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Jabatan Filipina (Bahasa Filipino: Kagawaran ng Pilipinas/Hukbong Kagawaran ng Pilipinas) adalah unit tetap Tentera Darat Amerika Syarikat yang mempunyai misi mempertahankan Kepulauan Filipina dan melatih Tentera Darat Filipina. Pada 9 April 1942, semasa Perang Dunia II, unit ini menyerahkalah kepada Jepun. Jabatan itu dan sub-unitnya berada dibawah pemerintahan pegawai Amerika, termasuk seorang jeneral Amerika, manakala majoriti askarnya adalah tentera Filipina, dikenali sebagai Pengawal Filipina (PS). Pasukan utama Jabatan ini adalah Divisyen Filipina. Daripada jumlah 22,532 askar, 10,473 anggotanya datang dari Divisyen Filipina sendiri.

Jabatan Filipina
Phildeptseal.svg
Insignia bahu lengan Jabatan Filipina
Aktif13 Januari 1911 – 9 April 1942
NegaraAmerika Syarikat
Sebahagian daripadaJabatan Perang
Garison/HQFort Santiago, Manila, Luzon
KawatPerang Dunia II

Lambang formasi Jabatan FilipinaSunting

Semua unit Jabatan memakai insignia bahu lengan Jabatan Filipina, dengan pengecualian Divisyen Filipina, yang memakai lambang formasi mereka sendiri: kepala kerbau emas di atas perisai merah.

Secara rasmi, insignia Jabatan Filipina memaparkan Singa Laut Filipina, berwarna putih, melapisi bentuk bujur berwarna biru dengan ketinggian 2.5 inci. Singa Laut berasal dari jata Manila. Insignia Jabatan Filipina dan Divisyen Filipina telah diluluskan pada 8 Julai 1922.

Para Komander Jabatan FilipinaSunting

USAFFESunting

Unit ini secara rasminya disusun pada tahun 1913 dan, pada 26 Julai 1941, telah ditempatkan di Angkatan Tentera Darat Amerika Syarikat di Timur Jauh (USAFFE). Susulan dari kewujudan USAFFE, Jabatan Filipina menjadi sebuah markas perkhidmatan kawasan kor. Markas taktikal kemudiannya berada dibawah USAFFE.

Pada masa pembentukan USAFFE, unit ini mengandungi 22,532 askar. Daripada 1,340 pegawai, 775 adalah askar simpanan. 7,293 askar ditugaskan ke infantri dan 4,967 lagi ditugaskan ke Pasukan Pertahanan Pelabuhan Teluk Manila dan Teluk Subic. ~2,500 askar bertugas di posisi perkhidmatan atau bekalan, terutamanya kuartermaster atau unit perubatan. Majoriti tentera Jabatan berpangkalan di Luzon.

Pasukan Tentera Darat AS – Filipina – 31 Julai 1941Sunting

Jabatan Filipina pada tahun 1914Sunting

Jumlah kasualtiSunting

Ruj: Suruhanjaya Monumen Medan Perang Amerika

  • {Untuk rujukan sahaja. PS=Philippine Scouts}

Angkatan FilipinaSunting

Unit 1941–1945 1946
1st Training Squadron
1st Philippine Coast Artillery Regt 1
2nd Philippine Coast Artillery 5 1
1st Philippine Regular Division:
• 1st Philippine Infantry Regiment
• 2nd Philippine Infantry Regiment
• 3rd Philippine Infantry Regiment 3
2nd Philippine Division (Philippine Constabulary):
• 1st Regiment Philippine Constabulary
• 2nd Regiment Philippine Constabulary
• 3rd Regiment Philippine Constabulary
• 4th Regiment Philippine Constabulary
• 4th Veterinary Company (PS). 5
5th Photo Detachment
6th Pursuit Squadron 1
9th Observation Squadron
10th Fighter-Bomber Squadron
1st Philippine Division:
• 11th Infantry Regiment
• 12th Infantry Regiment 2
• 13th Infantry Regiment
12th Ordnance Company (PS) 45
12th Signal Regiment (PS)
12th Signal Company (PS) 77
12th Medical Regiment(PS) 13
12th Medical Battalion(PS) 12
12th Military Police Company (PS) 40
12th Quartermaster Regiment (PS) 90
12th Quartermaster Battalion(PS) 73
14th Engineer Regiment (PS) 324
21st Philippine Division 1
• 21st Engineer Battalion 2
21st Field Artillery Regiment 3
• 21st Infantry Regiment 3
• 22nd Infantry Regiment 3
• 23rd Infantry Regiment 3
23rd Field Artillery Regiment (PS). 161
24th Field Artillery Regiment (PS) 310
25th Field Artillery Regiment
26th Cavalry Regiment (PS) 264 37
26th Infantry Regiment (PS) 1
31st Philippine Division:
31st Engineer Battalion 1
• 31st Field Artillery Regiment 2
• 31st Infantry Regiment 6
• 32nd Infantry regiment 3
34th Quartermaster Co (PS) 6 2
41st Philippine Division:
• {General Officers} 1
• 41st Engineer Battalion 1
• 41st Infantry Regiment 5 1
• 42nd Infantry Regiment 4
43rd Infantry Regiment (PS) 28 3
45th Infantry Regiment (PS) 983 58
• 47th Infantry Regiment (Provisional) 1
47th Motor Transport Co 1
51st Philippine Division:
• 51st Field Artillery Regiment 4
• 51st Infantry Regiment 4
• 52nd Infantry Regiment 4
• 53rd Infantry Regiment 4
• 54th Infantry Regiment (Provisional) 1
• 57th Infantry Regiment (PS) 878 105
59th Coast Artillery Regiment 1
61st Philippine Division:
• 61st Field Artillery Regiment 3
• 62nd Infantry Regiment 4
• 63rd Infantry Regiment 1
65th Quartermaster Troops {PS} 18
66th Quartermaster Troops {PS} 18 3
71st Philippine Division:
• 71st Engineer Battalion 10
• 71st Field Artillery Regiment 1
• 71st Infantry Regiment 2
• 72nd Infantry Regiment 6
• 73rd Infantry Regiment. 3
• 75th Infantry Regiment (Provisional) 1
74th Philippine Infantry Regiment (Provisional) 1
74th Quartermaster Baking Co {PS} 17
76th Ordnance Company
81st Philippine Division:
• 86th Field Artillery Battalion (PS) 154 7
• 86th Field Artillery Regiment (PS) 8
• 88th Field Artillery Battalion (PS) 3
• 88th Field Artillery Regiment (PS) 175 13
91st Philippine Division:
• 91st Infantry Regiment 1
91st Coast Artillery Regiment(PS) 198 5
92nd Coast Artillery Regiment(PS) 191 9
101st Philippine Division:
102nd Philippine Division:
120th Ordnance Company (PS) 1
252nd Signal Const. Com. (PS) 44
Special Troops

Angkatan ASSunting

Tentera Darat AS
Unit 1941–1945 1946
4th Chemical Co (Aviation) 35
US 4th Composite Group
6th Field Artillery Regiment
U.S. 20th Air Base Group
27th Air Material Squadron 73 2
28th Air Material Squadron 90 2
19th Air Base Squadron 1
28th Bombardment Squadron 124 8
US 31st Infantry Regiment 914 24
50th Coast Artillery Regiment 7
59th Coast Artillery Regiment 307 6 (+1, 1948)
60th Coast Artillery (AA) Regiment 387 3
75th Ordnance Deport Company 3
75th Ordnance Company 35
192nd Tank Battalion 188 1
194th Tank Battalion 183
200th Coast Artillery (AA) Regiment 374
515th Coastal Artillery 206 1
803rd Engineer Aviation Battalion 232
808th Military Police Company 89 1
Tentera Laut AS dan USMC[1]
Jenis TL USMC
KIA 337 89
Wounded died later 2
Died POW 630 413
Invalided from Service 3 1
Note: Marin adalah Marin Ke-4[2][3]

Kasualti/kerugian Tentera Laut ASSunting

Motor Torpedo Boat Squadron Three:
• PT-34: 2 killed 3 wounded
Houston (CA-30) : 693 fatalities
USS Asheville: 160 fatalities {No survivors by Wars end}
USS Oahu: 55 fatalities {No Survivors}

Kasualti Marin Dagang AS – Filipina 1941)Sunting

Lihat Chronological List of U.S. Ships Sunk or Damaged 1939 to 1941, usmm.org 

Lihat jugaSunting

RujukanSunting

  1. ^ US Navy and Marine Corps Personnel Casualties in World War II, Naval Historical Center 
  2. ^ 4th Marine Regiment, Globalsecurity.org 
  3. ^ J. Michael Miller, Attack of the 4th Battalion, U.S. National Park Service