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Sir Walter Scott, Baronet Pertama (15 Ogos 1771 - 21 September 1832) adalah seorang novelis, penyair, penulis drama dan ahli sejarah dari Scotland.

Sir Walter Scott, Bart.
Potret lukisan Henry Raeburn pada tahun 1822
Info kelahiran15 Ogos 1771
College Wynd, Edinburgh
Scotland
Kematian21 September 1832(1832-09-21) (umur 61)
Abbotsford, Roxburghshire
Scotland
Pekerjaan
  • Penulis novel
  • Penyajak
  • Peguam
  • Kerani mahkamah
WarganegaraScotland
Pusat pendidikanUniversiti Edinburgh
Tempohabad ke-19
Pergerakan sasteraRomantisisme
PasanganCharlotte Carpenter (Charpentier)

Tandatangan

Kebanyakan karyanya diagungkan sebagai sastera klasik bahasa Inggeris. Beliau turut melopori genre cereka sejarah - cereka yang berlatarbekangkan peristiwa penting dalam sejarah - yang menjadi ikutan penulis-penulis di Britain dan di serata benua Eropah.

Isi kandungan

BibliografiSunting

NovelSunting

Hampir semua novel karya beliau ditampilkan dalam suatu siri novel panjang diberi julukan Waverley Novels ("Novel-Novel Waverley") dari novel pertama iaitu Waverley pada tahun 1814 sehingga tahun 1832:

  • 1814: Waverley
  • 1815: Guy Mannering
  • 1816: The Antiquary
  • 1816: The Black Dwarf dan The Tale of Old Mortality
  • 1817: Rob Roy
  • 1818: The Heart of Midlothian
  • 1819: The Bride of Lammermoor dan A Legend of Montrose
  • 1820: Ivanhoe
  • 1820: The Monastery dan The Abbot
  • 1821: Kenilworth
  • 1822: The Pirate
  • 1822: The Fortunes of Nigel
  • 1822: Peveril of the Peak
  • 1823: Quentin Durward
  • 1824: St. Ronan's Well
  • 1824: Redgauntlet
  • 1825: The Betrothed dan The Talisman
  • 1826: Woodstock
  • 1828: The Fair Maid of Perth
  • 1829: Anne of Geierstein
  • 1832: Count Robert of Paris dan Castle Dangerous

Tajuk lain:

  • 1831–1832: The Siege of Malta – diterbitkan secara anumerta pada tahun 2008
  • 1832: Bizarro – novel tidak lengkap diterbitkan secara anumerta pada tahun 2008

SajakSunting

Kebanyakan puisi dan sajak nukilan Scott berasal daripada potongan puisi yang lebih panjang yang terkandung dalam novel dan drama beliau.

  • 1796: "The Chase" – terjemahan bahasa Inggeris sajak "Der Wilde Jäger" oleh Gottfried August Bürger
  • 1802–1803: Minstrelsy of the Scottish Border
  • 1805: The Lay of the Last Minstrel
  • 1806: Ballads and Lyrical Pieces
  • 1808: Marmion
  • 1810: The Lady of the Lake
  • 1811: The Vision of Don Roderick
  • 1813: The Bridal of Triermain
  • 1813: Rokeby]]
  • 1815: The Field of Waterloo
  • 1815: The Lord of the Isles
  • 1817: Harold the Dauntless

Cerita pendekSunting

  • 1827: "The Highland Widow", "The Two Drovers", and "The Surgeon's Daughter"
  • 1828: "My Aunt Margaret's Mirror", "The Tapestried Chamber" dan "Death of the Laird's Jock"

Pementasan dramaSunting

  • 1799: Goetz of Berlichingen, with the Iron Hand: A Tragedy – terjemahan bahasa Inggeris drama bahasa Jerman Götz von Berlichingen (1773) karya Johann Wolfgang von Goethe
  • 1822: Halidon Hill
  • 1823: MacDuff's Cross
  • 1830: The Doom of Devorgoil
  • 1830: Auchindrane

Bukan cerekaSunting

  • 1796 Translations & imitations of German Ballads Librivox audio
  • 1814–1817: The Border Antiquities of England and Scotland – a work co-authored by Luke Clennell and John Greig with Scott's contribution consisting of the substantial introductory essay, originally published in 2 volumes from 1814 to 1817
  • 1815–1824: Essays on Chivalry, Romance, and Drama – a supplement to the 1815–1824 editions of the Encyclopædia Britannica
  • 1816: Paul's Letters to his Kinsfolk
  • 1819–1826: Provincial Antiquities of Scotland
  • 1821–1824: Lives of the Novelists
  • 1825–1832: The Journal of Sir Walter Scott
  • 1826: The Letters of Malachi Malagrowther
  • 1827: The Life of Napoleon Buonaparte
  • 1828: Religious Discourses
  • The History of Scotland:
  • Volume I (1829)
  • Volume II (1830)
  • Tales of a Grandfather:
  • Being Stories Taken from Scottish History I (1828)
  • Being Stories Taken from Scottish History II (1829)
  • Being Stories Taken from Scottish History III (1830)
  • Being Stories Taken from the History of France (1831)
  • 1830: Letters on Demonology and Witchcraft
  • 1830: Essays on Ballad Poetry
  • 1893: Manners, customs and history of the Highlanders of Scotland ; Historical account of the clan MacGregor, Glasgow.

RujukanSunting

Bacaan lanjutSunting

  • Bautz, Annika. Reception of Jane Austen and Walter Scott: A Comparative Longitudinal Study. Continuum, 2007. ISBN 0-8264-9546-X, ISBN 978-0-8264-9546-4.
  • Brown, David. Walter Scott and the Historical Imagination. Routledge, 1979, ISBN 0-7100-0301-3; Kindle ed. 2013.
  • Buchan, John. Sir Walter Scott, Coward-McCann Inc., New York, 1932.
  • Cornish, Sidney W. The "Waverley" Manual; or, Handbook of the Chief Characters, Incidents, and Descriptions in the "Waverley" Novels, with Critical Breviates from Various Sources. Edinburgh: A. and C. Black, 1871.
  • Duncan, Ian. Scott's Shadow: The Novel in Romantic Edinburgh. Princeton UP, 2007. ISBN 978-0-691-04383-8.
  • Kelly, Stuart. Scott-Land: The Man Who Invented a Nation. Polygon, 2010. ISBN 978-1-84697-107-5.
  • Lincoln, Andrew. Walter Scott And Modernity. Edinburgh UP, 2007.
  • Stephen, Leslie (1898). "The Story of Scott's Ruin". Studies of a Biographer. 2. London: Duckworth & Co. 

Pautan luarSunting