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Ikon pendokumenan Pendokumenan templat[lihat] [sunting] [sejarah] [nyahcache]


Templat digunakan untuk memetik sumber rujukan di dalam Wikipedia. Templat ini direka khas bagi sumber rujukan jenis buku. Ia menggantikan templat {{book reference}} yang telah digugurkan.

Penggunaan

Sintaks penuh

{{cite book 
|last=   |first=   |authorlink=   |coauthors=   |editor=   |others=   |title=   |origdate=   |origyear=   |origmonth=   
|url=   |format=   |accessdate=   |accessyear=   |accessmonth=   |edition=   |series=   |date=   |year=   |month= 
|publisher=   |location=   |language=   |isbn=   |id=   |pages=   |chapter=   |chapterurl=   |quote= 
}}

Kaedah

  • Digunakan untuk memetik rujukan daripada sebuah buku sama ada bercetak atau elektronik (dalam talian).
  • Gunakan templat ini di antara <ref></ref>.
  • Pastikan templat {{reflist}} ini diletakkan di bahagian Nota di dalam rencana yang sedang diusahakan.
  • Jika beberapa fakta dipetik daripada buku yang sama, gunakan <ref name=[nama buku]></ref> pada kali pertama dan kemudiannya hanya perlu menulis <ref name=[nama buku] /> untuk nota rujukan berikutnya.

Ruangan

Sintaks (untuk orang-orang berpemikiran teknikal)

Struktur bersarang sama ada bergantung kepada ruang induk atau menggantikannya:

  • induk
    • anak — boleh digunakan dengan ruangan induk (akan diabaikan jika ruang induk tidak digunakan)
    • ATAU: anak2 — boleh digunakan menggantikan ruangan induk (akan diabaikan jika ruang induk digunakan)

Penerangan mengikut ruangan

  • last: Nama keluarga pengarang. Tidak perlu wikilink, gunakan parameter "authorlink".
    • first: Nama pengarang, termasuk gelaran (cth.: Nama NamaTengah atau Nama T. atau Dr. Nama T., Snr.). Tidak perlu wikilink, gunakan parameter "authorlink".
      • Ruangan "last" dan "first" sebenarnya sangat kurang jelas dan boleh digantikan dengan ruangan "author".
    • authorlink: Nama rencana Wikipedia berkenaan pengarang tersebut. Rencana sepatutnya sudah wujud. Tidak perlu wikilink. Jangan gunakan ruangan ini tanpa memasukkan ruangan "author", "first" dan "last".
    • coauthors: Nama penuh pengarang-pengarang lain, dipisahkan dengan tanda "," (cth.: eg. Joe Bloggs, John F. Kennedy, H. R. Dent).
    • ATAU: author: Nama penuh pengarang.
  • editor: Nama penyunting buku. Sila sertakan tanda "(stg.)".
    • Hanya gunakan ruangan ini jika pengarang dan penyunting buku ialah orang yang berbeza.
  • others: Untuk kegunaan seperti "Lukisan/Gambar oleh Zunar" atau "Terjemahan oleh Adibah Amin".
  • title: Tajuk buku. Inilah satu-satunya parameter wajib Hanya boleh diwikilink kepada rencana yang sudah ada di dalam Wikipedia. Jangan gunakan huruf condong.
  • url: URL atau alamat internet sebuah buku dalam talian. Tidak boleh digunakan jika ruangan "title" diwikilink.
    • format: Format fail URL, cth. PDF. Dianggap sebagai HTML jika tidak dijelaskan.
    • accessdate: Tarikh penuh ketika URL dicapai. Nyatakan dalam bentuk TTTT-BB-HH, cth. 2006-02-17. Wajib disertakan jika ruang "URL" digunakan. Tidak perlu wikilink.
      • ATAU: accessyear: Tahun butiran itu dicapai dana accessmonth: Bulan butiran itu dicapai. Lebih baik gunakan "accessdate". Tidak perlu wikilink.
  • edition: Gunakan hanya apabila buku itu mempunyai lebih daripada satu edisi. cth.: "Edisi ke-2".
  • series: Gunakan hanya apabila buku itu sebahagian daripada penerbitan bersiri.
  • origdate: Tarikh penuh penerbitan edisi asal. Nyatakan dalam bentuk TTTT-BB-HH, cth. 2004-06-27. Tidak perlu wikilink.
    • ATAU: origyear: Tahun penerbitan edisi asal, dan origmonth: Bulan penerbitan edisi asal. Lebih baik gunakan "origdate". Tidak perlu wikilink.
  • date: Tarikh penuh penerbitan edisi yang dirujuk. Nyatakan dalam bentuk TTTT-BB-HH, cth. 2006-02-17. Tidak perlu wikilink.
    • ATAU: year: Tahun penerbitan edisi yang dirujuk, dan month: Bulan penerbitan edisi yang dirujuk. Lebih baik gunakan date. Tidak perlu wikilink.
  • publisher: Penerbit buku. Buangkan penyata korporat seperti "Bhd", "Sdn. Bhd.", "Ltd" atau "Inc".
    • location: Tempat buku diterbitkan dalam bentuk, "bandar, singkatan negara", cth. Kuala Lumpur, MY
  • language: Bahasa yang digunakan untuk menulis buku tersebut, jika bukan dalam bahasa Melayu. Amat digalakkan untuk menyertakan ruangan ini.
  • isbn: International Standard Book Number seperti 1-111-22222-9.
  • id: A unique identifier, used if none of the above are applicable. In this case, you need to specify the kind of identifier you are using, preferably with a template like {{ISSN}}. (Use one of the more specialized parameters if possible; they are linked automatically. In other words, don't use id = ISBN 1-111-22222-9 anymore. Use isbn = 1-111-22222-9.)
  • pages: ms. 5–7: muka surat pertama dan muka surat terakhir (tidak wajib). Ruangan ini digunakan untuk menyatakan muka surat yang dirujuk dan bukannya jumlah muka surat buku tersebut.
  • chapter: Bab buku tersebut ditulis dengan penuh. Tanda baca selain daripada pembuka dan penutup kata perlulah disertakan.
    • chapterurl: URL atau alamat internet bagi bab-bab tertentu dalam sebuah buku dalam talian.
  • quote: Petikan yang mustahak daripada buku. Boleh disertakan jika belum dinyatakan dalam petikan.

Contoh

Contoh penggunaan

…polis yang bekerja.<ref>{{cite book
  | last = Mumford
  | first = David
  | authorlink = David Mumford
  | title = The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes
  | publisher = Springer-Verlag
  | series = Lecture notes in mathematics 1358
  | year = 1999
  | language = Inggeris
  | isbn = 354063293X }}</ref>.

Contoh perlaksanaan

…polis yang bekerja.[1]
  1. ^ Mumford, David (1999). The Red Book of Varieties and Schemes. Lecture notes in mathematics 1358 (dalam bahasa Inggeris). Springer-Verlag. ISBN 354063293X. 

TemplateData

Berikut adalah pendokumenan TemplateData untuk templat ini yang digunakan oleh VisualEditor dan alatan-alatan lain.

Cite book

This template formats a citation to a book using the provided bibliographic information (such as author and title) as well as various formatting options.

Parameter templat

Templat ini mempunyai pemformatan tersuai.

Parameter Keterangan Jenis Status
URL urlURL

The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found. Requires schemes of the type "http://..." or maybe even the  protocol relative scheme "//..."

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
https://www.nytimes.com/...
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Title title

The title of the book; displays in italics

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan diperlukan
Title link title-linktitlelinkepisode-linkepisodelink

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the source named in title – do not use a web address; do not wikilink.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Halaman pilihan
Last name lastlast1authorauthor1author1-lastauthor-lastsurname1author-last1subject1surnameauthor-lastsubject

The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan disarankan
First name firstgivenauthor-firstfirst1given1author-first1author1-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan disarankan
Vancouver style author list vauthors

If using Vancouver style, comma separated list of author names; enclose corporate or institutional author names in doubled parentheses

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corporation))
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Last name 2 last2author2surname2author-last2author2-lastsubject2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
First name 2 first2given2author-first2author2-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Last name 3 last3author3surname3author-last3author3-lastsubject3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
First name 3 first3given3author-first3author3-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Last name 4 last4author4surname4author-last4author4-lastsubject4

The surname of the fourth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
First name 4 first4given4author-first4author4-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth author; don't wikilink.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Last name 5 last5author5surname5author-last5author5-lastsubject5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
First name 5 first5given5author-first5author5-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Last name 6 last6author6surname6author-last6author6-lastsubject6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
First name 6 first6given6author-first6author6-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Last name 7 last7author7surname7author-last7author7-lastsubject7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
First name 7 first7given7author-first7author7-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Last name 8 last8author8surname8author-last8author8-lastsubject8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
First name 8 first8given8author-first8author8-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Last name 9 last9author9surname9author-last9author9-lastsubject9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
First name 9 first9given9author-first9author9-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Collaboration collaboration

Name of a group of authors or collaborators; requires author, last, or vauthors which list one or more primary authors; follows author name-list; appends 'et al.' to author name-list.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Date dateair-dateairdate

Full date of the source; do not wikilink

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Work workjournalwebsitenewspapermagazineencyclopediaencyclopaediadictionarymailinglist

Name of the work in which the cited book text is found

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Publisher publisherdistributorinstitutionnewsgroup

Name of the publisher; displays after title

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan disarankan
Others others

Used to record other contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Year of publication year

Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan disarankan
ISBN isbnISBN13isbn13ISBN

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan disarankan
Ignore ISBN Error ignore-isbn-error

True if ISBN Errors should be ignored.If set, page will be added to a maintenance category "CS1 maint: Ignored ISBN errors".

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Boolean pilihan
Editor last name editor-lasteditoreditor-surnameeditor-last1editor-surname1editor1editor1-lasteditor1-surname

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan
Editor first name editor-firsteditor-giveneditor-first1editor-given1editor1-firsteditor1-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan
Link for editor editor-linkeditorlinkeditor-link1editor1-linkeditorlink1editor1link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Halaman pilihan
Editor mask editor-maskeditormaskeditormask1editor1-maskeditor-mask1editor1mask

Replaces the name of the first editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Vancouver style editor list veditors

Comma separated list of editor names in Vancouver style; enclose corporate or institutional names in doubled parentheses

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
Smythe JB, ((Megabux Corporation))
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Editors list editors

Free-form list of editor names; use of this parameter is discouraged

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui usang
Edition edition

When the publication has more than one edition; for example: '2nd', 'Revised' etc.; suffixed by ' ed.'

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Series identifier seriesversion

Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Volume volume

For one publication published in several volumes

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Location of publication locationplace

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan disarankan
Place of publication publication-placepublicationplace

Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Publication date publication-datepublicationdate

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Page pagep

The number of a single page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'; use either page= or pages=, but not both

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Page(s) cited pagespp

A range of pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source); displays after 'pp.'; use either page= or pages=, but not both

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan disarankan
No pp nopp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
At at

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Language languagein

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Translator last name translator-lasttranslatortranslator-last1translator1translator1-last

The surname of the translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Translator first name translator-firsttranslator1-firsttranslator-first1

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Script title script-title

For titles in languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc). Prefix with two-character ISO639-1 language code followed by a colon. For Japanese use: |script-title=ja:...

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Translated title trans-titletrans_title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Chapter chaptercontributionentryarticlesection

The chapter heading of the source; may be wikilinked or with 'chapterurl' but not both. For the contribution alias, see contributor-last

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Script Chapter script-chapter

Chapter heading for languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc); follows transliteration defined in chapter. Should be prefixed with an ISO 639-1 two-character code to help browsers properly display the script

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
ja:東京タワー
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Translated chapter trans-chaptertrans_chapter

An English language chapter heading, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Type typemedium

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Format format

Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
arXiv identifier arxivARXIVeprint

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
arXiv Class class

Cite arXiv identifiers

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
ASIN asinASIN

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
ASIN TLD asin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Bibcode bibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
biorXiv biorxiv

biorXiv identifier; 6 digits

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Baris pilihan
CiteSeerX citeseerx

CiteSeerX identifier; found after the 'doi=' query parameter

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Baris pilihan
DOI doiDOI

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
EISSN eissnEISSN

International Standard Serial Number for the electronic media of a serial publication; eight characters may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen, but not an en dash or a space.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
2009-0048
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Handle System identifier hdlHDL

Handle System identifier for digital objects and other resources on the Internet

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
ISMN ismnISMN

International Standard Music Number; Use the ISMN actually printed on or in the work. Hyphens or spaces in the ISMN are optional.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
979-0-9016791-7-7
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
ISSN issnISSN

International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
jfm code jfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
JSTOR jstorJSTOR

JSTOR identifier

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
LCCN lccnLCCN

Library of Congress Control Number

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
MR mrMR

Mathematical Reviews identifier

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
OCLC oclcOCLC

Online Computer Library Center number

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
OL olOL

Open Library identifier; do not include "OL" at beginning of identifier

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
OSTI ostiOSTI

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
PMC pmc

PubMed Center article number

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
PMID pmidPMID

PubMed Unique Identifier

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
RFC rfc

Request for Comments number

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
SSRN ssrn

Social Science Research Network

Tersedia
kosong
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kosong
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Zbl zbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

Tersedia
kosong
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kosong
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id idID

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

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kosong
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Quote quotequotation

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; needs to include terminating punctuation

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kosong
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kosong
Nilai auto
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Ref ref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv and sfn templates

Tersedia
kosong
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kosong
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kosong
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Name list format name-list-format

Accepts the single keyword 'vanc' to emulate Vancouver Style author / editor name-lists.

Tersedia
kosong
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Nilai auto
kosong
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Mode mode

Sets separator and terminal punctuation to the style named in the assigned value; allowable values are: 'cs1' or 'cs2'

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
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Postscript postscript

The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined; to suppress use reserved keyword 'none'

Tersedia
.
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
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Registration registration

For online sources that require registration, set to 'yes' (or 'y', or 'true'); superseded by subscription if both are set

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
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Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Subscription subscription

For online sources that require subscription, set to 'yes' (or 'y', or 'true'); supersedes registration if both are set

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Author mask author-maskauthormaskauthormask1author1-maskauthor-mask1author1mask

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Author mask 2 author-mask2authormask2author2-maskauthor2mask

Replaces the name of the second author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Author mask 3 author-mask3authormask3author3-maskauthor3mask

Replaces the name of the third author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Author mask 4 author-mask4authormask4author4-maskauthor4mask

Replaces the name of the fourth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Author mask 5 author-mask5authormask5author5-maskauthor5mask

Replaces the name of the fifth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Author mask 6 author-mask6authormask6author6-maskauthor6mask

Replaces the name of the sixth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
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Rentetan pilihan
Author mask 7 author-mask7authormask7author7-maskauthor7mask

Replaces the name of the seventh author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Author mask 8 author-mask8authormask8author8-maskauthor8mask

Replaces the name of the eighth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
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Rentetan pilihan
Author mask 9 author-mask9authormask9author9-maskauthor9mask

Replaces the name of the ninth author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

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kosong
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Nilai auto
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Rentetan pilihan
Display authors display-authorsdisplayauthors

number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used

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kosong
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Nilai auto
kosong
Angka pilihan
Author link author-linkauthorlinksubjectlinksubject-linkauthorlink1author-link1author1-linksubjectlink1author1linksubject-link1subject1-linksubject1link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Tersedia
kosong
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kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Halaman pilihan
Author link 2 author-link2authorlink2author2-linksubjectlink2author2linksubject-link2subject2-linksubject2link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

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kosong
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kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Halaman pilihan
Author link 3 author-link3authorlink3author3-linksubjectlink3author3linksubject-link3subject3-linksubject3link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

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kosong
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kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Halaman pilihan
Author link 4 author-link4authorlink4author4-linksubjectlink4author4linksubject-link4subject4-linksubject4link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth author.

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kosong
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Nilai auto
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Halaman pilihan
Author link 5 author-link5authorlink5author5-linksubjectlink5author5linksubject-link5subject5-linksubject5link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

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kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Halaman pilihan
Author link 6 author-link6authorlink6author6-linksubjectlink6author6linksubject-link6subject6-linksubject6link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

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kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Halaman pilihan
Author link 7 author-link7authorlink7author7-linksubjectlink7author7linksubject-link7subject7-linksubject7link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

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kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Halaman pilihan
Author link 8 author-link8authorlink8author8-linksubjectlink8author8linksubject-link8subject8-linksubject8link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

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kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Halaman pilihan
Author link 9 author-link9authorlink9author9-linksubjectlink9author9linksubject-link9subject9-linksubject9link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

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kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Halaman pilihan
URL access date access-dateaccessdate

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

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kosong
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Nilai auto
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Rentetan pilihan
Original year orig-yearorigyear

Original year of publication; provide specifics

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kosong
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Nilai auto
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Rentetan pilihan
Last name of second editor editor-last2editor-surname2editor2editor2-lasteditor2-surname

The surname of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
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Rentetan pilihan
First name of second editor editor-first2editor-given2editor2-firsteditor2-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
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Rentetan pilihan
Link for second editor editor-link2editor2-linkeditorlink2editor2link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second editor

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kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Halaman pilihan
Mask for second editor editor-mask2editormask2editor2-maskeditor2mask

Replaces the name of the second editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Last name of third editor editor-last3editor-surname3editor3editor3-lasteditor3-surname

The surname of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
First name of third editor editor-first3editor-given3editor3-firsteditor3-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Link for third editor editor-link3editor3-linkeditorlink3editor3link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third editor

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kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Halaman pilihan
Mask for third editor editor-mask3editormask3editor3-maskeditor3mask

Replaces the name of the third editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Last name of fourth editor editor-last4editor-surname4editor4editor4-lasteditor4-surname

The surname of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
First name of fourth editor editor-first4editor-given4editor4-firsteditor4-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Link for fourth editor editor-link4editor4-linkeditorlink4editor4link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth editor

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Halaman pilihan
Mask for fourth editor editor-mask4editormask4editor4-maskeditor4mask

Replaces the name of the fourth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Last name of fifth editor editor-last5editor-surname5editor5editor5-lasteditor5-surname

The surname of the fifth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor5-link'

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
First name of fifth editor editor-first5editor-given5editor5-firsteditor5-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor5-link'

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Link for fifth editor editor-link5editor5-linkeditorlink5editor5link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth editor

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Halaman pilihan
Mask for fifth editor editor-mask5editormask5editor5-maskeditor5mask

Replaces the name of the fifth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Last name of sixth editor editor-last6editor-surname6editor6editor6-lasteditor6-surname

The surname of the sixth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor6-link'

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
First name of sixth editor editor-first6editor-given6editor6-firsteditor6-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor6-link'

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Link for sixth editor editor-link6editor6-linkeditorlink6editor6link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth editor

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Halaman pilihan
Mask for sixth editor editor-mask6editormask6editor6-maskeditor6mask

Replaces the name of the sixth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Last name of seventh editor editor-last7editor-surname7editor7editor7-lasteditor7-surname

The surname of the seventh editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor7-link'

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
First name of seventh editor editor-first7editor-given7editor7-firsteditor7-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor7-link'

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Link for seventh editor editor-link7editor7-linkeditorlink7editor7link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh editor

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Halaman pilihan
Mask for seventh editor editor-mask7editormask7editor7-maskeditor7mask

Replaces the name of the seventh editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Last name of eighth editor editor-last8editor-surname8editor8editor8-lasteditor8-surname

The surname of the eighth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor8-link'

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
First name of eighth editor editor-first8editor-given8editor8-firsteditor8-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor8-link'

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Link for eighth editor editor-link8editor8-linkeditorlink8editor8link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth editor

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Halaman pilihan
Mask for eighth editor editor-mask8editormask8editor8-maskeditor8mask

Replaces the name of the eighth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Last name of ninth editor editor-last9editor-surname9editor9editor9-lasteditor9-surname

The surname of the ninth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor9-link'

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
First name of ninth editor editor-first9editor-given9editor9-firsteditor9-given

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor9-link'

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Link for ninth editor editor-link9editor9-linkeditorlink9editor9link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth editor

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Halaman pilihan
Mask for ninth editor editor-mask9editormask9editor9-maskeditor9mask

Replaces the name of the ninth editor with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing editor separator; for example, 'with' instead

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Display Editors display-editorsdisplayeditors

Controls the number of editor names that are displayed when a citation is published. To change the displayed number of editors, set display-editors to the desired number. For example, |display-editors=2 will display only the first two editors in a citation. By default, all editors are displayed. |display-editors=etal displays all editors in the list followed by et al.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Translator last name 2 translator-last2translator2translator2-last

The surname of the second translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Translator first name 2 translator-first2translator2-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Translator last name 3 translator-last3translator3translator3-last

The surname of the third translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Translator first name 3 translator-first3translator3-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Translator last name 4 translator-last4translator4translator4-last

The surname of the fourth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Translator first name 4 translator-first4translator4-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Translator last name 5 translator-last5translator5translator5-last

The surname of the fifth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Translator first name 5 translator-first5translator5-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Translator last name 6 translator-last6translator6translator6-last

The surname of the sixth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Translator first name 6 translator-first6translator6-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Translator last name 7 translator-last7translator7translator7-last

The surname of the seventh translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Translator first name 7 translator-first7translator7-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Translator last name 8 translator-last8translator8translator8-last

The surname of the eighth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Translator first name 8 translator-first8translator8-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Translator last name 9 translator-last9translator9translator9-last

The surname of the ninth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Translator first name 9 translator-first9translator9-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth translator; don't wikilink, use 'translator-link'.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Translator link translator-linktranslator-link1translator1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the translator; can suffix with a numeral to add additional translators.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Halaman pilihan
Translator link 2 translator-link2translator2-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second translator.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Halaman pilihan
Translator link 3 translator-link3translator3-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third translator.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Halaman pilihan
Translator link 4 translator-link4translator4-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth translator.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Halaman pilihan
Translator link 5 translator-link5translator5-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth translator.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Halaman pilihan
Translator link 6 translator-link6translator6-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth translator.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Halaman pilihan
Translator link 7 translator-link7translator7-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh translator.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Halaman pilihan
Translator link 8 translator-link8translator8-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth translator.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Halaman pilihan
Translator link 9 translator-link9translator9-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth translator.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Halaman pilihan
Chapter URL chapter-urlchapterurlcontribution-urlsection-urlcontributionurlsectionurl

The URL of the online location where the text of the chapter can be found

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Format of Chapter URL chapter-formatcontribution-formatsection-format

Format of the work referred to by chapter-url; displayed in parentheses after chapter. HTML is implied and should not be specified.

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
PDF, DOC, or XLS
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
DOI broken date doi-broken-datedoi_brokendate

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
URL access level url-access

Classification of the access restrictions on the URL ('registration', 'subscription' or 'limited')

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Archive URL archive-urlarchiveurl

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archivedate'

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Archive Format archive-format

Format of the Archive

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Archive date archive-datearchivedate

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

Tersedia
kosong
Contoh
kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Rentetan pilihan
Dead URL dead-urldeadurl

If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

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kosong
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kosong
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Lay URL lay-urllay-summarylaysummarylayurl

URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source

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kosong
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kosong
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kosong
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Lay source lay-sourcelaysource

Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

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kosong
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kosong
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kosong
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Lay date lay-datelaydate

Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

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kosong
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kosong
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kosong
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Last author ampersand last-author-amplastauthoramp

When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

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kosong
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kosong
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kosong
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Via via

Aggregate or database provider, when different from the Publisher. Typically used for Ebooks.

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kosong
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Open Edition, JSTOR
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kosong
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Bibcode access level bibcode-access

If the full text is available from ADS via this Bibcode, type 'free'.

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kosong
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kosong
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kosong
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DOI access level doi-access

If the full text is free to read via the DOI, type 'free'.

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kosong
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kosong
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kosong
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HDL access level hdl-access

If the full text is free to read via the HDL, type 'free'.

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kosong
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kosong
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kosong
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Jstor access level jstor-access

If the full text is free to read on Jstor, type 'free'.

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kosong
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kosong
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kosong
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OpenLibrary access level ol-access

If the full text is free to read on OpenLibrary, type 'free'.

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kosong
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kosong
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kosong
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OSTI access level osti-access

If the full text is free to read on OSTI, type 'free'.

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kosong
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kosong
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kosong
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Issue issuenumber

Issue number. This parameter is not supported by and should generally not be used with cite book. Consider that a different cite template may be more appropriate, such as cite magazine or cite journal. See Help:Citation_Style_1#Pages.

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kosong
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kosong
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kosong
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Coauthor coauthor

Coauthor

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kosong
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kosong
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kosong
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Coauthors coauthors

Coauthors

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kosong
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kosong
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kosong
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Authors list authorspeoplehostcredits

List of authors as a free form list. Use of this parameter is discouraged, "lastn" to "firstn" are preferable. Warning: do not use if last or any of its aliases are used.

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kosong
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kosong
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kosong
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City of Publication city

Where published

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kosong
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kosong
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Agency agency

Unusual in cite book. Use if an agency is needed in addition to publisher, etc.

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kosong
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kosong
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kosong
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Department department

Unusual in cite book.

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kosong
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kosong
Nilai auto
kosong
Tidak diketahui pilihan
Date format df

Sets rendered dates to the specified format

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kosong
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kosong
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kosong
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