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Scorpions ialah kumpulan rock Jerman yang dibentuk pada tahun 1965 di Hanover oleh Rudolf Schenker. Sejak penubuhan kumpulan ini, gaya muziknya ialah hard rock[1][2][3] kepada heavy metal.[4][5] Barisan dari 1978-1992 ialah penjelmaan kumpulan yang paling berjaya, dan termasuk Klaus Meine (vokal), Rudolf Schenker (gitar irama), Matthias Jabs (gitar utama), Francis Buchholz (bes) Herman Rarebell (dram). Ahli-ahli tetap kugiran ini ialah Schenker, walaupun Meine telah menjadi penyanyi utama untuk semua album studio Scorpions, sementara Jabs telah menjadi ahli yang konsisten sejak tahun 1979, dan bassist Paweł Mąciwoda dan pemain dram Mikkey Dee telah berada bersama kumpulan ini sejak 2003 dan 2016 masing-masing.[6]

Scorpions
Scorpions live 2010.jpg
Scorpions pada 2010, dari kiri ke kanan: Paweł Mąciwoda, Rudolf Schenker, Matthias Jabs, Klaus Meine, James Kottak
Latar belakang
Juga dikenali sebagai
The Hunters (1975)
Berasal dariHanover, Lower Saxony, Jerman Barat
Genre
Tahun aktif1965–kini
Syarikat rakaman
Kegiatan berkaitan
Laman sesawang
the-scorpions.com
AhliRudolf Schenker
Klaus Meine
Matthias Jabs
Paweł Mąciwoda
Mikkey Dee
Logo Scorpions, digunakan sejak 1975

Ahli kumpulanSunting

Ahli semasa

  • Rudolf Schenker - irama & gitar utama, vokal pembantu (1965–kini)
  • Klaus Meine - vokal utama (1969–kini)
  • Matthias Jabs - gitar utama & irama, vokal pembantu (1978–kini)
  • Paweł Mąciwoda - bes, vokal sokongan (2003–kini)
  • Mikkey Dee - dram (2016–kini)

Anugerah dan penghargaanSunting

  • 1975: Best German Live Band
  • 1976: Album of the Year in Germany – Virgin Killer
  • 1979: Playboy magazine: Best artwork of the year for the Lovedrive cover
  • 1985: Entry into the Golden Book of Hanover
  • 1986: Bravo Otto Band in Silver Category, Hard & Heavy
  • 1991: Bravo Otto in Gold Category band, Hard & Heavy
  • 1991: Invitation to the Kremlin, reception in the former Soviet state with party leader Mikhail Gorbachev
  • 1992: Bravo Otto in bronze category band, Hard & Heavy
  • 1992: World Music Award as the most successful German rock act
  • 1992: Echo as the best national group
  • 1992: Europe Golden (German: Goldene Europa)
  • 1994: World Music Award
  • 1998: Radio Regenbogen Award, Rock International
  • 2000: Town of Hanover Plaque (German: Stadtplakette)
  • 2000: Entry into the Golden Book of Hanover
  • 2000: Cultural Prize of the City of Hanover
  • 2001: Scorpions Street in Leganes, Spain
  • 2009: Echo Lifetime Achievement award
  • 2010: Star on the Hollywood Rock Walk, Los Angeles
  • 2010: Rock Legend Award – the World Music Award (special award for outstanding contribution to the development of rock music)
  • 2010: Special postage stamp Scorpions for the Brazil tour, published by the Brazilian postal service
  • 2010: Lifetime Achievement Awards, the Hard Rock Cafe chain
  • 2011: Radio Regenbogen Award in the category Lifetime Rock[7]
  • 2011: Pioneer of Pop – awarded by SWR3-New-Pop-Festival[8]
  • 2011: Metal Guru Award from Classic Rock[9]
  • 2012: CGDC Award for Music for Dialogue from the Center for Global Dialogue and Cooperation (CGDC)[10]
  • 2012: Deutscher Nachhaltigkeitspreis der Städte und Gemeinden[11]
  • 2013: Steiger Award

DiskografiSunting

KonsertSunting

Scorpions telah beraksi di 2,500 konsert di 80 negara.[12][13]

  • 1972–1974: Lonesome Crow Tour
  • 1974–1975: Fly to the Rainbow Tour
  • 1975–1976: In Trance Tour
  • 1976–1977: Virgin Killer Tour
  • 1977–1978: Taken by Force Tour
  • 1979: Lovedrive Tour
  • 1980: Animal Magnetism Tour
  • 1982–1983: Blackout Tour
  • 1984–1986: Love at First Sting Tour
  • 1988–1989: Savage Amusement Tour
  • 1990–1991: Crazy World Tour
  • 1993–1994: Face the Heat Tour
  • 1996–1998: Pure Instinct Tour
  • 1999: Eye to Eye Tour
  • 2000–2001: Moment of Glory Tour
  • 2001: Acoustica Tour
  • 2002–2003: Bad for Good Tour
  • 2004–2006: Unbreakable Tour
  • 2007–2009: Humanity Tour
  • 2010–2014: Get Your Sting and Blackout World Tour
    • March 2010 – October 2011: Get your Sting and Blackout
    • November 2011 – December 2012: Final Sting
    • July 2013 – November 2014: Rock 'n' Roll Forever Tour
  • 2015–2016: 50th Anniversary World Tour
  • 2017–2019: 2017–2019 Crazy World Tour

RujukanSunting

  1. ^ M. C. Strong (1998). The great rock discography. Giunti. m/s. 722. ISBN 88-09-21522-2. 
  2. ^ Philip Dodd (2005). The Book of Rock: from the 1950s to today. Thunder's Mouth Press. ISBN 1-56025-729-6. 
  3. ^ "Scorpions Reconsider Retirement | Rock News | News". Planet Rock. 14 June 2012. Dicapai 23 April 2014. 
  4. ^ Christe, Ian (2004). Sound of the Beast. Allison & Busby. m/s. 2. ISBN 0-7490-8351-4. 
  5. ^ Walser, Robert (1999). Running with The Devil. Wesleyan University Press. m/s. 2. ISBN 0-8195-6260-2. LCCN 92056911. 
  6. ^ "Scorpions". Encyclopaedia Metallum. 
  7. ^ "Radio Regenbogen Award: Da freut sich das Promi-Fan-Herz! – Radio Regenbogen-Award 2011". Ka-news.de. Dicapai 20 October 2011. 
  8. ^ "SWR3 New Pop Festival 2011". Swr3.de. Diarkibkan daripada asal pada 21 July 2012. Dicapai 20 October 2011. 
  9. ^ "Classic Rock » Blog Archive » CR AWARDS: The Winners". Classicrockmagazine.com. Dicapai 7 December 2011. 
  10. ^ "CGDC Award 2012". cgdc.eu. Diarkibkan daripada asal pada 11 August 2014. Dicapai 23 April 2014. 
  11. ^ "Dt. Nachhaltigkeitspreis: Ehrenpreisträger stehen fest | Markenartikel". Markenartikel-magazin.de. Dicapai 23 April 2014. 
  12. ^ "Orange but Green supporten die Scorpions in Essen – Musik". Monstersandcritics.de. 31 January 2014. Diarkibkan daripada asal pada 29 May 2010. Dicapai 23 April 2014. 
  13. ^ https://www.setlist.fm/stats/scorpions-3d63ddf.html

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