Volksmarine - VM (Bahasa Melayu: Tentera Laut Rakyat), adalah nama rasmi angkatan laut Republik Demokratik Jerman (GDR). Ia adalah sebahagian daripada Tentera Rakyat Nasional, ditubuhkan pada 1 Mac 1956.

Tentera Laut Rakyat
Volksmarine
Insignia of the Volksmarine.svg
Insignia Volksmarine.
Aktif1956–1990
Dibubarkan2 Oktober 1990
Negara Jerman Timur
KesetiaanMajlis Pertahanan Nasional
JenisTentera laut
PerananPertahanan pantai
Saiz27,300 anggota
Sebahagian daripadaTentera Rakyat Nasional
Garison/HQRostock
PertempuranPerang Dingin
PenobatanLihat artikel
Komander
Para panglimaFelix Scheffler,
(1956)
Waldemar Verner,
(1957–1959)
Wilhelm Ehm,
(1959–1961)
Heinz Neukirchen,
(1961–1963)
Wilhelm Ehm,
(1963–1987)
Theodor Hoffmann,
(1987–1989)
Hendrik Born
(1989–1990)
Tanda kebesaran
Panji-panji tentera laut (1960–1990)Flag of warships of VM (East Germany).svg
Bendera angkatan laut (1960–1990)[1]Flag of the German Democratic Republic.svg

Para panglimaSunting

OrganisasiSunting

Tentera Laut Rakyat telah dipimpin oleh Kommando der Volksmarine (Markas Tentera Laut) di Rostock-Gehlsdorf. Ia telah disusun seperti berikut (tahun 1985):

Terdapat tambahan seperti berikut:

  • one Torpedo Technical Support Company (TTK-18) in Sassnitz (servicing anti-submarine torpedoes)
  • one Naval Helicopter Wing (MHG-18) in Parow near Stralsund
  • one Naval Flight Wing (MFG-28) in Laage
  • one Navy Engineering Battalion (MPiB-18) in Sassnitz
  • one Combat Swimmer Command (KSK-18) in Kühlungsborn
  • one Coastal Missile Regiment (Ground Support) (KRR-18) in Schwarzenpfost
  • one Coastal Defense Regiment (Ground Support) (KVR-18) in Rostock(from 1988)
  • one Naval Propaganda Company (PRK-18) in Rostock-Warnemünde
  • the Maritime Hydrographic Service of the GDR (SHD) in Rostock
  • testing and other special facilities
  • training facilities
    • Naval NCO Academy "Walter Steffens" in Parow (naval training of NCOs and seamen)
    • Naval Officers Academy "Karl Liebknecht" in Stralsund (training of naval officers)
    • NCO School for Support Services at Dänholm near Stralsund (technical training of NCOs)

Lihat jugaSunting

NotaSunting

  1. ^ Arrangement concerning the carrying of flags, pennants and standards on ships and boats of the People's Navy - Flag array 'of 12 July 1979 , § 2 (3).

RujukanSunting

  • Siegfried Breyer, Peter Joachim Lapp: Die Volksmarine der DDR, Bernard & Graefe Verlag, ISBN 3-7637-5423-7
  • Robert Rosentreter: Im Seegang der Zeit, Vier Jahrzehnte Volksmarine, Ingo Koch Verlag, ISBN 3-935319-07-X
  • Klaus Froh, Rüdiger Wenzke: Die Generale und Admirale der NVA. Ein biographisches Handbuch. 4. Auflage. Ch. Links, Berlin 2000, ISBN 3-86153-209-3

Pautan luarSunting