Pengguna:Anne4321/Kotak pasir: Perbezaan antara semakan

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== KerjayaPencalonan politikpresiden ==
=== Datuk Bandar Surakarta2014 ===
{{see also|Pilihan raya umum presiden Indonesia 2014}}
[[File:Official Portrait of Joko Widodo as the Mayor of Surakarta.jpg|thumb|Potret rasmi Joko Widodo sebagai Datuk Bandar Surakarta]]
[[Megawati Sukarnoputri]] nominated Jokowi to be the presidential candidate of her party.<ref name="PresNom2014"/> During the campaign, a social media volunteer team, ''JASMEV'', once made a provocative statement by threatening that Islam would not be given a space in Indonesia if Jokowi won the 2014 election.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://forum.detik.com/ancaman-jasmev-jokowi-menang-islam-gak-bakalan-kami-beri-ruang-t947747.html|title=Ancaman JASMEV: Jokowi Menang, Islam Gak Bakalan Kami Beri Ruang|publisher=detik Forum|language=id|date=21 May 2014|access-date=20 December 2020|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140524220655/https://forum.detik.com/ancaman-jasmev-jokowi-menang-islam-gak-bakalan-kami-beri-ruang-t947747.html|archive-date=24 May 2014}} [http://4.bp.blogspot.com/-Tdf8idqhEYY/U3Q3J3mkW-I/AAAAAAAATKg/UxA-9YawOwk/s1600/jasmev+%281%29.jpg Capture]</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.salam-online.com/2014/05/ancaman-tim-pendukung-jokowi-jasmev-terhadap-islam.html|title=Ancaman Tim Pendukung Jokowi, JASMEV, terhadap Umat Islam!|publisher=Salam Online|language=id|date=16 May 2014|access-date=20 December 2020|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140517203343/https://www.salam-online.com/2014/05/ancaman-tim-pendukung-jokowi-jasmev-terhadap-islam.html|archive-date=17 May 2014}}</ref> The group was paid IDR 500 million to campaign for the Jokowi-Jusuf Kalla ticket during the 2014 election.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://majalah.tempo.co/read/laporan-utama/147042/adu-strategi-pasukan-media-sosial|title=Adu Strategi Pasukan Media Sosial|publisher=Tempo|language=id|author=|date=15 December 2014|access-date=20 December 2020}}</ref>
[[File:Mayor of Surakarta and Vice Mayor of Surakarta in wayang costumes.jpg|thumb|Jokowi sebagai Datuk Bandar Surakarta dan timbalannya F. X. Hadi Rudyatmo dalam kostum ''wayang wong'' tradisional Jawa.]]
Selepas pertama kali menyertai PDI-P pada 2004, Jokowi bertanding dalam pilihan raya Datuk Bandar di Surakarta pada 2005 dengan F. X. Hadi Rudyatmo sebagai pasangannya, dengan sokongan PDI-P dan [[Partai Kebangkitan Bangsa]].<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.surakarta.go.id/konten/sejarah-pemerintahan|title=Sejarah Pemerintahan|publisher=Pemerintah Kota Surakarta|language=id|date=24 January 2017|access-date=4 November 2017|url-status=dead|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170123174139/http://www.surakarta.go.id/konten/sejarah-pemerintahan|archive-date=23 January 2017}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://news.detik.com/berita/d-2723501/begini-perjalanan-politik-jokowi-si-capres-kerempeng|title=Begini Perjalanan Politik Jokowi, Si 'Capres Kerempeng'|publisher=detik|language=id|date=20 October 2014|access-date=13 October 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20161012211038/https://news.detik.com/berita/2723501/begini-perjalanan-politik-jokowi-si-capres-kerempeng|archive-date=12 October 2016}}</ref> Pasangan itu memenangi 36.62% undi menentang penyandangnya [[Slamet Suryanto]] dan dua calon lain. Semasa kempen, ramai yang mempersoalkan latar belakangnya sebagai ahli perniagaan hartanah dan perabot. Walau bagaimanapun, satu kertas akademik mendakwa gaya kepimpinannya berjaya kerana ia mewujudkan hubungan interaktif dengan rakyat, di mana beliau dapat mendorong keyakinan orang ramai terhadapnya.<ref name="scribd.com">{{cite web|url=https://www.scribd.com/doc/95952212/Thesis-Local-Leaders-as-Agents-Dramaturgy-on-Political-Communication|title=Local Leaders as Agents: Dramaturgy on Political Communications of City Mayor Joko Widodo of Solo|publisher=Scribd|author=Indrananto, Cahyadi|date=June 2012|access-date=27 January 2014}}</ref> Beliau mengamalkan rangka kerja pembangunan bandar-bandar Eropah (yang sering dilaluinya sebagai ahli perniagaan) sebagai panduan untuk perubahan di Surakarta.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.solopos.com/joko-widodo-terima-penghargaan-best-city-award-asia-tenggara-317644|title=Joko Widodo Raih Penghargaan Best City Award Asia Tenggara|publisher=Solo Pos|language=id|date=9 August 2012|access-date=26 February 2021|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20210226055817/https://www.solopos.com/joko-widodo-terima-penghargaan-best-city-award-asia-tenggara-317644|archive-date=26 February 2021}}</ref>
 
Following the release of Quick Count results from many different polls, Jokowi declared victory on 9 July. However, his opponent [[Prabowo Subianto]] also declared victory, creating confusion among the population.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jul/09/jokowi-prabowo-both-claim-victory-indonesian-election|title=Jokowi and Prabowo both claim victory in early Indonesian election results|work=The Guardian|author=Lamb, Kate|date=9 July 2014|access-date=22 July 2014|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140711051852/https://www.theguardian.com/world/2014/jul/09/jokowi-prabowo-both-claim-victory-indonesian-election|archive-date=11 July 2014}}</ref> On 22 July, hours before the announcement of the election results, Prabowo withdrew.<ref name="Tempo1"/> Jokowi's victory was expected and realised hours later.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2014-07-21/indonesia-election-results-due-as-widodo-leads-unofficial-counts|title=Widodo Wins Indonesian Vote as Prabowo Withholds Concession|publisher=Bloomberg|author=Manurung, Novrida; Rahadiana, Rieka; Rusmana, Yoga|date=22 July 2014|access-date=22 July 2014|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150214104831/https://www.bloomberg.com/news/articles/2014-07-21/indonesia-election-results-due-as-widodo-leads-unofficial-counts|archive-date=14 February 2015}}</ref><ref name="Tempo1">{{cite web|url=https://en.tempo.co/read/595012/kpu-postpones-election-results-announcement|title=KPU Postpones Election Results Announcement|publisher=Tempo|author=Armindya, Yolanda Ryan|date=22 July 2014|access-date=22 July 2014|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190506094810/https://en.tempo.co/read/595012/kpu-postpones-election-results-announcement|archive-date=6 May 2019}}</ref> The [[General Elections Commission]] (KPU) gave him a close victory with 53.15% of the vote (almost 71 million votes), to Prabowo's 46.85% (62 million votes),<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/indonesia/10983224/Indonesia-elections-Jakarta-governor-Jokowi-wins-but-rival-rejects-final-results.html|title=Indonesia elections: Jakarta governor 'Jokowi' wins but rival rejects final results|publisher=The Telegraph|author=|date=22 July 2014|access-date=22 July 2014|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140724172917/https://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/worldnews/asia/indonesia/10983224/Indonesia-elections-Jakarta-governor-Jokowi-wins-but-rival-rejects-final-results.html|archive-date=24 July 2014}}</ref> though Prabowo's camp disputed these totals.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2014/07/22/prabowo-camp-says-pks-tally-more-accurate-kpus.html|title=Prabowo camp says PKS tally more accurate than KPU's|publisher=The Jakarta Post|author=|date=22 July 2014|access-date=22 July 2014|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140723232210/https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2014/07/22/prabowo-camp-says-pks-tally-more-accurate-kpus.html|archive-date=23 July 2014}}</ref>
Dasar-dasar beliau yang terkenal sebagai Datuk Bandar termasuk:<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2013/11/18/poor-stagnate-while-city-thrives.html|title=Poor Stagnate While City Thrives|publisher=The Jakarta Post|date=18 November 2013|access-date=24 December 2013|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20131224113401/http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2013/11/18/poor-stagnate-while-city-thrives.html|archive-date=24 December 2013}}</ref> Membina pasar tradisional baru dan mengubahsuai pasaran sedia ada, membina jalan kaki bandar sepanjang 7 km dengan laluan pejalan kaki sepanjang 3 meter di sepanjang jalan utama Surakarta, menghidupkan semula taman Balekambang dan Sriwedari, menggunakan peraturan yang lebih ketat untuk menebang pokok di sepanjang jalan-jalan utama di bandar ini, menjenamakan semula bandar sebagai pusat budaya dan pelancongan Jawa di bawah slogan ''The Spirit of Java'', mempromosikan bandar ini sebagai pusat mesyuarat, insentif, konvensyen dan pameran (MICE), melancarkan program insurans penjagaan kesihatan dan pendidikan untuk semua penduduk, sistem [[transit aliran bas]] tempatan bernama ''Batik Solo Trans'' dan Solo Techno Park, yang membantu menyokong projek kereta Indonesia ''Esemka''.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2012/01/03/surakarta-mayor-uses-car-made-vocational-schools-students.html|title=Surakarta mayor uses car made by vocational schools students|publisher=The Jakarta Post|author=Ayuningtyas, Kusumasari|date=3 January 2012|access-date=24 December 2013|url-status=dead|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20131224154423/http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2012/01/03/surakarta-mayor-uses-car-made-vocational-schools-students.html|archive-date=24 December 2013}}</ref> Sepanjang tempoh beliau memegang jawatan sebagai Datuk Bandar, beliau telah menjalankan lawatan mengejut (''blusukan'') ke kawasan-kawasan tertentu untuk mendengar isu-isu rakyat, yang terbukti popular kemudian dalam kerjaya politiknya. Beliau juga melarang ahli keluarganya daripada membida projek bandar, oleh itu menyekat risiko rasuah. Dasar-dasarnya membawanya ke dalam konflik dengan gabenor wilayah ketika itu Bibit Waluyo, yang pada satu ketika memanggil Jokowi sebagai "bodoh" untuk kerana membangkang projek pembinaan wilayah di Surakarta.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://tirto.id/sejarah-polemik-jokowi-vs-bibit-waluyo-yang-diklaim-dukung-prabowo-dgoX|title=Sejarah Polemik Jokowi vs Bibit Waluyo yang Diklaim Dukung Prabowo|publisher=Tirto.id|language=id|author=N Raditya, Iswara|date=9 February 2019|access-date=20 December 2020|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20201224104718/https://tirto.id/sejarah-polemik-jokowi-vs-bibit-waluyo-yang-diklaim-dukung-prabowo-dgoX|archive-date=24 December 2020}}</ref>
 
After his victory, Jokowi stated that growing up under the authoritarian and corrupt [[New Order (Indonesia)|New Order]] regime, he would have never expected someone with a lower-class background to become president. ''[[The New York Times]]'' reported him as saying, "now, it's quite similar to America, yeah? There is the [[American dream]], and here we have the Indonesian dream".<ref name="NYT">{{cite web|url=https://www.nytimes.com/2014/07/23/world/asia/joko-widodo-populist-governor-is-named-winner-in-indonesian-election.html?_r=0|title=A Child of the Slum Rises as President of Indonesia|work=The New York Times|author=Cochrane, Joe|date=22 July 2014|access-date=22 July 2014|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20140725005049/https://www.nytimes.com/2014/07/23/world/asia/joko-widodo-populist-governor-is-named-winner-in-indonesian-election.html?_r=0|archive-date=25 July 2014}}</ref> Jokowi was the first Indonesian president outside the military or the political elite, and the political commentator Salim Said gave the popular view of the politician as "someone who is our neighbour, who decided to get into politics and run for president".<ref name="NYT"/>
Penyokongnya menunjukkan perubahan positif yang pesat di Surakarta di bawah kepimpinannya dan penjenamaan bandar dengan slogan ''Solo: The Spirit of Java''. Semasa memegang jawatan, beliau berjaya memindahkan gerai-gerai antik di Taman Banjarsari tanpa insiden, satu langkah yang membantu dalam menghidupkan semula fungsi tanah hijau terbuka; beliau menekankan kepentingan firma perniagaan yang terlibat dalam aktiviti komuniti; beliau meningkatkan komunikasi dengan masyarakat tempatan dengan kerap muncul di televisyen tempatan. Sebagai susulan penjenamaan baru di bandar ini, beliau memohon Surakarta untuk menjadi ahli Pertubuhan Bandar Warisan Dunia, yang diluluskan pada tahun 2006, dan kemudiannya bandar itu memilih untuk menjadi tuan rumah persidangan organisasi pada Oktober 2008. Pada tahun 2007, Surakarta juga telah menjadi tuan rumah Festival Muzik Dunia (FMD), yang diadakan di kompleks Fort Vastenburg berhampiran pusat bandar. Pada tahun berikutnya, ia diadakan di kompleks Istana Mangkunegaran.
 
===2019===
Sebahagian daripada gaya Jokowi (''punya gaye'') adalah unsur-unsur populis beliau yang direka untuk membina ikatan dengan pengundi yang luas.<ref name="scribd.com"/> Sebagai Datuk Bandar, beliau terlibat secara peribadi dalam insiden sebelum Krismas 2011 apabila perbandaran Surakarta mempunyai bil tertunggak hampir $1 juta ([[Rupiah Indonesia|Rp]] 8.9 bilion) yang terhutang kepada syarikat elektrik milik kerajaan ''Perusahaan Listrik Negara'' (PLN). Berikutan dasarnya untuk meneruskan pendekatan yang lebih berdisiplin untuk mengumpul bil yang tertunggak, ia mengenakan pemadaman bekalan elektrik pada lampu jalan di bandar sebelum Krismas. Kerajaan bandar dengan cepat membenarkan pembayaran, tetapi dalam menyelesaikan rang undang-undang itu, membantah bahawa PLN harus mempertimbangkan kepentingan awam sebelum mengambil tindakan sedemikian. Untuk mengukuhkan perkara itu, Jokowi membuat lawatan peribadi yang sangat awam ke pejabat PLN tempatan untuk menyampaikan Rp 8.9 bilion tunai dalam bentuk beratus-ratus ikatan nota dan juga syiling kecil.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2012/01/04/residents-surakarta-accompany-mayor-pay-pln.html|title=Residents of Surakarta accompany mayor to pay PLN|publisher=The Jakarta Post|author=Ayuningtyas, Kusumasari|date=4 January 2012|access-date=21 September 2013|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20130921040230/https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2012/01/04/residents-surakarta-accompany-mayor-pay-pln.html|archive-date=21 September 2013}}</ref>
{{See also|2019 Indonesian general election|Joko Widodo 2019 presidential campaign}}
In 2018, Jokowi announced that he would run for re-election [[2019 Indonesian general election|next year]]. His vice president [[Jusuf Kalla]] was not eligible for another term because of the term limits set for president and vice president. Kalla had already served a five-year term as vice president during [[Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono]]'s first term (2004–2009). Speculation surrounding Jokowi's choice of running mate focused on several candidates, including [[Mahfud MD]], a former defence minister and chief justice of the [[Constitutional Court of Indonesia|Constitutional Court]]. In a surprise move, Jokowi announced that [[Ma'ruf Amin]] would be his running mate. Mahfud had reportedly been preparing for the vice-presidential candidacy. Ma'ruf was selected instead following a push by several constituent parties of Jokowi's governing coalition and influential Islamic figures.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2018/08/09/jokowi-may-pick-mahfud-md-as-running-mate.html|title=Jokowi may pick Mahfud MD as running mate|publisher=The Jakarta Post|author=Sapiie, Marguerite Afra|date=9 August 2018|access-date=18 September 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180809132522/https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2018/08/09/jokowi-may-pick-mahfud-md-as-running-mate.html|archive-date=9 August 2018}}</ref> Explaining his decision, Jokowi referred to Ma'ruf's extensive experience in government and religious affairs.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2018/08/09/who-is-maruf-amin-jokowis-running-mate.html|title=Who is Ma'ruf Amin, Jokowi's running mate?|publisher=The Jakarta Post|author=Dewi, Sita W.|date=9 August 2018|access-date=18 September 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20180811095538/https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2018/08/09/who-is-maruf-amin-jokowis-running-mate.html|archive-date=11 August 2018}}</ref>
 
The KPU officially announced that the Jokowi-Amin ticket had won the election in the early hours of 21 May 2019.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2019/05/21/kpu-names-jokowi-winner-of-election.html|title=KPU names Jokowi winner of election|publisher=The Jakarta Post|author=Ghina Ghaliya|date=21 May 2019|access-date=9 March 2020|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190521110311/https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2019/05/21/kpu-names-jokowi-winner-of-election.html|archive-date=21 May 2019}}</ref> The official vote tally was 85 million votes for Jokowi (55.50%) and 68 million votes for Prabowo (44.50%).<ref>{{cite web|url=https://pilpres.tempo.co/read/1207482/kpu-menetapkan-jokowi-maruf-unggul-5550-persen|title=KPU Menetapkan Jokowi-Ma'ruf Unggul 55,50 Persen|publisher=Tempo|language=id|author=Prasongko, Dias|date=21 May 2019|access-date=20 May 2019|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190521035058/https://pilpres.tempo.co/read/1207482/kpu-menetapkan-jokowi-maruf-unggul-5550-persen|archive-date=21 May 2019}}</ref> Supporters of Prabowo protested in Jakarta against the result, and [[May 2019 Jakarta protests and riots|it turned into a riot]] which left eight people dead and over 600 injured.<ref name="8d">{{cite web|url=https://news.detik.com/berita/d-4562242/anies-8-orang-meninggal-dunia-dalam-aksi-21-22-mei|title=Anies: 8 Orang Meninggal Dunia dalam Aksi 21–22 Mei|publisher=detik|language=id|author=Medistiara, Yulida|date=23 May 2019|access-date=24 May 2019|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190523153107/https://news.detik.com/berita/d-4562242/anies-8-orang-meninggal-dunia-dalam-aksi-21-22-mei|archive-date=23 May 2019}}</ref> Following the protests, Prabowo's campaign team launched a Constitutional Court lawsuit but was rejected in its entirety.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2019/06/27/breaking-court-rejects-prabowos-vote-rigging-claims.html|title=BREAKING: Court rejects Prabowo's vote-rigging claims|publisher=The Jakarta Post|author=Sapiie, Marguerite Afra|date=27 June 2019|access-date=28 June 2019|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190627145007/https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2019/06/27/breaking-court-rejects-prabowos-vote-rigging-claims.html|archive-date=27 June 2019}}</ref>
Pada tahun 2010, beliau dipilih semula untuk penggal kedua, sekali lagi bertanding dengan Hadi.Mereka memenangi 90.09% undi, kalah hanya dalam satu stesen mengundi.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://regional.kompas.com/read/2010/05/21/03402631/Kemenangan.Fenomenal.Jokowi-Rudy|title=Kemenangan Fenomenal Jokowi-Rudy|publisher=KOMPAS|language=id|date=21 May 2010|access-date=3 August 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20110822224439/https://regional.kompas.com/read/2010/05/21/03402631/Kemenangan.Fenomenal.Jokowi-Rudy|archive-date=22 August 2011}}</ref> Beliau kemudiannya dipilih sebagai 'Pemimpin Pilihan Tempo' oleh [[Tempo (majalah)|majalah berita Tempo]] (2008) dan menerima 'Anugerah Pembuat Perubahan' daripada akhbar [[Republika]] (2010); namanya juga mula dipertimbangkan dalam pungutan suara kebangsaan untuk jawatan gabenor Jakarta, lama sebelum pencalonan PDI-P, termasuk oleh [[Universiti Indonesia]] dan Cyrus Network (2011).<ref name="scribd.com"/>
 
Pada 2012, Jokowi menghadapi kempen fitnah selepas mengisytiharkan hasratnya untuk bertanding jawatan gabenor Jakarta.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.republika.co.id/berita/menuju-jakarta-1/news/12/08/08/m8g2ta-fitnah-ibu-jokowi-rhoma-terancam-dipidanakan|title=Fitnah Ibu Jokowi, Rhoma Terancam Dipidanakan|publisher=Republika|author=Sasmita, Ira|date=8 August 2012|access-date=3 March 2021|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20121116005513/https://www.republika.co.id/berita/menuju-jakarta-1/news/12/08/08/m8g2ta-fitnah-ibu-jokowi-rhoma-terancam-dipidanakan|archive-date=16 November 2012}}</ref> Sebuah kumpulan yang menggelarkan dirinya ''Pasukan Selamatkan Solo, Selamatkan Jakarta dan Selamatkan Indonesia'' (TS3) melaporkannya kepada Suruhanjaya Pembasmian Rasuah (KPK) kerana didakwa telah memudahkan penyalahgunaan dana pendidikan oleh orang bawahannya di Surakarta pada 2010.KPK menyiasat dakwaan itu, mendapati ia berdasarkan data palsu dan berkata tidak ada tanda-tanda Jokowi telah menyalahgunakan dana.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2014/10/15/no-jokowi-trails-education-fund-corruption-says-kpk.html|title=No Jokowi trails in education fund corruption, says KPK|publisher=The Jakarta Post|date=15 October 2014|access-date=3 March 2021|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20141016215908/https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2014/10/15/no-jokowi-trails-education-fund-corruption-says-kpk.html|archive-date=16 October 2014}}</ref>
 
=== Gabenor Jakarta ===
{{multiple image|align=right|direction=horizontal|caption_align=center|image1=Gubernur DKI Jokowi.jpg|width1=131|footer=Dua versi potret rasmi Jokowi sebagai Gabenor Jakarta (2012)|image2=Gubernur DKI Joko Widodo.jpg|width2=108}}
 
Walaupun beberapa penduduk Surakarta kecewa bahawa Jokowi tidak akan menamatkan penggal keduanya sebagai Datuk Bandar,<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2012/03/20/surakarta-residents-disappointed-jokowi-s-jakarta-bid.html|title=Surakarta residents disappointed by Jokowi's Jakarta bid|publisher=The Jakarta Post|author=Ayuningtyas, Kusumasari|date=20 Mac 2012|access-date=22 Mac 2012|url-status=dead|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20120322220523/https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2012/03/20/surakarta-residents-disappointed-jokowi-s-jakarta-bid.html|archive-date=22 Mac 2012}}</ref> Jokowi bertanding dalam pilihan raya Gabenor Jakarta 2012 dan menewaskan penyandangnya [[Fauzi Bowo]].<ref name="jakartapostrealbattle"/> Lingkaran dalaman penasihatnya di Jakarta dilaporkan termasuk orang-orang seperti FX Hadi 'Rudy' Rudyatmo, Sumartono Hadinoto dan Anggit Nugroho, yang merupakan rakan sekerja semasa beliau menjadi Datuk Bandar Surakarta, serta [[Basuki Tjahaja Purnama]] ("Ahok"), timbalannya sebagai gabenor Jakarta.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2013/11/20/man-house-man-moment.html|title=Man of the house, man of the moment|publisher=The Jakarta Post|author=Dewi, Sita W.|date=20 November 2013|access-date=21 November 2013|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20131121122901/https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2013/11/20/man-house-man-moment.html|archive-date=21 November 2013}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2013/11/18/jokowi-s-star-appeal-making-hay-while-sun-shines.html|title=Jokowi's star appeal: Making hay while sun shines|publisher=The Jakarta Post|date=18 November 2013|access-date=20 November 2013|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20131120235656/https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2013/11/18/jokowi-s-star-appeal-making-hay-while-sun-shines.html|archive-date=20 November 2013}}</ref> Jokowi meneruskan amalan ''blusukan'' yang diamalkannya sebagai Datuk Bandar Surakarta dengan kerap melawat pusat-pusat penduduk, terutamanya tempat mengalami kemerosotan. Semasa lawatan ini, beliau memakai pakaian yang ringkas, tidak formal dan berhenti di pasar atau berjalan di sepanjang lorong-lorong Jakarta yang sempit untuk mendengar dan menyaksikan isu-isu peribadi yang ditangani oleh penduduk, seperti harga makanan, masalah perumahan, banjir, dan pengangkutan. Pengundian dan liputan media mencadangkan bahawa gaya praktikalnya terbukti sangat popular di Jakarta dan di tempat lain di seluruh Indonesia.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2013/01/22/editorial-start-working-jokowi.html|title=Editorial: Start working, Jokowi|publisher=The Jakarta Post|date=22 Januari 2013|access-date=25 Januari 2013|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20130125004337/https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2013/01/22/editorial-start-working-jokowi.html|archive-date=25 Januari 2013}}</ref>
 
Selepas mengambil alih jawatan, cukai dan belanjawan wilayah Jakarta meningkat dengan ketara daripada Rp 41 trilion pada 2012 kepada Rp 72 trilion pada 2014.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://money.kompas.com/read/2014/03/17/1241166/Dipimpin.Jokowi.Pendapatan.DKI.Naik.Rp.31.Triliun.dalam.Setahun|title=Dipimpin Jokowi, Pendapatan DKI Naik Rp 31 Triliun dalam Setahun|publisher=KOMPAS|language=id|author=Suryowati, Estu|date=17 Mac 2014|access-date=20 Mac 2014|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20190328142143/https://money.kompas.com/read/2014/03/17/1241166/Dipimpin.Jokowi.Pendapatan.DKI.Naik.Rp.31.Triliun.dalam.Setahun|archive-date=28 Mac 2019}}</ref><ref>Pernyataan PAD 72 Triliun diralat sebagai APBD, bukan PAD oleh Kepala Dinas Pelayanan Pajak DKI Jakarta Iwan Setiawandi</ref> Kedua-dua Jokowi dan Ahok mengumumkan gaji bulanan mereka dan belanjawan wilayah.<ref name="bbcjokowi">{{cite web|url=https://www.bbc.com/indonesia/berita_indonesia/2014/01/140128_hague_jokowi|title=Menlu Inggris dukung transparansi Jokowi|publisher=BBC|language=id|date=28 Januari 2014|access-date=15 Mac 2014|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170910125338/https://www.bbc.com/indonesia/berita_indonesia/2014/01/140128_hague_jokowi|archive-date=10 September 2017}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=http://news.detik.com/read/2013/03/14/140113/2193892/10/transparansi-jokowi-ini-dia-poster-apbd-2013?nd771104bcj|title=Transparansi Jokowi, Ini Dia Poster APBD 2013|publisher=detik|language=id|author=Ray, Jordan|date=14 Mac 2013|access-date=15 Mac 2014|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20130317031904/http://news.detik.com/read/2013/03/14/140113/2193892/10/transparansi-jokowi-ini-dia-poster-apbd-2013?nd771104bcj|archive-date=17 Mac 2013}}</ref> Mereka juga memulakan program yang bertujuan ke arah ketelusan, seperti cukai dalam talian, e-belanjawan, e-pembelian, dan sistem pengurusan tunai.<ref name="bbcjokowi"/> Selain itu, semua mesyuarat dan aktiviti yang dihadiri Jokowi dan Ahok telah dirakam dan dimuat naik di YouTube.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://news.detik.com/read/2012/11/14/083943/2091106/10/ini-alasan-jokowi-setuju-rapat-pemprov-dki-ditampilkan-di-youtube|title=Ini Alasan Jokowi Setuju Rapat Pemprov DKI Ditampilkan di Youtube|publisher=detik|language=id|author=Juwari, Ahmad|date=14 November 2012|access-date=15 Mac 2014|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20121117020920/http://news.detik.com/read/2012/11/14/083943/2091106/10/ini-alasan-jokowi-setuju-rapat-pemprov-dki-ditampilkan-di-youtube|archive-date=17 November 2012}}</ref>
 
[[File:Jokowi blusukan.jpg|left|thumb|Jokowi dalam lawatan ''blusukan'' di kejiranan di Jakarta]]
 
Dalam penjagaan kesihatan, Jokowi memperkenalkan program penjagaan kesihatan sejagat, 'Kad Jakarta Sihat' (''Kartu Jakarta Sehat'', KJS).<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.development.asia/PDF/issue15/devasia-15-web-4-nov-2013-14-overdue-antidote.pdf|title=Overdue Antidote|publisher=Asian Development Bank|author=McCawley, Tom|date=November 2013|access-date=24 Disember 2013|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20131224102842/http://www.development.asia/PDF/issue15/devasia-15-web-4-nov-2013-14-overdue-antidote.pdf|archive-date=24 Disember 2013}}</ref> Ia melibatkan program insurans yang disediakan melalui syarikat insurans milik kerajaan PT Askes Indonesia (''Persero'') dan rancangan untuk mengawal caj kesihatan untuk rawatan bagi lebih daripada 20,000 perkhidmatan dan prosedur.<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2013/12/22/jokowi-care-a-pilot-project-upcoming-national-health-plan.html|title='Jokowi-care' a pilot project for upcoming national health plan|publisher=The Jakarta Post|date=22 Disember 2013|access-date=23 Disember 2013|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20131223234154/http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2013/12/22/jokowi-care-a-pilot-project-upcoming-national-health-plan.html|archive-date=23 Disember 2013}}</ref> Program ini dikritik kerana kekeliruan mengenai butiran pelaksanaan dan barisan panjang,<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2013/12/22/a-report-card-jakarta-s-healthcare-program.html|title=A report card for Jakarta'shealthcare program|publisher=The Jakarta Post|author=|date=22 Disember 2013|access-date=22 Disember 2013|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20131222080231/http://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2013/12/22/a-report-card-jakarta-s-healthcare-program.html|archive-date=22 Disember 2013}}</ref> walaupun Jokowi mempertahankannya dan memberi nasihat kesabaran. Dalam pendidikan, Jokowi melancarkan 'Kad Jakarta Pintar' (''Kartu Jakarta Pintar'', KJP) pada 1 Disember 2012 untuk membantu pelajar yang memerlukan. Ia memberi elaun yang boleh dikeluarkan daripada [[mesin juruwang automatik]] (ATM) untuk membeli keperluan sekolah seperti buku dan pakaian seragam.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.antaranews.com/berita/346355/kartu-jakarta-pintar-diluncurkan|title=Kartu Jakarta Pintar diluncurkan|publisher=Antara News|language=id|date=1 Disember 2012|access-date=4 Disember 2012|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20121204135942/https://www.antaranews.com/berita/346355/kartu-jakarta-pintar-diluncurkan|archive-date=4 Disember 2012}}</ref>
 
Dasar-dasar lain pentadbirannya termasuk sistem pengambilan birokrasi yang dipanggil ''lelang jabatan'' (secara harfiah 'lelongan jawatan pejabat'), memberi setiap penjawat awam peluang yang sama untuk mencapai jawatan tertentu dengan memenuhi kelayakan yang diperlukan,<ref>{{cite web|url=http://www.apsc.gov.au/aps-employment-policy-and-advice/merit|title=Leading and shaping a unified, high performing APS|publisher=Australian Public Service Commission|access-date=24 Julai 2015|url-status=dead|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150725062826/http://www.apsc.gov.au/aps-employment-policy-and-advice/merit|archive-date=25 Julai 2015}}</ref> kawal selia kucar-kacir penjaja jalanan di [[Pasar Minggu]] dan Pasar Tanah Abang,<ref>{{cite web|url=https://republika.co.id/berita/nasional/jabodetabek-nasional/13/11/13/mw6ogn-jokowi-resmikan-lokasi-baru-pkl-pasar-minggu|title=Jokowi Resmikan Lokasi Baru 'PKL' Pasar Minggu"|publisher=Republika|language=id|author=Sa'diyah, Halimatus|date=13 November 2013|access-date=22 Oktober 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20181022153426/https://republika.co.id/berita/nasional/jabodetabek-nasional/13/11/13/mw6ogn-jokowi-resmikan-lokasi-baru-pkl-pasar-minggu|archive-date=22 Oktober 2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://news.detik.com/berita/d-2336405/-pkl-jokowi-doang-gubernur-yang-bisa-rombak-tanah-abang-|title=PKL: Jokowi Doang Gubernur yang Bisa Rombak Tanah Abang|publisher=detik|language=id|date=21 Ogos 2013|access-date=22 Oktober 2018|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20181022193506/https://news.detik.com/berita/d-2336405/-pkl-jokowi-doang-gubernur-yang-bisa-rombak-tanah-abang-|archive-date=22 Oktober 2018}}</ref> projek pengorekan dan takungan untuk mengurangkan banjir,<ref>{{cite web|url=http://news.detik.com/berita/d-2279672/diplomasi-makan-siang-jokowi-dan-warga-waduk-pluit-berlanjut-pekan-depan|title=Diplomasi Makan Siang Jokowi dan Warga Waduk Pluit Berlanjut Pekan Depan|publisher=detik|language=id|date=21 Jun 2013|access-date=21 Jun 2013|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200114152119/http://news.detik.com/berita/d-2279672/diplomasi-makan-siang-jokowi-dan-warga-waduk-pluit-berlanjut-pekan-depan|archive-date=14 Januari 2020}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.liputan6.com/news/read/813313/bpbd-berkat-kerja-jokowi-banjir-2014-tak-separah-2013|title=BPBD: Berkat Kerja Jokowi, Banjir 2014 Tak Separah 2013|publisher=Liputan6|language=id|author=Riz|date=29 Januari 2014|access-date=15 Mac 2014|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20181009211618/https://www.liputan6.com/news/read/813313/bpbd-berkat-kerja-jokowi-banjir-2014-tak-separah-2013|archive-date=9 Oktober 2018}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.merdeka.com/jakarta/perdana-menteri-belanda-nilai-jokowi-pemimpin-hebat.html|title=Perdana Menteri Belanda nilai Jokowi pemimpin hebat|publisher=Merdeka|language=id|author=Lestari, Mustiana|date=21 November 2013|access-date=15 Mac 2014|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20131124013722/https://www.merdeka.com/jakarta/perdana-menteri-belanda-nilai-jokowi-pemimpin-hebat.html|archive-date=24 November 2013}}</ref> dan perasmian [[MRT Jakarta]] dan LRT Jakarta yang telah lama tertangguh.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.voaindonesia.com/a/1766755.html|title=Proyek Pembangunan MRT Jakarta Resmi Dimulai|publisher=VOA Indonesia|language=id|date=10 Oktober 2013|access-date=15 Mac 2014|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20170729094711/https://www.voaindonesia.com/a/1766755.html|archive-date=29 Julai 2017}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2015/09/09/jokowi-kicks-lrt-construction.html|title=Jokowi kicks off LRT construction|publisher=The Jakarta Post|author=Margi, Raditya|date=9 September 2015|access-date=21 September 2015|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20150912233300/https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2015/09/09/jokowi-kicks-lrt-construction.html|archive-date=12 September 2015}}</ref> Sebagai gabenor, Jokowi juga melantik lurah (ketua subdaerah) bukan Islam untuk subdaerah majoriti Islam Lenteng Agung walaupun terdapat bantahan oleh sesetengah penduduk.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2013/08/29/jokowi-stands-christian-subdistrict-head.html|title=Jokowi stands by Christian subdistrict head|publisher=The Jakarta Post|author=Dewi, Sita W.|date=29 Ogos 2013|access-date=9 Oktober 2019|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20130901220606/https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2013/08/29/jokowi-stands-christian-subdistrict-head.html|archive-date=1 September 2013}}</ref> Bekas timbalan gabenor Prijanto mendakwa bahawa Jokowi telah menjalankan salah tadbir apabila menyalahgunakan aset sijil kerajaan BMW Park dengan memformalkan satu lagi sijil yang telah tamat tempoh.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://republika.co.id/berita/n5x01l/prijanto-jokowi-tak-paham-administrasi|title=Prijanto: Jokowi Tak Paham Administrasi|publisher=Republika|language=id|author=Faqih, Mansyur|date=21 Mei 2014|access-date=20 Disember 2020|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200804023543/https://republika.co.id/berita/n5x01l/prijanto-jokowi-tak-paham-administrasi|archive-date=4 Ogos 2020}}</ref>
 
Pada tahun 2013, Jokowi dilaporkan kepada Suruhanjaya Kebangsaan mengenai Hak Asasi Manusia atas pengusiran setinggan berhampiran [[Pluit]]. Dalam "kontrak politik" sebelum ini, beliau telah berikrar untuk tidak mengusir penduduk ke lokasi yang jauh.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.merdeka.com/foto/jakarta/239689/20130827191852-alami-kekerasan-warga-waduk-pluit-laporkan-jokowi-ke-komnas-ham-001-isniqbal-nugroho.html|title=Alami kekerasan, Warga Waduk Pluit laporkan Jokowi ke Komnas HAM|publisher=Merdeka|language=id|author=Buhori, Imam|date=27 Ogos 2013|access-date=18 Mei 2020|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20210303055200/https://www.merdeka.com/foto/jakarta/239689/20130827191852-alami-kekerasan-warga-waduk-pluit-laporkan-jokowi-ke-komnas-ham-001-isniqbal-nugroho.html|archive-date=3 Mac 2021}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2016/03/16/remember-your-promises-city-s-poor-tell-jokowi-daily-rallies.html|title='Remember your promises,'city's poor tell Jokowi in daily rallies|publisher=The Jakarta Post|date=16 Mac 2016|access-date=9 Oktober 2019|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20160317071249/https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2016/03/16/remember-your-promises-city-s-poor-tell-jokowi-daily-rallies.html|archive-date=17 Mac 2016}}</ref> Jokowi bertemu dengan penduduk Pluit dan Komnas HAM untuk menjelaskan pengusiran adalah perlu untuk memulihkan tadahan air untuk mengurangkan banjir dan keluarga dipindahkan ke pangsapuri kos rendah.<ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2013/05/18/governor-and-human-rights-body-meet-pluit-long-last.html|title=Governor and human rights body meet on Pluit, at long last|publisher=The Jakarta Post|author=Dewi, Sita W.|date=18 Mei 2013|access-date=3 Mac 2021|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20130607042907/https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2013/05/18/governor-and-human-rights-body-meet-pluit-long-last.html|archive-date=7 Jun 2013}}</ref><ref>{{cite web|url=https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2013/05/22/jokowi-sits-same-table-with-pluit-dam-residents.html|title=Jokowi sits at same table with Pluit Dam residents|publisher=The Jakarta Post|author=Dewi, Sita W.|date=22 Mei 2013|access-date=3 Mac 2021|url-status=live|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20130607042937/https://www.thejakartapost.com/news/2013/05/22/jokowi-sits-same-table-with-pluit-dam-residents.html|archive-date=7 Jun 2013}}</ref>
 
==Multilateral meetings==
3,795

suntingan