Tentera Udara Swiss

(Dilencongkan dari Tentera Udara Switzerland)

Tentera Udara Swiss (Jerman: Schweizer Luftwaffe; Perancis: Forces aériennes suisses; Itali: Forze Aeree Svizzere) merupakan sebuah komponen bagi Angkatan Tentera Swiss. Ia telah ditubuhkan pada 31 Julai, 1914[2] tetapi tidak menjadi unit yang berasingan sehinggalah tahun 1936, dan satu perkhidmatan berasingan dari tentera darat sehingga 1 Januari 1996.

Tentera Udara Switzerland
Logo Tentera Udara Switzerland
Ditubuhkan pada31 Julai 1914
Negara  Switzerland
PerananPertahanan udara
Saiz1,600 anggota aktif[1]
Sebahagian daripadaAngkatan Tentera Swiss
Staf kepada
Panglima Angkatan Tentera
Bundeshaus Ost, Bern
Komander
Panglima Tentera UdaraMejar Jeneral Peter Merz
Tanda kebesaran
Roundel
Pesawat terbang
PenyerangF/A-18 Hornet, F-5 Tiger
Peperangan
elektronik
F-5F Tiger, Pilatus PC-9
HelikopterEurocopter Cougar/Super Puma, Eurocopter EC635
PemintasF/A-18 Hornet, F-5 Tiger
PerondaF/A-18 Hornet
PengawasanADS-95 Ranger
PelatihPilatus PC-7/PC-9/PC-21

Pangkalan tentera udara sunting

Lokasi pangkalan udara

Radar pengawasan sunting

  • FLORAKOAmerika SyarikatPerancisSwitzerland
  • TAFLIRAmerika SyarikatSwitzerland
  • Skyguard Switzerland
  • Stinger Alert RadarAmerika Syarikat

Pesawat sunting

Inventori sekarang sunting

Gambar Nama Asal Jenis Dalam perkhidmatan[3][4]


Bilangan [5] Nota
  McDonnell Douglas F/A-18 Hornet   Amerika Syarikat   Switzerland
dibina secara berlesen daripada Amerika Syarikat
Multirole fighter F/A-18C 25 buah (J-5001 to J-5026) J-5022 terhempas [6]
  F/A-18D 5[7] (J-5232 hingga J-5238. J-5231,J-5235, J-5237 terhempas)
  Northrop F-5   Amerika Syarikat   Switzerland
dibina secara berlesen daripada Amerika Syarikat
Fighter-Interceptor F-5E 42 buah Pemintas, aerobatik, sasaran ditunda
  F-5F 12 buah (J-3201 to J-3212) Rondaan udara dan peperangan elektronik
  Pilatus PC-7 Turbo trainer    Switzerland Trainer NCPC-7 27 buah AB Locarno
  Pilatus PC-9    Switzerland Trainer PC-9/F 6 (C-405, C-407, C-408, C-409, C-411. hingga C-412, C-404 terhempas) target-towing

and electronic warfare

  Pilatus PC-21    Switzerland Advanced trainer PC-21 8 (A-101 to A-108) ]
  Beechcraft 1900   Amerika Syarikat VIP transport 1900D 1 (T-729) Bern-Belp Airport
  DHC-6 Twin Otter   Kanada Photomapping DHC-6 1 (T-741) Militärflugplatz Dübendorf
Fail:File:T-752.jpg CL604   Kanada VIP /Ambulanz CL60 2 (T-751,T-752)
  Beechcraft Super King Air   Amerika Syarikat Photomapping 350C 1 (T-721) Militärflugplatz Dübendorf
  Pilatus PC-6 Turbo-Porter    Switzerland Light transport PC-6/B2-H2M-1 15 Airliftsqn 7] (AB Emmen) + HB-FCF from armasuisse
  Dassault Falcon 900EX   Perancis VIP transport Falcon 900 1 (T-785) Bern-Belp Airpt.
  Pilatus PC-12    Switzerland Test and transport PC-12 1 (HB-FOG) Armasuisse
  Cessna Citation Excel   Amerika Syarikat VIP transport Ce-560XL 1 (T-784) Bern-Belp Airpt.]
  Pilatus PC-24    Switzerland VIP transport PC-24 1 (T-786)
  Diamond DA42   Amerika Syarikat  Austria Experimental Diamond DA42 Aurora Centauer 1 (R-711) Armasuisse
  ADS-95 Ranger    Switzerland UAV ADS-95 24 (D-108 to D-134. D-119 & D-132 crash) Drone Sqn 7
  ADS-15 Hermes 900   Israel UAV ADS-15 0 (6) 6 per 2019 [8]
  KZD 85    Switzerland UAV KZD-85 60 (Z-30 to Z-90, Today 30 in use) training of air defense troops (flab) )
  • Trainingsmockup F/A-18C, X-5098, X-5099.
Pesawat Asal Jenis Versi Dalam In service[9] Notes
  Eurocopter AS332 Super Puma   Perancis Medium airlift AS332M1 15 (T-311 to T-325) AB Payerne, Militärflugplatz Dübendorf.
  Eurocopter Cougar   Perancis Medium airlift AS532UL 10 (T-331 to T342) AB Alpnach. (T-341) crashed 2011, (T-338) 2016.
  Eurocopter EC635   Perancis   Jerman Utility EC635 P2+ 18 (T-353 to T-370) AB Alpnach
VIP transport EC635 P2+ VIP 2 (T-351, T-352)
 
Oerlikon Skyguard
Pesawat Asal Jenis Versi In service Notes
  Oerlikon 35 mm twin cannon    Switzerland AAA gun 45 a.k.a. "Flab Kanone 63/90"
  FIM-92 Stinger   Amerika Syarikat MANPAD infrared guided missile 288
  Rapier missile   United Kingdom surface-air guided missile 54 a.k.a. "Mobile Lenkwaffen Flugabwehr"

Old Inventori sunting

Gambar Nama Asal Jenis Dalam Bilangan Entered
service
WFU Nota
  Aérospatiale Alouette II[10]   Perancis observation, rescue & liaison II 30 1958 1992 10 bought in 1958, and 20 in 1964.
  Aérospatiale Alouette III[11]   Perancis transport & trainer III 84 1964 2010 14 lost in accidents. Replaced by EC635.
  BAE Hawk   United Kingdom trainer T.66 19 1987 2002 One lost in 1990. 18 sold to the Finland in 2008.
  Beechcraft Expeditor[12]   Amerika Syarikat transport C18S,
C-45F
3 1948 1969
  Beechcraft Twin Bonanza[13]   Amerika Syarikat transport E50 3 1957 1989
BFW M.18[14]   Jerman transport 18C & 18D 4 1929 1954 1 18C, 3 18D.
  Bücker Jungmann   Jerman trainer Bü 131 94 1936 1971 Two seat biplane. 10 impressed from aero clubs.
Bücker Jungmeister   Jerman trainer Bü 133 52 1937 1968 Acrobatics/air combat training single seat biplane.
  Comte AC-1[15]    Switzerland fighter AC-1 1 1928 1939
Comte AC-4[16]    Switzerland liaison AC-4 1 1931 1938
Comte AC-11-V[17]    Switzerland liaison AC-11-V 1 1943 1945
  Dassault Falcon   Perancis VIP transport 50 1 1996 2013 Replaced by Dassault Falcon 900EX.
     Dassault Mirage III   Perancis experimental IIIC 1 1962 1999
reconnaissance IIIRS 18 1964 2003
fighter IIIS 36 1964 1999 Swiss IIIC, Upgraded by SF Emmen in 1988.
Financial scandal reduced orders from 100.
advanced trainer IIIBS 4 1964 2003 2 lost in accidents.
advanced trainer IIIDS 2 1983 2003 Replaced crashed Mirage IIIBS.
de Havilland Mosquito[18]   United Kingdom bomber PR.4 & FB.6 2 1944 1954 1 used by Swissair for pilot training.
ke-2 was engine testbed for EFW N-20.
    de Havilland Vampire   United Kingdom fighter F.1 4 1946 1990 First Swiss Air Force jet aircraft. For testing.
fighter-bomber F.6 178 1949 1990 Includes 3 from spare parts.
night fighter NF.10 1 1958 1961 Testing only.
trainer T.55 39 1953 1990 Two seat trainer, 30 built in Switzerland.
  de Havilland Venom   United Kingdom fighter-bomber FB.50 126 1954 1984 Improved Vampire with new wings.
Swiss FB.50 = RAF FB.1, FB.54 = FB.5.
reconnaissance FB.50R 24 1956 1975
fighter-bomber FB.54 100 1956 1983
reconnaissance FB.54R 8 1980 1987
  Dewoitine D.26   Perancis trainer D.26 11 1931 1948
  Dewoitine D.27   Perancis fighter D.27 66 1928 1944
  Dornier Do 27   Jerman aerial spraying Do 27H2 7 1958 2005
  N-20.2 Arbalète    Switzerland experimental fighter N-20.2 1 1949 1952 First Swiss designed jet fighter, only 1 test aircraft built.
  N-20.10 Aiguillon    Switzerland fighter N-20.10 1 1949 1952 First Swiss designed jet fighter, not in serie produced.
  EKW C-35[19][20]    Switzerland reconnaissance C-35 & 35-1 90 1937 1954 8 built from spares.
  EKW C-36    Switzerland reconnaissance C-3603 160 1942 1987 20 converted to target tugs, 40 re-engined with turboprop.
  Eurocopter Dauphin 2[21]   Perancis VIP transport SA.365N 1 2005 2009 Used by the state government
Fairey Fox[22]   United Kingdom reconnaissance VI.R 2 1937 1945
  FFA P-16    Switzerland ground attack P-16.04 & P-16 Mk.II 5 1955 1960 Prototypes. Order for 100 cancelled after ke-2 crash. 2 returned to FFA.
  Fieseler Fi 156   Jerman transport, observation
& ambulance
C-3 Trop 5 1940 1963 Number includes 1 impressed.
Focke-Wulf Fw 44   Jerman trainer Fw 44F 1 1945 1953
  Fokker C.V   Belanda reconnaissance D & E 64 1927 1954
  Häfeli DH-1    Switzerland reconnaissance DH-1 6 1916 1919
  Häfeli DH-3    Switzerland reconnaissance DH-3 109 1917 1939
  Häfeli DH-5    Switzerland reconnaissance DH-5 80 1922 1940
  Hanriot HD-1   Perancis fighter HD-1 16 1921 1930
   Hawker Hunter   United Kingdom fighter-bomber F.58 100 1958 1994 Swiss F.58=RAF F.6, FB.58A=FGA.9, T.68=T.66.
Final assembly at Emmen.
3 batches, some converted ex-RAF F.6s.
fighter-bomber F.58A 52 1971 1994
trainer T.68 8 1974 1994
  Hiller UH-12[23]   Amerika Syarikat battlefield observation B 3 1952 1962
  Junkers Ju 52/3m   Jerman transport Versions 3 1939 1981 Since 1983 museum aircraft at Dübendorf.
  Learjet 35   Amerika Syarikat VIP transport A 2 1987 2006
  Messerschmitt Bf 108   Jerman liaison B 18 1938 1959
  Messerschmitt Bf 109   Jerman fighter D-1 10 1939 1949
fighter E-1 & E-3 89 1939 1948
fighter F-4/Z 2 1942 1947
fighter G-6 & G-14 16 1944 1947
Morane-Saulnier G   Perancis trainer G or H 1 1914 1919
Morane-Saulnier MS.229   Perancis trainer Et2 2 1931 1941
  Morane-Saulnier MS.406[24]   Perancis fighter MS.406 2 1939 1954 Trainer after replaced as fighter in 1948.
17 3801s built from spares after production ended.
fighter 3800 82 1940 1954
fighter 3801 224 1941 1959
fighter 3802 13 1946 1956
fighter 3803 1 1947 1956
Nardi FN.315   Itali trainer FN.315 2 1944 1948
Nieuport 23   Perancis trainer 23 C.1 5 1917 1921
  Nieuport 28   Perancis fighter 28 C.1 15 1918 1930
  Nord Norécrin   Perancis liaison 1201 1 1948 1952
Nord Norvigie   Perancis liaison NC.850 1 1949 1950 Tested and returned to Nord
  North American P-51 Mustang[25]   Amerika Syarikat reconnaissance P-51B-10 1 1944 1945 Some bought surplus for $4000 US ea.
fighter P-51D 113 1948 1957
fighter TP-51D 2 1948 1957
fighter F-6 15 1948 1957
  North American Harvard[26]   Kanada trainer Mk.IIB 40 1948 1968 Surplus ex-RCAF (Canadian built).
  Pilatus P-2[27]    Switzerland trainer P-2 05 & 06 55 1945 1981
  Pilatus P-3[28]    Switzerland trainers P-3 73 1956 1995 Number includes prototype.
Piper Super Cub[29]   Amerika Syarikat observation PA-18-150 6 1948 1975
Potez 25[30]   Perancis reconnaissance L-25 A.2 17 1927 1940
Potez 63[31]   Perancis bomber 630 & 633 2 1938 1944
Rockwell Grand Commander   Amerika Syarikat mapping 680FL 1 1976 1993 Civil registered for Federal Office of Topography.
Siebel Si 204   Jerman transport D-1 1 1945 1955 Interned.
Stinson Sentinel   Amerika Syarikat liaison L-5 1 1944 1945
  Sud-Ouest Djinn[32]   Perancis trainer S.O.1221 4 1958 1964 Returned to manufacturer following rotor problems.
Weber-Landolf-Münch WLM-1    Switzerland glider WLM-1 2 1951 unk
Historical Ground Based Air Defense sunting
 
Bloodhound SAM
Gambar Nama Asal Entered
service
WFU Nota
  Oerlikon 20 mm cannon    Switzerland 1937 1992 (L Flab Kan 37).
  Oerlikon 20 mm cannon    Switzerland 1954 1995 (L Flab Kan 54 Oe).
  Bristol Bloodhound   United Kingdom 1964 1999 Flab Lwf BL 64 Bloodhound
Swiss made Ground Based Air Defense tested but not bought sunting

A number of air defence systems have been offered by Swiss companies and trialled by the Swiss Air Force but in the event not purchased.

Gambar Nama Asal Entered
service
WFU Nota
  35 mm anti aircraft tank B22L    Switzerland 1958 1964
  RSA Missile    Switzerland 1946 1958
  RSD 58    Switzerland 1952 1958
  RSE Kriens (Missile)    Switzerland 1958 1966
  Mowag Shark    Switzerland   United Kingdom
  Perancis
1981 1983 with French Crotale (missile)
or British twin AAA "wildcat"2x30mm.

Old Radar Systems sunting

Radar Systems sunting

 
FLORIDA EZ at Fliegermuseum Dübendorf
Gambar Nama Asal Entered
service
WFU Nota
  FLORIDA Airspace monitoring and management system   Amerika Syarikat 1970 2003
  SRF Airspace monitoring and management system   Perancis 1955 1970
  LGR-1 Radar   Amerika Syarikat 1948 1955
  Target allocation radar TPS-1E   Amerika Syarikat
(licensed)  Itali
1958 1989
  Super Fledermaus    Switzerland 1965 1977
  Fire control radar Mark VII   United Kingdom 1958 1967

Old AFB sunting

 
F-5E crossing Street at Mollis AFB
 
former Military Airfield Raron

Kawalan Udara sunting

Pengawalan udara merupakan salah satu aktivisi utama waktu aman bagi Pasukan Udara Swiss. Pasukan Udara membezakan dua jenis misi, misi hidup (pemantauan, mengenal pasti) dan misi panas (pemintasan).

Year Misi Hidup Misi Panas Nota
2006 342 22 [33]
2007 295 23 [34]
2008 308 23
2009 294 9
2010 246 22
2011 350 12
2012 207 10
2013 202 9
2014 277 15
2015 276 37
2016 337 26 [35]
2017 292 36 [36]
2018 245 ca.20 [37]

[38][39][40]

Skuadron pesawat sunting

Gambar Nama Status Pangkalan Dalam Sejarah Nota
  Fliegerstaffel 1 Rokh Tak aktif Dübendorf Northrop F-5 Hawker Hunter,De Havilland Vampire,C-3036,Fokker C.V, Häfeli DH-5 The Patrouille Suisse was Created from parts of the FlSt1 [41]
  Fliegerstaffel 2 Tak aktif Payerne Northrop F-5 Hawker Hunter,DH-112 Venom , De Havilland Vampire,AFB Ulrichen, Turtmann [42]
Fail:FlSt3new.gif Fliegerstaffel 3 Tak aktif Sion Dassault Mirage IIIRS Hawker Hunter, DH-112 Venom Recon vers,D-3800,C-3603,Dewoitine D.27 [43]
  Fliegerstaffel 4 Tak aktif Payerne Dassault Mirage IIIRS Hawker Hunter, DH-112 Venom, De Havilland Vampire AFB Turtmann, Sankt Stephan [44]
  Fliegerstaffel 5 Lynx Interaktiv Interlaken Hawker Hunter De Havilland Vampire, Häfeli DH-5 Swiss Astronaut Claude Nicollier Pilot at this Sqd
  Fliegerstaffel 6 Ducks Aktif Payerne Northrop F-5 [45] [46]
  Fliegerstaffel 7 Tak aktif Meiringen Hawker Hunter DH-112 Venom, De Havilland Vampire ,Messerschmitt Bf 109 ,Fokker C.V,AFB Ambri, Interlaken [47]
  Fliegerstaffel 8 Destructors Aktif Meiringen Northrop F-5 AFB Buochs [48]
Fail:FlSt9.gif Fliegerstaffel 9 Tak aktif DH-112 Venom [[[De Havilland Vampire]], Messerschmitt Bf 109,D-3801,Dewoitine D.27,Fokker C.V [49]
Fail:FlSt10.gif Fliegerstaffel 10 Tak aktif Buochs Dassault Mirage IIIRS DH-112 Venom recon, De Havilland Vampire,C-3603,P-51 Mustang all equipt with Photocameras [50] [51] [52]
  Fliegerstaffel 11 Tigers Aktif Meiringen F/A-18 Dübendorf, Northrop F-5, Hawker Hunter,De Havilland Vampire,D-3801 Member of the NATO Tiger Association[53], F/A-18C J-5011 Sqad Aircraft with special paint[54]
  Zielflugstaffel 12 Aktif Emmen Pilatus PC-9/ Northrop F-5 Hawker Hunter, C-36 [55]
  Fliegerstaffel 13 Tak aktif Payerne Northrop F-5 DH-112 Venom, D-3800 Morane, Trurtmann AFB, Meiringen Ambri [56]
Fail:FlSt14.gif Fliegerstaffel 14 Aktif Locarno Pilatus PC-7 De Havilland Vampire, Pilatus P-3 [57]
  Fliegerstaffel 15 Tak aktif Sankt Stephan Hawker Hunter DH-112 Venom, De Havilland Vampire, D-3801, Messerschmitt Bf 109, Payerne in the last year a Hunter got a "Papyrus" paint this AC is now private used[58]
  Fliegerstaffel 16 Aktif Sion Northrop F-5F Dassault Mirage IIIS,DH-112 Venom & DH-112 R1, De Havilland Vampire, P-51 Mustang C-3603,C-36,Fokker C.V, Buochs
  Fliegerstaffel 17 Falcons Aktif Payerne F/A-18 Dassault Mirage IIIS,DH-112 Venom,D-3802, C-3603, Häfeli DH-5, Dewoitine D.27 AFB Buochs, Emmen, Raron Sqd Aircraft F/A-18C J-5017 with "Falcons" Paint[59] [60]
  Fliegerstaffel 18 Panthers Aktif Payerne F/A-18 Sqd Aircraft F/A-18C J-5018 with "Phanters" Paint [61]
  Fliegerstaffel 19 Swans Aktif Sion Northrop F-5 Potez 25,Morane D-3800 P-51 Mustang, DH-112 Venom, Hawker Hunter [62]Sqd Aircraft F-5E J-3038 Swans paint[63]
  Fliegerstaffel 20 Tak aktif Mollis Hawker Hunter DH-112 Venom, De Havilland Vampire, P-51 Mustang,D-3801 [64]
  Fliegerstaffel 21 Tak aktif Raron Hawker Hunter DH-112 Venom,De Havilland Vampire, P-51 Mustang,Dewoitine D.27, Messerschmitt Bf 109,AFB Buochs, Turtmann, Dübendorf [65] [66]
  Fliegerstaffel 24 Aktif Emmen Pilatus PC-9 / Northrop F-5F Hawker Hunter Trainer Sqd 22 and 23 don't exist
Fail:LT1.gif Lufttransportstaffel 1 Aktif Payerne AS 532UL,Eurocopter AS332, EC635 Alouette III [67]
  Lufttransportstaffel 2 Tak aktif Dübendorf Alouette III Alouette II,Piper PA-18, AFB Triengen [68]
  Lufttransportstaffel 3 Aktif Eurocopter Cougar,Eurocopter AS332, EC635 [69]
  Lufttransportstaffel 4 Aktif Dübendorf Eurocopter Cougar,Eurocopter AS332, EC635, Beechcraft 1900, DHC-6, Beechcraft Super King Air Superpuma T-316 with Squadronpainting
Fail:LT5Tarn.gif Lufttransportstaffel 5 Aktif Dübendorf Eurocopter Cougar,Eurocopter AS332,EC635 Alouette III, Do-27
Lufttransportstaffel 6 Aktif Alpnach Eurocopter Cougar,Eurocopter AS332 EC635 [70]
  Lufttransportstaffel 7 Aktif Emmen Pilatus PC-6 [71]
  Lufttransportstaffel 8 Aktif Alpnach Eurocopter Cougar,Eurocopter AS332 EC635 Alouette III [72] [www.lufttransportstaffel8.ch]

Other aircraft units sunting

Gambar Nama Status Homebase Dalam History Nota
 , Berufsfliegerkorps active Dübendorf HQ all AC types former UeG Überwachungsgeschwader [73]
  Lufttransportdienst des Bundes active Bern Cessna Citation Excel,DHC-6,Beechcraft Super King Air, Beechcraft 1900, Falcon 900,EC635 Learjet 35, Falcon 50, Eurocopter Dauphin [74]
Pilotenschule active Emmen Pilatus PC-21 Northrop F-5F, BAE Hawk, De Havilland VampireT
  Drohnengeschwader 7 active Emmen ADS-95
  GRD Armasuisse active Emmen PC-6 Turbo-Porter, Pilatus PC-12, Diamond DA42 Aurora Centauer Hawker Hunter, Dassault Mirage IIIC, Northrop F-5(J-3001) Flight test Service
Patrouille Suisse active Emmen Northrop F-5 Hawker Hunter AFB Dübendorf Created from parts of the Fliegerstaffel 1[75]
PC-7 Team active Dübendorf Pilatus PC-7 [76]
  MHR Militär Helikopter Rettungsdienst Inactive Alouette III SAR, Today made by the civil Rega
Fail:Swiss Air Defence & directions Center Badge.gif ADDC active Dübendorf Air Force HQ, Air Operations Centre, Air Defence& Directions Center
Parachute Reconnaissance Company 17 active Locarno MT-1 Para reccon

Lihat juga sunting

Rujukan sunting

Nota
  1. ^ Air Forces Monthly, p. 67.
  2. ^ "The Pioneers - Swiss Air Force". Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2010-03-23. Dicapai pada 2009-04-09.
  3. ^ http://www.milaviapress.com/orbat/switzerland/index.php Swiss military aviation OrBat]
  4. ^ http://www.lw.admin.ch/internet/luftwaffe/de/home/dokumentation/assets.html Diarkibkan 2016-03-04 di Wayback Machine Official website of the Swiss Air Force
  5. ^ "World Air Forces 2013". Flightglobal.com, 11 December 2012.
  6. ^ http://www.blick.ch/news/schweiz/f-a-18-absturz-radar-stammt-aus-den-70er-jahren-id5452997.html
  7. ^ http://www.blick.ch/news/schweiz/westschweiz/pilot-rettet-sich-mit-schleudersitz-schweizer-f-a-18-in-frankreich-abgestuerzt-id4258747.html
  8. ^ "salinan arkib". Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2016-03-03. Dicapai pada 2015-12-13.
  9. ^ Ralat petik: Tag <ref> tidak sah; tiada teks disediakan bagi rujukan yang bernama AFM70
  10. ^ "Alouette II SE 3130", Ausgemusterte Flugzeuge (dalam bahasa German)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  11. ^ "Alouette III SE-3160", Ausgemusterte Flugzeuge (dalam bahasa German)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  12. ^ "Beechcraft C-45 F und C-18 S", Ausgemusterte Flugzeuge (dalam bahasa German)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  13. ^ "Beechcraft E-50 Twin Bonanza", Ausgemusterte Flugzeuge (dalam bahasa German)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  14. ^ "BFW M 18", Ausgemusterte Flugzeuge (dalam bahasa German)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  15. ^ "Alfred Comte AC-1", Ausgemusterte Flugzeuge (dalam bahasa German)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  16. ^ "Alfred Comte AC-4 Gentleman", Ausgemusterte Flugzeuge (dalam bahasa German)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  17. ^ "Alfred Comte AC-11 V", Ausgemusterte Flugzeuge (dalam bahasa German)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  18. ^ "De Havilland DH-98 Mk lV Mosquito", Ausgemusterte Flugzeuge (dalam bahasa German)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  19. ^ "C-35", Ausgemusterte Flugzeuge (dalam bahasa German)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  20. ^ "C-35-1", Ausgemusterte Flugzeuge (dalam bahasa German)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  21. ^ "Dauphin 2 SA365N", Ausgemusterte Flugzeuge (dalam bahasa German)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  22. ^ "Fairey Fox Mk Vl", Ausgemusterte Flugzeuge (dalam bahasa German)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  23. ^ "Hiller UH-12B", Ausgemusterte Flugzeuge (dalam bahasa German)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  24. ^ "Morane Saulnier", Ausgemusterte Flugzeuge (dalam bahasa German)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  25. ^ "North American P-51 Mustang", Ausgemusterte Flugzeuge (dalam bahasa German)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  26. ^ "North American AT-16 Harvard IIB", Ausgemusterte Flugzeuge (dalam bahasa German)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  27. ^ "Pilatus P2", Ausgemusterte Flugzeuge (dalam bahasa German)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  28. ^ "Pilatus P3", Ausgemusterte Flugzeuge (dalam bahasa German)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  29. ^ "Piper Super Cub PA-18", Ausgemusterte Flugzeuge (dalam bahasa German)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  30. ^ "Potez L-25", Ausgemusterte Flugzeuge (dalam bahasa German)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  31. ^ "Potez 63", Ausgemusterte Flugzeuge (dalam bahasa German)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  32. ^ "SO. 1221S Djinn", Ausgemusterte Flugzeuge (dalam bahasa German)CS1 maint: unrecognized language (link)
  33. ^ "salinan arkib". Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2016-03-03. Dicapai pada 2015-12-21.
  34. ^ "salinan arkib". Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2016-03-03. Dicapai pada 2015-12-21.
  35. ^ defensio 1-2018 Seite 29
  36. ^ defensio 1-2018 Seite 29
  37. ^ Auch über den Wolken darf die Freiheit nicht grenzenlos sein[pautan mati kekal]
  38. ^ "salinan arkib". Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2015-09-24. Dicapai pada 2015-12-21.
  39. ^ "salinan arkib". Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2016-03-03. Dicapai pada 2015-12-21.
  40. ^ "salinan arkib". Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2016-03-03. Dicapai pada 2015-12-21.
  41. ^ http://old.hermannkeist.ch/fliegerstaffel-1.html
  42. ^ http://old.hermannkeist.ch/fliegerstaffel-2.html
  43. ^ http://old.hermannkeist.ch/fliegerstaffel-3.html
  44. ^ http://old.hermannkeist.ch/fliegerstaffel-4.html
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[1] Diarkibkan 2012-06-17 di Wayback Machine Militärische Denkmäler im Bereich der Luftwaffe (PDF)

Bibliografi
  • Force Report: Swiss Air Force, Air Forces Monthly magazine in association with Air Forces Intelligence - The Online Air Arms Database, September 2009 issue.
  • Lombardi, Fiona (2007). The Swiss Air Power: Wherefrom? Whereto?. Zürich University. ISBN 978-3-7281-3099-0.
  • Roman Schürmann: Helvetische Jäger. Dramen und Skandale am Militärhimmel. Rotpunktverlag, Zürich 2009, ISBN 978-3-85869-406-5

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