Parti Demokratik Baru Kanada

Parti Demokratik Baru (Bahasa Inggeris: New Democratic Party, disingkatkan kepada NDP; Bahasa Perancis: Nouveau Parti démocratique, disingkatkan kepada NPD) ialah sebuah parti politik di Kanada yang menumpukan kepada fahaman demokrasi sosial dan pendekatan federalisme dalam pemerintahan negara tersebut.[3] Ia dibentuk hasil pemenggabungan Co-operative Commonwealth Federation dan Kongres Buruh Kanada pada tahun 1961.[14] Ia berada dalam ideologi lebih berhalukan ke kiri berbanding Parti Liberal Kanada.[11][12][15][16]

New Democratic Party
Nouveau Parti démocratique
KetuaJagmeet Singh
PresidenMathieu Vick
National DirectorMelissa Bruno
Deputy LeaderAlexandre Boulerice
Sheri Benson
DiasaskanOgos 3, 1961 (1961-08-03) (59 tahun yang lalu)[1]
Didahului
Ibu pejabatOttawa, Ontario
Sayap beliaNew Democratic Youth of Canada
Keahlian 124,620 (2017)[2]
IdeologiDeomkrasi sosial[3][4][5][6]
Sosialisme demokratik
Kedudukan politikCentre-left[7][8][9][10] to left-wing[11][12]
Penggabungan antarabangsaProgressive Alliance[13]
Warna rasmi     Jingga
Bil. kerusi Senat
0 / 105
Bil. kerusi Dewan Rakyat
24 / 338
Tapak web
b, Inggeris: www.ndp.ca
b. Perancis: www.npd.ca
Politik Kanada
Parti politik
Pilihan raya

Parti ini diketuai Jagmeet Singh sejak 2017.

IdeologiSunting

Ideologi parti ini banyak kuatnya daripada salah satu parti perintisnya, Co-operative Commonwealth Federation; parti ini didasarkan daripada sosialisme, agrarianisme dan populisme diutuhkan dengan unsur-unsur Kristiani setempat sepertimana dibawa pergerakan Injil Sosial Protestan,[17] namun NDP lebih beralih kepada pendirian yang sekular dan pluralistik serta menerapkan unsur-unsur bawaan pergerakan Kiri Baru.[18]

KepimpinanSunting

Keputusan pilihan rayaSunting

Tahun pilihan raya Ketua Bil. kerusi diraih +/– Bil. undian % Kedudukan Keputusan
1962 Tommy Douglas
19 / 265
11 1,044,754 13.57 Fourth party
1963
17 / 265
2 1,044,701 13.22 Fourth party
1965
21 / 265
4 1,381,658 17.91 Third party
1968
22 / 264
1 1,378,263 16.96 Third party
1972 David Lewis
31 / 264
9 1,725,719 17.83 Third party
1974
16 / 264
15 1,467,748 15.44 Third party
1979 Ed Broadbent
26 / 282
10 2,048,988 17.88 Third party
1980
32 / 282
6 2,165,087 19.77 Third party
1984
30 / 282
2 2,359,915 18.81 Third party
1988
43 / 295
13 2,685,263 20.38 Third party
1993 Audrey McLaughlin
9 / 295
34 939,575 6.88 No status
1997 Alexa McDonough
21 / 301
12 1,434,509 11.05 Fourth party
2000
13 / 301
8 1,093,748 8.51 Fourth party
2004 Jack Layton
19 / 308
6 2,127,403 15.68 Fourth party
2006
29 / 308
10 2,589,597 17.48 Fourth party
2008
37 / 308
8 2,515,288 18.18 Fourth party
2011
103 / 308
66 4,508,474 30.63 Official Opposition
2015 Tom Mulcair
44 / 338
59 3,441,409 19.71 Third party
2019 Jagmeet Singh
24 / 338
20 TBD TBD Ke-4

RujukanSunting

  1. ^ Neville, William (August 3, 1961). "Douglas Leads New Party, 'Democratic' Tag in Name". The Vancouver Sun. Vancouver. UPI. m/s. 1. Dicapai pada August 22, 2011.
  2. ^ Éric Grenier (2017-08-29). "NDP triples its membership to 124,000 in run-up to party's leadership vote". Cbc.ca. Dicapai pada 2017-10-04.
  3. ^ a b The party is widely described as social democratic:
  4. ^ William Cross (September 2012). "The Canadian New Democratic Party: A New Big Player in Canadian Politics?" (PDF). Friedrich Ebert Stiftung. Dicapai pada 2 January 2019.
  5. ^ Jessica Murphy (26 September 2017). "Who will Canada's New Democrats pick to take on Trudeau?". BBC News. Dicapai pada 2 January 2019.
  6. ^ Gerard Di Trolio (4 June 2018). "The NDP Claws Its Way Back". Jacobin. Dicapai pada 2 January 2019.
  7. ^ David McGrane (2018). "Electoral competition in Canada among the centre-left parties: liberal versus social democrats". Dalam Rob Manwaring; Paul Kennedy (para penyunting). Why the Left Loses: The Decline of the Centre-Left in Comparative Perspective. Policy Press. halaman 39–52. ISBN 978-1-4473-3266-4.
  8. ^ "Canada's New Democrats elect Jagmeet Singh as party leader". BBC News. 2 October 2017. Dicapai pada 31 December 2018.
  9. ^ How Canada's politics are different to Australia's. ABC. Author - Annabelle Quince. Published 16 October 2015. Retrieved 2 January 2019.
  10. ^ Death of Jack Layton Weakens Canada’s Political Opposition. The New York Times. Author - Ian Austen. Published August 22, 2011. Retrieved January 2, 2019
  11. ^ a b Elizabeth Goodyear-Grant (2013). Gendered News: Media Coverage and Electoral Politics in Canada. UBC Press. m/s. 31. ISBN 978-0-7748-2625-9.
  12. ^ a b Andrea Olive (2015). The Canadian Environment in Political Context. University of Toronto Press. m/s. 55. ISBN 978-1-4426-0871-9.
  13. ^ "Parties & Organisations of the Progressive Alliance". progressive-alliance.info. Dicapai pada 6 October 2018.
  14. ^ Pamela Behan (2012). Solving the Health Care Problem: How Other Nations Succeeded and Why the United States Has Not. SUNY Press. halaman 15–16. ISBN 978-0-791-48135-6.
  15. ^ David Martin Thomas; David Biette (2014). Canada and the United States: Differences that Count, Fourth Edition. University of Toronto Press. m/s. 168. ISBN 978-1-4426-0908-2.
  16. ^ Rodney P. Carlisle (2005). Encyclopedia of Politics: The Left and the Right. SAGE Publications. m/s. 274. ISBN 978-1-4522-6531-5.
  17. ^ Bob Stewart (1983). "The United Church of Canada in British Columbia" (PDF). Dicapai pada April 15, 2011.
  18. ^ https://xfer.ndp.ca/2017/Documents/2016_POLICY-EN.pdf