Louis XVI dari Perancis

Louis XVI

Louis XVI (23 Ogos 175421 Januari 1793), ialah Raja Perancis daripada Wangsa Bourbon sejak tahun 1774 hingga 1792. Kekuasaannya dihentikan dan beliau ditangkap pada Revolusi 10 Ogos, dan akhirnya dihukum dengan gilotin atas dakwaan pengkhianatan pada 21 Januari 1793, di hadapan para penonton yang menyoraki hukumannya.

Louis XVI awalnya dicintai rakyatnya, namun ketidakcekapannya dalam pemerintahan dan sikapnya yang konservatif membuatkan rakyatnya berbalik membencinya. Isterinya ialah Marie Antoinette, dan bersamanya mereka mempunyai empat orang anak:

  • Marie-Thérèse-Charlotte
  • Louis-Joseph-Xavier-François
  • Louis-Charles
  • Sophie-Beatrix

KeputeraanSunting

PemerintahanSunting

Semasa RevolusiSunting

PenggulinganSunting

Pemenjaraan, penghukuman pancungSunting

RujukanSunting

BibliografiSunting

  • Baecque, Antoine De. "From Royal Dignity to Republican Austerity: the Ritual for the Reception of Louis XVI in the French National Assembly (1789–1792)." Journal of Modern History 1994 66(4): 671–696. JSTOR.org
  • Burley, Peter. "A Bankrupt Regime." History Today (January 1984) 34:36–42.ISSN 0018-2753 Fulltext in EBSCO
  • Doyle, William. Origins of the French Revolution (3rd ed. 1999) online edition
  • Doyle, William. "The Execution of Louis XVI and the End of the French Monarchy." History Review. (2000) pp 21+ Questia.com, online edition
  • Doyle, William (2002). The Oxford History of the French Revolution. UK: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-925298-5. Pages 194–196 deal with the trial of Louis XVI.
  • Doyle, William, ed. Old Regime France (2001).
  • Dunn, Susan. The Deaths of Louis XVI: Regicide and the French Political Imagination. (1994). 178 pp.
  • Hardman, John. Louis XVI: The Silent King (2nd ed. 2016) 500 pages; much expanded new edition; now the standard scholarly biography
    • Hardman, John. Louis XVI: The Silent King (1994) 224 pages, an older scholarly biography
  • Hardman, John. French Politics, 1774–1789: From the Accession of Louis XVI to the Fall of the Bastille. (1995). 283 pp.
  • Jones, Colin. The Great Nation: France from Louis XV to Napoleon (2002) Amazon.com, excerpt and text search
  • Mignet, François Auguste (1824). "History of the French Revolution from 1789 to 1814". Project Gutenberg. See Chapter VI, The National Convention, for more details on the king's trial and execution.
  • Padover, Saul K. The Life and Death of Louis XVI (1939) Questia.com, online edition
  • Price, Munro. The Road from Versailles: Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette, and the Fall of the French Monarchy (2004) 425 pp. Amazon.com, excerpt and text search; also published as The Fall of the French Monarchy: Louis XVI, Marie Antoinette and the Baron de Breteuil. (2002)