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Ikon pendokumenan Pendokumenan templat[lihat] [sunting] [sejarah] [nyahcache]
Pendokumenan templat berikut ditransklusikan daripada Templat:Cite news/doc [sunting]

Templat ini digunakan untuk menyatakan petikan sumber dalam Wikipedia dan digunakan khususnya untuk sumber berita.

Kegunaan

Kesemua nama-nama parameter mestilah dalam huruf kecil.

Copy a blank version to use. Remember to use the "|" (pipe) character between each field. Please delete any unused fields to avoid clutter in the edit window.

Full version (copy and paste text below and delete parameters you don't need)
{{cite news |first= |last= |authorlink= |author= |coauthors= |title= |url= |format= |work= |publisher= |id= |pages= |page= |date= |accessdate=2017-09-25 |language= |quote= |archiveurl= |archivedate= }}
Most commonly used fields (or you can use this and not have to delete as much)
(This assumes English, HTML format, with today as access date)
{{cite news |first= |last= |authorlink= |coauthors= |title= |url= |work= |publisher= |date= |accessdate=2017-09-25 }}
All parameters, vertical format
{{cite news
 | first = 
 | last = 
 | authorlink = 
 | author = 
 | coauthors = 
 | title = 
 | url = 
 | format = 
 | work = 
 | publisher = 
 | id = 
 | pages = 
 | page = 
 | date = 
 | accessdate = 
 | language = 
 | quote = 
 | archiveurl = 
 | archivedate = 
 }}
  • title (tajuk) diwajibkan, yang selebihnya adalah sebaliknya. Ingat bahawa tajuk mesti ditaip dalam satu baris sahaja agar hiperrangkai dipaparkan dengan betul. Jangan sertakan tanda petikan, huruf condong atau apa-apa pemformatan lain.
  • author: Pengarang.
    • last works with first to produce last, first
    • authorlink works either with author or with last & first to link to the appropriate Wikipedia article. Does not work with URLs.
    • coauthors: Allows additional authors.
  • url: Link to the news item if available online (note this is not for a link to the main web page of the work of publisher, but only to a copy of the item specified in "title").
    • format: Format, e.g. PDF. Don't specify for HTML (implied as default).
      Specify as 'fee required' if free access is no longer available.
      Specify as 'Reprint' if you use a full original version but not hosted by the original publisher.
  • work: Such as a column, sub part of issue, or a multi-part work such as a magazine title. Do not italicize.
  • publisher: The company or organization that publishes the news source.
  • id: Identifier such as {{ISSN|0028-0836}} — remember, if you use this parameter, you must specify the kind of identifier, not just give a number.
  • date: Date of publication. ISO 8601 YYYY-MM-DD format recommended. If the whole date is known it should be wikilinked to enable date user preferences.
  • page or pages: The page(s) on which the article is found. page inserts the abbreviation "p." before the number; pages inserts "pp." Use only one of these parameters. If numbers are entered for both, pages overrides page.
  • accessdate: Date when item was accessed. Use ISO 8601 YYYY-MM-DD format. Do not wikilink the date.
  • language: The language in which the source is written. If English (the default) do not use this parameter.
  • quote: Relevant quotation.
  • archiveurl: URL of the archive location of the item (requires archivedate); this is for archives such as those at internetarchive.org; for back-issues and the like that are on file at the publisher's site, use the "url" parameter.
  • archivedate: Date when the item was archived (requires archiveurl), in ISO 8601 YYYY-MM-DD format, e.g. 2006-02-17. Must not be wikilinked; it will be linked automatically.

Examples

Using first and last to identify the author, and id to supply the ISSN
  • {{cite news | first=John | last=Doe | title=News | url=http://www.example.org/ | work=Encyclopedia of Things | publisher=News co. | pages= 37–39 | date=[[2005-11-21]] | id={{ISSN|0028-0836}} | accessdate=2005-12-11 }}
    Doe, John (2005-11-21). "News". Encyclopedia of Things. News co. pp. 37–39. ISSN 0028-0836. Dicapai pada 2005-12-11. 
Using author instead of first and last
  • {{cite news | author=Staff writer | title=News | url=http://www.example.org/News.pdf | format=PDF | publisher=News co. | pages= 37–39 | date=[[2005-11-21]] | accessdate=2005-12-11 }}
    Staff writer (2005-11-21). "News" (PDF). News co. pp. 37–39. Dicapai pada 2005-12-11. 
Using authorlink to link to the author's article
  • {{cite news | first=John | last=Doe | authorlink=John Doe | title=News | url=http://www.example.org/background | format=Reprint | publisher=News co. | date=[[2005-11-21]] | accessdate=2005-12-11 }}
    Doe, John (2005-11-21). "News" (Reprint). News co. Dicapai pada 2005-12-11. 
Using format
  • {{cite news | title=News | url=http://www.example.org/Archive/News | format=Fee required | publisher=News co. | date=[[2005-11-21]] | accessdate=2005-12-11 }}
    "News" (Fee required). News co. 2005-11-21. Dicapai pada 2005-12-11. 
Using page to identify the reference by page
  • {{cite news | first=John | last=Doe | title=FooBar | page=1 }}
    Doe, John. "FooBar". p. 1. 
A very simple citation
  • {{cite news | title=FooBar | page=1 }}
    "FooBar". p. 1. 
Using archiveurl and archivedate to refer to items that went away but are available from an archive site
  • {{cite news | author=Staff writer | title=News | url=http://www.example.org/News.pdf | format=PDF | publisher=News co. | pages= 37–39 | date=[[2005-11-21]] | accessdate=2005-12-11 | archiveurl=http://web.archive.org/web/20070628082911/http://www.example.org/News.pdf | archivedate=2007-06-28 }}
    Staff writer (2005-11-21). "News" (PDF). News co. pp. 37–39. Diarkibkan daripada original (PDF) pada 2007-06-28. Dicapai pada 2005-12-11. 

COinS

Templat ini menghasilkan COinS metadata; lihat COinS di Wikipedia untuk maklumat latarbelakang.

TemplateData

Berikut adalah pendokumenan TemplateData untuk templat ini yang digunakan oleh VisualEditor dan alatan-alatan lain.

Cite news

This template formats a citation to a news article in print, video, audio or web using the provided source information (e.g. author, publication, date) and various formatting options.

Parameter templat

This template has custom formatting.

Parameter Keterangan Jenis Status
URL urlURL

The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found. Requires schemes of the type "http://..." or maybe even the  protocol relative scheme "//..."

Asali
empty
Example
https://www.nytimes.com/...
Nilai auto
kosong
String suggested
Source title title

The title of the source page on the website; displays in quotes

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String required
Last name lastlast1authorauthor1authors

The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown suggested
First name firstfirst1

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown suggested
Source date date

Full date of the source; do not wikilink

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String suggested
Newspaper newspaper

Name of the newspaper; displays after title

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String suggested
URL access date access-dateaccessdate

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String suggested
Archive URL archive-urlarchiveurl

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String suggested
Archive date archive-datearchivedate

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String suggested
Dead URL dead-urldeadurl

If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String suggested
Publisher publisher

Name of the publisher; displays after title

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Work work

Name of the source periodical; may be wikilinked; displays in italics; alias of 'newspaper', 'journal', 'magazine', 'periodical'

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String suggested
Agency agency

The news agency (wire service) that provided the content; examples: Associated Press, Reuters, Agence France-Presse

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Last name 2 last2author2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
First name 2 first2

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
Others others

Used to record other contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Month of publication month

Name of the month of publication; do not wikilink; use 'date' instead, if day of month is also known

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Year of publication year

Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Editor last name editor-last

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-last', 'editor', and 'editors'

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
Editor first name editor-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first'

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
Editor link editor-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-link'

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Page optional
Issue issuenumber

Issue identifier when the source is part of a series that is published periodically

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Department department

Department within the periodical

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Location of publication location

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Place of publication publication-place

Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Publication date publication-date

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Edition edition

When the publication has more than one edition; for example: '2nd', 'Revised' etc.; suffixed with ' ed.'

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Volume volume

For one publication published in several volumes

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Page page

Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Pages pages

Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
No pp nopp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
At at

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Language language

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Script title script-title

For titles in languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc). Prefix with two-character ISO639-1 language code followed by a colon. For Japanese use: |script-title=ja:...

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Translated title trans-titletrans_title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Type type

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Format format

Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
arXiv identifier arxiv

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
ASIN asin

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
ASIN TLD asin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Bibcode bibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
DOI doi

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
DOI broken date doi-broken-date

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
ISBN isbn

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
ISSN issn

International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
jfm code jfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
JSTOR jstor

JSTOR identifier

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
LCCN lccn

Library of Congress Control Number

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
MR mr

Mathematical Reviews identifier

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
OCLC oclc

Online Computer Library Center number

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
OL ol

Open Library identifier

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
OSTI osti

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
PMC pmc

PubMed Center article number

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
PMID pmid

PubMed Unique Identifier

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
RFC rfc

Request for Comments number

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
SSRN ssrn

Social Science Research Network

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Zbl zbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
id id

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Quote quote

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Ref ref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv and sfn templates

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Postscript postscript

The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined; to suppress use reserved keyword 'none'

Asali
.
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Registration registration

For online sources that require registration, set to 'yes' (or 'y', or 'true'); superseded by subscription if both are set

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Subscription subscription

For online sources that require subscription, set to 'yes' (or 'y', or 'true'); supersedes registration if both are set

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Last name 3 last3author3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
First name 3 first3

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
Last name 4 last4author4

The surname of the fourth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
First name 4 first4

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth author; don't wikilink.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
Last name 5 last5author5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
First name 5 first5

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
Last name 6 last6author6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
First name 6 first6

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
Last name 7 last7author7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
First name 7 first7

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
Last name 8 last8author8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
First name 8 first8

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
Last name 9 last9author9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
First name 9 first9

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown optional
Author mask author-mask

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Author name separator author-name-separator

Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as

Asali
,
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Author separator author-separator

Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as

Asali
;
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Display authors display-authorsdisplayauthors

number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used;

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Number optional
Author link author-linkauthorlinkauthorlink1author-link1author1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Page optional
Author link 2 author-link2authorlink2

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author. (Up to nine authors can be listed, 3-9 are toward the end of the parameter list)

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Page optional
Lay URL lay-urllayurl

URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary'

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Lay source lay-sourcelaysource

Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Lay date lay-datelaydate

Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Author link 3 author-link3authorlink3author3-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Page optional
Author link 4 author-link4authorlink4author4-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth author.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Page optional
Author link 5 author-link5authorlink5author5-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth author.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Page optional
Author link 6 author-link6authorlink6author6-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Page optional
Author link 7 author-link7authorlink7author7-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Page optional
Author link 8 author-link8authorlink8author8-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Page optional
Author link 9 author-link9authorlink9author9-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Page optional
Last author ampersand last-author-amplastauthoramp

When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Original year orig-yearorigyear

Original year of publication; provide specifics

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
via via

Identify the aggregator of the resource that provided the digital version (usually a database provider), when it differs from the publisher (e.g., for The Wikipedia Library)

Asali
empty
Example
EBSCOHost , Proquest, Newspapers.com
Nilai auto
kosong
Unknown suggested

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