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"Louis Mountbatten" dilencongkan ke sini. Untuk bapanya, 1st Marquess of Milford Haven, sila lihat Putera Louis of Battenberg.

Laksamana Armada Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas Mountbatten, Earl Mountbatten Pertama Burma, KG, GCB, OM, GCSI, GCIE, GCVO, DSO, PC, FRS, , , , , , , , , , , [1] (lahir Putera Louis dari Battenberg; 25 Jun 1900 – 27 Ogos 1979) adalah seorang pegawai tentera laut British dan negarawan, pak cik kepada Putera Philip, Duke Edinburgh, dan sepupu kedua Elizabeth II. Semasa Perang Dunia II, beliau adalah Pemerintah Bersekutu Tertinggi, Markas Asia Tenggara (1943–46). Beliau merupakan Wizurai India (1947) yang terakhir dan Gabenor Jeneral pertama India merdeka (1947–48).

Yang Teramat Mulia Laksamana Armada
Earl Mountbatten of Burma
KG, GCB, OM, GCSI, GCIE, GCVO, DSO, PC, FRS, , , , , , , , , , ,
Lord Mountbatten Naval in colour Allan Warren.jpg
Earl Mountbatten of Burma, 1976
Fotograf oleh Allan Warren
First Sea Lord
Dalam jawatan
18 April 1955 – 19 Oktober 1959
Perdana MenteriAnthony Eden
Harold Macmillan
Didahului olehRhoderick McGrigor
Digantikan olehCharles Lambe
Gabenor Jeneral India
Dalam jawatan
15 Ogos 1947 – 21 Jun 1948
RajaGeorge VI
Perdana MenteriJawaharlal Nehru
Didahului olehDiri sendiri (Wizurai India)
Digantikan olehChakravarti Rajagopalachari
Wizurai India
Dalam jawatan
12 Februari 1947 – 15 Ogos 1947
RajaGeorge VI
Didahului olehThe Viscount Wavell
Digantikan olehDiri sendiri (Gabenor Jeneral India)
Butiran peribadi
LahirLouis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas
(1900-06-25)25 Jun 1900
Frogmore House, Windsor, Berkshire, England
Meninggal dunia27 Ogos 1979(1979-08-27) (umur 79)
Mullaghmore, County Sligo, Ireland
PasanganEdwina Ashley
(k. 1922; m. 1960)
Anak-anak
Ibu bapa
Alma materChrist's College, Cambridge
ProfesionPegawai tentera laut
Perkhidmatan ketenteraan
Perkhidmatan/
cawangan
Royal Navy
Tahun perkhidmatan1913–65
PangkatLaksamana Armada
PerkhidmatanKetua Turus Pertahanan (1959–65)
First Sea Lord (1955–59)
Armada Mediterranean (1952–54)
Fourth Sea Lord (1950–52)
Pemerintah Bersekutu Tertinggi, Markas Asia Tenggara (1943–46)
Ketua Operasi Gabungan (1941–43)
HMS Illustrious (1941)
HMS Kelly (1939–41)
HMS Wishart (1934–36)
HMS Daring (1934)
PertempuranPerang Dunia I
Perang Dunia II
AnugerahKnight of the Garter
Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath
Member of the Order of Merit
Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Star of India
Knight Grand Commander of the Order of the Indian Empire
Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order
Distinguished Service Order
Dipuji Dalam Perutusan

Dari tahun 1954 hingga 1959 beliau menjadi First Sea Lord, iaitu jawatan yang telah disandang oleh bapanya, Putera Louis Battenberg, empat puluh tahun yang lalu. Selepas itu beliau berkhidmat sebagai Ketua Turus Pertahanan sehingga tahun 1965, menjadikannya ketua profesional paling lama berkhidmat dalam Angkatan Tentera British setakat ini. Semasa tempoh itu Mountbatten juga berkhidmat sebagai Pengerusi Jawatankuasa Ketenteraan NATO selama setahun.

Pada tahun 1979, Mountbatten dan cucunya Nicholas, serta dua yang lain telah dibunuh oleh Tentera Republikan Sementara Ireland (IRA), yang telah meletakkan bom didalam bot memancingnya, Shadow V, di Mullaghmore, County Sligo, Ireland.

Isi kandungan

Anugerah kebesaranSunting

Reben Nama Tarikh kurniaan
  Knight of the Garter (KG) 1946[2]
  Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Bath (GCB) 1955
Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath (KCB) 1945[3]
Companion of the Order of the Bath (CB) 1943
  Member of the Order of Merit (Military Division) (OM) 1965[4]
  Knight Grand Commander of the Most Exalted Order of the Star of India (GCSI) 1947
  Knight Grand Commander of the Most Eminent Order of the Indian Empire (GCIE) 1947
  Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order (GCVO) 1937[5]
Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO) 1922[6]
Member of the Royal Victorian Order (MVO) 1920[7]
  Companion of the Distinguished Service Order (DSO) 1941[8]
  Knight of Justice of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem (KStJ) 1940[9]
Commander of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem (CStJ) 1929[10]
  British War Medal
  Victory Medal
  1939–45 Star
  Atlantic Star
  Africa Star
  Burma Star
  Italy Star
  Defence Medal
  War Medal 1939–1945
  Naval General Service Medal
  King George V Coronation Medal 1911
  King George V Silver Jubilee Medal 1935
  King George VI Coronation Medal 1937
  Queen Elizabeth II Coronation Medal 1952
  Queen Elizabeth II Silver Jubilee Medal 1977
  Indian Independence Medal 1949
  Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Isabella the Catholic   (Kingdom of Spain) – 1922[11]
  Order of the Nile, Fourth Class Templat:Country data Kingdom of Egypt (Kingdom of Egypt)  – 1922[11]
  Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Crown   (Romania) – 1924[11]
  Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Star of Romania   (Romania) – 1937[11]
  War Cross   (Kingdom of Greece) – 1941[12]
  Chief Commander of the Legion of Merit   (United States) – 1943[13]
  Special Grand Cordon of the Order of the Cloud and Banner   (Republic of China) – 1945[14]
  Distinguished Service Medal   (United States) – 1945[15]
  Asiatic-Pacific Campaign Medal   (United States) – 1945
  Grand Cross of the Legion of Honour   (France) – 1946[16]
  1939–1945 War Cross   (France) – 1946
  Grand Commander of the Order of the Star of Nepal   (Kingdom of Nepal) – 1946[16]
  King Birendra Coronation Medal   (Kingdom of Nepal) – 24 February 1975
  Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the White Elephant   (Kingdom of Thailand) – 1946[16]
  Knight Grand Cross of the Order of George I   (Kingdom of Greece) – 1946[17]
  Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Netherlands Lion   (Kingdom of the Netherlands) – 1948[18]
  Knight Grand Cross of the Order of Aviz   (Portuguese Republic) – 1951[11]
  Knight of the Royal Order of the Seraphim   (Kingdom of Sweden) – 1952[19]
  Grand Commander of the Order of Thiri Thudhamma   (Union of Burma) – 1956[13]
  Grand Cross of the Order of the Dannebrog   (Kingdom of Denmark) – 1962[11]
  Knight Grand Cross of the Order of the Seal of Solomon Templat:Country data Ethiopian Empire (Ethiopian Empire) – 1965[11]

RujukanSunting

Nota kakiSunting

  1. ^ Templat:Harvp.
  2. ^ "No. 37807". The London Gazette (Supplement). 3 December 1946. m/s. 5945.  KG
  3. ^ "No. 37023". The London Gazette (Supplement). 6 April 1945. m/s. 1893.  KCB
  4. ^ "No. 43713". The London Gazette. 16 July 1965. m/s. 6729.  OM
  5. ^ "No. 34365". The London Gazette (Supplement). 29 January 1937. m/s. 693.  GCVO
  6. ^ "No. 32730". The London Gazette. 18 July 1922. m/s. 5353.  KCVO
  7. ^ "No. 32086". The London Gazette. 15 October 1920. m/s. 9987.  MVO
  8. ^ "No. 35029". The London Gazette (Supplement). 31 December 1940. m/s. 25.  DSO
  9. ^ "No. 34878". The London Gazette. 21 June 1940. m/s. 3777.  KJStJ
  10. ^ "No. 33453". The London Gazette. 1 January 1929. m/s. 49.  CStJ
  11. ^ a b c d e f g Debrett's Peerage and Baronetage. Kingston upon Thames, Surrey: Kelly's Directories. 1976. m/s. 882 – melalui Google Books. 
  12. ^ "No. 35538". The London Gazette (Supplement). 24 April 1942. m/s. 1850.  Military Cross (Second Class) (Greece)
  13. ^ a b Templat:Harvp.
  14. ^ "No. 37023". The London Gazette (Supplement). 6 April 1945. m/s. 1895.  Order of the Cloud and Banner (China)
  15. ^ "No. 37299". The London Gazette (Supplement). 5 October 1945. m/s. 4954.  DSM (US)
  16. ^ a b c "Draped with Honors Mountbatten Steps Down as Defense Chief". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Associated Press. 17 July 1965. Dicapai 13 September 2013 – melalui Google News. 
  17. ^ "No. 37777". The London Gazette (Supplement). 1 November 1946. m/s. 5418.  Order of George I (Greece)
  18. ^ "No. 38176". The London Gazette. 13 January 1948. m/s. 274.  Order of the Netherlands Lion
  19. ^ "Mountbatten's coat of arms as a Knight of the Royal Order of the Seraphim". Dicapai 20 September 2012. [sumber tak boleh dipercayai?]

Works citedSunting

Dimbleby, Jonathan (1994). The Prince of Wales: A Biography. New York: Morrow. ISBN 0-688-12996-X. 
Gilbert, Martin (1988). Never Despair: Winston Churchill 1945–65. London: Minerva. ISBN 978-0749391041. 
Guha, Ramachandra (2008). India After Gandhi: The History of the World's Largest Democracy. London: Pan. ISBN 978-0330396110. 
Heathcote, Tony (2002). The British Admirals of the Fleet 1734–1995. Havertown: Pen & Sword. ISBN 0-85052-835-6. 
Hicks, Pamela (2012). Daughter of Empire: Life as a Mountbatten. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 978-0297864820. 
Junor, Penny (2005). The Firm: The Troubled Life of the House of Windsor. New York: Thomas Dunne Books. ISBN 978-0-312-35274-5. 
Khan, Yasmin (2007). The Great Partition: The Making of India and Pakistan. New Haven: Yale University Press. ISBN 978-0300120783. 
King, Greg & Wilson, Penny (2003). The Fate of the Romanovs. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley. ISBN 0-471-20768-3. 
Lee, Brian (1999). British Royal Bookplates. Aldershot: Scolar Press. ISBN 978-0859678834. 
Maloney, Ed (2002). A Secret History of the IRA. Allen Lane. ISBN 0-393-32502-4. 
Montefiore, Simon Sebag (2004). Stalin: The Court of the Red Tsar. New York: Knopf. ISBN 978-1400042302. 
Montgomery-Massingberd, Hugh (1973). Burke's Guide to the Royal Family. London: Burke's Peerage. ISBN 978-0220662226. 
Niemi, Robert (2006). History in the Media: Film and Television. Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO. ISBN 978-1576079522 – melalui Google Books. 
Nordenvall, Per (1998). Kungl. Serafimerorden 1748–1998 (dalam bahasa Swedish). Stockholm: Kungl. Maj:ts orden. ISBN 91-630-6744-7.  Parameter |trans_title= tidak diketahui diabaikan (bantuan)
O'Brien, Brendan (1995). The Long War: The IRA and Sinn Féin. Dublin: The O'Brien Press. ISBN 978-0862786069. 
Park, Keith (August 1946). Air Operations in South East Asia 3rd May 1945 to 12th September 1945 (PDF). London: War Office.  published in "No. 39202". The London Gazette (Supplement). 13 April 1951. m/s. 2127–2172. 
Pender, Paul (2012). The Butler Did It: My True and Terrifying Encounters with a Serial Killer. Edinburgh: Mainstream. ISBN 978-1780575612. 
Powell, Charles (1996). Juan Carlos of Spain. Houndmills: MacMillan Press, St. Antony's Series. ISBN 0-333-54726-8. 
Sardesai, Damodar (2007). India: The Definitive History. Boulder, CO: Westview. ISBN 978-0813343525. 
Schofield, Victoria (2010). Kashmir in Conflict: India, Pakistan and the Unending War. New York: I.B.Tauris. ISBN 1848851057. 
Smith, Adrian (2010). Mountbatten: Apprentice War Lord 1900–1943. London: I B Tauris & Co Ltd. ISBN 978-1-848-85374-4. 
Stoessinger, John (2010). Why Nations Go to War?. Boston: Wadsworth–Cengage Learning. ISBN 978-0495797180. 
Talbot, Ian & Singh, Gurharpal (2009). The Partition of India. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-0521672566. 
Thompson, Julian (2001). The Royal Marines: From Sea Soldiers to a Special Force. London: Pan. ISBN 0-330-37702-7. 
Vickers, Hugo (2000). Alice, Princess Andrew of Greece. London: Hamish Hamilton. ISBN 0-241-13686-5. 
Villa, Brian Loring (1989). Unauthorised Action: Mountbatten and the Dieppe Raid. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-540804-7. 
White, Matthew (2012). The Great Big Book of Horrible Things. New York: W. W. Norton. ISBN 978-0393081923. 
Wheen, Francis (2001). Tom Driberg: The Soul of Indiscretion. London: Fourth Estate. ISBN 1-84115-575-6. 
Wolpert, Stanley A. (2006). Shameful Flight: The Last Years of the British Empire in India. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0195393941. 
Ziegler, Philip (1985). Mountbatten: The Official Biography. London: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0002165433. 
Templat:Long dash (1989). From Shore to Shore: The Tour Diaries of Earl Mountbatten of Burma 1953–1979. London: HarperCollins. ISBN 978-0002176064 – melalui Google Books. 
Templat:Long dash (January 2011) [first published 2004]. "Mountbatten, Louis Francis Albert Victor Nicholas, first Earl Mountbatten of Burma (1900–1979)". The Oxford Dictionary of National Biography (edisi Online). doi:10.1093/ref:odnb/31480. 
Zuckerman, Lord (November 1981). "Earl Mountbatten of Burma, KG, OM 25 June 1900 – 27 August 1979". Biographical Memoirs of Fellows of the Royal Society. 27: 354–366. doi:10.1098/rsbm.1981.0014. JSTOR 769876. 

Bacaan lanjutSunting

Copland, Ian. "Lord Mountbatten and the integration of the Indian states: A reappraisal." Journal of Imperial and Commonwealth History 21#2 (1993): 385–408.
Hough, Richard (1980). Mountbatten: Hero of Our Time. London: Weidenfeld & Nicolson. ISBN 978-0297778059. 
Knatchbull, Timothy (2010). From a Clear Blue Sky. London: Arrow. ISBN 978-0099543589. 
Leigh, David (1988). The Wilson Plot: The Intelligence Services and the Discrediting of a Prime Minister 1945–1976. London: Heinemann. ISBN 978-0434413409. 
Moore, R. J. "Mountbatten, India, and the Commonwealth" Journal of Commonwealth & Comparative Politics 19.1 (1981): 5–43.
Murfett, Malcolm (1995). The First Sea Lords from Fisher to Mountbatten. Westport, CT: Praeger. ISBN 0-275-94231-7. 
Roberts, Andrew (2004). Eminent Churchillians. London: Phoenix. ISBN 978-1857992137. , 55–136.
Smith, Adrian (2010). Mountbatten: Apprentice War Lord 1900–1943. London: I B Tauris. ISBN 978-1848853744. 
Terraine, John (1968). The Life and Times of Lord Mountbatten. London: Hutchinson. ISBN 978-0090888108. 
Von Tunzelmann, Alex (2008). Indian Summer: The Secret History of the End of an Empire. London: Pocket Books. ISBN 978-1416522256. 

Pautan luarSunting

Pejabat-pejabat kerajaan
Didahului oleh
Viscount Wavell
Wizurai India
1947
Diikuti oleh:
Sendiri
Diikuti oleh:
Muhammad Ali Jinnah
Didahului oleh
Sendiri
sebagai Wizurai India
Gabenor Jeneral India
1947–1948
Diikuti oleh:
Chakravarti Rajagopalachari
Gelaran Kehormat
Didahului oleh
Duke of Wellington
Gabenor Isle of Wight
1965–1974
Diikuti oleh:
Sendiri
Didahului oleh
Sendiri
sebagai Gabenor Isle of Wight
Lord Lieutenant Isle of Wight
1974–1979
Diikuti oleh:
John Nicholson
Pegawai tentera
Didahului oleh
Herbert Packer
Fourth Sea Lord
1950–1952
Diikuti oleh:
Sydney Raw
Didahului oleh
John Edelsten
Panglima Armada Mediterranean
1952–1954
Diikuti oleh:
Guy Grantham
Didahului oleh
Rhoderick McGrigor
First Sea Lord
1955–1959
Diikuti oleh:
Charles Lambe
Didahului oleh
William Dickson
Ketua Turus Pertahanan
1959–1965
Diikuti oleh:
Richard Hull
Didahului oleh
Rustu Erdelhun
Pengerusi Jawatankuasa Ketenteraan NATO
1960–1961
Diikuti oleh:
Lyman Lemnitzer
Bangsawan United Kingdom
Gelaran Baru Viscount Mountbatten of Burma
1946–1979
Diikuti oleh:
Patricia Knatchbull
Earl Mountbatten of Burma
Baron Romsey

1947–1979