Tentera Udara Jerman

Tentera Udara Jerman Mengenai audio ini Luftwaffe  (Jerman IPA: ['lʊftvafə]) merupakan satu istilah terbitan daripada bahasa Jerman untuk tentera udara. Ia juga merupakan nama rasmi untuk dua daripada empat sejarah bekas tentera udara Jerman, iaitu Wehrmacht sebuah cabang udara yang ditubuhkan pada tahun 1933 dan dibubarkan pada tahun 1946; dan sekarang Bundeswehr, cabang udara yang ditubuhkan pada tahun 1956. Dua pasukan tentera udara bersejarah Jerman yang lain adalah tentera udara era Perang Dunia I, Luftstreitkräfte dan Luftstreitkräfte der NVA di dalam Republik Demokratik Jerman. Sebagai rekod, Luftwaffe juga merupakan nama bagi Tentera Udara Switzerland di dalam bahasa Jerman dan (Forces aériennes suisses dalam bahasa Perancis dan Forze Aeree Svizzere dalam bahasa Itali). Cabang udara Austria juga dipanggil sebagai Österreichische Luftstreitkräfte.

Tentera Udara Jerman
Luftwaffe
Bundeswehr Logo Luftwaffe with lettering.svg
Lambang Tentera Udara Jerman
Aktif1935-1945 (Wehrmacht) 1956-kini (Bundeswehr)
Negara Jerman
CawanganTentera udara
PerananPeperangan udara
Saiz28,607 anggota (4 September 2015)[1]
378 buah pesawat[2]
MotoWir. Dienen. Deutschland.
WarnaBiru, Kelabu dan Putih
Peringatan9 Januari 1956
PertempuranPerang Dingin
Operasi Deliberate Force
Perang Kosovo
Perang di Afghanistan
Komander
Inspektor Tentera UdaraGeneralleutnant Ingo Gerhartz
Timbalan Inspektor Tentera UdaraGeneralleutnant Dieter Naskrent
Ketua StafGeneralmajor Günter-Erhard Giesa
Komander
terkenal
Jeneral Josef Kammhuber
Jeneral Johannes Steinhoff, Jeneral Gerhard Back, 2004-2007 Panglima JFC Brunssum
Tanda kebesaran
Roundel
Roundel of Germany – Type 1 – Border.svg
Pesawat terbang
PenyerangTornado
Peperangan
elektronik
Tornado
PejuangF-4 Phantom II, Eurofighter
PelatihT-38 Talon, G-120, T-37
PengangkutChallenger 600, A310, Cougar, C-160

Lihat jugaSunting

RujukanSunting

NotaSunting

  1. ^ "Die Stärke der Streitkräfte [Personnel strength of German Armed Forces". 4 September 2015. Dicapai pada 27 September 2015.
  2. ^ Flightglobal - World Air Forces 2015 (PDF), Flightglobal.com

BibliografiSunting

Hundreds of books, magazines and articles have been written about the Luftwaffe. A select few are listed here.

  • Aders, Gebhard (1992), History of the German Night-Fighter Force, 1917-1945 (edited and translated by Alex Vanags-Baginskis), Crecy. ISBN 0-947554-21-1. (Originally published by Jane's in 1979.)
  • Amadio, Jill (2002), Günther Rall: A Memoir, Seven Locks Press. ISBN 0-9715533-0-0.
  • Galland, Adolf (2000 [1957]), The First and the Last, Buccaneer Books, Inc. ISBN 0-89966-728-7.
  • Green, William (1990), Warplanes of the Third Reich, Galahad. [Second edition, following from original work published in 1970.] ISBN 0-88365-666-3.
  • Held, Werner and Nauroth, Holger (1982), The Defence of the Reich: Hitler's Nightfighter Planes and Pilots (translated by David Roberts), London, Arms and Armour Press. ISBN 0-85368-414-6.
  • Mermet, Jean-Claude and Ehrengardt, Christian-Jacques (2002), Les Jets de la Luftwaffe: Aéro-Journal Hors-Série No.4, Aéro-Éditions International (French language edition only). ISSN 0336-1055 .
  • Orbis Publishing Limited, London (1974-77), Wings, a part-work encyclopedia of aviation in eight volumes, which included many articles about the battles during World War II in which the Luftwaffe took part, as well as biographies of some of its high-profile airmen.
  • Orbis Publishing Limited, London (1981-84) (second edition), World War II, a part-work encyclopedia in eight volumes about the 1939-1945 War.
  • Philpott, Bryan (1986), History of the German Air Force, Hamlyn. ISBN 0-600-50293-7.
  • Price, Alfred (2005), Battle Over The Reich: The Strategic Bomber Offensive Against Germany 1939-1945, Classic Publications. [Revised, second edition based on the previous work with the same title first published in 1973.] ISBN 1-903223-47-4.
  • Price, Alfred (2000), Blitz on Britain, 1939-1945, Sutton. [Revised edition of Blitz on Britain : the bomber attacks on the United Kingdom, 1939-1945, first published by Ian Allan in 1977]. ISBN 0-7110-0723-3 (1977 edition).
  • Sobolev, D. A. and Khazanov, D.B. (2001), The German Imprint on the History of Russian Aviation, Moscow, Rusavia (English edition). ISBN 5-900078-08-6.
  • Wood, Tony, and Gunston, Bill (1984), Hitler's Luftwaffe: A Pictorial History and Technical Encyclopedia of Hitler's Air Power in World War II, Book Sales (originally published by Salamander Books). ISBN 0-89009-758-5.

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