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Thomas Paine (lahir Thomas Pain;[1] 9 Februari 1737 (29 Januari 1736 menurut takwim Julius)[Note 1] – 8 Jun 1809) merupakan seorang aktivis, filsuf, pakar teori dan revolusioner Amerika Syarikat. Beliau merupakan antara Bapa Pengasas Amerika Syarikat yang masyhur melalui penulisan dua karya risalah paling berpengaruh sewaktu bermulanya Revolusi Amerika lalu mendorong golongan pemberontak Patriot mengisytiharkan kemerdekaan mereka dari Britain pada 1776.[2] Fahaman beliau mencerminkan retorik hak asasi manusia transnasional yang wujud semasa Zaman Pencerahan pada ketika itu.[3]

Thomas Paine
Portrait of Thomas Paine.jpg
Portret lukisan Laurent Dabos (sekitar thn. 1792)
KelahiranThomas Pain
(1737-02-09)9 Februari 1737
Thetford, Norfolk, Great Britain
Meninggal dunia8 Jun 1809(1809-06-08) (umur 72)
Bandar Raya New York, Amerika Syarikat
PasanganMary Lambert (k. 1759), Elizabeth Ollive (k. 1771)
EraZaman Kesedaran
SekolahKesedaran, liberalisme, republikanisme
Kepentingan utama
Politik, etika, agama
Tandatangan
Thomas Paine Signature.svg

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  1. ^ Conway, Moncure D. (1908). The Life of Thomas Paine. Volume 1. Cobbett, William, Illustrator. G. P. Putnam's Sons. m/s. 3. Dicapai October 2, 2013.  – In the contemporary record as noted by Conway, Paine's birth date is given as January 29, 1736–37. Common practice was to use a dash or a slash to separate the old-style year from the new-style year. In the old calendar, the new year began on March 25, not January 1. Paine's birth date, therefore, would have been before New Year, 1737. In the new style, his birth date advances by eleven days and his year increases by one to February 9, 1737. The O.S. link gives more detail if needed.

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  1. ^ Ayer, Alfred Jules (1990). Thomas Paine. University of Chicago Press. m/s. 1. ISBN 0-226-03339-2. 
  2. ^ Henretta, James A.; dll. (2011). America's History, Volume 1: To 1877. Macmillan. m/s. 165. ISBN 9780312387914. 
  3. ^ Solinger, Jason D. (2010). "Thomas Paine's Continental Mind". Early American Literature. 45 (3): 593–617.