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Pendokumenan templat[lihat] [sunting] [sejarah] [nyahcache]

The Citation template generates a citation for a book, periodical, contribution in a collective work, patent, or a web page. It determines the citation type by examining which parameters are used.

If invoked with the right parameters, this template produces output identical to that of the Cite templates, such as {{Cite book}} and {{Cite web}}. The default behavior sometimes differs from that of the Cite templates; for example, this template by default generates anchors for Harvard references whereas the Cite templates do not (although they can be made to do so), and this template by default uses commas to separate some fields that the Cite templates separate with periods (full stops).

The template should be inserted after punctuation, such as a period or comma.

All parameter names are lowercase.

Simple citationSunting

This template gives the most commonly used attributes. You can copy the horizontal form or vertical form below and then add in extra attributes from the full list. Spacing and ordering is irrelevant.

{{Citation |last= |first= |year= |title= |publisher= |publication-place= |page= |url= |accessdate= }}

{{Citation
| last =
| first =
| year =
| title =
| publisher =
| publication-place =
| page =
| url =
| accessdate =
}}
  • last: The author's surname or last name. Don't use with author.
  • first: The author's first or given name(s).
  • year: Year of authorship or publication. Mandatory for use with links from Template:Harvard citation, unless |date= specifies both month and year.
  • title: Title of the work. Mandatory for web references.
  • publisher: The name of the publisher. Omit terms such as Publishers, Co., Inc., Ltd., etc., but retain the words Books or Press. Not normally included where the publication is a periodical which has its own Wikipedia article (e.g. Newsweek, Billboard).
    • publication-place (or place or location): The city of publication. If more than one town/city is listed on the title page, give the first one or the location of the publisher's head office. Omit when the publication is a periodical whose name specifies the location (e.g. The New York Times, The Times of India)
  • page: For use when one page is cited. Adds "p." before the page number. Do not use with pages.
  • url: An url of an online location where the item can be found. If the url includes double quotes, these must be encoded as "%22".
    • accessdate: Date[n 1] when the url was accessed.

ExampleSunting

{{Citation
| last = Turner
| first = Orsamus
| title = History of the pioneer settlement of
Phelps and Gorham's purchase, and Morris' reserve
| publisher = William Alling
| place = Rochester, New York
| year = 1851
| id = {{OL|7120924W}}
}}
Turner, Orsamus (1851), History of the pioneer settlement of Phelps and Gorham's purchase, and Morris' reserve, Rochester, New York: William Alling, Templat:OL 

Full citation parametersSunting

These can be used for all types of publication except patents. All are optional and indentation is used simply to group related items — these may be mutually exclusive where indicated. Some hyphenated names can also be placed without hyphens.

{{Citation
| author =
| last =
| first =
| author2 =
| last2 =
| first2 =
| author-link =
| author2-link =
| author-separator =
| author-name-separator =
| author-mask =
| display-authors =
| coauthors =
| editor =
| editor-last =
| editor-first =
| editor2 =
| editor2-last =
| editor2-first =
| editor-link =
| editor2-link =
| others =
| publication-date =
| year =
| month =
| origyear =
| title =
| chapter =
| chapter-url =
| contribution =
| contribution-url =
| type =
| journal =
| periodical =
| newspaper =
| magazine =
| work =
| edition =
| series =
| volume =
| issue =
| publisher =
| publication-place =
| place =
| language =
| page =
| pages =
| nopp =
| at =
| id =
| isbn =
| issn =
| oclc =
| pmid =
| pmc =
| bibcode =
| doi =
| doi-inactive =
| url =
| accessdate =
| format =
| archiveurl =
| archivedate =
| quote =
| laysummary =
| laysource =
| laydate =
| separator = ,
| postscript =
| ref =
}}

ParametersSunting

SyntaxSunting

Templat:Csdoc documentation/syntax

Templat:Csdoc documentation/coins

Templat:Csdoc documentation/sep comma

DeprecatedSunting

Templat:Csdoc documentation/deprecated

DescriptionSunting

AuthorsSunting

Templat:Csdoc documentation/author

EditorsSunting

Templat:Csdoc documentation/editor

TitleSunting

Templat:Csdoc documentation/title Templat:Csdoc documentation/chapter Templat:Csdoc documentation/type Templat:Csdoc documentation/language

DateSunting

Templat:Csdoc documentation/date

PeriodicalSunting

Templat:Csdoc documentation/journal

PublisherSunting

Templat:Csdoc documentation/publisher

Edition, series, volumeSunting

Templat:Csdoc documentation/edition Templat:Csdoc documentation/series Templat:Csdoc documentation/volume

In-source locationsSunting

Templat:Csdoc documentation/pages

URLSunting

Templat:Csdoc documentation/url

AnchorSunting

Templat:Csdoc documentation/ref2

IdentifiersSunting

Templat:Csdoc documentation/id1 Templat:Csdoc documentation/id2

QuoteSunting

Templat:Csdoc documentation/quote

LaysummarySunting

Templat:Csdoc documentation/lay

Display optionsSunting

Templat:Csdoc documentation/display

ExamplesSunting

BooksSunting

Three authors, a volume, and an edition. Ampersand (&) forced before final author's name.
{{Citation
| last1 = Lincoln
| first1 = A.
| last2 = Washington
| first2 = G.
| last3 = Adams
| first3 = J.
| lastauthoramp = yes
| title = All the Presidents' Names
| publisher = The Pentagon
| place = Home Base, New York
| volume = XII
| edition = 2nd
| year = 2007
}}
Lincoln, A.; Washington, G. & Adams, J. (2007), All the Presidents' Names, XII (edisi 2nd), Home Base, New York: The Pentagon 

WebSunting

Web page
{{Citation
| url = http://nrhp.focus.nps.gov
| title = NPS Focus
| work = National Register of Historic Places
| publisher = [[National Park Service]]
| accessdate = November 30, 2010
}}
"NPS Focus", National Register of Historic Places, National Park Service, dicapai November 30, 2010 
Archived page
{{Citation
| url = http://liftoff.msfc.nasa.gov/
academy/space/atmosphere.html
| title = Earth's Atmosphere
| accessdate = October 25, 2007
| publisher = [[National Aeronautics and Space Administration]]
| year = 1995
| author = NASA
| archiveurl = http://web.archive.org/web/20071013232332/
http://liftoff.msfc.nasa.gov/academy/space/atmosphere.html
| archivedate = October 13, 2007
}}
NASA (1995), Earth's Atmosphere, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, diarkibkan daripada asal pada October 13, 2007, dicapai October 25, 2007 

Journals, newspapers, magazines, or other periodicalsSunting

Journal article
{{Citation
| last = Hill
| first = Marvin S.
| title = Joseph Smith and the 1826
Trial: New Evidence and New
Difficulties
| journal = BYU Studies
| volume = 12
| issue = 2
| year = 1976
| pages = 1–8
| url = https://byustudies.byu.edu/
shop/PDFSRC/12.2Hill.pdf
}}
Hill, Marvin S. (1976), "Joseph Smith and the 1826 Trial: New Evidence and New Difficulties" (PDF), BYU Studies, 12 (2): 1–8 
Journal article with multiple authors and identifier
{{Citation
| last1 = Mandelkern
| first1 = M,
| last2 = Elias
| first2 = J,
| last3 = Eden
| first3 = D,
| last4 = Crothers
| first4 = D
| display-authors = 2
| title = The dimensions of DNA in solution
| journal = J Mol Biol
| volume = 152
| issue = 1
| pages = 153–61
| year = 1981
| pmid = 7338906
| doi = 10.1016/0022-2836(81)90099-1
}}
Mandelkern, M,; Elias, J,; dll. (1981), "The dimensions of DNA in solution", J Mol Biol, 152 (1): 153–61, doi:10.1016/0022-2836(81)90099-1, PMID 7338906 
Newspaper article
{{Citation
| last = Smith
| first = Joseph III
| author-link = Joseph Smith III
| title = Last Testimony of Sister Emma
| newspaper = The Saints' Herald
| publication-place = Plano, IL
| volume = 26
| issue = 19
| date = October 1, 1879
| year = 1879
| month = October
| page = 289
| url = http://www.sidneyrigdon.com/
dbroadhu/IL/sain1872.htm#100179
}}
Smith, Joseph III (October 1, 1879), "Last Testimony of Sister Emma", The Saints' Herald, Plano, IL, 26 (19), m/s. 289  Parameter |month= tidak diketahui diabaikan (bantuan)
Conference paper
{{Citation
| last = Sullivan
| first = D.B.
| contribution = Time and frequency measurement
 at NIST: The first 100 years
| year = 2001
| title = 2001 IEEE Int'l Frequency Control Symp.
| publisher = National Institute of Standards and Technology
| url = http://tf.nist.gov/timefreq/
general/pdf/1485.pdf
| format = PDF
}}
Sullivan, D.B. (2001), "Time and frequency measurement at NIST: The first 100 years", 2001 IEEE Int'l Frequency Control Symp. (PDF), National Institute of Standards and Technology 

Parts of books, including encyclopedia articlesSunting

Manuscript published in an edited compilation
{{Citation
| last = Bidamon
| first = Emma Smith
| author-link = Emma Hale Smith
| chapter = Letter to Emma S. Pilgrim
| date = March 27, 1876
| year = 1876
| editor-last = Vogel
| editor-first = Dan
| title = Early Mormon Documents
| volume = 1
| publisher = Signature Books
| publication-date = 1996
| isbn = 1–56085–072–8
}}
Bidamon, Emma Smith (March 27, 1876), "Letter to Emma S. Pilgrim", dalam Vogel, Dan, Early Mormon Documents, 1, Signature Books (diterbitkan 1996), ISBN 1–56085–072–8 Check |isbn= value: invalid character (bantuan) 
Work with an editor but no author
{{Citation
| editor-last = Vogel
| editor-first = Dan
| title = Early Mormon Documents
| volume = 1
| publisher = Signature Books
| publication-date = 1996
| isbn = 1–56085–072–8
}}
Vogel, Dan, penyunting (1996), Early Mormon Documents, 1, Signature Books, ISBN 1–56085–072–8 Check |isbn= value: invalid character (bantuan) 
Encyclopedia article by a named author
{{Citation
| last = Kramer
| first = Martin
| author-link = Martin Kramer
| contribution = Bernard Lewis
| editor-last = Boyd
| editor-first = Kelley
| title = Encyclopedia of Historians
and Historical Writing
| volume = 1
| pages = 719–720
| publisher = Fitzroy Dearborn
| place = London
| publication-date = 1999
| contribution-url = http://
www.geocities.com/martinkramerorg/
BernardLewis.htm
}}
Kramer, Martin (1999), "Bernard Lewis", dalam Boyd, Kelley, Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing, 1, London: Fitzroy Dearborn, m/s. 719–720 
Encyclopedia article with no named author
{{Citation
| contribution = Bernard Lewis
| editor-last = Boyd
| editor-first = Kelley
| title = Encyclopedia of Historians
and Historical Writing
| volume = 1
| pages = 719–720
| publisher = Fitzroy Dearborn
| place = London
| year = 1999
| contribution-url = http://
www.geocities.com/martinkramerorg/
BernardLewis.htm
}}
Boyd, Kelley, penyunting (1999), "Bernard Lewis", Encyclopedia of Historians and Historical Writing, 1, London: Fitzroy Dearborn, m/s. 719–720 

Republications, or edited quotations in a periodical articleSunting

Manuscript edited and published in a journal
{{Citation
| last = Knight
| first = Joseph, Sr.
| year = 1833
| editor-last = Jessee
| editor-first = Dean
| title = Joseph Knight's Recollection
of Early Mormon History
| journal = BYU Studies
| volume = 17
| issue = 1
| publication-date = 1976
| page = 35
| url = https://byustudies.byu.edu/
shop/PDFSRC/17.1Jessee.pdf
}}
Knight, Joseph, Sr. (1833), Jessee, Dean, penyunting, "Joseph Knight's Recollection of Early Mormon History" (PDF), BYU Studies (diterbitkan 1976), 17 (1): 35 
Manuscript written at one date and place, then published in a periodical at a different date and place with commentary by the editor.
{{Citation
| last = Klingensmith
| first = Philip
| contribution = Affidavit
| year = 1872
| date = September 5, 1872
| place = Lincoln County, Nevada
| title = Mountain Meadows Massacre
| editor-last = Toohy
| editor-first = Dennis J.
| journal = Corinne Daily Reporter
| publication-date = September 24, 1872
| publication-place = Corinne, Utah
| volume = 5
| issue = 252
| page = 1
| contribution-url = http://
udn.lib.utah.edu/u?/corinne,5359
}}
Klingensmith, Philip (September 5, 1872), ditulis pada Lincoln County, Nevada, Toohy, Dennis J., penyunting, "Mountain Meadows Massacre", Corinne Daily Reporter, Corinne, Utah (diterbitkan September 24, 1872), 5 (252): 1  |contribution= diabaikan (bantuan)

Press releaseSunting

Press release with quotation
{{Citation
| url = http://www.apple.com/pr/
library/2010/04/05ipad.html
| title = Apple Sells Over 300,000 iPads First Day
| publisher = Apple Inc
| accessdate = April 10, 2010
| quote = in the US as of midnight Saturday, April 3}}
Apple Sells Over 300,000 iPads First Day, Apple Inc, dicapai April 10, 2010, in the US as of midnight Saturday, April 3 

Citing patentsSunting

Parameters (all are optional)Sunting

{{Citation
| inventor-last =
| inventor-first =
| inventorlink =
| inventor2-last =
| inventor2-first =
| inventorlink2 =
| publication-date =
| issue-date =
| title =
| country-code =
| description =
| patent-number =
| ref =
}}
  • inventor-last (or inventor1-last): The inventor's surname or last name.
  • inventor-first (or inventor1-first): The inventor's first or given name(s).
  • inventorlink (or inventorlink1): Title of an existing Wikipedia article about the first inventor.
  • inventor2-last, inventor3-last, inventor4-last: The second, third, and fourth authors' surname or last name, if applicable.
  • inventor2-first, inventor3-first, inventor4-first: The second, third, and fourth inventors' first or given name(s), if applicable.
  • inventorlink2, inventorlink3, inventorlink4: Title of an existing Wikipedia article about the second, third, and fourth inventor, if applicable.
  • publication-date: Date of publication or filing.
  • issue-date (or date): Date patent was issued by patent agency.
  • title: Title of the patent. If the title includes [square brackets], these must be encoded as "[" for "[" and "]" for "]"
  • country-code: Two-letter abbreviation of the country issuing the patent.
  • description: Type of patent; shown between country code and number.
  • patent-number: The number of the patent.
  • ref: Anchor id.

ExamplesSunting

United States patent with multiple inventors
{{Citation
| inventor1-last = Degermark
| inventor1-first = Mikael
| inventor2-last = Brodnik
| inventor2-first = Andrej
| inventor3-last = Carlsson
| inventor3-first = Svante
| inventor4-last = Pink
| inventor4-first = Stephen
| title = Fast routing lookup system
using complete prefix tree, bit vector,
and pointers in a routing table for
determining where to route IP datagrams
| issue-date = 2001
| patent-number = 6266706
| country-code = US}}
US 6266706, Degermark, Mikael; Andrej Brodnik & Svante Carlsson et al., "Fast routing lookup system using complete prefix tree, bit vector, and pointers in a routing table for determining where to route IP datagrams", issued 2001 

Tiada keterangan.

Parameter templat

ParameterKeteranganJenisStatus
RefRef

tiada keterangan

Tidak diketahuipilihan
Surname1Surname1

tiada keterangan

Tidak diketahuipilihan
Surname2Surname2

tiada keterangan

Tidak diketahuipilihan
Surname3Surname3

tiada keterangan

Tidak diketahuipilihan
Surname4Surname4

tiada keterangan

Tidak diketahuipilihan
YearYear

tiada keterangan

Tidak diketahuipilihan
Given1Given1

tiada keterangan

Tidak diketahuipilihan
Inventorlink1Inventorlink1

tiada keterangan

Tidak diketahuipilihan
Given2Given2

tiada keterangan

Tidak diketahuipilihan
Inventorlink2Inventorlink2

tiada keterangan

Tidak diketahuipilihan
Given3Given3

tiada keterangan

Tidak diketahuipilihan
Inventorlink3Inventorlink3

tiada keterangan

Tidak diketahuipilihan
Given4Given4

tiada keterangan

Tidak diketahuipilihan
Inventorlink4Inventorlink4

tiada keterangan

Tidak diketahuipilihan
TitleTitle

tiada keterangan

Tidak diketahuipilihan
CountryCodeCountryCode

tiada keterangan

Tidak diketahuipilihan
PublicationNumberPublicationNumber

tiada keterangan

Tidak diketahuipilihan
DescriptionDescription

tiada keterangan

Tidak diketahuipilihan
PublicationDatePublicationDate

tiada keterangan

Tidak diketahuipilihan
IssueDateIssueDate

tiada keterangan

Tidak diketahuipilihan
EditorSurname1EditorSurname1

tiada keterangan

Tidak diketahuipilihan
EditorSurname2EditorSurname2

tiada keterangan

Tidak diketahuipilihan
EditorSurname3EditorSurname3

tiada keterangan

Tidak diketahuipilihan
EditorSurname4EditorSurname4

tiada keterangan

Tidak diketahuipilihan
URLURL

tiada keterangan

Tidak diketahuipilihan
Urlurl

tiada keterangan

Tidak diketahuipilihan
SepSep

tiada keterangan

Tidak diketahuipilihan
Assignee1Assignee1

tiada keterangan

Tidak diketahuipilihan
Assignee2Assignee2

tiada keterangan

Tidak diketahuipilihan
PSPS

tiada keterangan

Tidak diketahuipilihan
FilingDateFilingDate

tiada keterangan

Tidak diketahuipilihan
PriorityDatePriorityDate

tiada keterangan

Tidak diketahuipilihan

Anchored citationsSunting

This template can generate a citation that can be combined with shortened footnotes or parenthetical referencing. It does this by creating an HTML anchor containing an ID. The special parameter |ref=harv generates an ID suitable for Harvard referencing templates such as {{harv}} as specified in the next section; this is the default for the {{citation}} template. If an empty |ref= is given, no anchor is generated; this is the default for the Cite templates such as {{cite book}} and {{cite news}}. You can also specify the ID directly, using the |ref=ID parameter. For example, suppose an article's References section contains the markup:

  • {{Citation |author=Sigmund Freud |title=Civilization and Its Discontents |year=1930 |ref=CivDis}}

which generates the citation:

  • Sigmund Freud (1930), Civilization and Its Discontents 

Then, the markup "([[#CivDis|Freud 1930]])" generates a parenthetical reference "(Freud 1930)" containing a wikilink to the citation (try clicking on the wikilink).

Anchors for Harvard referencing templatesSunting

IDs compatible with Harvard referencing templates such as {{harv}} are computed from the last names of the authors and the year of the cited source. For example, the markup "{{harv|Wright|Evans|1851|p=ix}}" generates the Harvard reference "(Wright & Evans 1851, p. ix)", which wikilinks to the citation whose markup and appearance are shown below:

  • {{Citation |last1=Wright |first1=Thomas |last2=Evans |first2=R. H. |title=Historical and Descriptive Account of the Caricatures of James Gillray |location=London |publisher=Henry G. Bohn |year=1851 |oclc=59510372}}
  • Wright, Thomas; Evans, R. H. (1851), Historical and Descriptive Account of the Caricatures of James Gillray, London: Henry G. Bohn, OCLC 59510372 

In this example the {{citation}} template defines, and the {{harv}} template uses, the HTML ID "CITEREFWrightEvans1851", composed by concatenating the string "CITEREF" with the last names of the authors and the year. The {{harvid}} template can be used to generate such IDs, for example, {{harvid|Wright|Evans|1851}} generates "CITEREFWrightEvans1851".

Related methods which leave only a number in the text are to use the {{harvnb}} template enclosed in the <ref></ref> html code, or to use the {{sfn}} template alone. The example above would be <ref>{{harvnb|Wright|Evans|1851|p=ix}}</ref> or {{sfn|Wright|Evans|1851|p=ix}} both of which generate a footnote, such as

17. Wright & Evans 1851, halaman ix

The names of only the first four authors are used; other author names are not concatenated to the ID. If no author names are given, editor names are used instead. For patents, inventor names are used instead of authors or editors. If these names are not given, this template does not generate an anchor.

Last names are used, as specified by the parameters |last1= (or |last=), |last2=, |last3=, and |last4=, and similarly for |editor1-last= etc. and for |inventor1-last= etc. If a full name is given but no last name is specified, this template falls back on the full name, but this usage is not recommended. For example, in "{{Citation | author = Sigmund Freud | title = The Ego and the Id | year = 1923}}" no last name is given, so this citation cannot be combined with the Harvard reference "{{harv|Freud|1923}}". To make these {{citation}} and {{harv}} invocations compatible, either replace "|author=Sigmund Freud" with "|first=Sigmund |last=Freud", or add "|ref={{harvid|Freud|1923}}" to the {{citation}} invocation, or add the same ref parameter (say, "|ref=EgoId") to both the {{citation}} and the {{harv}} invocations.

Similarly, the year is used, as specified by |year=. If no year is given, this template attempts to derive the year from |date= (or, if no date is given, from |publication-date=) by applying the MediaWiki#time function. This heuristic works with many common date formats (American, International and ISO standard format YYYY-MM-DD as listed in WP:MOS), but may not work as expected with other formats, so when in doubt it may be safer to use |year=. Note that if only a year, say 2005, is known you must use |year=2005 rather than |date=2005.

IDs must be uniqueSunting

Names, years, and hand-specified IDs must be chosen so that the IDs are unique within a page; otherwise the HTML will not conform to the W3C standards, and any references to the citations will not work reliably. For example, suppose a page contains the following two citations with {{harv}}-compatible IDs:

If these citations were altered to say "2008" rather than "2008a" and "2008b", the resulting page would not work, because the two different citations would both attempt to use the ID "CITEREFMontesHalterman2008". To avoid this problem, distinguish the citations by appending suffixes to the years, e.g., "|year=2008a" and "|year=2008b", as was done above. Any Harvard references to these citations should use years with the same suffixes.

It is good practice to verify that a page does not contain duplicate IDs by using the W3C Markup Validation Service; see External links.

DatesSunting

  1. ^
    • The format of dates in the references of an article should use a consistent and unambiguous style. Example formats used in Wikipedia citations include:
      • 2009
      • 2009-09-14 (ISO standard format: YYYY-MM-DD)
      • 14 September 2009
      • September 14, 2009 (with comma)
      • September 2009
    • Dates should not be linked in references.
    • Please see Wikipedia:Manual of Style (dates and numbers)#Dates for more guidance about formatting dates.

ToolsSunting

See Wikipedia:Citing sources#Citation templates and tools for a list of tools that can help create a reference in the "citation" format.

TemplateDataSunting

Berikut ialah pendokumenan TemplateData untuk templat ini yang digunakan oleh VisualEditor dan alatan-alatan lain.

Citation

The Citation template generates a citation for a book, periodical, contribution in a collective work, patent, or a web page. It determines the citation type by examining which parameters are used.

Parameter templat

ParameterKeteranganJenisStatus
11

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
22

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
33

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
author surnamelast

surname of the author of the cited material

Rentetanpilihan
author given namefirst

given name (first name) of the author of the cited material

Rentetanpilihan
title of sourcetitle

Title of source; displays in italics.

Rentetanpilihan
date of sourcedate

Full date of source being referenced in the same format as other publication dates in the citations.[1] Do not wikilink. Displays after the authors and enclosed in parentheses. If there is no author, then displays after publisher.

Rentetanpilihan
url of sourceurl

URL of an online location where the text of the publication can be found.

Rentetanpilihan
inventor-surnameinventor-surname

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
inventor1-surnameinventor1-surname

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
inventor-lastinventor-last

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
inventor1-lastinventor1-last

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
inventorinventor

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
invent1invent1

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
invent-1invent-1

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
country-codecountry-code

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
inventor2-surnameinventor2-surname

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
inventor2-lastinventor2-last

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
inventor2inventor2

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
invent2invent2

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
inventor3-surnameinventor3-surname

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
inventor3-lastinventor3-last

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
inventor3inventor3

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
invent3invent3

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
inventor4-surnameinventor4-surname

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
inventor4-lastinventor4-last

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
inventor4inventor4

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
invent4invent4

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
inventor-giveninventor-given

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
inventor1-giveninventor1-given

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
inventor-firstinventor-first

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
inventor1-firstinventor1-first

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
inventor2-giveninventor2-given

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
inventor2-firstinventor2-first

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
inventor3-giveninventor3-given

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
inventor3-firstinventor3-first

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
inventor4-giveninventor4-given

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
inventor4-firstinventor4-first

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
inventorlink1inventorlink1

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
inventorlinkinventorlink

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
inventorlink2inventorlink2

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
inventorlink3inventorlink3

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
inventorlink4inventorlink4

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
countrycountry

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
publication-numberpublication-number

tiada keterangan

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patent-numberpatent-number

tiada keterangan

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numbernumber

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
descriptiondescription

tiada keterangan

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statusstatus

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
publication-datepublication-date

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
pubdatepubdate

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
issue-dateissue-date

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
gdategdate

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
yearyear

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
fdatefdate

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
pridatepridate

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
assign1assign1

tiada keterangan

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assign2assign2

tiada keterangan

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refref

tiada keterangan

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separatorseparator

tiada keterangan

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quotequote

tiada keterangan

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postscriptpostscript

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
author-separatorauthor-separator

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
author-maskauthor-mask

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
authormaskauthormask

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
surnamesurname

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
last1last1

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
surname1surname1

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
author1author1

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
authorauthor

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
authorsauthors

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
last2last2

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
surname2surname2

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
author2author2

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
last3last3

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
surname3surname3

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
author3author3

tiada keterangan

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last4last4

tiada keterangan

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surname4surname4

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
author4author4

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
last5last5

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
surname5surname5

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
author5author5

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
last6last6

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
surname6surname6

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
author6author6

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
last7last7

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
surname7surname7

tiada keterangan

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author7author7

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
last8last8

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
surname8surname8

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
author8author8

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
last9last9

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
surname9surname9

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
author9author9

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
first1first1

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
given1given1

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
givengiven

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
first2first2

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
given2given2

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
first3first3

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
given3given3

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
first4first4

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
given4given4

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
first5first5

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
given5given5

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
first6first6

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
given6given6

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
first7first7

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
given7given7

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
first8first8

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
given8given8

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
first9first9

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
given9given9

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
author-linkauthor-link

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
author1-linkauthor1-link

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
authorlinkauthorlink

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
authorlink1authorlink1

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
author2-linkauthor2-link

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
authorlink2authorlink2

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
author3-linkauthor3-link

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
authorlink3authorlink3

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
author4-linkauthor4-link

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
authorlink4authorlink4

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
author5-linkauthor5-link

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
authorlink5authorlink5

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
author6-linkauthor6-link

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
authorlink6authorlink6

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
author7-linkauthor7-link

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
authorlink7authorlink7

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
author8-linkauthor8-link

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
authorlink8authorlink8

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
author9-linkauthor9-link

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
authorlink9authorlink9

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
coauthorcoauthor

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
coauthorscoauthors

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
origyearorigyear

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
monthmonth

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
trans_chaptertrans_chapter

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
trans_titletrans_title

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
typetype

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
archiveurlarchiveurl

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
deadurldeadurl

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
seriesseries

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
versionversion

tiada keterangan

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journaljournal

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
periodicalperiodical

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
newspapernewspaper

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
magazinemagazine

tiada keterangan

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workwork

tiada keterangan

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volumevolume

tiada keterangan

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issueissue

tiada keterangan

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pagespages

tiada keterangan

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pagepage

tiada keterangan

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atat

tiada keterangan

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noppnopp

tiada keterangan

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chapterchapter

tiada keterangan

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contributioncontribution

tiada keterangan

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chapter-urlchapter-url

tiada keterangan

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chapterurlchapterurl

tiada keterangan

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contribution-urlcontribution-url

tiada keterangan

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chapter-formatchapter-format

tiada keterangan

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othersothers

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
editionedition

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
placeplace

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
locationlocation

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
publication-placepublication-place

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
publisherpublisher

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
editor-lasteditor-last

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
editor-surnameeditor-surname

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
editor1-lasteditor1-last

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
editor1-surnameeditor1-surname

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
editor1editor1

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
editoreditor

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
editorseditors

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
editor2-lasteditor2-last

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
editor2-surnameeditor2-surname

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
editor2editor2

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
editor3-lasteditor3-last

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
editor3-surnameeditor3-surname

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
editor3editor3

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
editor4-lasteditor4-last

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
editor4-surnameeditor4-surname

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
editor4editor4

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
editor-firsteditor-first

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
editor-giveneditor-given

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
editor1-firsteditor1-first

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
editor1-giveneditor1-given

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
editor2-firsteditor2-first

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
editor2-giveneditor2-given

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
editor3-firsteditor3-first

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
editor3-giveneditor3-given

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
editor4-firsteditor4-first

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
editor4-giveneditor4-given

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
editor-linkeditor-link

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
editor1-linkeditor1-link

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
editor2-linkeditor2-link

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
editor3-linkeditor3-link

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
editor4-linkeditor4-link

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
languagelanguage

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
inin

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
formatformat

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
arxivarxiv

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
asinasin

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
ASINASIN

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
asin-tldasin-tld

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
bibcodebibcode

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
doidoi

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
DOIDOI

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
doi_inactivedatedoi_inactivedate

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
doi_brokendatedoi_brokendate

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
isbnisbn

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
ISBNISBN

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
issnissn

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
ISSNISSN

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
jfmjfm

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
JFMJFM

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
jstorjstor

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
JSTORJSTOR

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
lccnlccn

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
LCCNLCCN

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
mrmr

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
MRMR

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
oclcoclc

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
OCLCOCLC

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
olol

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
OLOL

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
ostiosti

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
OSTIOSTI

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
pmcpmc

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
PMCPMC

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
pmidpmid

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
PMIDPMID

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
rfcrfc

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
RFCRFC

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
ssrnssrn

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
SSRNSSRN

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
zblzbl

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
idid

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
IDID

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
access-dateaccess-date

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
accessdateaccessdate

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
laysummarylaysummary

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
laysourcelaysource

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
laydatelaydate

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
author-name-separatorauthor-name-separator

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
lastauthoramplastauthoramp

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
display-authorsdisplay-authors

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
archivedatearchivedate

tiada keterangan

Rentetanpilihan
Translator-firsttranslator-first

tiada keterangan

Tidak diketahuipilihan
Translator-lasttranslator-last

tiada keterangan

Tidak diketahuipilihan
Translator2-firsttranslator2-first

tiada keterangan

Tidak diketahuipilihan
Translator2-lasttranslator2-last

tiada keterangan

Tidak diketahuipilihan

Templat ini menghasilkan COinS metadata; lihat COinS di Wikipedia untuk maklumat latar belakang.

Templat ini menghasilkan COinS metadata; lihat COinS di Wikipedia untuk maklumat latar belakang.


Templat:Wikipedia referencing