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Plaid Cymru ([pla-id kĕm-ri], nama rasminya: Plaid Cymru – Party of Wales) ialah sebuah parti politik berfahaman demokrasi sosial di negeri Wales yang menyokong kemerdekaan negeri tersebut daripada kesatuan United Kingdom sambil mengekalkan status dan perwakilannya dalam Kesatuan Eropah.[11][12]

Plaid Cymru – Party of Wales
Diasaskan5 Ogos 1925; 94 tahun yang lalu (1925-08-05)
IdeologiNasionalisme Wales
Kemerdekaan Wales[1][2]
Nasionalisme awam[3]
Regionalisme[4]
Sosialisme demokratik[5][6][7]
Demokrasi sosial[5][8][1]
Faham persekitaran[3][7]
Pro-Eropah
Penggabungan EropahEuropean Free Alliance
Kumpulan Parlimen EropahGreens/EFA
Warna rasmiHijau
Perwakilan Wales dalam Dewan Rakyat
4 / 40
Dewan Pertuanan[9]
Templat:HOL PC / Templat:HOLtotal
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Perwakilan Wales dalam Parlimen Eropah
1 / 4
Perhimpunan Kebangsaan Wales
10 / 60
Kerajaan tempatan Wales[10]
202 / 1,254
Police and Crime Commissioner
2 / 4

Setakat tahun 2018, parti ini memegang satu perempat kerusi perwakilan Wales dalam Parlimen Eropah, 4 daripada 40 kerusi perwakilan Wales dalam Parlimen United Kingdom, 10 daripada 60 kerusi Perhimpunan Kebangsaan Wales, serta 202 daripada 1,264 majlis kerajaan tempatan.[13]

Isi kandungan

Keputusan pilihan rayaSunting


Pilihan raya Parlimen EropahSunting

Tahun pilihan raya Percentage of

vote in Wales

Total no.

of votes

Bil. kerusi dimenangi
1979 11.7% 83,399
0 / 4
1984 12.2% 103,031
0 / 4
1989 12.9% 115,062
0 / 4
1994 17.1% 162,478
0 / 5
1999 29.6% 185,235
2 / 5
2004 17.1% 159,888
1 / 4
2009 18.5% 126,702
1 / 4
2014 15.3% 111,695
1 / 4

Pilihan raya umum United KingdomSunting

Tahun pilihan raya Peratusan undian in Wales Bil. undian Bil. kerusi dimenangi Keputusan
1929 0.003% 609
0 / 36
N/A
1931 0.2% 2,050
0 / 36
N/A
1935 0.3% 2,534
0 / 36
N/A
1945 1.2% 16,017
0 / 36
N/A
1950 1.2% 17,580
0 / 36
N/A
1951 0.7% 10,920
0 / 36
N/A
1955 3.1% 45,119
0 / 36
N/A
1959 5.2% 77,571
0 / 36
N/A
1964 4.8% 69,507
0 / 36
N/A
1966 4.3% 61,071
0 / 36
N/A
1970 11.5% 175,016
0 / 36
N/A
Februari 1974 10.8% 171,374
2 / 36
Opposition
Oktober 1974 10.8% 166,321
3 / 36
Opposition
1979 8.1% 132,544
2 / 36
Opposition
1983 7.8% 125,309
2 / 38
Opposition
1987 7.3% 123,599
3 / 38
Opposition
1992* 9% 156,796
4 / 38
Opposition
1997 9.9% 161,030
4 / 40
Opposition
2001 14.3% 195,893
4 / 40
Opposition
2005 12.6% 174,838
3 / 40
Opposition
2010 11.3% 165,394
3 / 40
Opposition
2015 12.1% 181,694
3 / 40
Opposition
2017 10.4% 164,466
4 / 40
Opposition

*Six seats (Blaenau Gwent, Ceredigion & Pembroke North, Islwyn, Monmouth, Newport West and Torfaen) contested on a joint Plaid Cymru/Green Party ticket

National Assembly for Wales electionsSunting

Tahun pilihan raya Peratusan undian (constituency) Peratusan undian (regional) Bil. kerusi dimenangi (constituency) Bil. kerusi dimenangi (kawasan) Bil. kerusi dimenangi (jumlah) Keputusan
1999 28.4% (290,572) 30.6% (312,048)
9 / 40
8 / 20
17 / 60
Opposition
2003 21.2% (180,185) 19.7% (167,653)
5 / 40
7 / 20
12 / 60
Opposition
2007 22.4% (219,121) 21.0% (204,757)
7 / 40
8 / 20
15 / 60
2011 19.3% (182,907) 17.9% (169,799)
5 / 40
6 / 20
11 / 60
Opposition
2016 20.5% (209,376) 20.8% (211,548)
6 / 40
6 / 20
12 / 60
Opposition

RujukanSunting

  1. ^ a b Wolfram Nordsieck. "Parties and Elections in Europe". parties-and-elections.eu. 
  2. ^ Programme for Opposition. p.4. Accessed via the official Plaid Cymru website. Accessed on 30 August 2017.
  3. ^ a b Hamilton, Paul (2008). "Nationalism and Environmentalism". Nations and Nationalism: A Global Historical Overview. ABC-CLIO. 3: 881 
  4. ^ Frans Schrijver (2006). Regionalism After Regionalisation: Spain, France and the United Kingdom. Amsterdam University Press. m/s. 261–290. ISBN 978-90-5629-428-1. 
  5. ^ a b Schrijver, Frans (2006). "Regionalism After Regionalisation: Spain, France and the United Kingdom". Amsterdam University Press: 330 
  6. ^ Siaroff, Alan (2000). "Comparative European Party Systems: An Analysis of Parliamentary Elections Since 1945". Garland: 467 
  7. ^ a b Elias, Anwen (2006). "From 'full national status' to 'independence' in Europe: The case of Plaid Cymru — the Party of Wales". European Integration and the Nationalities Question. Routledge: 194 
  8. ^ Driver, Stephen (2011). "Understanding British Party Politics". Polity Press: 176 
  9. ^ "Lords by party and type of peerage". UK Parliament. 
  10. ^ "Local Council Political Compositions". Keith Edkins. 5 May 2017. Dicapai 15 May 2017. 
  11. ^ "Plaid Cymru conference calls for independence for Wales". BBC News. 10 September 2011. 
  12. ^ "Plaid Cymru Constitution" (PDF). February 2013. Dicapai 8 April 2014. 
  13. ^ Edkins, Keith Local Council Political Compositions di Gwydir.demon.co.uk, 18 Februari 2012. Dicapai pada 1 Mac 2012.

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