Revolusi Neolitik

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Peta Asia Barat Daya menunjukkan tapak arkeologi utama zaman Neolitik Pratembikar, s. 7500 SM.

Revolusi Neolitik, atau Revolusi Pertanian (Pertama), merupakan peralihan skala besar banyak budaya manusia semasa zaman Neolitik daripada gaya hidup memburu dan memungut ke satu pertanian dan petempatan, membuatkan populasi yang semakin besar mungkin.[1] Masyarakat bertempat ini membenarkan manusia memerhati dan menguji kaji dengan tumbuhan, belajar cara tumbuhan tumbuh dan berkembang.[2] Pengetahuan baru ini membawa kepada domestikasi tumbuhan.[2][3]

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RujukanSunting

  1. ^ Jean-Pierre Bocquet-Appel (July 29, 2011). "When the World's Population Took Off: The Springboard of the Neolithic Demographic Transition". Science. 333 (6042): 560–561. Bibcode:2011Sci...333..560B. doi:10.1126/science.1208880. PMID 21798934. S2CID 29655920.
  2. ^ a b Pollard, Elizabeth; Rosenberg, Clifford; Tigor, Robert (2015). Worlds together, worlds apart. 1 (ed. concise). New York: W.W. Norton & Company. m/s. 23. ISBN 978-0-393-25093-0.
  3. ^ Compare:Lewin, Roger (2009-02-18) [1984]. "35: The origin of agriculture and the first villagers". Human Evolution: An Illustrated Introduction (ed. 5). Malden, Massachusetts: John Wiley & Sons (diterbitkan 2009). m/s. 250. ISBN 978-1-4051-5614-1. Dicapai pada 2017-08-20. [...] the Neolithic transition involved increasing sedentism and social complexity, which was usually followed by the gradual adoption of plant and animal domestication. In some cases, however, plant domestication preceded sedentism, particularly in the New World.
Brami, Maxime N. (2019-12-01). "The Invention of Prehistory and the Rediscovery of Europe: Exploring the Intellectual Roots of Gordon Childe's 'Neolithic Revolution' (1936)". Journal of World Prehistory. 32 (4): 311–351. doi:10.1007/s10963-019-09135-y. ISSN 1573-7802. S2CID 211663314.

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