Jorge Rafael Videla: Perbezaan antara semakan

tiada ringkasan suntingan
Tiada ringkasan suntingan
Tiada ringkasan suntingan
Beliau mendapat gelaran "bone" (tulang) atau "pink panther" sebab tubuhnya yang kurus. Videla bangkitrose to power amid Argentina's political and economic unrest in the early-to-mid 1970s.
Following the political instability that arose in the aftermath of [[Juan Perón]]'s death in [[1974]] and the subsequent presidency of his widow, the politically-inexperienced [[Isabel Perón]], Videla and other high ranking military officials staged a [[coup d'état]]. Isabel was deposed, and a three-man interim junta assumed the powers of the presidency. Two days later, on [[29 March]] [[1976]], Videla formally assumed the presidency, a post he would hold until [[29 March]], [[1981]].
power in 1976 General Jorge Rafael Videla began cleansing the Argentinian society. All political and union activities were suspended, wages were reduced by 60%, and dissidents were tortured by Nazi and US-trained military and police. like the military base Campo de Mayo where victims were stripped naked, shackled in groups and dragged aboard military planes. The planes were flow out over the Rio de la Plata or the Atlantic Ocean, where soldiers pushed the victims out of the planes and into the water to drown.
His regime was known for its numerous disappearances of rivals and opponents, [[penculikan bayi Argentina|penculikan bayi]], and the harsh tortures inflicted during the [[Dirty War]]. He claimed to be fighting subversives such as the radical [[Marxist]] [[Montoneros]] and [[ERP]] guerrilla groups, but also said that the ''subversivos'' included people who had ideas contrary to Christian and Western civilization. "As many people as necessary must die in Argentina so that the country will again be secure," he declared in 1975 in support of a "death squad" known as the [[Argentine Anti-Communist Alliance]]. During the regime's 7-year rule, it is estimated that between 10,000-30,000 Argentineans were [[disappeared]], up to 500,000 went into exile, and several thousand more were detained and tortured at various secret prison camps. All legislative power was concentrated in the hands of a 9-man commission of junta members, and every single important position in the national government was filled with loyal military officers. The junta quickly banned labor unions, strikes, abolished the judiciary, and effectively removed civil liberties.
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