Teori pilihan rasional

Teori pilihan rasional merujuk kepada satu tetapan garis panduan yang membantu memahami tingkah laku ekonomi dan sosial.[1] Teori ini menyatakan bahawa seseorang akan melakukan analisis kos-manfaat untuk menentukan sama ada pilihan yang tepat untuk mereka.[2] Ini juga menunjukkan bahawa tindakan rasional yang digerakkan sendiri oleh individu akan membantu ekonomi keseluruhan yang lebih baik. Teori pilihan rasional melihat tiga konsep: pelaku rasional, minat diri dan tangan yang tidak kelihatan.[3]

Rasionaliti boleh digunakan sebagai andaian untuk tingkah laku individu dalam pelbagai konteks di luar ekonomi. Ini juga digunakan dalam sains politik,[4] sosiologi, [5] dan falsafah.


  1. ^ Lawrence E. Blume and David Easley (2008). "[Rationality]," The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, 2nd Edition. http://www.dictionaryofeconomics.com/article?id=pde2008_R000277&q Abstract." by Abstract] & pre-publication copy.
       Amartya Sen (2008). "Rational Behaviour," The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, 2nd Edition. Abstract.
  2. ^ Gary Browning, Abigail Halcli, Frank Webster (2000). Understanding Contemporary Society: Theories of the Present, London: SAGE Publications.
  3. ^ Levin, J. and Milgrom, P., 2004. Introduction to choice theory. Available from internet: http://web. stanford. edu/~ jdlevin/Econ, 20202
  4. ^ Susanne Lohmann (2008). "Rational Choice and Political Science," The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, 2nd Edition.Abstract.
  5. ^ Peter Hedström and Charlotta Stern (2008). "Rational Choice and Sociology," The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, 2nd Edition. Abstract.


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