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International Business Machines Corporation (dikenali sebagai IBM atau "Big Blue"; NYSE: IBM) merupakan sebuah perbadanan multinasional komputer teknologi dan perundingan yang beribu pejabat di Armonk, New York, USA.

International Business Machines Corporation
Awam (NYSE: IBM)
IndustriPerkakasan komputer
Perisian komputer
Pakar runding
Pengurusan Perkhidmatan IT
Ditubuhkan1889, incorporated 1911
Ibu pejabatArmonk, New York, AS
Perancang utama
Samuel J. Palmisano, Pengerusi & CEO
Mark Loughridge SVP & CFO
Dan Fortin, Presiden (Kanada)
Frank Kern, Presiden (Asia Pasifik)
Nick Donofrio, EVP (Inovasi & Teknologi)
Bruno Di Leo, Presiden Eropah Timur laut IOT
Dominique Cerutti, Presiden Eropah tenggara IOT
KeluaranLihat senarai
Hasil $91.4 bilion USD (+4% FY '05 hingga '06)
$9.4 bilion USD (+18% FY '05 hingga '06)
Bilangan pekerja
355,766 (2006)[1]
Anak syarikatADSTAR
FileNet
Informix
Iris Associates
Lotus Software
Rational Software
Sequent Computer Systems
Tivoli Systems, Inc.
Apollo Computers
Laman sesawangwww.ibm.com

RujukanSunting

  1. ^ a b "IBM: Company Overview". Reuters. Dicapai 2006-06-27. 
  2. ^ a b "IBM 4Q06 Quarterly Earnings Report". IBM. Dicapai 2007-01-18. 

Bacaan lanjutSunting

  • Roy A Bauer; dll. (1992). The Silverlake Project: Transformation at IBM (AS/400). Oxford University Press. 
  • Edwin Black (2001). IBM and the Holocaust: The Strategic Alliance Between Nazi Germany and America's Most Powerful Corporation. ISBN 0-914153-10-2. 
  • Paul Carroll (1993). Big Blues: The Unmaking of IBM. Crown Publishers. 
  • Doug Garr (1999). IBM Redux: Lou Gerstner & The Business Turnaround of the Decade. Harper Business. 
  • Louis V. Gerstner, Jr. (2002). Who Says Elephants can't Dance?. HarperCollins. ISBN 0-00-715448-8. 
  • Greulich, Peter E. (2014) A View from Beneath the Dancing Elephant: Rediscovering IBM's Corporate Constitution MBI Concepts Corporation. ISBN 0-9833734-6-9.
  • John Harwood (2011). The Interface: IBM and the Transformation of Corporate Design, 1945–1976. ISBN 978-0-8166-7039-0. 
  • Robert Heller (1994). The Fate of IBM. Little Brown. 
  • David Mercer (1987). IBM: How the World's Most Successful Corporation is Managed. Kogan Page. 
  • David Mercer (1988). The Global IBM: Leadership in Multinational Management. Dodd, Mead. m/s. 374. 
  • Mills, D. Quinn; Friesen, G. Bruce (1996). Broken Promises: An Unconventional View of What Went Wrong at IBM. Harvard Business School. ISBN 0-87584-654-8.
  • Emerson W. Pugh (1996). Building IBM: Shaping an Industry. MIT Press. 
  • Robert Slater (1999). Saving Big Blue: IBM's Lou Gerstner. McGraw Hill. 
  • Ulrich Steinhilper (2006). Don't Talk – Do It! From Flying To Word Processing. ISBN 1-872836-75-5. 
  • Ernest von Simson (2009). The Limits of Strategy: Lessons in Leadership from the Computer Industry. iUniverse. ISBN 978-1-4401-9258-6. 
  • Thomas Watson, Jr. (1990). Father, Son & Co: My Life at IBM and Beyond. ISBN 0-553-29023-1. 

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