Tarim Basin ialah cekungan endoreik besar di Barat Laut China yang merangkumi kawasan seluas 906,500 km2 (350,000 bt2).[1] Terletak di kawasan Xinjiang China, kadang kala secara metonimi disebut sebagai separuh wilayah selatan, atau Nanjiang (Bahasa Turki: tarım havzası, Bahasa Cina: 南疆pinyin: Nánjiāng; secara harfiahnya "Xinjiang Selatan"). Di utaranya kawasan ini bersempadan dengan Pegunungan Tian Shan dan bahagian selatannya bersempadan dengan Pergunungan Kunlun di pinggir Dataran tinggi Qinghai-Tibet. Gurun Taklamakan mendominasi sebahagian besar cekungan ini. Nama Uyghur bersejarah untuk Tarim Basin ini ialah Altishahr (六域), yang bermaksud "enam bandar" dalam bahasa Uyghur.

Tarim Basin

Xinjiang regions simplified.png

  Tarim Basin
Nama Cina
Bahasa Cina: 塔里木盆地
Nanjiang
Bahasa Cina: 南疆
Maksud harfiah: Xinjiang Selatan
Nama Uyghur
Bahasa Uyghur: تارىم ئويمانلىقى

Nota kakiSunting

RujukanSunting

  • Baumer, Christoph. 2000. Southern Silk Road: In the Footsteps of Sir Aurel Stein and Sven Hedin. White Orchid Books. Bangkok.
  • Hill, John E. 2004. The Peoples of the West from the Weilue 魏略 by Yu Huan 魚豢: A Third Century Chinese Account Composed between 239 and 265 CE. Draft annotated English translation. [1]
  • Hill, John E. (2009) Through the Jade Gate to Rome: A Study of the Silk Routes during the Later Han Dynasty, 1st to 2nd Centuries CE. BookSurge, Charleston, South Carolina. ISBN 978-1-4392-2134-1.
  • Mallory, J.P. and Mair, Victor H. 2000. The Tarim Mummies: Ancient China and the Mystery of the Earliest Peoples from the West. Thames & Hudson. London. ISBN 0-500-05101-1
  • Stein, Aurel M. 1907. Ancient Khotan: Detailed report of archaeological explorations in Chinese Turkestan, 2 vols. Clarendon Press. Oxford. [2]
  • Stein, Aurel M. 1921. Serindia: Detailed report of explorations in Central Asia and westernmost China, 5 vols. London & Oxford. Clarendon Press. Reprint: Delhi. Motilal Banarsidass. 1980. [3]
  • Stein Aurel M. 1928. Innermost Asia: Detailed report of explorations in Central Asia, Kan-su and Eastern Iran, 5 vols. Clarendon Press. Reprint: New Delhi. Cosmo Publications. 1981.

Pautan luarSunting

  • Rencana yang dapat diunduh: "Bukti bahawa populasi campuran Barat-Timur tinggal di Cekungan Tarim sedini awal Zaman Gangsa" Li et al. BMC Biology 2010, 8:15. [4]
  • Silk Road Seattle - University of Washington (Tapak web Silk Road Seattle berisi banyak sumber daya yang berguna termasuk sejumlah teks lengkap karya-karya sejarah)
  • The International Dunhuang Project
  • Along the ancient silk routes: Central Asian art from the West Berlin State Museums, katalog pameran dari The Metropolitan Muzium of Art (tersedia dalam format PDF), yang mengandung jirim dari Cekungan Tarim