa Inggeris). 10 Januari 2018. Dicapai pada 18 October 2018.
  33. ^ Hertogen, J. "Inwoners van vreemde afkomst in België".
  34. ^ UNHCR (1 August 2018). "Eritrea Fact Sheet". unhcr.org.
  35. ^ "Les résultats du recensement de 1999 − Population immigrée et population étrangère en 1999 | Insee". www.insee.fr (dalam bahasa Perancis). Dicapai pada 18 Oktober 2018.
  36. ^ Fakhr, Alhan (15 July 2012). "Insecure once again". Daily Jang. Dicapai pada 10 November 2013.
  37. ^ "A Comprehensive Survey of Migration Flows and Institutional Capabilities in Libya" (PDF). International Centre for Migration Policy Development. Dicapai pada 22 Mac 2018.
  38. ^ UNHCR (1 August 2015). "Malaysia Fact Sheet". unhcr.org.
  39. ^ UNHCR (1 February 2016). "Indonesia Fact Sheet". unhcr.org.
  40. ^ "Ethnic group profiles". stats.govt.nz.
  41. ^ "Population Usually Resident and Present in the State who Speak a Language other than English or Irish at Home 2011 to 2016 by Birthplace, Language Spoken, Age Group and CensusYear - StatBank - data and statistics". www.cso.ie. Dicapai pada 12 Julai 2017.
  42. ^ Joireman, Sandra F. (1997). Institutional Change in the Horn of Africa: The Allocation of Property Rights and Implications for Development. Universal-Publishers. m/s. 1. ISBN 978-1581120004.
  43. ^ "Somalia". World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. 14 May 2009. Dicapai pada 31 May 2009.
  44. ^ "Somali-people". Britannica.
  45. ^ "Republic of Somaliland - Country Profile 2021" (PDF). March 2021.
  46. ^ [2] – Ethnologue.com