William Pitt, Earl Pertama Chatham

William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham, PC, FRS, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , (15 November 1708 – 11 Mei 1778) merupakan seorang negarawan dari Great Britain. Beliau menjadi Perdana Menteri Great Britain mewakili Parti Whig pada pertengahan abad ke-18.


The Earl of Chatham

William Pitt, 1st Earl of Chatham after Richard Brompton.jpg
Painting after Richard Brompton
Perdama Menteri Great Britain
Dalam jawatan
30 July 1766 – 14 October 1768
RajaGeorge III
Didahului olehThe Marquess of Rockingham
Digantikan olehDuke Grafton
Lord Privy Seal
Dalam jawatan
30 July 1766 – 14 October 1768
Didahului olehThe Duke of Newcastle
Digantikan olehThe Earl of Bristol
Ketua Dewan Rakyat
Dalam jawatan
27 Jun 1757 – 6 Oktober 1761
Perdana MenteriThe Duke of Newcastle
Didahului olehVacant
Digantikan olehGeorge Grenville
Dalam jawatan
4 December 1756 – 6 April 1757
Perdana MenteriThe Duke of Devonshire
Didahului olehHenry Fox
Digantikan olehVacant
Secretary of State for the Southern Department
Dalam jawatan
27 June 1757 – 5 October 1761
Perdana MenteriThe Duke of Newcastle
Didahului olehThe Earl of Holderness
Digantikan olehThe Earl of Egremont
Dalam jawatan
4 December 1756 – 6 April 1757
Perdana MenteriThe Duke of Devonshire
Didahului olehHenry Fox
Digantikan olehThe Earl of Holderness
Paymaster of the Forces
Dalam jawatan
29 October 1746 – 25 November 1755
Perdana Menteri
Didahului olehThomas Winnington
Digantikan oleh
Butiran peribadi
Lahir(1708-11-15)15 November 1708
Westminster, Middlesex, England
Meninggal dunia11 Mei 1778(1778-05-11) (umur 69)
Hayes, Kent, England
Tempat persemadianWestminster Abbey
Parti politikParti Whig
PasanganHester Grenville (k. 1754)
Anak-anak5, including
Ibu bapaRobert Pitt (father)
Alma mater
Tandatangan

Beliau turut dikenali dala kalangan sejarawan dengan gelaran William Pitt [yang] Tua (Bahasa Inggeris: William Ptt the Elder) sebagai pembeza kepada anaknya yang turut menjawat sebagai Perdana Menteri.

Awal hidup dan pendidikanSunting

PemerintahanSunting

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Bacaan lanjutSunting

BiografiSunting

  • Ayling, Stanley Edward (1976). The Elder Pitt, Earl of Chatham. New York: D. McKay. m/s. 460. Dicapai pada 26 December 2018. (scholarly biography)
  • Black, Jeremy (Aug 1991). "Chatham revisited". History Today. 41 (8): 34–39.
  • Black, Jeremy. Pitt the Elder. Cambridge University Press, 1992.
  • Brown, Peter Douglas. William Pitt, Earl of Chatham: The Great Commoner. George Allen & Unwin, 1978.
  • Pearce, Edward. Pitt the Elder: Man of War (Random House, 2010).
  • Peters, Marie. (May 2009). "Pitt, William, first earl of Chatham [Pitt the elder] (1708–1778)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (dalam bahasa Inggeris) (ed. online). Oxford University Press. Dicapai pada 28 May 2012.
  • Peters, Marie (1998). Elder Pitt. Longman. m/s. 284. Dicapai pada 26 December 2018. Short scholarly biography
  • Ruville, Albert von. William Pitt, earl of Chatham (3 vol. 1907) online older classic recommended by Jeremy Black (1992)
  • Thomas, Peter D. G. (2003). "'The Great Commoner': The Elder William Pitt as Parliamentarian". Parliamentary History. 22 (2): 145–63.
  • Williams, Basil. The Life of William Pitt, Earl of Chatham (2 vol 1915) vol 1 online; vol 2 online free

Pautan luarSunting

Perdana Menteri United Kingdom  
Great Britain: Walpole · Wilmington · Pelham · Newcastle · Devonshire · Newcastle · Bute · G Grenville · Rockingham · Chatham (Pitt-Tua) · Grafton · North · Rockingham · Shelburne · Portland · Pitt (Muda)

United Kingdom: Addington · Pitt (Muda) · W Grenville · Portland · Perceval · Liverpool · Canning · Goderich · Wellington · Grey · Melbourne · Peel · Melbourne · Peel · Russell · Derby · Aberdeen · Palmerston · Derby · Palmerston · Russell · Derby · Disraeli · Gladstone · Disraeli · Gladstone · Salisbury · Gladstone · Salisbury · Gladstone · Rosebery · Salisbury · Balfour · Campbell-Bannerman · Asquith · Lloyd George · Bonar Law · Baldwin · MacDonald · Baldwin · MacDonald · Baldwin · Chamberlain · Churchill · Attlee · Churchill · Eden · Macmillan · Douglas-Home · Wilson · Heath · Wilson · Callaghan · Thatcher · Major · Blair · Brown · Cameron . Theresa . Johnson.